Creation Ethics

Reproduction, Genetics, and Quality of Life

Author: David DeGrazia

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199974101

Category: Philosophy

Page: 240

View: 8703

The ethics of creating -- or declining to create -- human beings has been addressed in several contexts: debates over abortion and embryo research; literature on "self-creation"; and discussions of procreative rights and responsibilities, genetic engineering, and future generations. Here, for the first time, is a sustained, scholarly analysis of all of these issues -- a discussion combining breadth of topics with philosophical depth, imagination with current scientific understanding, argumentative rigor with accessibility. The overarching aim of Creation Ethics is to illuminate a broad array of issues connected with reproduction and genetics, through the lens of moral philosophy. With novel frameworks for understanding prenatal moral status and human identity, and exceptional fairness to those holding different views, David DeGrazia sheds new light on the ethics of abortion and embryo research, genetic enhancement and prenatal genetic interventions, procreation and parenting, and decisions that affect the quality of life of future generations. Along the way, he helpfully introduces personal identity theory and value theory as well as such complex topics as moral status, wrongful life, and the "nonidentity problem." The results include a subjective account of human well-being, a standard for responsible procreation and parenting, and a theoretical bridge between consequentialist and nonconsequentialist ethical theories. The upshot is a synoptic, mostly liberal vision of the ethics of creating human beings.

The End of Sex and the Future of Human Reproduction

Author: Henry T. Greely

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 067454577X

Category: Medical

Page: 391

View: 3975

Within 40 years many people will stop having sex for reproduction. After IVF and preimplantation genetic diagnosis, parents will pick embryos for implantation, gestation, and birth. It will be easy, safe, lawful, and free, Henry Greely predicts. He explains the new technologies and sets out the deep ethical and legal challenges facing humanity.

Towards Reproductive Certainty: Fertility and Genetics Beyond 1999: The Plenary Proceedings of the 11th World Congress

Author: R. Jansen,D. Mortimer

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781850700845

Category: Medical

Page: 534

View: 2110

This is a forward-looking clinical reference of definitive authority on today's headline controversies surrounding in vitro fertilization (IVF) and reproductive genetics. Written by leading experts from medicine, education, psychology, ethics, counseling, and other disciplines studying fertility and genetics, the book contains nearly 70 chapters in seven sections. The introductory section deals with biology, business, morality and society in IVF and reproductive genetics; other sections focus on IVF outcomes, personal ethics and business, biology of the egg, sperm and embryo, implantation, IVF and society, and such 21st century topics as space travel and human reproduction, the disappearing male,and the future of motherhood. Includes bibliographic references and index.


Technological Intervention in Human Reproduction as a Philosophical Problem

Author: Kurt Bayertz

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521416931

Category: Medical

Page: 342

View: 8862

An analysis of the ethical controversies surrounding technological intervention in human reproduction.

How We Do It

The Evolution and Future of Human Reproduction

Author: Robert Martin

Publisher: Basic Books (AZ)

ISBN: 0465030157

Category: Science

Page: 320

View: 6787

A primatologist explores the mystery of the origins of human reproduction, explaining that understanding the evolutionary past can provide insight into what worked, what didn't, and what it all means for the future of mankind.

Textbook of Assisted Reproductive Techniques, Fifth Edition

Two Volume Set

Author: David K. Gardner,Ariel Weissman,Colin M. Howles,Zeev Shoham

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1498740111

Category: Medical

Page: 1040

View: 1419

Already established as a classic comprehensive reference for the whole team at the IVF clinic, this new edition has been extensively revised, with the addition of several important new contributions on laboratory ( including advanced sperm selection techniques for ICSI, human embryo biopsy procedures, oocyte activation, managing an oocyte bank, artificial gametes, and epigenetics) as well as on clinical topics (including GnRH agonist triggering, segmentation of IVF treatment, uterus transplantation, and risk and safety management). As previously, methods, protocols, and techniques of choice are presented by eminent contributors internationally.

