Systems Analysis by Graphs and Matroids

Structural Solvability and Controllability

Author: Kazuo Murota

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642615864

Category: Mathematics

Page: 284

View: 1273

Recent technology involves large-scale physical or engineering systems consisting of thousands of interconnected elementary units. This monograph illustrates how engineering problems can be solved using the recent results of combinatorial mathematics through appropriate mathematical modeling. The structural solvability of a system of linear or nonlinear equations as well as the structural controllability of a linear time-invariant dynamical system are treated by means of graphs and matroids. Special emphasis is laid on the importance of relevant physical observations to successful mathematical modelings. The reader will become acquainted with the concepts of matroid theory and its corresponding matroid theoretical approach. This book is of interest to graduate students and researchers.

Matrices and Matroids for Systems Analysis

Author: Kazuo Murota

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642039944

Category: Mathematics

Page: 483

View: 706

A matroid is an abstract mathematical structure that captures combinatorial properties of matrices. This book offers a unique introduction to matroid theory, emphasizing motivations from matrix theory and applications to systems analysis. This book serves also as a comprehensive presentation of the theory and application of mixed matrices, developed primarily by the present author in the 1990's. A mixed matrix is a convenient mathematical tool for systems analysis, compatible with the physical observation that "fixed constants" and "system parameters" are to be distinguished in the description of engineering systems. This book will be extremely useful to graduate students and researchers in engineering, mathematics and computer science. From the reviews: "...The book has been prepared very carefully, contains a lot of interesting results and is highly recommended for graduate and postgraduate students." András Recski, Mathematical Reviews Clippings 2000m:93006

Matroid Decomposition

Author: K. Truemper

Publisher: Leibniz Company

ISBN: 1483276627

Category: Mathematics

Page: 408

View: 3413

Matroid Decomposition deals with decomposition and composition of matroids. The emphasis is on binary matroids, which are produced by the matrices over the binary field GF(2). Different classes of matroids are described (graphic, regular, almost regular, max-flow min-cut), along with polynomial testing algorithms. Representative applications and, except for the almost-regular case, characterizations in terms of excluded minors are given. In addition, excluded minor characterizations of both binary and ternary matroids are presented. Comprised of 13 chapters, this book begins with an introduction to basic definitions concerning graphs and matrices, followed by a discussion on binary matroids. Subsequent chapters focus on some elementary constructions of graphs and binary matroids; a simple yet effective method called the path shortening technique for establishing basic connectivity relationships and certain results about the intersection and partitioning of matroids; an algorithm for identifying certain matroid separations; and the so-called splitter theorem. Fundamental notions and theorems about matroid decomposition and composition are described, along with a very important property of real matrices called total unimodularity. The book concludes with an analysis of flows in matroids based on ideas from flows in graphs. This monograph will be of interest to students and practitioners in diverse fields such as civil, electrical, and mechanical engineering, as well as computer science and mathematics.

Submodular Functions and Electrical Networks

Author: H. Narayanan

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0444825231

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 650

View: 4159

There is a strong case for electrical network topologists and submodular function theorists being aware of each other's fields. Presenting a topological approach to electrical network theory, this book demonstrates the strong links that exist between submodular functions and electrical networks. The book contains: • a detailed discussion of graphs, matroids, vector spaces and the algebra of generalized minors, relevant to network analysis (particularly to the construction of efficient circuit simulators) • a detailed discussion of submodular function theory in its own right; topics covered include, various operations, dualization, convolution and Dilworth truncation as well as the related notions of prinicpal partition and principal lattice of partitions. In order to make the book useful to a wide audience, the material on electrical networks and that on submodular functions is presented independently of each other. The hybrid rank problem, the bridge between (topological) electrical network theory and submodular functions, is covered in the final chapter. The emphasis in the book is on low complexity algorithms, particularly based on bipartite graphs. The book is intended for self-study and is recommended to designers of VLSI algorithms. More than 300 problems, almost all of them with solutions, are included at the end of each chapter.

The History of Statistics

The Measurement of Uncertainty Before 1900

Author: Stephen M. Stigler

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674403413

Category: History

Page: 410

View: 3646

Stigler shows how statistics arose from the interplay of mathematical concepts and the needs of several applied sciences. His emphasis is upon how methods of probability theory were developed for measuring uncertainty, for reducing uncertainty, and as a conceptual framework for quantitative studies in the social sciences.

