India’s partition in 1947 and the creation of Bangladesh in 1971 saw the displacement and resettling of millions of Muslims and Hindus, resulting in profound transformations across the region. A third of the region’s population sought shelter across new borders, almost all of them resettling in the Bengal delta itself. A similar number were internally displaced, while others moved to the Middle East, North America and Europe. Using a creative interdisciplinary approach combining historical, sociological and anthropological approaches to migration and diaspora this book explores the experiences of Bengali Muslim migrants through this period of upheaval and transformation. It draws on over 200 interviews conducted in Britain, India, and Bangladesh, tracing migration and settlement within, and from, the Bengal delta region in the period after 1947. Focussing on migration and diaspora ‘from below’, it teases out fascinating ‘hidden’ migrant stories, including those of women, refugees, and displaced people. It reveals surprising similarities, and important differences, in the experience of Muslim migrants in widely different contexts and places, whether in the towns and hamlets of Bengal delta, or in the cities of Britain. Counter-posing accounts of the structures that frame migration with the textures of how migrants shape their own movement, it examines what it means to make new homes in a context of diaspora. The book is also unique in its focus on the experiences of those who stayed behind, and in its analysis of ruptures in the migration process. Importantly, the book seeks to challenge crude attitudes to ‘Muslim’ migrants, which assume their cultural and religious homogeneity, and to humanize contemporary discourses around global migration. This ground-breaking new research offers an essential contribution to the field of South Asian Studies, Diaspora Studies, and Society and Culture Studies.
Rethinking Muslim migration
Author: Claire Alexander,Joya Chatterji,Annu Jalais
South Asia’s diaspora is among the world’s largest and most widespread, and it is growing exponentially. It is estimated that over 25 million persons of Indian descent live abroad; and many more millions have roots in other countries of the subcontinent, in Pakistan, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka. There are 3 million South Asians in the UK and approximately the same number resides in North America. South Asians are an extremely significant presence in Southeast Asia and Africa, and increasingly visible in the Middle East. This inter-disciplinary handbook on the South Asian diaspora brings together contributions by leading scholars and rising stars on different aspects of its history, anthropology and geography, as well as its contemporary political and socio-cultural implications. The Handbook is split into five main sections, with chapters looking at mobile South Asians in the early modern world before moving on to discuss diaspora in relation to empire, nation, nation state and the neighbourhood, and globalisation and culture. Contributors highlight how South Asian diaspora has influenced politics, business, labour, marriage, family and culture. This much needed and pioneering venture provides an invaluable reference work for students, scholars and policy makers interested in South Asian Studies.
Author: Joya Chatterji,David Washbrook
This book explores the historical roots of rapid economic growth in South Asia, with reference to politics, markets, resources, and the world economy. Roy posits that, after an initial slow period of growth between 1950 and the 1980s, the region has been growing rapidly and fast catching up with the world on average levels of living. Why did this turnaround happen? Does it matter? Is it sustainable? The author answers these questions by drawing connections, comparisons, and parallels between the five large countries in the region: India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka and Nepal. It shows why, despite differences in political experience between these countries, similarities in resources and markets could produce similar trajectories. Home to a fifth of the world’s population, South Asia’s transformation has the power to change the world. Most accounts of the process focus on individual nations, but by breaking out of that mould, Roy takes on the region as a whole, and delivers a radical new interpretation of why the economy of South Asia is changing so fast.
From 1950 to the Present
Author: Tirthankar Roy
Category: Business & Economics
The partition of India in 1947 was a seminal event of the twentieth century. Much has been written about the Punjab and the creation of West Pakistan; by contrast, little is known about the partition of Bengal. This remarkable book by an acknowledged expert on the subject assesses the social, economic and political consequences of partition. Using compelling sources, the book, which was originally published in 2007, shows how and why the borders were redrawn, how the creation of new nation states led to unprecedented upheavals, massive shifts in population and wholly unexpected transformations of the political landscape in both Bengal and India. The book also reveals how the spoils of partition, which the Congress in Bengal had expected from the new boundaries, were squandered over the twenty years which followed. This is an intriguing and challenging work whose findings change our understanding and its consequences for the history of the subcontinent.
