In this groundbreaking work that sets apart fact and legend, authors Finkelstein and Silberman use significant archeological discoveries to provide historical information about biblical Israel and its neighbors. In this iconoclastic and provocative work, leading scholars Israel Finkelstein and Neil Asher Silberman draw on recent archaeological research to present a dramatically revised portrait of ancient Israel and its neighbors. They argue that crucial evidence (or a telling lack of evidence) at digs in Israel, Egypt, Jordan, and Lebanon suggests that many of the most famous stories in the Bible—the wanderings of the patriarchs, the Exodus from Egypt, Joshua’s conquest of Canaan, and David and Solomon’s vast empire—reflect the world of the later authors rather than actual historical facts. Challenging the fundamentalist readings of the scriptures and marshaling the latest archaeological evidence to support its new vision of ancient Israel, The Bible Unearthed offers a fascinating and controversial perspective on when and why the Bible was written and why it possesses such great spiritual and emotional power today.
Archaeology's New Vision of Ancient Isreal and the Origin of Sacred Texts
Author: Israel Finkelstein,Neil Asher Silberman
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
Israel Finkelstein beschreibt in seinem bahnbrechenden Buch die Geschichte des Königreichs Israel konsequent aus archäologischer Sicht. In diesem schon 722 v. Chr. untergegangenen, von der Bibel als sündig verworfenen und von der Forschung vergessenen Reich findet er die wahren Ursprünge von zentralen biblischen Erzählungen. Für die Bibel waren die Könige von Israel treulose Sünder – im Gegensatz zu den Königen von Juda. Das hat dazu geführt, dass man vom Königreich Israel über die biblische Sicht hinaus wenig weiß. Israel Finkelstein rekonstruiert auf der Grundlage von jahrzehntelangen Ausgrabungen erstmals dessen wahre Geschichte. Dabei zeigt sich das überraschende Bild eines altorientalischen Reiches, das viel weiter entwickelt war als das südlich angrenzende Königreich Juda mit seiner Hauptstadt Jerusalem. Hier, in Israel, standen in Wirklichkeit der Palast und der Tempel, die später den legendären Königen David und Salomo zugeschrieben wurden. Hier entstanden so zentrale Erzählungen wie die vom Stammvater Jakob oder vom Auszug aus Ägypten. Dass dieses Königreich erobert, verworfen und vergessen wurde, aber sein Name und seine Mythen schließlich um die Welt gingen, ist das eigentliche Wunder, das Israel Finkelstein höchst anschaulich erklärt.
Israel und die verborgenen Ursprünge der Bibel
Author: Israel Finkelstein
Author: Walter Schilling
Publisher: LIT Verlag Münster
Philosophy and Practice in Writing a History of Ancient Israel elucidates and examines assumptions about history writing that current historians of ancient Israel and Judah employ. It is undertaken in the context of the conflict between so-called "minimalists" and "maximalists" within the discipline today. Though the use of the Bible as evidence is the focal point of the opposition of these two approaches, Moore shows that a number of related philosophical and practical concerns are telescoped in this issue, including concepts of Empiricism, Objectivity, Representation and Language, Subject, Explanation, Truth, and Evidence Evaluation and Use. Organized around these topics, Philosophy and Practice aims to situate the study of ancient Israel and Judah in the broader intellectual context of academic history in general and to provide insight into the formative assumptions of the current debate. It also aims to show that the central issue of the reliability of the Bible as evidence is surrounded by related issues that are equally important for understanding the past of ancient Israel and Judah and writing about it. Moore shows that ideas about objectivity in particular have a direct bearing on the evidentiary debate, which, in turn, affects what subjects and modes of explanations historians see as available to them. Moore argues that current historians of ancient Israel are beginning to work with a notion of historical truth that attempts to take into account the many contingencies for the concept and writing of history that twentieth-century discussions about history have introduced.
Author: Megan Bishop Moore
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing USA
Collection of the papers presented at the 2004 SBL sessions for the section, Social-Scientific Studies of the Second Temple period.
Historiography and History
Author: Alice Hunt
Publisher: A&C Black
Marking the 60th birthday of Professor Philip R. Davies, Dr. Duncan Burns and John W. Rogerson, his former student and colleague, respectively, aim to do him justice. They have comprised articles from their peers to reflect on the impact Professor Davies has made in three particular areas of study: Hebrew Bible, Qumran, and Paleastinian Archaeology; New Testament and Early Judaism; and Biblical Interpretation. The breadth of this volume aims to reflect the scope, interest, and influence of Professor Davies from the last 30 years.