Principles and practice of assisted human reproduction

Author: Robert Geoffrey Edwards,Steven A. Brody

Publisher: W B Saunders Co

ISBN: 9780721636269

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 692

View: 449

This remarkably authoritative new book presents a complete overview of reproductive endocrinology, infertility, assisted reproduction, and in vitro fertilization. It encompasses the full range of scientific and clinical advances in the field, from the development of the world's first "test tube" baby to the assisted reproductive technologues which now allow human conception to occur in otherwise hopeless cases of infertility. The senior author is the world's preeminent scientist in human embryology and assisted reproduction. He was the first scientist in history to achieve in vitro fertilization of a human egg, and pioneered this subspecialty of medical and scientific practice.

Reproductive Medicine

Molecular, Cellular and Genetic Fundamentals

Author: Bart C.J.M. Fauser,A.J. Rutherford,Philippe Bouchard,Jerome F. Strauss,Aaron J. W. Hsueh,Andre Van Steirteghem,J.L. Simpson

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9781842140192

Category: Medical

Page: 768

View: 9235

Focusing on the cutting edge of recent medical knowledge and advances, this new edition of Fauser's highly acclaimed advanced textbook fills a unique role. Reproductive Medicine: Molecular, Cellular, and Genetic Fundamentals explains and clarifies for non-specialist physicians the complex biochemistry and biology underlying the current practice of assisted reproduction - understanding which is now essential for all those hoping to practice successfully in this field. The first edition, Molecular Biology in Reproductive Medicine represented a ground-breaking initiative in presenting complicated science in a comprehensible and practical way and received accolades from many authoritative reviewers for its remarkable achievement. The new edition takes this initiative to a new level, completely re-writing the original edition, incorporating and interpreting the latest research findings of this extraordinarily fast-moving field, while keeping those features that made the first edition a bestseller. With a uniquely distinguished team of international contributors, Reproductive Medicine: Molecular, Cellular, and Genetic Fundamentals represents the current state of knowledge essential for the most effective application of assisted reproduction techniques.

Genetics in the Madhouse

The Unknown History of Human Heredity

Author: Theodore M. Porter

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400890500

Category: History

Page: 464

View: 6520

The untold story of how hereditary data in mental hospitals gave rise to the science of human heredity In the early 1800s, a century before there was any concept of the gene, physicians in insane asylums began to record causes of madness in their admission books. Almost from the beginning, they pointed to heredity as the most important of these causes. As doctors and state officials steadily lost faith in the capacity of asylum care to stem the terrible increase of insanity, they began emphasizing the need to curb the reproduction of the insane. They became obsessed with identifying weak or tainted families and anticipating the outcomes of their marriages. Genetics in the Madhouse is the untold story of how the collection and sorting of hereditary data in mental hospitals, schools for "feebleminded" children, and prisons gave rise to a new science of human heredity. In this compelling book, Theodore Porter draws on untapped archival evidence from across Europe and North America to bring to light the hidden history behind modern genetics. He looks at the institutional use of pedigree charts, censuses of mental illness, medical-social surveys, and other data techniques--innovative quantitative practices that were worked out in the madhouse long before the manipulation of DNA became possible in the lab. Porter argues that asylum doctors developed many of the ideologies and methods of what would come to be known as eugenics, and deepens our appreciation of the moral issues at stake in data work conducted on the border of subjectivity and science. A bold rethinking of asylum work, Genetics in the Madhouse shows how heredity was a human science as well as a medical and biological one.

Genetics in Human Reproduction

Author: Taylor & Francis Group

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781138314979


Page: 320

View: 9274

Published in 1999, this book discusses issues related to the current and possible future technological progress in genetic technology linked to in vitro fertilization, specifically preimplantation diagnosis and germline gene therapy, from a scientific and medical as well as from a social, juridical and ethical point of view. The 31 contributions are divided into six sections medical and scientific view, personal interests and moral implications, moral rights and duties, social concepts and moral implications, choices and decision making, and justice in health care and legal regulation.

