This book is a solid exposition of the relationship between the ancient near eastern world and ancient Israel. Contrary to popular conceptions that biblical literature was a response to the post-exilic condition, Kitchen demonstrates that in the light of the explosion of knowledge on the ancient near east it has become impossible to maintain critical and minimalist positions on the history and development of Israel and its religion. If one does decide to hold such a view, Kitchen explains that doing so makes Israel the only ancient nation incapable of transmitting its history and having elaborate religious rituals, which we now know were common characteristics of ancient civilizations from even before the time of Moses. Kitchen further explains that the modern minimalist views were born out of 19th century German critical theory, at a time when such knowledge of the ancient world simply did not exist. As a result, such scholars had to perform their research in a historical vacuum, and thus reconstructed the history of ancient Israel which has turned out, in the light of later research, to totally contradict the rest of the entire ancient near east. The momentum of this 19th century research, Kitchen explains, has carried on into the 20th (and 21st) centuries, coloring the views of many modern archaeologists and Old Testament scholars. This book is very important in the light of recent literature on the subject.
The Bible and Archaeology Today
Author: K. A. Kitchen
Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers
Author: Walter Schilling
Publisher: LIT Verlag Münster
Know What You Believe Why You Believe It & How to Explain It. This powerful sourcebook answers the most important questions skeptics ask about God & Christianity. Along with the authors you'll examine a wide range of evidence for the truth of biblical Christianity & become equipped to evaluate the validity of: Jesus Christ—what sets Him entirely apart from founders of other religions; the resurrection—why lawyers & former skeptics believe it & why skeptics' theories fall short; the reliability of the Bible—how it is proven by the science of archaeology & our manuscript evidence; the miracle of origins—why both creation & evolution require a miracle & why evolution can't be true; reincarnation & Christianity—why they can't coexist; why biblical prophecy proves who the true God is & why the Bible is the only revelation from God; atheists & skeptics—why even they agree they have knowledge about God; & why the biblical evidence strongly argues for an inerrant Bible. Find answers to the toughest questions from creation to salvation & discover the uniqueness of Christianity & man's universal need for the one true God.
Author: John Ankerberg,John Weldon
Publisher: ATRI Publishing
For centuries the Hebrew Bible has been the fountainhead of the Judeo-Christian tradition. Today, however, the entire biblical tradition, including its historical veracity, is being challenged. Leading this assault is a group of scholars described as the "minimalist" or "revisionist" school of biblical studies, which charges that the Hebrew Bible is largely pious fiction, that its writers and editors invented "ancient Israel" as a piece of late Jewish propaganda in the Hellenistic era. In this fascinating book noted Syro-Palestinian archaeologist William G. Dever attacks the minimalist position head-on, showing how modern archaeology brilliantly illuminates both life in ancient Palestine and the sacred scriptures as we have them today. Assembling a wealth of archaeological evidence, Dever builds the clearest, most complete picture yet of the real Israel that existed during the Iron Age of ancient Palestine (1200 600 B.C.). Dever's exceptional reconstruction of this key period points up the minimalists' abuse of archaeology and reveals the weakness of their revisionist histories. Dever shows that ancient Israel, far from being an "invention," is a reality to be discovered. Equally important, his recovery of a reliable core history of ancient Israel provides a firm foundation from which to appreciate the aesthetic value and lofty moral aspirations of the Hebrew Bible.
What Archeology Can Tell Us About the Reality of Ancient Israel
Author: William G. Dever
Publisher: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing
Even considering such questions alerts the modern reader to the limitations of ancient history, as well as to the great distance of time, culture, and language, between the biblical writer and the current reader. IS THE BIBLE FACT OR FICTION? invites the reader to look at the "historical books" of the Bible, not from the standpoint of what actually happened, but to understand the type of history the biblical authors were actually writing. Organ wrote this book out of frustration with uncritical reading of various genres of biblical texts. She felt that the "historical books"--such as Acts of the Apostles and the Old Testament chapters of Maccabees, and Joshua though Kings--are most susceptible of being read in a naive and literal way. Most readers fail to take into account modern expectations of historical accuracy vs. the preconceptions of the ancient writers. Her book focuses on the style, creativity, and individuality of the biblical writers/historians and the richness of their work and examines their accounts through the lens of modern scholarship.
