Taking Care of Business

Police Detectives, Drug Law Enforcement and Proactive Investigation

Author: Matthew Bacon

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0191511218

Category: Social Science

Page: 352

View: 856

Taking Care of Business: Police Detectives, Drug Law Enforcement and Proactive Investigation offers a rich and insightful empirical study of drug investigations, based on extensive fieldwork undertaken with the specialist detective units of two English police services. It fills a significant gap in criminological literature by providing a timely and thought-provoking ethnography of detective culture, investigative practice, and drug law enforcement. Drawing on data collected from over five hundred hours of direct observation of ordinary police work, both on and off the streets, the chapters are skilfully interwoven with fieldnotes, informal conversations, interviews and analysis of official documents. Taken together, they explore how police officers perceive the drug world and their role in it, translate policy from its written form into action, and utilise intelligence-led policing strategies to instigate covert operations and make cases. There is in-depth examination of the everyday realities of the 'war on drugs', alongside the associated working rules, tacit understandings and underlying assumptions that operate behind the public face of police organizations. The book also critically examines the most pertinent legislative initiatives, organizational reforms, and shifts in thinking concerning the values, objectives and norms of policing that have occurred over recent decades, which, between them, have contributed to significant changes in the ways that detectives are trained and investigations are controlled and carried out. With highly salient insights regarding operational policing and drug control policy in the current social, economic and political climate, Taking Care of Business is a compelling and important work on contemporary criminal investigation and the policing of drugs. It will be of interest to scholars of criminology, sociology, law, and policy studies, especially those researching and studying policing, regulation, surveillance, drug control policy and the informal economy, as well as policymakers, police practitioners, and criminal justice professionals.

Young Criminal Lives: Life Courses and Life Chances from 1850

Author: Barry Godfrey,Pamela Cox,Heather Shore,Zoe Alker

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0191092746

Category: Law

Page: 256

View: 2208

Young Criminal Lives is the first cradle-to-grave study of the experiences of some of the thousands of delinquent, difficult and destitute children passing through the early English juvenile reformatory system. The book breaks new ground in crime research, speaking to pressing present-day concerns around child poverty and youth justice, and resonating with a powerful public fascination for family history. Using innovative digital methods to unlock the Victorian life course, the authors have reconstructed the lives, families and neighbourhoods of 500 children living within, or at the margins of, the early English juvenile reformatory system. Four hundred of them were sent to reformatory and industrial schools in the north west of England from courts around the UK over a fifty-year period from the 1860s onwards. Young Criminal Lives is based on one of the most comprehensive sets of official and personal data ever assembled for a historical study of this kind. For the first time, these children can be followed on their journey in and out of reform and then though their adulthood and old age. The book centres on institutions celebrated in this period for their pioneering new approaches to child welfare and others that were investigated for cruelty and scandal. Both were typical of the new kind of state-certified provision offered, from the 1850s on, to children who had committed criminal acts, or who were considered 'vulnerable' to predation, poverty and the 'inheritance' of criminal dispositions. The notion that interventions can and must be evaluated in order to determine 'what works' now dominates public policy. But how did Victorian and Edwardian policy-makers and practitioners deal with this question? By what criteria, and on the basis of what kinds of evidence, did they judge their own successes and failures? Young Criminal Lives ends with a critical review of the historical rise of evidence-based policy-making within criminal justice. It will appeal to scholars and students of crime and penal policy, criminologists, sociologists, and social policy researchers and practitioners in youth justice and child protection.

Justice, Mercy, and Caprice

Clemency and the Death Penalty in Ireland

Author: Ian O'Donnell

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0192519441

Category: Law

Page: 320

View: 2213

Justice, Mercy, and Caprice is a work of criminal justice history that speaks to the gradual emergence of a more humane Irish state. It is a close examination of the decision to grant clemency to men and women sentenced to death between the end of the civil war in 1923 and the abolition of capital punishment in 1990. Frequently, the decision to deflect the law from its course was an attempt to introduce a measure of justice to a system where the mandatory death sentence for murder caused predictable unfairness and undue harshness. In some instances the decision to spare a life sprang from merciful motivations. In others it was capricious, depending on factors that should have had no place in the government's decision-making calculus. The custodial careers of those whose lives were spared repay scrutiny. Women tended to serve relatively short periods in prison but were often transferred to a religious institution where their confinement continued, occasionally for life. Men, by contrast, served longer in prison but were discharged directly to the community. Political offenders were either executed hastily or, when the threat of capital punishment had passed, incarcerated for extravagant periods. This book addresses issues that are of continuing relevance for countries that employ capital punishment. It will appeal to scholars with an interest in criminal justice history, executive discretion, and death penalty studies, as well as being a useful resource for students of penology.