Making Sense of Genes

Author: Kostas Kampourakis

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107128137

Category: Medical

Page: 314

View: 3154

An accessible but rigorous introduction to genes for non-experts, explaining what genes are and what they can and cannot do.

Handbook of New Genetic Diagnostic Technologies in Reproductive Medicine

Improving Patient Success Rates and Infant Health

Author: Carlos Simón,Carmen Rubio

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1498763316

Category: Medical

Page: 179

View: 3401

Different genetic diagnostic and treatment options are used worldwide to improve routine IVF procedures for the benefit of patients. This handbook updates the new genetic diagnostic technologies that have been translated to practice aiming to improve outcomes in the clinic and have a healthy baby at home. Chapters cover the use of genetic technologies in a personalized manner to unravel the possible genetic risks for the couple wishing to conceive, in terms of sperm, the embryo, the endometrium, miscarriage, and finally the fetus. ?

Practical Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis

Author: Anver Kuliev

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1447140907

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 304

View: 5415

Although treatment remains the major goal in the control of genetic disease, this is not yet a reality for most inherited conditions. In the absence of radical treatment, preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) offers the answer to the control of these inherited conditions by predicting reproductive outcome. PGD is now entering its third decade as an established procedure for genetic and assisted reproduction practices, with new and exciting developments changing the whole concept of prevention of congenital disorders. The availability of practical experience from tens of thousands of PGD cases makes it necessary to update the current information on its accuracy, reliability and safety. The Second Edition of this successful book updates the progress in prevention of genetic disorders to demonstrate the important place of PGD in primary preventive measures and its increasing role in providing the whole range of reproduction options to couples at risk. In addition, it provides an extensive review of the most recent developments within the field of PGD including, PGD for expanding indications such as de novo mutations, cancers, inherited cardiac diseases and combined PGD for single gene disorders, HLA typing and 24 chromosome testing in patients of advance reproductive age. This practical book is vital for all practitioners within the field of fertility, reproductive medicine and medical genetics. It will also be useful for those responsible for planning and organizing PGD services and provides a working manual for the establishment and performance of PGD in the framework of IVF and genetic practices.

Human Reproductive Biology

Author: Sylvia S. Mader

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Science, Engineering & Mathematics

ISBN: 9780072872347

Category: Science

Page: 288

View: 9953

This text presents human reproduction from the biological point of view. It is most appropriate for use by non-science students who would like a biological understanding of human reproduction. The three parts of the book may be studied in whatever sequences the instructor desires. Part I contains topics on human inheritance and biotechnology. Part II has in depth coverage of fertilization, and the major biological events of embryonic and fetal development. In Part III, the evolution of sexual reproduction is presumed to have increased biological fitness.


Male Reproductive Health and Dysfunction

Author: Eberhard Nieschlag,Hermann Behre

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3662044919

Category: Medical

Page: 455

View: 1987

Covering basic science as well as clinical andrology, this book includes chapters on biology of reproduction, testicular function, sperm maturation and fertilization, endocrinology of the male, environmental factors, psychology, senescence, contraception; as well as chapters on the diagnosis and therapy of andrological diseases including: infertility, hypogonadism, assisted reproduction: ICSI and TESE, therapy with testosterone, erectile dysfunction.

Handbook of Gestational Surrogacy

International Clinical Practice and Policy Issues

Author: E. Scott Sills

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 131672784X

Category: Medical

Page: N.A

View: 8912

There is an increasing demand for gestational surrogacy in current reproductive medicine practice. Infertile couples often engage overseas surrogates, which increases the risk for legal and ethical complications. This book provides clinical guidance on the provision of gestational surrogacy on a worldwide basis, with brief summaries of the legal position within countries where it is offered. This volume provides a comprehensive overview of surrogacy for clinicians, counsellors, attorneys, legislators and anyone interested in reproductive health policy by filling an immediate niche as a resource for those interested in third-party reproductive treatments.