An Introduction to Biblical Historiography
Author: Barbara E. Organ
Publisher: Paulist Press
Celebrating the 100th anniversary of the Albright Institute of Archaeological Research, this collection of essays, first presented at the anniversary symposium, concentrates on the archaeology of ancient Israel, Canaan, and neighboring nations. The book includes 33 essays, publication of several special public lectures that accompanied the conference, and transcripts of several of the discussion periods following the public lectures. Indexes of authors, Scripture, and ancient texts are also included. The book is divided into 4 parts: I. Historical and Political Landscape: The Levant and Beyond II. Religion and Distinction III. The History of the Family: Continuity and Change IV. Closing Remarks.
Canaan, Ancient Israel, and Their Neighbors from the Late Bronze Age Through Roman Palaestina
Author: W.F. Albright Institute of Archaeological Research in Jerusalem. Centennial Symposium,American Schools of Oriental Research. proceedings,American Schools of Oriental Research
Author: Bernhard Stade,Karl Marti
Traces the early history of the Holy Land; the rise of Christianity, Judaism, and Islam; and the geographical landscape of the region, in chronologically arranged chapters that place biblical texts in their historical context.
An Illustrated Atlas
Author: Jean-Pierre Isbouts,National Geographic Society (U.S.)
Publisher: National Geographic Books
Examines the history, art, architecture, languages, literatures, society, and religion of Biblical Israel and early Judaism and Christianity
Author: Michael David Coogan
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
The Kingdom of the Occult delivers the timely followup to Dr. Martin's best-selling The Kingdom of the Cults This book takes Dr. Walter Martin's comprehensive knowledge and his dynamic teaching style and forges a strong weapon against the world of the Occult-a weapon of the same scope and power as his phenomenal thirty-five year bestseller, The Kingdom of the Cults (over 875,000 sold). Chapters include: Witchcraft and Wicca, Satanism, Pagan Religions, Tools of the Occult, Demon Possession and Exorcism, Spiritual Warfare, etc. Features include: Each chapter contains: Quick Facts; History; Case Studies; Theology; Resources
Author: Walter Martin,Jill Martin Rische,Kurt Van Gorden,Kevin Rische
Publisher: Thomas Nelson
A current and concise introduction to the largest component of the Bible examines the origins, history, and development of the Old Testament, along with the editorial history underlying its various parts, providing incisive commentary on the diverse books, including the five books of Moses, the prophetic books, the Psalms, and such shorter texts as the books of Job, Ruth, Song of Songs, and Ecclesiastes.
A Brief Introduction
Author: Christoph Levin
Publisher: Princeton University Press
The history of Israel is a much-debated topic in Old Testament studies. On one side are minimalists who find little of historical value in the Hebrew Bible. On the other side are those who assume the biblical text is a precise historical record. Many serious students of the Bible find themselves between these two positions and would benefit from a careful exploration of issues in Israelite history. This substantive history of Israel textbook values the Bible's historical contribution without overlooking critical issues and challenges. Featuring the latest scholarship, the book introduces students to the current state of research on issues relevant to the study of ancient Israel. The editors and contributors, all top biblical scholars and historians, discuss historical evidence in a readable manner, using both canonical and chronological lenses to explore Israelite history. Illustrative items, such as maps and images, visually support the book's content. Tables and sidebars are also included.
An Introduction to Issues and Sources
Author: Bill T. Arnold,Richard S. Hess
Publisher: Baker Academic
In this groundbreaking work that sets apart fact and legend, authors Finkelstein and Silberman use significant archeological discoveries to provide historical information about biblical Israel and its neighbors. In this iconoclastic and provocative work, leading scholars Israel Finkelstein and Neil Asher Silberman draw on recent archaeological research to present a dramatically revised portrait of ancient Israel and its neighbors. They argue that crucial evidence (or a telling lack of evidence) at digs in Israel, Egypt, Jordan, and Lebanon suggests that many of the most famous stories in the Bible—the wanderings of the patriarchs, the Exodus from Egypt, Joshua’s conquest of Canaan, and David and Solomon’s vast empire—reflect the world of the later authors rather than actual historical facts. Challenging the fundamentalist readings of the scriptures and marshaling the latest archaeological evidence to support its new vision of ancient Israel, The Bible Unearthed offers a fascinating and controversial perspective on when and why the Bible was written and why it possesses such great spiritual and emotional power today.
Archaeology's New Vision of Ancient Isreal and the Origin of Sacred Texts
Author: Israel Finkelstein,Neil Asher Silberman
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
Although scholars have for centuries primarily been interested in using the study of ancient Israel to explain, illuminate, and clarify the biblical story, Megan Bishop Moore and Brad E. Kelle describe how scholars today seek more and more to tell the story of the past on its own terms, drawing from both biblical and extrabiblical sources to illuminate ancient Israel and its neighbors without privileging the biblical perspective. Biblical History and Israel s Past provides a comprehensive survey of how study of the Old Testament and the history of Israel has changed since the middle of the twentieth century. Moore and Kelle discuss significant trends in scholarship, trace the development of ideas since the 1970s, and summarize major scholars, viewpoints, issues, and developments.