Bengal and India, 1947–1967
Author: Joya Chatterji
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Patrick Manning refuses to divide the African diaspora into the experiences of separate regions and nations. Instead, he follows the multiple routes that brought Africans and people of African descent into contact with one another and with Europe, Asia, and the Americas. In weaving these stories together, Manning shows how the waters of the Atlantic Ocean, the Mediterranean Sea, and the Indian Ocean fueled dynamic interactions among black communities and cultures and how these patterns resembled those of a number of connected diasporas concurrently taking shape across the globe. Manning begins in 1400 and traces five central themes: the connections that enabled Africans to mutually identify and hold together as a global community; discourses on race; changes in economic circumstance; the character of family life; and the evolution of popular culture. His approach reveals links among seemingly disparate worlds. In the mid-nineteenth century, for example, slavery came under attack in North America, South America, southern Africa, West Africa, the Ottoman Empire, and India, with former slaves rising to positions of political prominence. Yet at the beginning of the twentieth century, the near-elimination of slavery brought new forms of discrimination that removed almost all blacks from government for half a century. Manning underscores the profound influence that the African diaspora had on world history, demonstrating the inextricable link between black migration and the rise of modernity, especially in regards to the processes of industrialization and urbanization. A remarkably inclusive and far-reaching work, The African Diaspora proves that the advent of modernity cannot be imaginatively or comprehensively engaged without taking the African peoples and the African continent as a whole into account.
A History Through Culture
Author: Patrick Manning
Publisher: Columbia University Press
In From Bengal to the Cape, Professor Ansu Datta opens up a hitherto little researched topic of transoceanic slave trade between mainly southern Bengal and the Cape in the Republic of South Africa. This migration took place between roughly the 1650s and about the middle of the nineteenth century when the slave trade was finally abolished. The book offers a short account of the condition in which the Bengali slaves found themselves and in the Cape peninsular society following their dispersal during these early times. It highlights new social formations in the Cape society, especially among the Coloured in South Africa. Few are aware of this export trade principally from Bengal, the Coromandel Coast, and Malabar. Datta's researches took him to the National Archives of Cape Town, and to some universities in South Africa. He obtained records from Municipalities and interviewed people who today claim descent from Bengali slaves. The book underscores the need for further research on this unexplored issue in India and South Africa.
Author: ANSU DATTA
Publisher: Xlibris Corporation
In ihrem vielfach ausgezeichneten, bereits in mehr als 20 Sprachen übersetzten Roman erzählt Tahmima Anam die Geschichte einer Familie: eine Geschichte von Liebe und Revolution, von Glaube, Hoffnung und unerwartetem Heldentum. Im Chaos des Krieges in Bangladesch muß jeder wählen, zu welcher Seite er gehören will. Rehana Haque hat zunächst nur ein Ziel: ihre Kinder zu retten. Und schließlich muß auch sie eine schwere Entscheidung treffen. Dhaka, Ostpakistan, am Vorabend des Unabhängigkeitskrieges. Rehana Haque ist glücklich: Wie jedes Jahr feiert sie die Rückkehr ihrer Kinder Maja und Sohail, die sie nach dem Tod ihres Mannes zu verlieren fürchtete. Im Garten ihres Hauses blühen die Rosen, ihr Spezialgericht Biryani ist gelungen, die Kinder, bald erwachsen, sind noch immer der Mittelpunkt ihres Lebens und erwidern die Liebe der Mutter respektvoll und zärtlich. Doch in der Stadt brodelt es. Der bengalische Oppositionsführer Mujib hat die Wahl gewonnen, aber die pakistanische Regierung weigert sich, ihn anzuerkennen. Aufruhr liegt in der Luft. Maja und Sohail, die in der Studentenbewegung für die Unabhängigkeit engagiert sind, zieht es zu ihren Freunden. Doch keiner von Rehanas Gästen ahnt, was folgen wird. Der Freiheitskampf in Bangladesch wird von Pakistan unfaßbar grausam unterdrückt. Und das Leben von Rehana und ihrer Familie wird von Grund auf erschüttert werden.
