Toni Morrison, "The Bluest Eye": Rassen-, Klassen- und Geschlechtervorurteile als Ursache für Pecolas Zerstörung

Author: Emese Farkas

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 3640691679

Category:

Page: 28

View: 1021

Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2003 im Fachbereich Anglistik - Literatur, Note: 2,3, Universitat Mannheim (Universitat Mannheim), Veranstaltung: Hauptseminar: Toni Morrison, 10 Quellen im Literaturverzeichnis, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: Toni Morrison prasentiert in The Bluest Eye eine Collage asthetischer, gesellschaftlicher und moralischer Diskurse und analysiert die Konstruktionen mannlicher und weiblicher Sexualitat und Identitat. Eines der grossen Themen in The Bluest Eye ist die Hinterfragung der kulturellen Konstruktionen der Rassen-, Klassen- und Geschlechterparadigmen. Morrison portratiert den gefahrlichen Ubergang von der Unschuld zur Erfahrung und stellt einen penetranten Einblick in die Paradoxe des Guten und des Bosen zur Verfugung. Morrisons Figuren zeigen, wie die binaren Gegenstucke von Gut und Bose, verkorpert im Individuum, verwischen. Das Dilemma der Identitat wird von Morrison auf eine besondere Weise in den Roman eingebettet. Toni Morrison behandelt die zweifache Benachteiligung der schwarzen Frauen mit wachsender Komplexitat. Claudia ist die artistische Figur, welche ruckblickend eine Episode aus ihrer Kindheit belebt. Indem Claudia die traurige Geschichte ihrer Freundin Pecola Breedlove enthullt, klagt sie eine stumme und tatenlose Gesellschaft an, welche Rassismus, Sexismus und Klassentrennung praktiziert und toleriert."

The Bluest Eye

Author: Toni Morrison

Publisher: Vintage

ISBN: 9780307386588

Category: Fiction

Page: 224

View: 5258

Pecola Breedlove, a young black girl, prays every day for beauty. Mocked by other children for the dark skin, curly hair, and brown eyes that set her apart, she yearns for normalcy, for the blond hair and blue eyes that she believes will allow her to finally fit in.Yet as her dream grows more fervent, her life slowly starts to disintegrate in the face of adversity and strife. A powerful examination of our obsession with beauty and conformity, Toni Morrison’s virtuosic first novel asks powerful questions about race, class, and gender with the subtlety and grace that have always characterized her writing. From the Trade Paperback edition.

A Study Guide for Toni Morrison's The Bluest Eye

Author: Gale, Cengage Learning

Publisher: Gale, Cengage Learning

ISBN: 1410335526

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 15

View: 6818

A Study Guide for Toni Morrison's "The Bluest Eye," excerpted from Gale's acclaimed Novels for Students.This concise study guide includes plot summary; character analysis; author biography; study questions; historical context; suggestions for further reading; and much more. For any literature project, trust Novels for Students for all of your research needs.

CliffsNotes on Morrison's The Bluest Eye & Sula

Author: Louisa S Nye,Rosetta James

Publisher: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt

ISBN: 054418002X

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 111

View: 5196

The original CliffsNotes study guides offer expert commentary on major themes, plots, characters, literary devices, and historical background. CliffsNotes on The Bluest Eye & Sula covers two of Toni Morrison’s unforgettable novels. The Bluest Eye, Morrison’s first novel, focuses on Pecola Breedlove, a lonely, young black girl living in Ohio in the late 1940s. Through Pecola, Morrison exposes the power and cruelty of white, middle-class American definitions of beauty. Sula, Morrison’s second novel, focuses on a young black girl named Sula, who matures into a strong and determined woman in the face of adversity and the distrust, even hatred, of her by the black community in which she lives. Morrison delves into the strong female relationships and how these bonds nurture and threaten individual identity. This study guide will take you beneath the surface of Morrison’s complex characters to uncover their universal themes. Helpful background information about the author brings these novels into context for even greater understanding. Other features that help you study include Complete character lists A character map that graphically illustrates the relationships among the characters Character analyses of major players Glossary of difficult terms Critical essays Review questions and essay topics Classic literature or modern-day treasure—you'll understand it all with expert information and insight from CliffsNotes study guides.

