Asia has long been an ideological battleground between capitalism and communism, between nationalism and Westernisation and between the nation-state and globalization. This book is a history of the Asian region from 1945 to the present day which delineates the various ideological battles over Asia's development. Subjects covered include: * theories of development * decolonization * US political and economic intervention * the effects of communism * the end of the Cold War * the rise of neo-liberalism * Asia after the crisis * Asia in the era of globalisation Broad in sweep and rich in theory and empirical detail, this is an essential account of the growth of 'Asian miracle' and its turbulent position in the global economy of the twenty-first century.
From Decolonization to Globalization
Author: Mark T. Berger
The rise and fall of the Cold War coincided with the universalization and consolidation of the modern nation-state as the key unit of the wider international system. A key characteristic of the post-Cold War era, in which the US has emerged as the sole superpower, is the growing number of collapsing or collapsed states. A growing number of states are, or have become, mired in conflict or civil war, the antecedents of which are often to be found in the late-colonial and Cold War era. At the same time, US foreign policy (and the actions of other organizations such as the United Nations) may well be compounding state failure in the context of the post-9/11 Global War on Terror (GWOT) or what is also increasingly referred to as the ‘Long War’. The Long War is often represented as a ‘new’ era in warfare and geopolitics. This book acknowledges that the Long War is new in important respects, but it also emphasizes that the Long War bears many similarities to the Cold War. A key similarity is the way in which insurgency and counterinsurgency were and continue to be seen primarily in the context of inter-state rivalry in which the critical local or regional dynamics of revolution and counter-revolution are marginalized or neglected. In this context American policy-makers and their allies have again erroneously applied a ‘grand strategy’ that suits the imperatives of conventional military and geo-political thinking rather than engaging with what are a much more variegated array of problems facing the changing global order. This book provides a collection of well-integrated studies that shed light on the history and future of insurgency, counterinsurgency and collapsing states in the context of the Long War. This book was previously published as a special issue of Third World Quarterly.
Author: Mark T. Berger,Douglas A. Borer
This book, based on extensive original research, considers the transformation of public health systems in major East, South and Southeast Asian countries in the period following the Second World War. It examines how public health concepts, policies, institutions and practices were improved, shows how international health standards were implemented, sometimes through the direct intervention of transnational organisations, and explores how indigenous traditions and local social and cultural concerns affected developments, with, in some cases, the construction of public health systems forming an important part of nation-building in post-war and post-independence countries. Throughout, the book relates developments in public health systems to people’s health, demographic changes, and economic and social reconstruction projects.
International Influences, Local Transformations
Author: Liping Bu,Ka-che Yip
Category: Social Science
This book provides the basis for a reconceptualization of key features in Southeast Asia's history. Scholars from Europe, America, and Asia examine evolutionary patterns of Europe's and Japan's Southeast Asian empires from the late nineteenth century through World War II, and offer important insights into the specific events of the 1940s, 1950s, and 1960s. In turn, their different perspectives on the political, economic, and cultural currents of the "post-colonial" era - including Southeast Asia's gradual adjustment to globalizing forces - enhance understanding of the dynamics of the decolonization process. Drawing on new and wide-ranging research in international relations, economics, anthropology, and cultural studies, the book looks at the impact of decolonization and the struggle of the new nation-states with issues such as economic development, cultural development, nation-building, ideology, race, and modernization. The contributors also consider decolonization as a phenomenon within the larger international structure of the Cold War and the post-Cold War eras.
Author: Marc Frey,Ronald W. Pruessen,Tai Yong Tan,Tan Tai Yong
Violent Non-state Actors in Central Asia
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
Category: Political violence
Moving beyond notions of cultural imperialism, this book furthers our understanding of the implications of global media culture and politics in the 1990s. Leading scholars from a range of fields bring different perspectives to bear on the role of the state, the range of culture beyond the media, the contribution of international organizations, and the potential for resistance and alternatives. They reflect on the New World International Communications Order' as delineated since the 1970s, and examine its changing nature. Throughout, they connect analysis of the flows and forces which form the world media and communications with the fundamental themes of social science, and illuminate the ways in which underlying questions of inequality, power and control reappear within new media environments.
