Symmetry and Spectroscopy

An Introduction to Vibrational and Electronic Spectroscopy

Author: Daniel C. Harris,Michael D. Bertolucci

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 9780486661445

Category: Science

Page: 550

View: 5805

Informal, effective undergraduate-level text introduces vibrational and electronic spectroscopy, presenting applications of group theory to the interpretation of UV, visible, and infrared spectra without assuming a high level of background knowledge. 200 problems with solutions. Numerous illustrations. "A uniform and consistent treatment of the subject matter." — Journal of Chemical Education.

Molecular Symmetry and Spectroscopy

Author: Philip Bunker

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 032315025X

Category: Science

Page: 440

View: 9323

Molecular Symmetry and Spectroscopy deals with the use of group theory in quantum mechanics in relation to problems in molecular spectroscopy. It discusses the use of the molecular symmetry group, whose elements consist of permutations of identical nuclei with or without inversion. After reviewing the permutation groups, inversion operation, point groups, and representation of groups, the book describes the use of representations for labeling molecular energy. The text explains an approximate time independent Schrödinger equation for a molecule, as well as the effect of a nuclear permutation or the inversion of E* on such equation. The book also examines the expression for the complete molecular Hamiltonian and the several groups of operations commuting with the Hamiltonian. The energy levels of the Hamiltonian can then be symmetrically labeled by the investigator using the irreducible representations of these groups. The text explains the two techniques to change coordinates in a Schrödinger equation, namely, (1) by using a diatomic molecule in the rovibronic Schrödinger equation, and (2) by a rigid nonlinear polyatomic molecule. The book also explains that using true symmetry, basis symmetry, near symmetry, and near quantum numbers, the investigator can label molecular energy levels. The text can benefit students of molecular spectroscopy, academicians, and investigators of molecular chemistry or quantum mechanics.

Symmetry in Bonding and Spectra

An Introduction

Author: Bodie E. Douglas,Charles A. Hollingsworth

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0323139310

Category: Science

Page: 456

View: 9071

Many courses dealing with the material in this text are called "Applications of Group Theory." Emphasizing the central role and primary importance of symmetry in the applications, Symmetry in Bonding and Spectra enables students to handle applications, particularly applications to chemical bonding and spectroscopy. It contains the essential background in vectors and matrices for the applications, along with concise reviews of simple molecular orbital theory, ligand field theory, and treatments of molecular shapes, as well as some quantum mechanics. Solved examples in the text illustrate theory and applications or introduce special points. Extensive problem sets cover the important methods and applications, with the answers in the appendix.

Symmetry, Spectroscopy, and Crystallography

The Structural Nexus

Author: Robert Glaser

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527337490

Category: Science

Page: 311

View: 7070

Written in a clear and understandable manner, this book provides a comprehensive, yet non-mathematical, treatment of the topic, covering the basic principles of symmetry and the important spectroscopic techniques used to probe molecular structure. The chapters are extensively illustrated and deal with such topics as symmetry elements, operations and descriptors, symmetry guidelines, high-fidelity pseudosymmetry, crystallographic symmetry, molecular gears, and experimental techniques, including X-ray crystallography and NMR spectroscopy. As an additional feature, 3D animations of most of the structures and molecules covered are available online at wiley.com. As a result, chemists learn how to understand and predict molecular structures and reactivity. Authored by a renowned expert with numerous publications and an excellent track record in research and teaching, this is a useful source for graduate students and researchers working in the field of organic synthesis, physical chemistry, biochemistry, and crystallography, while equally serving as supplementary reading for courses on stereochemistry, organic synthesis, or crystallography.

Principles of Symmetry, Dynamics, and Spectroscopy

Author: William G. Harter

Publisher: Wiley-VCH

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 880

View: 5455

Imparts a deeper understanding of symmetry principles applied to atomic and molecular dynamics and spectroscopy. Exposes the most powerful mathematical methods without sacrificing physical comprehension. Contains a thorough treatment of group representation theory and applications using projection algebra and subgroup chains. Features extensive graphics and visual aids for wave mechanics and operator algebra.

MOLECULAR STRUCTURE AND SPECTROSCOPY

Author: G. ARULDHAS

Publisher: PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.