Author: Tahmima Anam
Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag
Annually during the months of autumn, Bengal hosts three interlinked festivals to honor its most important goddesses: Durga, Kali, and Jagaddhatri. While each of these deities possesses a distinct iconography, myth, and character, they are all martial. Durga, Kali, and Jagaddhatri often demand blood sacrifice as part of their worship and offer material and spiritual benefits to their votaries. Richly represented in straw, clay, paint, and decoration, they are similarly displayed in elaborately festooned temples, thronged by thousands of admirers. The first book to recount the history of these festivals and their revelry, rivalry, and nostalgic power, this volume marks an unprecedented achievement in the mapping of a major public event. Rachel Fell McDermott describes the festivals' origins and growth under British rule. She identifies their iconographic conventions and carnivalesque qualities and their relationship to the fierce, Tantric sides of ritual practice. McDermott confronts controversies over the tradition of blood sacrifice and the status-seekers who compete for symbolic capital. Expanding her narrative, she takes readers beyond Bengal's borders to trace the transformation of the goddesses and their festivals across the world. McDermott's work underscores the role of holidays in cultural memory, specifically the Bengali evocation of an ideal, culturally rich past. Under the thrall of the goddess, the social, political, economic, and religious identity of Bengalis takes shape.
The Fortunes of Hindu Festivals
Author: Rachel Fell McDermott
Publisher: Columbia University Press
Domicile and Diaspora investigates geographies of home and identity for Anglo-Indian women in the 50 years before and after Indian independence in 1947. The first book to study the Anglo-Indian community past and present, in India, Britain and Australia. The first book by a geographer to focus on a community of mixed descent. Investigates geographies of home and identity for Anglo-Indian women in the 50 years before and after Indian independence in 1947. Draws on interviews and focus groups with over 150 Anglo-Indians, as well as archival research. Makes a distinctive contribution to debates about home, identity, hybridity, migration and diaspora.
Anglo-Indian Women and the Spatial Politics of Home
Author: Alison Blunt
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Category: Social Science
A Journal of Transnational Studies
Category: Cultural pluralism
Diasporas large-scale ethnic migrations have been a source of growing concern as we try to understand the nature of community, identity and nationalism. Traditionally, diaspora communities have been understood to be pariah communities, and most work on diasporas has focused on specific groups such as the Jewish or African Diaspora. This book is unique in arguing against traditional interpretations and in taking a comparative look at a range of diasporas, including the Jewish, Arab, Chinese, Japanese, Indian, Maltese, Greek and Armenian diasporas. Taking the past four centuries into consideration, the authors examine diaspora trading networks across the globe on both a regional and international level. They investigate the common patterns and practices in the enterprises of diaspora peoples and entrepreneurs. The regions covered include Western Europe, the Mediterranean, South West Asia and the Indian Ocean, and South East Asia. Global networks of diaspora trading groups were crucial to international trade well before the twentieth century, yet because they were not part of established institutions they have remained elusive to economists, sociologists and historians. Through an understanding of diaspora trading networks, we learn not only about diaspora communities but also about the roots of the modern global economy.
four centuries of history
Author: Ina Baghdiantz McCabe,Gelina Harlaftis
Publisher: Berg Publishers
Category: Business & Economics
Bengal has long been one of the key centres of civilisation and culture in the Indian subcontinent. However, Bengali identity – "Bengaliness" – is complicated by its long history of evolution, the fact that Bengal is now divided between India and Bangladesh, and by virtue of a very large international diaspora from both parts of Bengal. This book explores a wide range of issues connected with Bengali identity. Amongst other subjects, it considers the special problems arising as a result of the division of Bengal, and concludes by demonstrating that there are many factors which make for the idea of a Bengali identity.