Globalization, Communication and the New International Order
Author: Peter Golding,Phil Harris
Author: Helmut Willke
Publisher: transcript Verlag
Centering his analysis in the dynamic forces of modern East Asian history, Kuan-Hsing Chen recasts cultural studies as a politically urgent global endeavor. He argues that the intellectual and subjective work of decolonization begun across East Asia after the Second World War was stalled by the cold war. At the same time, the work of deimperialization became impossible to imagine in imperial centers such as Japan and the United States. Chen contends that it is now necessary to resume those tasks, and that decolonization, deimperialization, and an intellectual undoing of the cold war must proceed simultaneously. Combining postcolonial studies, globalization studies, and the emerging field of “Asian studies in Asia,” he insists that those on both sides of the imperial divide must assess the conduct, motives, and consequences of imperial histories. Chen is one of the most important intellectuals working in East Asia today; his writing has been influential in Taiwan, South Korea, Hong Kong, Japan, Singapore, and mainland China for the past fifteen years. As a founding member of the Inter-Asia Cultural Studies Society and its journal, he has helped to initiate change in the dynamics and intellectual orientation of the region, building a network that has facilitated inter-Asian connections. Asia as Method encapsulates Chen’s vision and activities within the increasingly “inter-referencing” East Asian intellectual community and charts necessary new directions for cultural studies.
Author: Kuan-Hsing Chen
Publisher: Duke University Press Books
In an increasingly globalised world manifested in greater economic integration, human capital is an important factor. One of the key sources of human capital to the global economy is India, and the main destinations for Indian professionals has been Western developed economies, the Middle East and Gulf regions and East and Southeast Asia. Southeast Asia as a region has close historical, social and cultural linkages with India, and India has undertaken a number of initiatives under its "Look East" policy (LEP) to enhance ties with the Southeast Asian region. This book examines the trends and motivations of human capital flows from India into this region. Focusing in particular on Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia and Thailand, the book provides an analysis of Indian labour in a variety of sectors, including information technology (IT) sector, academia, banking, oil and gas. Based on empirical data, the book provides an analysis of current trends in the flow of human capital from India to Southeast Asia. It will be of interest to policy makers, businessmen, students, analysts and academics in the field of Asian studies, foreign relations, human capital and labour migration.
The Ebb and Flow of Indian Professionals in Southeast Asia
Author: Faizal bin Yahya,Arunajeet Kaur
Category: Business & Economics
The Fifth International Convention of Asia Scholars : Organising Committee, List of Participants, List of Participating Institutions, List of Abstracts : Kuala Lumpur, 2-5 August 2007
Such are the constraints of disciplinary boundaries that even when scholars come together in a collective effort to analyse recent processes, their focus narrows down to specific themes, invariably privileging one kind of methodological or conceptual framework over others. The present volume of essays the outcome of a seminar, Changing Social Formations in Contemporary India, organized under the auspices of the School of Social Sciences of Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, in 2003 represents an attempt to overcome some of the limitations of this trend. While acknowledging the strengths of in-depth analyses of specific phenomena, there is an equally strong need to critically engage with the different dimensions of recent developments in India since independence, and especially since the 1980s and 1990s, by bringing multiple fields of expertise into play. Economists, political scientists, geographers, historians, sociologists and cultural critics have all contributed to this volume in significant ways. Taken together, these essays clearly demonstrate that India has entered a new conjuncture since the 1990s, quite unlike the era of development that preceded it.The volume includes essays on such contested concepts in contemporary India as democracy, globalization, the rural urban divide, the city, migration, the middle classes, caste, community and gender identities. It thus sets out to name some of the most urgent sites of engagement for inter-disciplinary social science scholarship today.Mary E. John teaches in the Women s Studies Programme, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi.Praveen Kumar Jha teaches at the Centre for Economic Studies and Planning, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi.Surinder S. Jodhka teaches at the Centre for the Study of Social Systems, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi.