ISBN: 9788120332157

Category: Science

Page: 444

View: 8693

Designed to serve as a textbook for postgraduate students of physics and chemistry, this second edition improves the clarity of treatment, extends the range of topics, and includes more worked examples with a view to providing all the material needed for a course in molecular spectroscopy—from first principles to the very useful spectral data that comprise figures, charts and tables. To improve the conceptual appreciation and to help students develop more positive and realistic impressions of spectroscopy, there are two new chapters—one on the spectra of atoms and the other on laser spectroscopy. The chapter on the spectra of atoms is a detailed account of the basic principles involved in molecular spectroscopy. The chapter on laser spectroscopy covers some new experimental techniques for the investigation of the structure of atoms and molecules. Additional sections on interstellar molecules, inversion vibration of ammonia molecule, fibre-coupled Raman spectrometer, Raman microscope, supersonic beams and jet-cooling have also been included. Besides worked-out examples, an abundance of review questions, and end-of-chapter problems with answers are included to aid students in testing their knowledge of the material contained in each chapter. Solutions manual containing the complete worked-out solutions to chapter-end problems is available for instructors.

Spectroscopic Properties of Inorganic and Organometallic Compounds

Author: David Michael Adams,E. A. V. Ebsworth

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 085186113X

Category: Science

Page: 413

View: 3450

Spectroscopic Properties of Inorganic and Organometallic Compounds provides a unique source of information on an important area of chemistry. Divided into sections mainly according to the particular spectroscopic technique used, coverage in each volume includes: NMR (with reference to stereochemistry, dynamic systems, paramagnetic complexes, solid state NMR and Groups 13-18); nuclear quadrupole resonance spectroscopy; vibrational spectroscopy of main group and transition element compounds and coordinated ligands; and electron diffraction. Reflecting the growing volume of published work in this field, researchers will find this Specialist Periodical Report an invaluable source of information on current methods and applications. Specialist Periodical Reports provide systematic and detailed review coverage in major areas of chemical research. Compiled by teams of leading experts in their specialist fields, this series is designed to help the chemistry community keep current with the latest developments in their field. Each volume in the series is published either annually or biennially and is a superb reference point for researchers. www.rsc.org/spr

Chemical Bonding and Spectroscopy in Mineral Chemistry

Author: F. J. Berry

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400948387

Category: Science

Page: 326

View: 9498

In recent years mineralogy has developed even stronger links with solid-state chemistry and physics and these developments have been accompanied by a trend towards further quantification in the theoretical as well as the experimental aspects of the subject. The importance of solid-state chemistry to mineralogy was reflected in a symposium held at the 1982 Annual Congress of The Royal Society of Chemistry at which the original versions of most of the contributions to this book were presented. The meeting brought together chemists, geologists and mineralogists all of whom were interested in the application of modern spectroscopic techniques to the study of bonding in minerals. The interdisci plinary nature of the symposium enabled a beneficial exchange of information from the various fields and it was felt that a book presenting reviews of the key areas of the subject would be a useful addition to both the chemical and mineralogical literature. The field of study which is commonly termed the 'physics and chemistry of minerals' has itself developed very rapidly over recent years. Such rapid development has resulted in many chemists, geologists, geochemists and mineralogists being less familiar than they might wish with the techniques currently available. Central to this field is an understanding of chemical bonding or 'electronic structure' in minerals which has been developed both theoretically and by the use of spectroscopic techniques.

Atomic And Molecular Spectroscopy

Author: Mool Chand Gupta

Publisher: New Age International

ISBN: 9788122413007

Category: Atomic spectroscopy

Page: 480

View: 3601

This Comprehensive Text Clearly Explains Quantum Theory, Wave Mechanics, Structure Of Atoms And Molecules And Spectroscopy.The Book Is In Three Parts, Namely, Wave Mechanics; Structure Of Atoms And Molecules; And Spectroscopy And Resonance Techniques.In A Simple And Systematic Manner, The Book Explains The Quantum Mechanical Approach To Structure, Along With The Basic Principles And Application Of Spectroscopic Methods For Molecular Structure Determination.The Book Also Incorporates The Electric And Magnetic Properties Of Matter, The Symmetry, Group Theory And Its Applications.Each Chapter Includes Many Solved Examples And Problems For A Better Understanding Of The Subject.With Its Exhaustive Coverage And Systematic Approach, This Is An Invaluable Text For B.Sc. (Hons.) And M.Sc. Chemistry Students.