Combinatorial and Graph-Theoretical Problems in Linear Algebra

Author: Richard A. Brualdi,Shmuel Friedland,Victor Klee

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461383544

Category: Mathematics

Page: 260

View: 6826

This IMA Volume in Mathematics and its Applications COMBINATORIAL AND GRAPH-THEORETICAL PROBLEMS IN LINEAR ALGEBRA is based on the proceedings of a workshop that was an integral part of the 1991-92 IMA program on "Applied Linear Algebra." We are grateful to Richard Brualdi, George Cybenko, Alan George, Gene Golub, Mitchell Luskin, and Paul Van Dooren for planning and implementing the year-long program. We especially thank Richard Brualdi, Shmuel Friedland, and Victor Klee for organizing this workshop and editing the proceedings. The financial support of the National Science Foundation made the workshop possible. A vner Friedman Willard Miller, Jr. PREFACE The 1991-1992 program of the Institute for Mathematics and its Applications (IMA) was Applied Linear Algebra. As part of this program, a workshop on Com binatorial and Graph-theoretical Problems in Linear Algebra was held on November 11-15, 1991. The purpose of the workshop was to bring together in an informal setting the diverse group of people who work on problems in linear algebra and matrix theory in which combinatorial or graph~theoretic analysis is a major com ponent. Many of the participants of the workshop enjoyed the hospitality of the IMA for the entire fall quarter, in which the emphasis was discrete matrix analysis.

Matroid Theory

AMS-IMS-SIAM Joint Summer Research Conference on Matroid Theory, July 2-6, 1995, University of Washington, Seattle

Author: Joseph Edmond Bonin

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 0821805088

Category: Mathematics

Page: 418

View: 5301

This volume contains the proceedings of the 1995 AMS-IMS-SIAM Joint Summer Research Conference on Matroid Theory held at the University of Washington, Seattle. The book features three comprehensive surveys that bring the reader to the forefront of research in matroid theory. Joseph Kung's encyclopedic treatment of the critical problem traces the development of this problem from its origins through its numerous links with other branches of mathematics to the current status of its many aspects. James Oxley's survey of the role of connectivity and structure theorems in matroid theory stresses the influence of the Wheels and Whirls Theorem of Tutte and the Splitter Theorem of Seymour. Walter Whiteley's article unifies applications of matroid theory to constrained geometrical systems, including the rigidity of bar-and-joint frameworks, parallel drawings, and splines. These widely accessible articles contain many new results and directions for further research and applications. The surveys are complemented by selected short research papers. The volume concludes with a chapter of open problems. Features self-contained, accessible surveys of three active research areas in matroid theory; many new results; pointers to new research topics; a chapter of open problems; mathematical applications; and applications and connections to other disciplines, such as computer-aided design and electrical and structural engineering.

Combinatorics

Set Systems, Hypergraphs, Families of Vectors, and Combinatorial Probability

Author: Béla Bollobás

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521337038

Category: Mathematics

Page: 177

View: 9660

Combinatorics is a book whose main theme is the study of subsets of a finite set. It gives a thorough grounding in the theories of set systems and hypergraphs, while providing an introduction to matroids, designs, combinatorial probability and Ramsey theory for infinite sets. The gems of the theory are emphasized: beautiful results with elegant proofs. The book developed from a course at Louisiana State University and combines a careful presentation with the informal style of those lectures. It should be an ideal text for senior undergraduates and beginning graduates.

Optimal Structural Analysis

Author: Ali Kaveh

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470033290

Category: Mathematics

Page: 532

View: 6533

This second edition of the highly acclaimed and successful first edition, deals primarily with the analysis of structural engineering systems, with applicable methods to other types of structures. The concepts presented in the book are not only relevant to skeletal structures but can equally be used for the analysis of other systems such as hydraulic and electrical networks. The book has been substantially revised to include recent developments and applications of the algebraic graph theory and matroids.

Combinatorial Optimization

Algorithms and Complexity

Author: Christos H. Papadimitriou,Kenneth Steiglitz

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486320138

Category: Mathematics

Page: 528

View: 6012

This graduate-level text considers the Soviet ellipsoid algorithm for linear programming; efficient algorithms for network flow, matching, spanning trees, and matroids; the theory of NP-complete problems; local search heuristics for NP-complete problems, more. 1982 edition.

Hybrid Graph Theory and Network Analysis

Author: Ladislav Novak,Alan Gibbons

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521106597

Category: Computers

Page: 188

View: 1009

First published in 1999, this book combines traditional graph theory with the matroidal view of graphs and throws light on mathematical aspects of network analysis. This approach is called here hybrid graph theory. This is essentially a vertex-independent view of graphs naturally leading into the domain of graphoids, a generalisation of graphs. This enables the authors to combine the advantages of both the intuitive view from graph theory and the formal mathematical tools from the theory of matroids. A large proportion of the material is either new or is interpreted from a fresh viewpoint. Hybrid graph theory has particular relevance to electrical network analysis, which was one of the earliest areas of application of graph theory. It was essentially out of developments in this area that hybrid graph theory evolved.