Changing Economies and Identities in Contemporary India
Author: Mary E. John,Praveen Kumar Jha,Surinder S. Jodhka
Category: Culture and globalization
Migration is at the heart of Asian history. For centuries migrants have tracked the routes and seas of their ancestors - merchants, pilgrims, soldiers and sailors - along the Silk Road and across the Indian Ocean and the China Sea. Over the last 150 years, however, migration within Asia and beyond has been greater than at any other time in history. Sunil S. Amrith's engaging and deeply informative book crosses a vast terrain, from the Middle East to India and China, tracing the history of modern migration. Animated by the voices of Asian migrants, it tells the stories of those forced to flee from war and revolution, and those who left their homes and their families in search of a better life. These stories of Asian diasporas can be joyful or poignant, but they all speak of an engagement with new landscapes and new peoples.
Author: Sunil S. Amrith
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Die Studie untersucht vor dem Hintergrund der Menschenrechtsfrage die Gewaltpolitik der Kolonialmächte Großbritannien und Frankreich während des Mau-Mau-Kriegs in Kenia (1952 bis 1959) und des Algerienkrieges (1954 bis 1962). Die Radikalisierung kolonialer Gewalt wird dabei insbesondere anhand des kolonialen Ausnahmezustandes und der "antisubversiven Militärstrategie" vergleichend dargestellt. Die Verteidigung der kolonialen Herrschaft stand der universellen Ausbreitung der Menschenrechte diametral entgegen und das internationale Menschenrechtsregime wurde durch den Widerstand der Kolonialmächte bis zum Abschluss der Dekolonisation gelähmt. Methodisch betritt Fabian Klose Neuland, indem er zwei bisher weitgehend getrennte Forschungsfelder, nämlich den internationalen Menschenrechtsdiskurs und den Prozess der Dekolonisation, zum ersten Mal miteinander verbindet und die wechselseitigen Auswirkungen beider Entwicklungen aufeinander untersucht. Das Werk steht methodisch somit an der Schnittstelle einer modernen politischen Ideengeschichte und einer vergleichenden ereignisgeschichtlichen Studie der Dekolonisierungskriege und kolonialer Notstandsregime. Der Autor stützt sich auf bisher nicht zugängliches, neu erschlossenes Archivmaterial aus einer Reihe internationaler Archive wie das des Internationalen Komitees vom Roten Kreuz und der Menschenrechtskommission der Vereinten Nationen.
Die Dekolonisierungskriege in Kenia und Algerien 1945-1962
Author: Fabian Klose
Publisher: Oldenbourg Verlag
The Survey 2014 will examine the regions challenges to support its economic growth and to promote inclusive and sustainable development. Part I of the report will focus on the regions outlook as it contends with the ongoing global recovery and assesses the regions policy response to remaining and emerging vulnerabilities. A special theme is domestic resource mobilization in Asia-Pacific, which will explore the challenges on strengthening tax revenues. Part II of the report discusses strategic approaches to strengthen regional connectivity to achieve shared prosperity.
A Story of Transformation and Resurgence : Economic and Social Survey of Asia and the Pacific, 1947-2014
Publisher: United Nations (Un)
Category: Business & Economics
eine globale Weltgeschichte
Author: Robert Marks
Whilst globalisation is influencing societies worldwide, communities are also forcefully celebrating their cultural differences. These studies look at post-colonial societies that have undergone rapid political, economic and social change, and their efforts to transform educational policy abd practice. This book contains reports on original field research, theoretically informed analyses, political perspectives and recent professional and practical experience. Specific national contexts considered include the European states of Estonia, Poland
Author: Teame Mebrahtu,Michael Crossley,David Johnson
Publisher: Symposium Books Ltd
This thoroughly updated new edition of an already popular text brings together specially-commissioned chapters by leading authorities, rigorously edited to ensure systematic coverage. It provides students with an accessible and up-to-date thematically-structured comparative introduction to Southeast Asia today.
Author: Mark Beeson
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
Category: Political Science