Electronic Absorption Spectroscopy and Related Techniques

Author: D. N. Sathyanarayana

Publisher: Universities Press

ISBN: 9788173713712

Category: Absorption spectra

Page: 532

View: 7847

This book provides a conceptual and experimental basis for the interpretation of electronic absorption spectroscopy and related techniques. The basic theories, instrumentation and interpretation of the spectra of organic and coordination compounds for structural studies are presented step-by-step, in an easily understandable style. related topics of emission spectroscopes are covered as well.

Crystal Symmetry, Lattice Vibrations and Optical Spectroscopy of Solids

A Group Theoretical Approach

Author: Baldassare Di Bartolo,Richard C Powell

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9814579238

Category: Mathematics

Page: 536

View: 6689

This book provides a comprehensive treatment of the two fundamental aspects of a solid that determine its physical properties: lattice structure and atomic vibrations (phonons). The elements of group theory are extensively developed and used as a tool to show how the symmetry of a solid and the vibrations of the atoms in the solid lead to the physical properties of the material. The uses of different types of spectroscopy techniques that elucidate the lattice structure of a solid and the normal vibrational modes of the atoms in the solid are described. The interaction of light with solids (optical spectroscopy) is described in detail including how lattice symmetry and phonons affect the spectral properties and how spectral properties provide information about the material's symmetry and normal modes of lattice vibrations. The effects of point defects (doping) on the lattice symmetry and atomic vibrations and thus the spectral properties are discussed and used to show how material symmetry and lattice vibrations are critical in determining the properties of solid state lasers. Contents:Symmetry of CrystalsIntroductionConcepts of Group TheoryCrystal SymmetriesGroup Theoretical Treatment of Crystal SymmetriesScattering of X-Rays by CrystalsLattice Vibrations of CrystalsLattice Vibrations of CrystalsThermodynamics of Lattice VibrationsEffects of Lattice Vibrations on X-Ray Scattering and Neutron ScatteringOptical Spectroscopy of Crystals:Interaction of Radiation with MatterOptical Spectra of Impurities in Solids IOptical Spectra of Impurities in Solids IIInteraction of Light with Lattice Vibrations: Infrared Absorption and Inelastic Light ScatteringLattice Vibrations and Lasers Readership: This book is an ideal upper undergraduate/graduate textbook for students in solid state physics courses as well as researchers in this area. Key Features:No other solid state physics textbook deals with lattice vibrations and their effects on the interaction of radiation with matter in the detail that this book doesNo other solid state physics book has the strong focus on symmetry and group theory that this book doesNo other book on group theory provides the variety of detailed examples of how to use group theory that is found in this bookKeywords:Symmetry;Group Theory;Phonons;Spectroscopy;Crystals;Lasers;Solid State Physics

Problems in Structural Inorganic Chemistry

Author: Wai-Kee Li,Yu-San Cheung,Kendrew Kin Wah Mak,Thomas Chung Wai Mak

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191633054

Category: Science

Page: 328

View: 5446

This book consists of over 300 problems (and their solutions) in structural inorganic chemistry at the senior undergraduate and beginning graduate level. The topics covered comprise Atomic and Molecular Electronic States, Atomic Orbitals, Hybrid Orbitals, Molecular Symmetry, Molecular Geometry and Bonding, Crystal Field Theory, Molecular Orbital Theory, Vibrational Spectroscopy, and Crystal Structure. The central theme running through these topics is symmetry, molecular or crystalline. The problems collected in this volume originate in examination papers and take-home assignments that have been part of the teaching of the book's two senior authors' at The Chinese University of Hong Kong over the past four decades. The authors' courses include Chemical Bonding, Elementary Quantum Chemistry, Advanced Inorganic Chemistry, X-Ray Crystallography, etc. The problems have been tested by generations of students taking these courses.