The Changing Study of the Bible and History
Author: Megan Bishop Moore,Brad E. Kelle
Publisher: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing
Discover facts, insights and inspiration in God’s word. In just 30 days, you can develop a fuller understanding of the Bible! Best-selling author J. Stephen Lang helps make the Scriptures more accessible through a conversational writing style and intriguing behind-the-scenes details. It is not only informative, but entertaining too. Enjoy insights into: • Cultural traditions • Biblical and world history • Story summaries and captivating character studies In just 30 days, you will know what the Bible meant to the people it was written for, plus the inspiring message it holds for you today. Know the Bible in 30 Days will help to renew your enthusiasm and faith!
Discover facts, insights and inspiration in God’s word, cultural traditions, Biblical and world history, story summaries and characters
Author: J. Stephen Lang
Publisher: Struik Christian Media
The links between archaeology and the Bible have fascinated generations of scholars who seek documentation of events narrated in the Bible. The British Museum's collections include numerous inscriptions, pictorial reliefs and other objects which provide such evidence. For this book the author has selected seventy-two such 'documents, ' mainly from Western Asia, with some examples included from Greece, Egypt and Asia Minor, dating from the period of the patriarchs to the New Testament times, c. 2000 BC to c. AD 100. He transliterates and translates extracts from the ancient texts, which include cuneiform, Aramaic and Hebrew, and discusses the contribution they make to our knowledge of the culture and history of biblical times.
Interpreting the Evidence
Author: T. C. Mitchell
Publisher: Paulist Press
OUR MISSION Over the past century , the world has been witnessing a gradual decline in the state of global peace.At a recent conference of World Religious Leaders in Assissi, on the invitation of Pope Benedict XVI. These Leaders expressed the concern that the declining state of world peace is partly fueled by growing religious crises like terrorism across the globe. Accordingly, it was resolved that global religious leaders should strive to contribute to the recovery in global peace . Pope Benedict followed up the resolution with his establishment of the Pontifi cal Council on the New Evangeliztion --PCNE to stem the growing De-christianization in most advanced countries and enhance the effectiveness of the weapon of Evangelization as a means of contributing to Global Peace and Religious Freedom. The Pope called on all the Lay Members of The Catholic Church to rise up and contribute to the mission of the PCNE. Our Mission is a humble response to the Popes call. In Book 1, the Author surveyed the teaching and history of the Church through a military perspective. He concluded that WE ARE AT WAR WITH SATAN, the only enemy of God and Man. That war started from the Garden of Eden after mans creation. It has been going on ever since. Author therefore reminds the world that its wars and crises, from the family to the global levels are rooted in this war against Satan, fi ghting us, as it did to Adam and Eve to commit sins by disobeying Gods Commandments. Through our disobedience and sins, we bring, as Adam did, wars and crises from our families to the global levels. Accordingly, the Author concludes that we cannot avoid sins if we do not understand the Teaching of Christ Our Only Leader and recognize the voice, language and strategies of His enemy, Satan in tempting us to sin. The Author views the teaching of Christ as the Pillars that sustain our lives and modern governance against the attacks of the enemy. He therefore warns that driving God out of our private and public lives can only move us faster on the path to wars, crises and declining global peace. He therefore provides in these Books his views on how to avoid sins by recognizing the ways that the enemy, Satan lures us to sin. Through such recognition, we can learn how to avoid its temptations. In the world of today, most sins arise from our denial or lack of knowledge of these sins at all levels of our activities and lives. The principle of the Separation of State and Religion is being misinterpreted to mean denying sins in our political,economic and social lives.In Books 2 and 3, the Author continues his surveys of the enemys strategies to cause wars between Christianity and Secularity and shows how the two can cooperate to fi ght back and reduce our wars and enhance global peace. In Book 4, he shows how the enemy uses us in our various professions to be its agents to cause wars that lead to a decline in peace from our family to the gobal levels. Finally, in Book 5 he surveys the on-going Warfront against our Religious Freedom to obey Gods Commandments in all our Religious and Secular activities.. He concludes with strong Recommendations on building the Knights of The Cross Mission of warriors from our Grass root parish levels of the church to the global leve
(Warfront on Religious Freedom)
Author: Vitalis Chi Nwaneri
Publisher: Xlibris Corporation