Toni Morrison’s Art. A Humanistic Exploration of The Bluest Eye and Beloved

Author: Sumedha Bhandari

Publisher: Anchor Academic Publishing

ISBN: 3960671180

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 100

View: 6669

Toni Morrison, the eighth American to receive the Nobel Prize in Literature, is perhaps the most formally sophisticated novelist in the history of African-American literature. Astutely, she describes aspects of human lives and, unlike many other writers, reveals the hope and beauty that underlines the worlds ugliness. Her artistic excellence lies in achieving a perfect balance between black literature and writing abouth the universally truth. Although firmly grounded in the cultural heritage and social concerns of black Americans, her work transcends narrowly prescribed conceptions of ethnic literature, exhibiting universal mythical patterns and overtones. Her novels, thus, mourn on universal concerns. The endeavor in this study is to scrutinize the unspoken lexis of Toni Morrison’s works and to unveil the layers of humanistic concerns that provide denotations to her words. Earlier studies on this writer have concentrated on adjudging her as a writer addressing problems of black people. However, this book tries to extend this notion to encompass the problems of whole human community by assimilating blacks in the general drama of life. Before dyeing the strings of Morrison’s novels with the colour of humanist concerns, this book delineates the term ‘Humanism’ from which these humanistic concerns arise.

Toni Morrison's The Bluest Eye

Author: N.A

Publisher: Dramatic Publishing

ISBN: 9781583425381

Category: African American girls

Page: 80

View: 4799

First published in 1970 by Morrison, winner of the 1993 Nobel Prize in Literature, the novel tells the story of 11-year-old Pecola Breedlove, the nightmare at the heart of her yearning, and the tragedy of its fulfillment.

The Bluest Eye

Author: Toni Morrison

Publisher: Turtleback Books

ISBN: 9781417664665

Category: Fiction

Page: 215

View: 4368

The story of Pecola Breedlove profiles an eleven-year-old Black girl growing up in an America that values blue-eyed blondes and the tragedy that results from her longing to be accepted.

Gott, hilf dem Kind

Author: Toni Morrison

Publisher: Rowohlt Verlag GmbH

ISBN: 3644000778

Category: Fiction

Page: 208

View: 8071

Keine andere Autorin hat über die Jahrzehnte hin den Rassenkonflikt in Amerika so konsequent und leidenschaftlich beschrieben wie die Literaturnobelpreisträgerin Toni Morrison. "Gott, hilf dem Kind" setzt den mit "Jazz" begonnenen Zyklus fort, in dem Morrison die Situation der Schwarzen in den USA beleuchtet. Ein weiterer großer Roman der im Kampf gegen Rassismus engagierten Autorin. Lula Ann ist ein so tiefschwarzes Baby, dass ihre Mutter Sweetness bei der Geburt fast zu Tode erschrickt und der Vater die junge Familie auf der Stelle verlässt, weil er nicht glauben kann, dass dieses Kind von ihm ist. Sweetness erzieht Lula Ann zu Gehorsam und Unterwürfigkeit, nur nicht auffallen, aus Angst vor rassistischen Angriffen. Doch die heranwachsende Tochter sträubt sich gegen die verordnete Angepasstheit. Sie ändert ihren Namen, in Bride, kleidet sich in provokant strahlendes Weiß, macht Karriere bei einer Kosmetikfirma, verliebt sich in einen geheimnisvollen Mann und befreit sich auf ihre Weise von der Vergangenheit. Zwei starke Frauen, zwei verschiedene Lebensentwürfe, in dem Versuch, sich zu schützen und gleichzeitig zu behaupten. Ein Roman, der zur Weltliteratur gehört.