Anorganische Chemie

Prinzipien von Struktur und Reaktivität

Author: James E. Huheey,Ellen A. Keiter,Richard L. Keiter

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110249081

Category: Science

Page: 1310

View: 3947

This up-to-date text book is entirely different from most standard textbooks in its approach to the fascinating subject of inorganic chemistry. It teaches chemistry in a structured way with reference to concepts, theories and principles.

Molecular Symmetry

Author: David Willock

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470853476

Category: Science

Page: 438

View: 7714

Symmetry and group theory provide us with a rigorous method for the description of the geometry of objects by describing the patterns in their structure. In chemistry it is a powerful concept that underlies many apparently disparate phenomena. Symmetry allows us to accurately describe the types of bonding that can occur between atoms or groups of atoms in molecules. It also governs the transitions that may occur between energy levels in molecular systems, leading to a predictive understanding of the absorption properties of molecules and hence their spectra. Molecular Symmetry lays out the formal language used in the area, with illustrative examples of particular molecules throughout. It then applies the ideas of symmetry and group theory to describe molecular structure, bonding in molecules and to consider the implications in spectroscopy. Topics covered include: Symmetry elements Symmetry operations and products of operations Point groups used with molecules Point group representations, matrices and basis sets Reducible and irreducible representations Applications in vibrational spectroscopy Molecular orbital theory of chemical bonding Molecular Symmetry is designed to introduce the subject by combining symmetry with spectroscopy and bonding in a clear and accessible manner. Each chapter ends with a summary of learning points, a selection of self-test questions, and suggestions for further reading. A set of appendices includes templates for paper models which will help students understand symmetry operations and cover key aspects of the material in depth. Molecular Symmetry is a must-have introduction to this fundamental topic for students of chemistry, and will also find a place on the bookshelves of postgraduates and researchers looking for a broad and modern introduction to the subject.

Conical Intersections

Electronic Structure, Dynamics & Spectroscopy

Author: Wolfgang Domcke,David Yarkony,Horst Köppel

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789812565464

Category: Science

Page: 838

View: 1012

It is widely recognized nowadays that conical intersections ofmolecular potential-energy surfaces play a key mechanistic role in thespectroscopy of polyatomic molecules, photochemistry and chemicalkinetics. This invaluable book presents a systematic exposition of thecurrent state of knowledge about conical intersections, which has beenelaborated in research papers scattered throughout the chemicalphysics literature.

Condensed-Phase Molecular Spectroscopy and Photophysics

Author: Anne Myers Kelley

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118493060

Category: Science

Page: 344

View: 6323

An introduction to one of the fundamental tools in chemicalresearch—spectroscopy and photophysics in condensed-phase andextended systems A great deal of modern research in chemistry and materialsscience involves the interaction of radiation with condensed-phasesystems such as molecules in liquids and solids as well asmolecules in more complex media, molecular aggregates, metals,semiconductors, and composites. Condensed-Phase MolecularSpectroscopy and Photophysics was developed to fill the needfor a textbook that introduces the basics of traditional molecularspectroscopy with a strong emphasis on condensed-phase systems. Italso examines optical processes in extended systems such as metals,semiconductors, and conducting polymers, and addresses the uniqueoptical properties of nanoscale systems. Condensed-Phase Molecular Spectroscopy and Photophysicsbegins with an introduction to quantum mechanics that sets a solidfoundation for understanding the text's subsequent topics,including: Electromagnetic radiation and radiation-matterinteractions Molecular vibrations and infrared spectroscopy Electronic spectroscopy Photophysical processes and light scattering Nonlinear and pump-probe spectroscopies Electron transfer processes Each chapter contains problems ranging from simple to complex,enabling readers to gradually build their skills andproblem-solving abilities. Written for upper-level undergraduateand graduate courses in physical and materials chemistry, this textis uniquely designed to equip readers to solve a broad array ofcurrent problems and challenges in chemistry.

Solid-State Spectroscopy

An Introduction

Author: Hans Kuzmany

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642014798

Category: Science

Page: 554

View: 323

This text is an introductory compilation of basic concepts, methods and applications in the field of spectroscopy. It discusses new radiation sources such as lasers and synchrotrons and describes the linear response together with the basic principles and the technical background for various scattering experiments.