Mafia-Export

Wie 'Ndrangheta, Cosa Nostra und Camorra die Welt erobern

Author: Francesco Forgione

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783442157044

Category:

Page: 347

View: 2402


Kriminologie im Deutschen Kaiserreich

Geschichte einer gebrochenen Verwissenschaftlichung

Author: Silviana Galassi

Publisher: Franz Steiner Verlag

ISBN: 9783515083522

Category: History

Page: 452

View: 1594

Warum werden Verbrechen begangen? Steckt das Bose in den biologischen Anlagen oder ist das soziale Umfeld fuer die Kriminalitat verantwortlich? Gibt es geborene Verbrecher? Ende des 19. Jahrhunderts werden diese Fragen zum Ausgangspunkt einer neuen Wissenschaft, der Kriminologie. Warum beginnen Mediziner und Soziologen gerade zu dieser Zeit, Kriminalitat wissenschaftlich zu erforschen? Welche Theorien werden entwickelt und diskutiert? Und welche Rolle spielt die Kriminalpolitik bei der Entwicklung der neuen Wissenschaft? Ist die Kriminologie an der Wende vom 19. zum 20. Jahrhundert ueberhaupt eine Wissenschaft? Diese Fragen werden hier fuer das Deutsche Kaiserreich erstmals eingehend und auf einer sehr breiten Quellengrundlage untersucht. eine "anregend geschriebene Studie. a Die durch das Konzept der Verwissenschaftlichung gewonnenen Schluesse sind sehr geeignet, auch die fortgeschrittene Diskussion zur Geschichte der Kriminologie zu bereichern." H-Soz-Kult.

Anthropologische und sozialpsychologische Untersuchungen

Author: Arnold Gehlen

Publisher: Rowohlt Verlag GmbH

ISBN: 3688104889

Category: Social Science

Page: 286

View: 3142

Der vorliegende Band enthält siebzehn Untersuchungen zur Anthropologie und Sozialpsychologie. Arnold Gehlens Studien zur Selbstbegegnung und Selbstentdeckung des Menschen mit seinen Problemen in der industriellen Gesellschaft gehören zu den Wegbereitern eines komplexen Wissenschaftsverständnisses, in das philosophische, anthropologische und soziologische Erkenntnisse eingegangen sind.

Organized crime

Begriff und Theorie organisierter Kriminalität in den USA

Author: Klaus von Lampe

Publisher: Peter Lang Publishing

ISBN: 9783631347218

Category: Organized crime

Page: 391

View: 8435


Menschenhandel

eine empirische Untersuchung zur Strafverfolgungspraxis

Author: Annette Louise Herz

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783428120437

Category: Human smuggling

Page: 312

View: 8365

Seit Ende der 1980er Jahre ist mit der Öffnung der Grenzen nach Osteuropa der Deliktsbereich Menschenhandel im Zusammenhang mit Prostitution ein Thema (kriminal-)politischen Interesses geworden. Die öffentlichen und fachwissenschaftlichen Diskussionen konzentrieren sich auf die komplexen Tatstrukturen, die Rolle organisierter Kriminalität, die Bedeutung ausländischer Tatverdächtiger und das Schicksal der Betroffenen. Die Strafverfolgung gilt als besonders schwierig und aufwändig, weshalb der registrierten Menschenhandelskriminalität nur eine sehr begrenzte Aussagekraft eingeräumt wird. Die vorliegende Arbeit untersucht umfassend die Determinanten der Strafverfolgung von der Auslösung der Ermittlungen bis zur gerichtlichen Aburteilung. Dabei werden eingehend Besonderheiten im Hinblick auf Tatstrukturen, Opfer und Tatverdächtige analysiert. Die Arbeit bedient sich verschiedener sozialwissenschaftlicher Methoden und umfasst neben einer Aktenanalyse eine schriftliche Befragung und mündliche Experteninterviews. Die Befragungen erfassen vorrangig Erfahrungen und Meinungen von Vertretern von Polizei und Justiz, richten sich darüber hinaus aber auch an Anwälte, Mitarbeiter von Fachberatungsstellen und Betreiber bordellartiger Einrichtungen. Letztendliches Ziel der Arbeit ist es, die Voraussetzungen für eine effektive Strafverfolgung von Menschenhandel aufzuzeigen.