Celebrating the Work and Influence of Philip R. Davies
Author: Duncan Burns,John W. Rogerson
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing USA
In April of 2001, the headline in the Los Angeles Times read, “Doubting the Story of the Exodus.” It covered a sermon that had been delivered by the rabbi of a prominent local congregation over the holiday of Passover. In it, he said, “The truth is that virtually every modern archeologist who has investigated the story of the exodus, with very few exceptions, agrees that the way the Bible describes the exodus is not the way it happened, if it happened at all.” This seeming challenge to the biblical story captivated the local public. Yet as the rabbi himself acknowledged, his sermon contained nothing new. The theories that he described had been common knowledge among biblical scholars for over thirty years, though few people outside of the profession know their relevance. New understandings concerning the Bible have not filtered down beyond specialists in university settings. There is a need to communicate this research to a wider public of students and educated readers outside of the academy. This volume seeks to meet this need, with accessible and engaging chapters describing how archeology, theology, ancient studies, literary studies, feminist studies, and other disciplines now understand the Bible.
New Insights and Scholarship
Author: Frederick E. Greenspahn
Publisher: NYU Press
As a dominant voice in our society, Western Christianity (including fundamentalism) is dying despite the growing tendency of people to identify as spiritual but not religious. In the face of this reality, churches continue to preach the same message of sin, judgment, guilt, in order to be saved, or in the case of more progressive churches, feel-good messages. No wonder Western Christianity is failing. If it is ever to regain its viability, Christianity must rethink its total devotion to Christ and look again at its roots. A new Christianity must start over with the original vision of God's dream for us as expressed by Moses and Jesus. Jesus was not a Christian. He was a Jewish reformer and he worked within the context of the Jewish Scriptures (the Old Testament). Deuteronomy was one of these books. When this ancient wisdom is paired with post-modern Christianity we see that the teachings of Moses and Jesus are as relevant today as they were two to three thousand years ago, perhaps even more so.
Author: James Baxter
Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers
Traversing river valleys, steppes, deserts, rain-fed forests, farmlands, and seacoasts, the early Israelites experienced all the contrasting ecological domains of the ancient Near East. As they grew from a nomadic clan to become a nation-state in Canaan, they interacted with indigenous societies of the region, absorbed selective elements of their cultures, and integrated them into a radically new culture of their own. Daniel Hillel reveals the interplay between the culture of the Israelites and the environments within which it evolved. More than just affecting their material existence, the region's ecology influenced their views of creation and the creator, their conception of humanity's role on Earth, their own distinctive identity and destiny, and their ethics. In The Natural History of the Bible, Hillel shows how the eclectic experiences of the Israelites shaped their perception of the overarching unity governing nature's varied manifestations. Where other societies idolized disparate and capricious forces of nature, the Israelites discerned essential harmony and higher moral purpose. Inspired by visionary prophets, they looked to a singular, omnipresent, omnipotent force of nature mandating justice and compassion in human affairs. Monotheism was promoted as state policy and centralized in the Temple of Jerusalem. After it was destroyed and the people were exiled, a collection of scrolls distilling the nation's memories and spiritual quest served as the focus of faith in its stead. A prominent environmental scientist who surveyed Israel's land and water resources and has worked on agricultural development projects throughout the region, Daniel Hillel is a uniquely qualified expert on the natural history of the lands of the Bible. Combining his scientific work with a passionate, life-long study of the Bible, Hillel offers new perspectives on biblical views of the environment and the origin of ethical monotheism as an outgrowth of the Israelites' internalized experiences.
An Environmental Exploration of the Hebrew Scriptures
Author: Daniel J. Hillel
Publisher: Columbia University Press
From the origins and exodus to the restoration and new hope, Kingdom of Priests offers a comprehensive introduction to the history of Old Testament Israel. Merrill explores the history of ancient Israel not only from Old Testament texts but also from the literary and archeological sources of the ancient Near East. After selling more than 30,000 copies, the book has now been updated and revised. The second edition addresses and interacts with current debates in the history of ancient Israel, offering an up-to-date articulation of a conservative evangelical position on historical matters. The text is accented with nearly twenty maps and charts.