At Home and in the World
Author: Mridula Nath Chakraborty
Category: Social Science
A Brief History of Bengal for Diaspora Bangladeshis from the Ancient Time to Creation of Bangladesh in 1971. The book is a combination of a set of historical research, personal recollections of some of the events, particularly from the Pakistani Period.
Author: Prof. S. M. Deen
Publisher: Lulu Press, Inc
Nach sechs Jahren meldet sich die Autorin der wunderbaren Liebesgeschichte "Einmal im Leben" mit einem neuen Roman zurück: Am Rande eines mit Wasserhyazinthen überwucherten, zu Monsunzeiten unter Wasser stehenden Tieflands in einem Vorort von Kalkutta wachsen die Brüder Subhash und Udayan Mitra auf. Sie sind unzertrennlich, aber auch sehr verschieden. Beide interessieren sich für Wissenschaft und Politik. Aber Subhash, der Pflichtbewusste, entzieht sich den wirren politischen Verhältnissen der sechziger Jahre und zieht in ein ruhiges Küstenstädtchen in den USA, um sich dort der Wissenschaft zu widmen. Udayan hingegen lässt sich mit militanten Maoisten ein und riskiert alles für seinen Traum von einer gerechteren Welt, sogar sein Leben... Aber als Subhash erfährt, was seinem Bruder in jenem mit Hyazinthen überwucherten Gewässer zugestoßen ist, kehrt er nach Indien zurück, um die Wunden zu heilen, die Udayan, nicht zuletzt im Herzen seiner jungen, schwangeren Frau, geschlagen hat. Es entspinnt sich ein mitreißendes familiäres Drama über Kontinente und Generationen... Dieser faszinierende Roman war in den angelsächsischen Ländern ein großer Bestseller. Lahiris Kunst liegt in der Verbindung von weiter Perspektive mit intimster persönlicher Geschichte. Sie ist eine literarische Meisterin, eine der faszinierendsten und erfolgreichsten Autorinnen in den USA von heute. «Eine beeindruckende Ballade von Liebe, Verlust und Tod.» The New York Times
Author: Jhumpa Lahiri
Publisher: Rowohlt Verlag GmbH
150 Years of Survival, Contributions and Achievements
Author: East Indian Diaspora Committee. First International Academic Conference on Indians in the Diaspora
Category: East Indians
Author: Safiuddin Joarder
Category: Bengal (India)
The Encyclopedia of the Indian Diaspora is the first comprehensive survey of Indian communities around the world. Over 30 contextual features show the initiatives taken by these communities and the contributions they have made both internationally and to their host societies, in areas as diverse as literature, cuisine, popular culture, sports and political life. The greater part of the book consists of 44 country/region profiles covering all parts of the world. Written by over 60 scholars from across the globe, most of whom are from the diaspora, the encyclopedia provides insights into the experiences of a people about whom much is often assumed but little is actually known. The recent expansion of the Indian diaspora, now some 20-million strong and growing, is a social transformation of global significance. Many members of the diaspora have reached the highest levels of global commerce and trade, international public service and diplomacy, the professionals and academia. In addition, the creative literature from and about the diaspora holds a distinctive and distinguished place in the world's literary imagination.
Author: Brij V. Lal,Peter Reeves,Rajesh Rai
Wie ein großer Vogel gleitet das stolze Segelschiff den Ganges hinauf. Diti, die auf den Feldern am Flussufer für Englands Opiumhandel schuftet, kann sich die Vision nicht erklären. Hat das Schicksal ihr ein Zeichen gesandt? Sie flieht nach Kalkutta, wo die »Ibis«, ein ehemaliges Sklavenschiff, bereits auf sie zu warten scheint. Mit den anderen Passagieren hat die junge Frau nur eines gemeinsam: Sie alle müssen Indien und ihr bisheriges Leben für immer hinter sich lassen. Historienepos, Gesellschafts- und Abenteuerroman zugleich.
Author: Amitav Ghosh
Publisher: Karl Blessing Verlag
Author: Scott Cameron Levi
Category: Asia, Central