Black Identity in Toni Morrison's "The Bluest Eye"

Author: Patrick Ellrott

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 365652906X

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 22

View: 9411

Seminar paper from the year 2009 in the subject English - Literature, Works, grade: 2,3, University of Wuppertal, language: English, abstract: The purpose of this thesis is to show the destruction of identity in The Bluest Eye. In order to find out how far Toni Morrison digests her own experiences in her first piece of work, it is important to have a closer insight into her biography. First of all, I will provide the reader with some basic information about the author and genesis of the work in order to find out how far Toni Morrison dwells on her past. It is necessary to reflect on the underlying reasons why Toni Morrison started writing The Bluest Eye, as her motivation reveals the emotional attachment she has to her work. Hence, The Bluest Eye is introduced. The primer depicts the main aspects around the Bluest Eye and how it deals with identity formation and the tremendous problem with the context of beauty. Subsequently, I will give a definition of social identity to lay the foundation and back my argumentation. In this context, the concept of beauty plays a major role. I will illustrate the difficult situation of black people in a dominant white culture and how some black characters in The Bluest Eye are developed as a result of this. After that, I will present a sociological view of this problem and describe how Morrison’s characters developed their identities by classifying them into categories. In my conclusion, I will discuss the main character’s identities and highlight the differences between the MacTeers and the Breedloves.

"Dick-and-Jane Primer" in Toni Morrison's "The Bluest Eye" as an Aesthetic Device

Author: Shaimaa Radhi

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 3668475342

Category: Literary Collections

Page: 22

View: 641

Seminar paper from the year 2017 in the subject American Studies - Literature, , language: English, abstract: The focus of this paper is the narrative mechanism of employing a paragraph of "Dick and Jane" Reader, which was popular in children schools in 1940s in the American United States. It educates children how to read and they hear it from the very beginning of their lives. Through such an educational system, the white dominant culture exerts its authority in oppressing black people. In her novel "The Bluest Eye", the African-American writer Toni Morrison cuts an expert of "Dick and Jane" narrative and uses it as a prologue. She repeats the paragraph three times which are highly different from each other, then dismembers it into pieces that appear as headings to some chapters of the novel. The study reveals the aesthetic purpose beyond such reproducing and dismembering of "Dick and Jane" narrative. Morrison sends a message of moral content to blacks as well as whites: On the one hand, blacks, particularly those who immersed in the white ideology, have to wake up and realize the value of their culture, heritage and language in protecting their black identity. On the other hand, whites should respect and admit the cultural and humane existence of the other and realize the merit of the black culture.

The Bluest Eye

A Novel

Author: Christopher Hubert

Publisher: Research & Education Assoc.

ISBN: 0738672386

Category: Study Aids

Page: 140

View: 7415

REA's MAXnotes for Toni Morrison's The Bluest Eye, A Novel MAXnotes offer a fresh look at masterpieces of literature, presented in a lively and interesting fashion. Written by literary experts who currently teach the subject, MAXnotes will enhance your understanding and enjoyment of the work. MAXnotes are designed to stimulate independent thought about the literary work by raising various issues and thought-provoking ideas and questions. MAXnotes cover the essentials of what one should know about each work, including an overall summary, character lists, an explanation and discussion of the plot, the work's historical context, illustrations to convey the mood of the work, and a biography of the author. Each chapter is individually summarized and analyzed, and has study questions and answers.

Race and Gender in Toni Morrison’s “The Bluest Eye”

Author: Kathrin Rosenbaum

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 3668094314

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 60

View: 1150

Examination Thesis from the year 2009 in the subject English Language and Literature Studies - Literature, grade: 1,3, University of Koblenz-Landau (Anglistik), language: English, abstract: Throughout history, the highly contested concepts of race and gender have adversely shaped the lives of millions of people. In the United States it is most notably Native Africans and African Americans who have been victimized on the grounds of their skin color. Women of African descent have suffered a double jeopardy due to the intersection of race and gender. For a great many of African Americans, men and women alike, literature has become an “important vehicle to represent the social context, to expose inequality, racism and social injustice.” In The Bluest Eye Toni Morrison explores the issue of African American female identity. The female Bildungsroman scrutinizes the problem of growing up black and female in a society which equates beauty with blue-eyed whiteness. Consumer goods, the media, adult approval and a dismissive attitude towards her mislead the protagonist Pecola Breedlove to internalize white beauty standards. With the story of Pecola, Morrison points out how the internalization leads to racial self-loathing and eventually to self-destruction. Nonetheless, the negative tone of The Bluest Eye is in part counteracted through Claudia MacTeer, whose narrative is juxtaposed to Pecola’s anti-Bildung and thus turns the novel into a double Bildungsroman with one girl “growing up” and the other one “growing down.” The following thesis will focus on the issues of race and gender in The Bluest Eye. The topic can be considered of particular relevance as it addresses a theme which remained unexamined until the 1970s, a theme which many have not wanted to know about and which others have been in denial about. Morrison, though, faces the truth about the intersection of race and gender by exploring in her novel how racism and sexism function, as well as the devastating consequences that can occur. Her debut further underlines that the search for culprits is complicated since the perpetrators in the crimes against Pecola are often victims themselves. [...]

Othering and Internalisation of Stereotypes in Toni Morrison's "The Bluest Eye"

Author: Mohamed Sghir Syad

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 3668217866

Category: Literary Collections

Page: 16

View: 8430

Essay from the year 2013 in the subject American Studies - Literature, University of Nottingham (School of Canadian and American Studies), course: American studies, language: English, abstract: Racism and sexism are endemic to the stereotypical “othering” enterprise that brackets black female subjectivity in a forced homogeneity. Doubly stereotyped as the racial and sexual “other”, black women risk being forced to signify the negative counterpart in a binary system of cultural and political representation. Usually white and male, the defining subject associates negatively inflected traits with the defined “other” — in this context a black female — while reserving positive attributes for its own definition and identification. In recasting black women’s subjectivity in fiction, Morrison admits the existence of racial and sexual stereotypes. From her first published novel, "The Bluest Eye", Morrison challenges and deconstructs the double plight of black women in the U.S. by exposing, first, the processes involved in racial and gendered “othering” and, second, the consequent internalised effects that transmute into “self-othering.”

Black Women Novelists and the Nationalist Aesthetic

Author: Madhu Dubey,Professor of African American Studies Madhu Dubey

Publisher: Indiana University Press

ISBN: 9780253318411

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 195

View: 4768

""A clear and uncluttered writer, Dubey helps us understand these ideological and literary complexities."" -- Virginia Quarterly Review .."". an important contribution to the study of African-American women's fiction. Not only does it provide a compelling introductory account of the nationalist aesthetic, but it provides a detailed documentation of the way in which each of these novels was received in the critical climate of the seventies."" -- College Literature .."". essential reading for anyone intrigued by the narrative craft and social impact of the novels of Toni Morrison, Alice Walker, and Gayl Jones."" -- Claudia Tate ""Dubey forcefully articulates the connection between political and personal mediation in these novels with subtlety, depth, and complexity and without obscuring their textuality."" -- Signs Drawing upon Black feminist theory, Madhu Dubey shows how writers such as Morrison, Walker, and Jones challenged traditional models of Black female identity and generated their own visions of identity, community, and historical change.

Toni Morrison

Author: Jill L. Matus

Publisher: Manchester University Press

ISBN: 9780719044489

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 208

View: 988

This is an illuminating and original introduction to Toni Morrison's fiction, focusing on its engagement with African-American history and the way the traumas of the collective past shape Morrison's work. Jill Matus approaches Morrison's fiction as a form of cultural memory concerned with obscured or erased history. She argues that Morrison sees African-American history--from the times of slavery to the continued racial oppressions of the twentieth century--as a history of traumatic experience, and explores how this powerful storyteller bears witness to a painful yet richly enlivening past. Morrison's novels are known for their great lyric power, but they often dwell on scenes of horror, and Matus emphasizes the uneasy relations of memory, pain and pleasure in literature. In doing so, she sheds new light on Morrison as a contemporary writer working at a time when literature is being urgently explored for its capacity to memorialize and testify. Direct and accessible, this critical study highlights the political and historical contexts of Morrison's work, offers close readings of each of the novels, and concludes with a critical overview of the field of Morrison studies.