A History of Old Testament Israel
Author: Eugene H. Merrill
Publisher: Baker Books
In the past one hundred years, two major realities have changed both science and religion. The world of science has been enriched by quantum physics, the computation of the age of the universe, archaeological data in the Middle East, and a scientific stress on historical writing. The world of religion has been enriched by the establishment of the World Council of Churches and the Second Vatican Council. In the past fifty years, major scientists and major religious leaders have met together again and again. In the past fifty years, religious leaders from Christianity, Islam, and Judaism have held a number of thought-provoking conferences. In this volume, these gatherings are reviewed and evaluated. Two major religious problems have challenged the science-religion discussions, namely, which God should the scientists agree on, the Trinitarian God, Allah, or Yahweh? Which history of the universe sponsored by these three religions should scientists be looking for? This volume raises questions and suggests some preliminary forms of serious discussion.
A Time of Peace and Reconciliation
Author: Kenan B. Osborne,Ki Wook Min
Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers
Explores more than 100 Old Testament themes. Each entry states the consensus reading, identifies what is at issue in the interpretive question, and discusses the practical significance of the issue for the church today, in part by suggesting contemporary connections to the ancient texts.--
A Theological Handbook of Old Testament Themes
Author: Walter Brueggemann
Publisher: Westminster John Knox Press
Scholarship has viewed the book of Hosea as originating in eighth-century Israel before being taken to Judah, where it underwent one or more redactions in later centuries. However, evidence suggests that the book should be viewed as a Judahite text from the start, of late sixth or early fifth century B.C.E composition. The post-monarchic period in Yehud provides the most fitting context for the anti-monarchical ideology of the book, with the polemic against Benjamin explicable only as a result of the tension between the governing Saulides resident in Mizpah and the Judahite elite who had recently immigrated to Jerusalem from Mesopotamia in the late sixth century. The dual theme of Exile and Return present in the book is consistent with the discourse found in other sixth century Judahite books. Additionally, the book shows a broad familiarity with Judahite historiographic traditions, many of which are in all probability seventh century or later. Thus, the book of Hosea should be interpreted as a work by a Judahite scribe for a Judahite audience.
The Case for Persian-Period Yehud
Author: James M. Bos
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
Significant interest has always existed about the origin of Classic Greek culture, but despite the long-standing attention, scholars continue to disagree on where this amazing civilization got its start. The Mycenaeans were the earliest Greek-speaking people on the mainland, but the country entered a Dark Age following the end of the Trojan War, and in the Archaic Age which followed, the fundamentals of Greek political and literary thought suddenly emerged, without a clear source of derivation. Historians have sometimes given credit to the Egyptians, Phoenicians, or other Eastern civilizations for this evolution, but no serious consideration has been given to the ancient Hebrews, despite the fact that the Exodus from Egypt took place during the Late Bronze Age, when Mycenae was at its peak of influence in the Mediterranean Basin. In Was Achilles a Jew? Hebraic Origins to Greek Civilization, Dr. Larry Milner argues that a group of Hebrews devoted to the traditions of the patriarchs left the Exodus following the parricidal reprisals instituted by Moses during the modification of Judaism into a monotheistic faith, and migrated to Mycenae, where they became immersed into Mycenaean culture, taking part in the Trojan War. His analysis provides the most persuasive argument to date about where the Eastern influence in Greece was generated.
Hebraic Contributions to Greek Civilization
Author: Larry S. Milner
Publisher: Xlibris Corporation
Bisher diente biblische Archäologie zum Beweis der Heiligen Schrift. Die beiden international renommierten Archäologen drehen den Spieß um und lassen die Ausgrabungen eine eigene Sprache sprechen. Ihr dramatisch neues, archäologisch fundiertes Bild von der Geschichte Israels zwingt zum Umdenken. Der Auszug aus Ägypten, die Einnahme Kanaans, das Großreich unter König David und der Tempelbau in Jerusalem unter König Salomon galten lange auch bei den kritischsten Wissenschaftlern als gesichert. Neueste Ausgrabungen, bisher nur Experten bekannt, zeigen ein ganz anderes Bild: " Den Auszug aus Ägypten gab es ebensowenig wie eine "Landnahme". " Jerusalem unter David und Salomon war ein größeres Dorf sicher ohne zentralen Tempel und großen Palast. " Der Monotheismus hat sich viel später entwickelt als bisher angenommen & Das klar und anschaulich geschriebene Buch ist in zwölf Kapitel gegliedert: Auf die Nacherzählung der biblischen Geschichte folgt jeweils die archäologische Spurensuche. Im nächsten Schritt rekonstruieren die Autoren (Israel Finkelstein ist der Direktor des israelischen Instituts Tel Aviv) den tatsächlichen historischen Ablauf, um abschließend zu fragen, wann und warum die Geschichte aufgeschrieben wurde.