Algorithmic Graph Theory and Perfect Graphs

Author: Martin Charles Golumbic

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483271978

Category: Mathematics

Page: 306

View: 7680

Algorithmic Graph Theory and Perfect Graphs provides an introduction to graph theory through practical problems. This book presents the mathematical and algorithmic properties of special classes of perfect graphs. Organized into 12 chapters, this book begins with an overview of the graph theoretic notions and the algorithmic design. This text then examines the complexity analysis of computer algorithm and explains the differences between computability and computational complexity. Other chapters consider the parameters and properties of a perfect graph and explore the class of perfect graphs known as comparability graph or transitively orientable graphs. This book discusses as well the two characterizations of triangulated graphs, one algorithmic and the other graph theoretic. The final chapter deals with the method of performing Gaussian elimination on a sparse matrix wherein an arbitrary choice of pivots may result in the filling of some zero positions with nonzeros. This book is a valuable resource for mathematicians and computer scientists.

Introduction to Graph Theory

Author: Robin J. Wilson

Publisher: Pearson Higher Ed

ISBN: 1292122552

Category: Mathematics

Page: 192

View: 4051

In recent years graph theory has emerged as a subject in its own right, as well as being an important mathematical tool in such diverse subjects as operational research, chemistry, sociology and genetics. Robin Wilson’s book has been widely used as a text for undergraduate courses in mathematics, computer science and economics, and as a readable introduction to the subject for non-mathematicians. The opening chapters provide a basic foundation course, containing definitions and examples, connectedness, Eulerian and Hamiltonian paths and cycles, and trees, with a range of applications. This is followed by two chapters on planar graphs and colouring, with special reference to the four-colour theorem. The next chapter deals with transversal theory and connectivity, with applications to network flows. A final chapter on matroid theory ties together material from earlier chapters, and an appendix discusses algorithms and their efficiency.

Combinatorics with Emphasis on the Theory of Graphs

Author: J. E. Graver,M. E. Watkins

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461299144

Category: Mathematics

Page: 352

View: 8677

Combinatorics and graph theory have mushroomed in recent years. Many overlapping or equivalent results have been produced. Some of these are special cases of unformulated or unrecognized general theorems. The body of knowledge has now reached a stage where approaches toward unification are overdue. To paraphrase Professor Gian-Carlo Rota (Toronto, 1967), "Combinatorics needs fewer theorems and more theory. " In this book we are doing two things at the same time: A. We are presenting a unified treatment of much of combinatorics and graph theory. We have constructed a concise algebraically based, but otherwise self-contained theory, which at one time embraces the basic theorems that one normally wishes to prove while giving a common terminology and framework for the develop ment of further more specialized results. B. We are writing a textbook whereby a student of mathematics or a mathematician with another specialty can learn combinatorics and graph theory. We want this learning to be done in a much more unified way than has generally been possible from the existing literature. Our most difficult problem in the course of writing this book has been to keep A and B in balance. On the one hand, this book would be useless as a textbook if certain intuitively appealing, classical combinatorial results were either overlooked or were treated only at a level of abstraction rendering them beyond all recognition.

Discrete Convex Analysis

Author: Kazuo Murota

Publisher: SIAM

ISBN: 9780898718508

Category: Convex functions

Page: 389

View: 4266

Discrete Convex Analysis is a novel paradigm for discrete optimization that combines the ideas in continuous optimization (convex analysis) and combinatorial optimization (matroid/submodular function theory) to establish a unified theoretical framework for nonlinear discrete optimization. The study of this theory is expanding with the development of efficient algorithms and applications to a number of diverse disciplines like matrix theory, operations research, and economics. This self-contained book is designed to provide a novel insight into optimization on discrete structures and should reveal unexpected links among different disciplines. It is the first and only English-language monograph on the theory and applications of discrete convex analysis.

Symbolic and numerical computation for artificial intelligence

Author: Bruce R. Donald,Deepak Kapur

Publisher: Academic Pr

ISBN: N.A

Category: Computers

Page: 369

View: 6123

The papers in this volume are based on talks given at a workshop on the Integration of Numerical and Symbolic Computing Methods, held in Saratoga Springs, New York, in July 1990. The Workshop was Sponsored by the National Science Foundation (NSF) , the Air Force Office of Sponsored Research (AFOSR), General Electric Research and Development, Schenectady, and the State University of New York at Albany. Over forty researchers from industry, academia and government participated in the workshop.