The Boundary Stones of Thought

An Essay in the Philosophy of Logic

Author: Ian Rumfitt

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 019105335X

Category: Philosophy

Page: 320

View: 8790

The Boundary Stones of Thought seeks to defend classical logic from a number of attacks of a broadly anti-realist character. Ian Rumfitt is sympathetic to many of the premisses underlying these attacks. Indeed, he regards some of them as effective challenges to certain principles of classical semantics, notably the Principle of Bivalence. He argues, though, that they are ineffective against classical logic itself. The book starts by considering the general problem of how conflicts over logical laws may be rationally discussed and adjudicated. This leads to a consideration of the nature of logic: Rumfitt identifies the particular features that mark out logical consequence from other consequence relations, and he advances a new argument for the ancient thesis that there is a modal element in the notion of logical consequence. He develops a theory of that modal element in terms of perhaps incomplete possibilities, rather than fully determinate possible worlds. Some prima facie powerful arguments against the validity of certain classical logical laws are then analysed in the light of this account of logic. Throughout, care is taken to separate lines of anti-classical argument that, although distinct, are often run together or confused. The analysis yields, as by-products, semantic theories for a number of problematical areas of discourse. These areas include our talk about sub-atomic particles, about the infinite, about infinitesimals, about sets, and vague discourse. Rumfitt concludes by defending his stance of accepting classical logic while rejecting Bivalence, against Aristotle's argument that a classical logician is committed to Bivalence. The ultimate aim is to liberate classical logic from the dead hand of classical semantics.

Oxford Studies in Philosophy of Language

Author: Ernie Lepore,David Sosa

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0192573624

Category: Philosophy

Page: 256

View: 4908

Philosophy of language has been at the center of philosophical research at least since the start of the 20th century. Since that 'linguistic turn' much of the most important work in philosophy has related to language. But till now there has been no regular forum for outstanding original work in this area. That is what Oxford Studies in Philosophy of Language offers. Anyone wanting to know what's happening in philosophy of language could start with these volumes.

Wittgenstein: Rules, Grammar and Necessity

Volume 2 of an Analytical Commentary on the Philosophical Investigations, Essays and Exegesis 185-242

Author: Gordon P. Baker,P. M. S. Hacker

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781444315707

Category: Philosophy

Page: 400

View: 3835

The Second Edition of Wittgenstein: Rules, Grammar andNecessity (the second volume of the landmark analyticalcommentary on Wittgenstein’s PhilosophicalInvestigations) now includes extensively revised andsupplemented coverage of the Wittgenstein's complex andcontroversial remarks on following rules. Includes thoroughly rewritten essays and the addition of onenew essay on communitarian and individualist conceptions ofrule-following Includes a greatly expanded essay on Wittgenstein’sconception of logical, mathematical and metaphysical necessity Features updates to the textual exegesis as the result oftaking advantage of the search engine for the Bergen edition of theNachlass Reflects the results of scholarly debates on rule-followingthat have raged over the past 20 years

Die Augen der Haut

Architektur und Die Sinne

Author: Juhani Pallasmaa

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780982225196

Category: Architecture

Page: 110

View: 8706

Architektur kann inspirierend und einnehmend sein, sie kann sogar im Sinne Goethes -das Leben steigern-. Wie kommt es aber, dass architektonische Entwurfe am Zeichentisch oder am Computer-Bildschirm zwar meist recht gut aussehen, in der gebauten Realitat jedoch oft enttauschen? Die Antwort hierfur, behauptet Juhani Pallasmaa, findet sich in der Vorherrschaft des Visuellen, die alle Bereiche von Technologie- und Konsumkultur umfasst und so auch in die Architekturpraxis und -lehre Einzug gehalten hat. Wahrend unsere Erfahrung der Welt auf der Kombination aller funf Sinne beruht, berucksichtigt die Mehrheit der heute realisierten Architektur gerade mal einen den Sehsinn. Die Unterdruckung der anderen Erfahrungsbereiche hat unsere Umwelt sinnlich verarmen lassen und ruft Gefuhle von Distanz und Entfremdung hervor. Erstmalig 1996 (in englischer Sprache) veroffentlicht, ist "Die Augen der Haut" inzwischen zu einem Klassiker der Architekturtheorie geworden, der weltweit zur Pflichtlekture an den Architekturhochschulen gehort. Das Buch besteht aus zwei Essays. Der erste gibt einen Uberblick uber die Entwicklung des okularzentrischen Paradigmas in der westlichen Kultur seit der griechischen Antike sowie uber dessen Einfluss auf unsere Welterfahrung und die Eigenschaften der Architektur. Der zweite Essay untersucht, welche Rolle die ubrigen Sinne bei authentischen Architekturerfahrungen spielen, und weist einen Weg in Richtung einer multisensorischen Architektur, welche ein Gefuhl von Zugehorigkeit und Integration ermoglicht. Seit der Erstveroffentlichung des Buchs hat die Rolle des Korpers und der Sinne ein gesteigertes Interesse in der Architekturphilosophie und Architekturlehre erfahren. Die neue, uberarbeitete und erganzte Ausgabe dieses wegweisenden Werks wird nicht nur Architekten und Studenten dazu anregen, eine ganzheitlichere Architektur zu entwerfen, sondern auch die Wahrnehmung des interessierten Laien bereichern. -Seit "Architektur Erlebnis" (1959) des danischen Architekten Steen Eiler Rasmussen hat es keinen derart pragnanten und klar verstandlichen Text mehr gegeben, der Studenten und Architekten in diesen kritischen Zeiten dabei helfen kann, eine Architektur des 21. Jahrhunderts zu entwickeln.- Steven Holl Juhani Pallasmaa ist einer der angesehensten finnischen Architekten und Architekturtheoretiker. In allen Bereichen seiner theoretischen und gestalterischen Tatigkeit welche Architektur, Grafik Design, Stadteplanung und Ausstellungen umfasst betont er stets die zentrale Rolle von Identitat, Sinneserfahrung und Taktilitat."

Derrida, Badiou and the Formal Imperative

Author: Christopher Norris

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 1441193979

Category: Philosophy

Page: 240

View: 2267

In this path-breaking study Christopher Norris proposes a transformed understanding of the much-exaggerated differences between analytic and continental philosophy. While keeping the analytic tradition squarely in view his book focuses on the work of Jacques Derrida and Alain Badiou, two of the most original and significant figures in the recent history of ideas. Norris argues that these thinkers have decisively reconfigured the terrain of contemporary philosophy and, between them, pointed a way beyond some of those seemingly intractable issues that have polarised debate on both sides of the notional rift between the analytic and continental traditions. In particular his book sets out to show - against the received analytic wisdom - that continental philosophy has its own analytic resources and is capable of bringing some much-needed fresh insight to bear on problems in philosophy of language, logic and mathematics. Norris provides not only a unique comparative account of Derrida's and Badiou's work but also a remarkably wide-ranging assessment of their joint contribution to philosophy's current - if widely resisted - potential for self-transformation.

The Essential Santayana

Selected Writings

Author: George Santayana

Publisher: Indiana University Press

ISBN: 0253221056

Category: Philosophy

Page: 647

View: 9772

Santayana's most important writings collected in one volume

Necromanticism

Traveling to Meet the Dead, 1750-1860

Author: P. Westover

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230369499

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 217

View: 6115

Necromanticism is a study of literary pilgrimage: readers' compulsion to visit literary homes, landscapes, and (especially) graves during the long Romantic period. The book draws on the histories of tourism and literary genres to highlight Romanticism's recourse to the dead in its reading, writing, and canon-making practices.

Philosophy and Grammar

Papers on the Occasion of the Quincentennial of Uppsala University

Author: S. Kanger,Sven Öhman

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 940099012X

Category: Philosophy

Page: 165

View: 9285

Among the several dozens of symposia held on the occasion of the quincentennial of U ppsala University, there was included one symposium devoted to the theme of 'Philosophy and Grammar'. A selection of the most important papers delivered at this symposium have been collected in this volume. The papers need no introduction, but the inclusion of two of them in this collection requires a brief comment. First, the paper by von Wright, although not directly concerned with the central topic of the symposium, has been included because it was the terminating speech of the six parallel symposia (including the symposium on 'Philosophy and Grammar') held by the Humanities Faculty and moreover, because the raison d'etre of the Humanities is analyzed in this paper by a very prominent Swedish-speaking philosopher. Second, Professor Hintikka was unable to participate. In view of his expertise in the field, we nevertheless requested him to contribute a paper, so to speak, post factum. This he very generously did. We wish to express our sincere appreciation to all who participated and/or helped to carry the sessions through to a successful conclusion. We also wish to extend a special thanks to Professor Roman lakobson of Harvard University, who assumed the responsibility of General Chairman of the symposium.

Das wahre Buch vom südlichen Blütenland

Author: Zhuang Zi

Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand

ISBN: 3843022208

Category: Philosophy

Page: 216

View: 4514

Zhuang Zi: Das wahre Buch vom südlichen Blütenland Entstanden im 4. Jahrhundert v. Chr. Hier in der Übersetzung von Richard Wilhelm. Neuausgabe. Herausgegeben von Karl-Maria Guth. Berlin 2016. Textgrundlage ist die Ausgabe: Dschuang Dsï: Das wahre Buch vom südlichen Blütenland. Übersetzt v. Richard Wilhelm, Düsseldorf/Köln: Eugen Diederichs Verlag, 1972. Die Paginierung obiger Ausgabe wird in dieser Neuausgabe als Marginalie zeilengenau mitgeführt. Umschlaggestaltung von Thomas Schultz-Overhage unter Verwendung des Bildes: Lu Chih, Zhuangzi träumt von einem Schmetterling, 16. Jahrhundert. Gesetzt aus der Minion Pro, 11 pt.

Versuch über den Menschen

Einführung in eine Philosophie der Kultur

Author: Ernst Cassirer

Publisher: Felix Meiner Verlag

ISBN: 3787328394

Category: Philosophy

Page: 381

View: 5494

Angeregt von Freunden und Kollegen, hat Ernst Cassirer im amerikanischen Exil mit diesem Werk eine Summe seines Denkens vorgelegt, in der seine Philosophie der symbolischen Formen in ihren Hauptgedanken fortgeführt wird, und zwar in einer Weise, die auch einem breiteren Kreis interessierter Leser zugänglich ist. Cassirer stellt die alte Frage nach dem Wesen des Menschen neu und beantwortet sie, indem er die klassische Antwort mit weitreichenden Folgen abwandelt: Er bestimmt den Menschen als ein Wesen, das Symbole schafft und sich durch Symbole mit seinesgleichen und der Welt verständigt. "Der Begriff der Vernunft ist höchst ungeeignet, die Formen menschlicher Kultur in ihrer Fülle und Mannigfaltigkeit zu erfassen [.]. Alle diese Formen sind symbolische Formen. Deshalb sollten wir den Menschen nicht als animal rationale, sondern als animal symbolicum definieren."

Essays on the Arts of Discourse

Linguistics, Rhetoric, Poetics

Author: Aldo D. Scaglione

Publisher: Peter Lang Pub Incorporated

ISBN: 9780820438481

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 392

View: 6764

Aldo Scaglione has published extensively in literary history and literary criticism in the areas of Romance literatures, the Renaissance, Humanism, and theory of language and rhetoric. This collection of previously published essays assembles the most relevant studies on theory of language development and theory of style in specific geographic areas and in general terms. The essays find a common thread and matrix in their reference to the traditional theory of the Arts of Discourse, or Trivium Arts, the core of the Liberal Arts system. The languages most directly involved range from Latin and Greek to Italian, French, and German. The connecting link is the perception that literature grows in a symbiosis of convergent disciplines that affects authors and readers alike.