Handbook of Fertility

Nutrition, Diet, Lifestyle and Reproductive Health

Author: Ronald Ross Watson

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0128009934

Category: Medical

Page: 452

View: 2036

Handbook of Fertility: Nutrition, Diet, Lifestyle and Reproductive Health focuses on the ways in which food, dietary supplements, and toxic agents, including alcohol and nicotine affect the reproductive health of both women and men. Researchers in nutrition, diet, epidemiology, and endocrinology will find this comprehensive resource invaluable in their long-term goal of understanding and improving reproductive health. This book brings together a broad range of experts researching the different aspects of foods and dietary supplements that promote or detract from reproductive health. Section One contains several overview chapters on fertility, how it is assessed, and how it can be affected by different metabolic states, nutritional habits, dietary supplements, the action of antioxidants, and lifestyle choices. Sections Two and Three consider how male and female fertility are affected by obesity, metabolic syndrome, hormonal imbalance, and even bariatric surgery. Section Four explores the ways diet, nutrition, and lifestyle support or retard the success of in vitro fertilization, while Section Five explores how alcohol and other drugs of abuse lower fertility in both women and men. Explores how alcohol, nicotine, and other drugs of abuse disrupt and impair reproductive health Reviews studies of common conditions such as obesity and metabolic syndrome and their effect on fertility and reproductive health Investigates the components of foods and dietary supplements, in particular oxidative stress and antioxidants Presents the nutritional effects of foods and dietary supplements and their benefits and risks relating to reproductive health

Basics of Human Andrology

A Textbook

Author: Anand Kumar,Mona Sharma

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9811036950

Category: Medical

Page: 536

View: 6332

This book addresses various aspects of male reproduction ranging from mind to testis. The basis of maleness lies in the Y chromosome. Reproductive functions depend upon the development of male organs from embryo to manhood. Testis, the male gonad, produces hormones and sperms; the latter is ejaculated in semen secreted by accessory sex glands. The testicular events are under neuroendocrine regulation which coordinates reproductive life from puberty to andropause. Biology is as important as psychology in the control of reproduction. Behaviours are rooted in the brain. Various brain areas and neural circuits regulate male behaviours. Brain sexual polymorphism is the basis of homosexuality and transgenders. Neurophysiology has always been complex to understand. But, this book presents it in a simpler way. Reproductive organs receive systemic influences, too. The book describes roles of metabolic, immune and thyroid status in reproduction. The book has chapters on male reproductive pathophysiology. Principles of diagnosis and management are also included. The last section deals with contraception and yoga. The traditional wisdom of yoga has been used for millennia to enhance sexual and reproductive experience. This book will serve basic medical scientists, urologists, nephrologists, surgeons, andrologists, endocrinologists, gynaecologists, nurses, councellors and also the students of biological sciences who want to study reproduction in human male. The language is kept simple so that an inquisitive person with a background of biology too may read it.

The Reproductive System at a Glance

Author: Linda J. Heffner,Danny J. Schust

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118606981

Category: Medical

Page: 112

View: 5525

The Reproductive System at a Glance is a comprehensive guideto normal reproductive biology and associated pathophysiology inboth sexes. Concise, easy to read, and clearly structured, thedouble-page spreads progress from basic science to clinicalabnormalities, and covers endocrine production and action, withinone short volume. Chapters on disorders summariseepidemiology, pathophysiology, diagnosis and treatment. This new edition of The Reproductive System at aGlance: • Is fully revised and updated throughout to reflectrecent developments in practice • Now features histological and pathological slides tocomplement the “at a glance” style explanatoryillustrations • Now features radiologic studies to supplement the textin selected chapters • Contains more detailed coverage of maternaladaptations to pregnancy • Includes a companion website featuring self-assessmentmultiple choice questions, bonus single answer questions andflashcards The Reproductive System at a Glance is an ideal guide forstudents studying both endocrine and reproductive subjects, andteaches the foundation concepts for the obstetrics and gynaecologyrotation, helping health professionals and students achieve a broadand practical understanding of the topic.