Die archäologische Wahrheit über die Bibel
Author: Israel Finkelstein,Neil Asher Silberman
Whatever happens on the visible plane has its roots in invisible dimensions; reality is more than meets the eye. This is the essence of all spiritual teachings and mystery schools, and it is the key to understanding what actually happens on the stage of the global power game. Here, in a unique compendium, you get to know what the world looks like when seen from this paranormal viewpoint. Step by step, the author unfolds stunning insights into the hidden dimensions of secret politics, money manipulations, and the ongoing transformation. The pieces are put together to reveal an exciting puzzle: Topics Include: Ancient knowledge and new revelations The conclusive meaning of the symbolism of light and darkness The ideology of the Illuminati The roots and goals of today?s secret societies Prophecies regarding money and the crash Alien forces and the presence of lightbeings Our role in this cosmic drama ?Had Armin Risi lived in classical times, he would now be counted among the great philosophers and theologians. Being a contemporary author, however, he is able to go beyond classical philosophy and shed light on problems, coverups, and challenges of today, using a revolutionary logic, or mytho-logic, as he calls it. ? Professor Jorg Rehberg, Zurich
Hidden Agendas, Divine Intervention, and the New Earth
Author: Armin Risi
Publisher: Light Technology Publishing
Category: Body, Mind & Spirit
Compare worldwide religious regulations involving gay sex and masculinity! Men, Homosexuality, and the Gods: An Exploration into the Religious Significance of Male Homosexuality in World Perspective is an eye-opening look at the traditions of particular religions and their edicts concerning gay sex. This book examines the origins of holy directives involving homosexuality—whether forbidden, tolerated, or mandatory—and establishes a link between theology, sex roles, and the sensitive issue of masculinity. This text draws a parallel between homosexuality and the idea of religion, suggesting that gay rights can be understood as a freedom of religion issue. While most readers are familiar with the traditional Islamic, Christian, and Hebrew prohibitions against sex between two males, this book also reveals other historic religions from around the world that neither opposed nor looked down on homosexuality. Men, Homosexuality, and the Gods argues that masculinity is the universal theme that formed historical interpretation—warriors and men of high status could not be sexually receptive or “feminine” and still be called “men.” This intriguing text shows how the modern homophile movements are in effect redefining masculinity to obliterate the stigma of being a sexually receptive man. Men, Homosexuality, and the Gods examines the significance of homosexuality in such religions as: the Sambians of New Guinea the Taoists of Ancient China Plato and the later Stoics Islamic Sufism Native American culture Hebrew Scriptures early Christianity Buddhism Men, Homosexuality, and the Gods is an enlightening book that honors homosexual claims to moral integrity and appreciates religion and religious figures without rancor. Easy-to-read and free of technical language, this volume is for anyone who has an academic, professional, or personal interest in theology and homosexuality. The author is available for speaking engagements and can be contacted at [email protected]
An Exploration into the Religious Significance of Male Homosexuality in World Perspective
Author: Ronald Long
In order for college students to get what they really want, they need to start pursuing their passions—and friends and family members need to support them in that pursuit. Douglas Dix, PhD, a longtime college professor, takes on the modern higher education system in this guidebook that focuses on being authentic. Instead of studying a subject that guarantees a high-paying job, he pushes a radical idea: Do what you want to do. Students that follow their curiosity wherever it leads will be better equipped to • work for companies founded on ethical business principles; • advance the causes of liberty and justice for all; • derive lasing satisfaction from helping people in need. The words that matter the most often go unheard from high school guidance counselors or at prospective campuses. Get the advice that can make the greatest difference as you search for the best school for yourself or a loved one in Shopping for College: How to Get What You Really Want.
How to Get What You Really Want
Author: Douglas Dix, PhD
How do we undergird Christian enthusiasm with Christian substance? Brief Christian Histories combines biblical and ecclesial history in a single volume, taking readers through 4000 years of our religion's history using four themes of interest: WHO has led us? HOW have we been guided ethically? WHAT have been our faith practices and pieties? WHERE have we interacted with culture, and to what effect? Reading any one chapter will give readers a feel for the Christian narrative as a whole. Reading two or more narratives will broaden readers' understanding of where we have come from--all to help understand this big religion of ours, deepen ourselves in it, and keep our faith fresh and moving forward. We move for God's New Order (basileia)--about which Jesus taught, for which he taught us to pray, and into which he invites our enthusiastic, substantive sojourning.
Getting a Sense of Our Long Story
Author: James W. White
Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers