Studying Public Policy

Policy Cycles and Policy Subsystems

Author: Michael Howlett,M. Ramesh

Publisher: Don Mills, Ont. : Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780195417944

Category: Political Science

Page: 311

View: 1076

Studying Public Policy develops an analytical framework for its subject for use by students in public policy courses. Instead of focussing on substantive policy issues in particular policy areas, this book examines the theoretical and conceptual foundations of, and approaches used, in the policy sciences. Divided into four parts. Part 1 outlines the scope and parameters of the policy studies field and the philosophical basis of theories most common in the discipline; Part 2 discusses the actors, institutions, and instruments found in public policy communities; Part 3 focuses on the policy process itself and how public policy is made; Part 4 examines the phenomena of policy change.

Studying Public Policy

Policy Cycles and Policy Subsystems

Author: Michael Howlett,M. Ramesh

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780195409765

Category: Analiza politik

Page: 239

View: 835

This is a survey of British, American and Canadian studies of public policy-making. It proposes a model which identifies relevant forces at work in the policy process and aids in the understanding of policy change and development.


Akteure, Diskurse und Netzwerke in der öffentlichen Politik

Author: Volker Schneider,Frank Janning

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3531902679

Category: Political Science

Page: 234

View: 9094

Durch die Politikfeldanalyse hat sich die Politikwissenschaft als theoriegeleitete und gleichwohl anwendungsorientierte empirische Wissenschaft bedeutend weiterentwickelt Im Mittelpunkt ihres Analyseinteresses stehen politische Entscheidungen und deren Umsetzung in konkreten Handlungszusammenhängen unter Berücksichtigung ihrer Bedingungsfaktoren. Der vorliegende Band führt umfassend in die Forschungsperspektiven der Politikfeldanalyse ein. Zunächst erfolgt ein Abriss der Geschichte und der allgemeinen Ziele der Politikfeldforschung. Nachfolgend werden Grundbegriffe und relevante Theorieansätze zur Erklärung der politischen Entscheidungsprozesse vorgestellt und ihre Anwendung anhand von Fallbeispielen illustriert. Der Akzent liegt hierbei auf akteur- und strukturzentrierten Ansätzen, allerdings wird auch ein Überblick über neuere Diskurs- und Wissensmodelle des Policy-Making vermittelt sowie die vergleichende Policy-Analyse (Staatstätigkeitsforschung) behandelt.

Soziale Netzwerke

Konzepte und Methoden der sozialwissenschaftlichen Netzwerkforschung

Author: Johannes Weyer

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3486990551

Category: Social Science

Page: 324

View: 7530

Die moderne Netzwerk-Gesellschaft zeichnet sich durch vielfältige Formen der Vernetzung aus: Unternehmen bündeln ihre Ressourcen in Unternehmens-Netzwerken. In Politik-Netzwerken wirken Interessengruppen, aber auch Betroffene an der politischen Regulierung mit. In regionalen Netzwerken nutzen die Akteure die Vorteile räumlicher Nähe. Im Internet hingegen kommuniziert man im globalen Maßstab in virtuellen Netzwerken. Das Werk präsentiert Methoden und theoretische Perspektiven, die zum Verständnis dieser unterschiedlichen Varianten des Phänomens „Netzwerk“ beitragen. Zudem liefert es Einblicke in eine Reihe vonPraxisfeldern der Netzwerk-Gesellschaft.

Tourism in China

Policy and Development Since 1949

Author: David Airey,King Chong

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113674956X

Category: Political Science

Page: 334

View: 3459

Tourism in China has grown rapidly since the country started implementing its open-door policy in 1978. Tourism development is now an essential agenda item for the Chinese government's plan for economic & social growth. Policy and policy-making for tourism therefore provides the essential background to understand tourism development in China. This is the first book to set the development of tourism in China since 1949 in its policy context. Underpinned by a strong conceptual framework, this systematic study of China contributes to an in-depth understanding of how public policy-making for tourism works and how it affects the development of tourism in the real world. The text explores tourism policy during three distinct leadership periods since creation of the People’s Republic of China in 1949: Mao Zedong (1949-1978); Deng Xiaoping (1978-1997) and the Collective Leadership Era (1997-the present). The attitudes and values of leaders and central government agencies towards tourism are considered, as well as the interactions of ideological orthodoxies, socio-economic conditions and institutions in their influence on national policy-making and tourism development. A separate chapter is devoted to policy-making in China’s two Special Administrative Regions, Hong Kong and Macau, as well as Taiwan due to its political separation from the Mainland, and Tibet, given its distinctive characteristics. Drawing on China’s experience over sixty years the book concludes with both theoretical and practical implications for tourism policy-making. This timely volume offers important insights into China’s Tourism as well as contributing to a wider pattern of debates about the respective roles of government policy and the market in the past and future. The material draws on exclusive in-depth interviews with key informants in China and on government documents and official sources not generally available in the international literature. This will be of interest to higher level students, academics & researchers within Tourism, Policy studies, Politics, Geography and China Studies.

Changing Governance and Public Policy in East Asia

Author: Ka Ho Mok,Ray Forrest

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134118260

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 384

View: 3428

The search for good governance has become an increasingly important element of public policy and public management and is high on the political agenda of East Asian countries. The need for robust governance structures and institutions was brought into sharp focus by the Asian Financial Crisis which adversely affected most East Asian societies. Since then they have begun to look for ways to restructure their public administration and political systems in order to develop new mechanisms and structures to promote good governance. This book focuses on how selected Asian states have responded to the growing impact of "liberalizing and marketizing trends" in public policy formulation and public management. To what extent is the "state-guided" regime in Asia still relevant to governing public policy / public management? What are the policy implications for a growing number of Asian states which are pursuing more pro-competition policy instruments? The book is a timely and important collection that offers critical analysis of the search for new governance in Asia and compares and contrasts experiences in selected Asian societies such as China, Japan, Hong Kong, Taiwan, South Korea, Singapore, and other parts of South East Asia. Chapters are written by leading scholars in the fields of comparative development, policy and governance studies from Hong Kong, Macau, Taiwan, China, Singapore, Japan and the United Kingdom.

Governance and Public Policy in Canada

A View from the Provinces

Author: Johnson-Shoyama-Graduate School

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1442604956

Category: Political Science

Page: 208

View: 3477

Governance and Public Policy in Canada lays the foundation for a systematic analysis of policy developments, shaped as they are by multiple players, institutional tensions, and governance legacies. Arguing that provinces are now the most central site of governance and policy innovation, the book assesses the role of the provinces and places the provincial state in its broader economic, institutional, social, and territorial context. The aim throughout is to highlight the crucial role of provinces in policy changes that directly affect the lives of citizens. Three key themes unify this book. First, it addresses the role of policy convergence and divergence among provinces. Although the analysis acknowledges enduring differences in political culture and institutions, it also points to patterns of policy diffusion and convergence in specific areas in a number of provinces. Second, the book explores the push and pull between centralization and decentralization in Canada as it affects intergovernmental relations. Third, it underscores that although the provinces play a greater role in policy development than ever before, they now face a growing tension between their expanding policy ambitions and their capacity to develop, fund, implement, manage, and evaluate policy programs. Governance and Public Policy in Canada describes how the provincial state has adapted in the context of these changing circumstances to transcend its limited capacity while engaging with a growing number of civil society actors, policy networks, and intergovernmental bodies.

Die politische Förderung von Hochtechnologie in China

Lokale Experimentierzonen in Pekings Innovationsstrategie

Author: Jenni Werner

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 3656372519

Category: Political Science

Page: 196

View: 8145

Chinas Innovationssystem kann sich bislang nicht durch technologische Höchstleistungen auszeichnen. Ziel Pekings ist eine führende Position im internationalen Technologiewettbewerb bis 2020 - und daran werden Chinas Fortschritte automatisch auch gemessen. Durch den internationalen Vergleich kommt das Urteil über Chinas Innovationssystem zustande: Es ist nach wie vor ineffizient. Der genauere Blick hinter die nationale Statistik deckt jedoch ein bemerkenswertes Phänomen auf: Einige Regionen und Städte in China erzielen erstaunliche Fortschritte bei der Förderung von Wissenschaft und Technologie. Aus solchen Förderregionen gehen lokale Vorzeigeunternehmen wie Suntech Power hervor. Sie zeugen von ersten Erfolgen beim Aufbau heimischer Technologiekapazitäten. Abseits der durchschnittlichen nationalen Leistung des chinesischen Innovationssystems stehen also regionale Erfolge, die einer Erklärung bedürfen. Die vorliegende Arbeit argumentiert, dass diese Unterschiedlichkeit Ausdruck der Hightech-Strategie Pekings ist. Im Bereich der Innovationsleistung sind regionale Differenzen oft nicht nur auf die unterschiedlichen geografischen und strukturellen Voraussetzungen in China oder das Scheitern von Lokalregierungen zurückzuführen, sondern auch auf eine gezielte Reform- und Entwicklungsstrategie der Führung seit Mitte der 1980er Jahre. Die Erscheinung ist Ausdruck eines erprobten Verfahrens in der Wirtschafts- und Öffnungsreform des Landes: des Experimentierens mit verschiedenen Konstellationen von Akteuren und Maßnahmen in begrenzten lokalen Zonen, bevor entsprechende nationale Reformen vereinbart werden. Die Autorin unterzieht das noch junge analytische Modell des "Experimentierens im Schatten der Hierarchie" (ESH), mit dem die unerwartete Lern- und Anpassungsfähigkeit der chinesischen Wirtschaftspolitik jenseits statischer institutioneller Modelle erklärt werden soll, einem Härtetest. Am Beispiel der staatliche geförderten Hochtechnologie-Zonen, die ein Kernelement des Innovationssystems Chinas bilden, wird geprüft, ob sich Wirkungszusammenhänge, die das ESH-Modell behauptet, in den zentral-lokalen Interaktionen der chinesischen Innovationspolitik tatsächlich belegen lassen. In expliziter Distanzierung von aktuellen OECD-Studien zu Chinas Innovationssystem vertritt die Autorin die Auffassung, dass die Experimentierphase in Chinas Technologiepolitik immer noch anhält und von nationaler Regierung und lokalen Verwaltungen strategisch betrieben wird.

Health Promotion and the Policy Process

Author: Carole Clavier,Evelyne de Leeuw

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191632627

Category: Medical

Page: 256

View: 4687

Scholars and governments recognize the importance of policy development and implementation for population health, but there is a lack of systematic theoretical and conceptual development in the health field to address the issue. Health Promotion and the Policy Process is the first book to take an in-depth look at the theoretical advances in the political sciences, including discussing the significance of political economy and sociology, which so far have made little progress in health promotion development. The book argues that focusing on how public policies work makes it possible to move beyond the more behavioural 'health education' approach, and make the transition from political statements to political strategies. The authors draw from a wide array of theories on the policy process in the fields of political science and political sociology to illuminate health promotion strategies and objectives. For example they discuss how Kingdon's Multiple Streams Model, Sabatier's Advocacy-Coalition Framework and policy network theories can contribute to greater health equity, healthy public policies and community development. Through practical and critical tools, research, and experience-based discussion, Health Promotion and the Policy Process discusses how theories can be used to influence, evaluate, orient or implement health promotion interventions and policies. This book will be essential reading for health promoters who want to make a difference by influencing social determinants of health at the policy level including students, public health professionals, researchers, practitioners, decision makers and those concerned with applied policy research.

City Politics, Canada

Author: Jim Lightbody

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 144260851X

Category: Political Science

Page: 576

View: 6222

City Politics, Canada is an introduction to the basic politics and core policies of today's city halls. While the book surveys classic discussions and accurately describes municipal institutions in Canada, it also explains why particular policies assume the specific shape they do. James Lightbody draws on over thirty years experience researching and participating in city politics to argue that transparent accountability from local public officials, related to specific policies and the general condition of the community, is an important and desired end for democratic city government. Arguments for change within city politics are insufficient if the result is that everyone has a say but no one is accountable. In following this theme throughout the book, Lightbody examines the various facets of metropolitan politics in a lively and engaging manner, and explains why city politics are important to all Canadians. Provincial agenda setting is viewed through the lens of the urban political landscape, as are the reasons behind the Toronto Megacity (1996) and Montreal's consolidation. Finally, the book expands its discussion to explore the global reach of the urban phenomenon and the impact of world practices on Canada's metropolitan cities. The ultimate hope for this book is that readers, as citizens, will be better able to understand the basic politics and core policies of today's city halls—and will be better equipped to participate effectively in the processes by which those policies are made.

Theories of the Policy Process

Author: Paul A. Sabatier,Christopher M Weible

Publisher: Hachette UK

ISBN: 0813349273

Category: Political Science

Page: 320

View: 3063

Theories of the Policy Process provides a forum for experts in the most established and widely used theoretical frameworks in policy process research to present the basic propositions, empirical evidence, latest updates, and promising future research opportunities of each framework. This well-regarded volume covers such enduring classics as Multiple Streams (Herweg et al.), Punctuated Equilibrium (Baumgartner et al.), Advocacy Coalition Framework (Jenkins-Smith et al.), Institutional Analysis and Development Framework (Schlager and Cox), and Policy Diffusion (Berry and Berry), as well as two newer theories-Policy Feedback (Mettler and SoRelle) and Narrative Policy Framework (Shanahan et al.). The fourth edition includes discussion of global and comparative perspectives in each theoretical chapter plus a brand-new chapter that explores how these theories have been adapted for, and employed in, non-American and non-Western contexts. An expanded introduction and revised conclusion fully examines and contextualizes the history, trajectories, and functions of public policy research. Since its first publication in 1999, Theories of the Policy Process has been, and remains, the quintessential gateway to the field of policy process research for students, scholars, and practitioners.

Integrating Health Impact Assessment with the Policy Process

Lessons and experiences from around the world

Author: Monica O'Mullane

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 019166314X

Category: Medical

Page: 240

View: 9957

Health Impact Assessment is a policy-support instrument and approach that seeks to assess the health impacts of projects, programmes and policies on population health. The ultimate goal of HIA is to systematically predict health impacts and subsequently inform the intersectoral decision- and policy-making processes of these impacts. Integrating Health Impact Assessment with the Policy Process examines how the process of integrating HIA with policy can take place. Introductory chapters outline the HIA process and provide a conceptual foundation for the book. Then, drawing from experiences of HIA practice and research globally, country specific experiences are presented to examine HIA's relationship with the policy process. Throughout the book checklists and learning points are provided to assist the readers' understanding of the concepts and examples discussed. This practical and conceptually-grounded guide represents a convergence of theory and practice from the disciplines of public health, environmental health and the social sciences, and will appeal to practitioners and professionals in these fields, as well as policy-makers, decision-makers, planners at regional and national government levels as well as academics, educators and students.

Deliberative Democracy for the Future

The Case of Nuclear Waste Management in Canada

Author: Genevieve Fuji Johnson

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1442691077

Category: Political Science

Page: 240

View: 7469

In today's world, public policies are increasingly associated with social and environmental risk and scientific uncertainty. Given such potential impacts on the moral freedom and equality for existing and future generations, policies should reflect decision-making standards beyond those of economic efficiency and technical safety. They should reflect the imperatives of social justice and democratic legitimacy now and into the future. Deliberative Democracy for the Future identifies an approach to ethical policy analysis that promises to serve the ends of justice and legitimacy in areas of public policy such as hazardous waste management, energy generation and regulation, climate change control, and genomics research and commercialization. Based on a wide reading of ethical approaches to policy analysis found in contemporary political theory, moral philosophy, and public policy literatures, it evaluates these three central approaches to ethical policy analysis in light of moral dilemmas arising in a particularly timely case: Canadian nuclear waste management policy. The volume's central argument is that the most desirable approach to ethical policy analysis contains the philosophical tools necessary to address problems of understanding risk and safety, identifying obligations to both existing and future generations, and conceptualizing legitimacy-conferring decision-making processes. Genevieve Fuji Johnson argues that neither welfare utilitarianism nor modern deontology is sufficiently equipped for these tasks. She proposes that only deliberative democracy contains convincing conceptions of the good, justice, and legitimacy that provide for the justifiable resolution of debates about the moral foundations of public policy. Responding to challenges in nuclear waste management in ways more comprehensive and more tenable than both utilitarianism and deontology, deliberative policy analysis promises to be an effective approach to other cases associated with risk, uncertainty, and futurity.

Environmental Policy Change in Emerging Market Democracies

Eastern Europe and Latin America Compared

Author: Jale Tosun

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1442699205

Category: Political Science

Page: 272

View: 6976

This book examines environmental policy change in twenty-eight Central and Eastern European and Latin American countries against a background of significant political and economic transformation over the past two decades. Through cross-regional comparison and a multi-methods approach, Jale Tosun investigates changes in the regulation of air, soil, and water pollution, genetically modified corn, and the sustainable management of forests. Tosun also looks at the relationship between system transformation and the creation of environmental procuracies in both parts of the world. Environmental Policy Change in Emerging Market Democracies demonstrates that, although political and economic transformations have positively affected environmental policy in both regions, the extent of policy change varies considerably across Central and Eastern Europe and Latin America. At the same time, as Tosun argues, economic integration has acted as a major driver of a stronger governmental enforcement commitment as expressed by the creation of environmental procuracies.

Network Analysis and Tourism

From Theory to Practice

Author: Noel Scott,Rodolfo Baggio,Prof. Chris Cooper

Publisher: Channel View Publications

ISBN: 1845413105

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 220

View: 2544

This book aims to provide a comprehensive review of the contribution of network analysis to the understanding of tourism destinations and organizations. Theoretical and methodological aspects are discussed along with a series of applications. While this is a relatively new approach in the tourism literature, in other social and natural sciences network analysis has a long tradition and has provided important insights for the knowledge of the structure and the dynamics of many complex systems. The study of network structures, both from a quantitative and qualitative point of view, can deliver a number of useful outcomes also for the analysis of tourism destinations and organizations.

The Rise of Interactive Governance and Quasi-Markets

Author: S.A. Denters,Oscar van Heffen,J. Huisman,P.J. Klok

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401734577

Category: Political Science

Page: 281

View: 6177

It has taken a long time to make this book. Many initial drafts of the chapters published in this book were presented in November 2000 during a two-day conference on Interactive governance: towards a post-parliamentary democracy held in Enschede (The Netherlands). The Netherlands Institute of Governance (NIG) sponsored the . conference. After this conference the organisers discussed the possibility of making a book on the basis of papers presented at this event. In the end it was agreed that such a publication would indeed be worthwhile provided the initial papers were fundamentally revised. Moreover it was agreed that also supplementary chapters should be included, in order to strengthen the international comparative perspective. On this basis authors of the conference papers chapters and envisioned new chapters were invited to (re)submit drafts. The completion of the book, however, was unexpectedly halted by the tragic sudden death of our co-editor and dear friend Oscar van Heffen. In his lifetime he was the driving force behind this project. Without his efforts, insightful comments and helpful suggestions this book, in its present form, would never have been published. As such we dedicate this volume to his memory, the completion of the book being an honorary debt to our friend and his wife Mirjan.

Analysing Health Policy

A Problem-Oriented Approach

Author: Simon Barraclough,Heather Gardner

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0729578437

Category: Medical

Page: 288

View: 7134

This title is directed primarily towards health care professionals outside of the United States. This introductory text explores Australian health policy through a novel, problem-orientated approach. It shows the problem-solving techniques that are used when developing policy and demonstrates the skills of analysis and decision making. Introductory chapters explain the problem-orientated approach to health policy development and introduce the policy making process. These are followed by case studies that explore developments in Australian health policy in priority and topical areas. Chapters illustrate how policy-makers respond to perennial and emerging policy problems and demonstrate problem-solving approaches to the conception, development and implementation of health policy. Of particular concern are areas which are in transition or are highly contested. A team of prominent and expert contributors gives an overview of key issues, analyse the policy responses that have occurred and propose directions for the future. Topics covered span governance, values and specific service areas within major established areas of health policy of national concern as well as emerging problems and developments that have occurred in response to well-known cases. Takes a novel, problem-oriented approach to analysing health policy in Australia, which fits well with how policy is often created in practice. Combines a conceptual framework with a rich selection of pertinent and topical case studies by prominent researchers and policy practitioners to put policy analysis in context and give insights from practical experience. Topics have been chosen to appeal to students from a wide range of health backgrounds and include issues in nursing, management, rehabilitation, health information, and technology. Includes questions for discussion in each chapter. A companion Evolve website for Instructors contains chapter-by-chapter notes on review questions, suggestions for tutorial exercises, assignment topics and examination questions.

Publicity and the Canadian State

Critical Communications Perspectives

Author: Kirsten Kozolanka

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1442669314

Category: Social Science

Page: 392

View: 7759

Publicity pervades our political and public culture, but little has been written that critically examines the basis of the modern Canadian “publicity state.” This collection is the first to focus on the central themes in the state’s relationship with publicity practices and the “permanent campaign,” the constant search by politicians and their strategists for popular consent. Central to this political popularity contest are publicity tools borrowed from private enterprise, turning political parties into sound bites and party members into consumers. Publicity and the Canadian State is the first sustained study of the contemporary practices of political communication, focusing holistically on the tools of the publicity state and their ideological underpinnings: advertising, public opinion research, marketing, branding, image consulting, and media and information management, as well as related topics such as election law and finance, privacy, think-tank lobbying, and non-election communication campaigns. Bringing together contemporary Canadian analysis by scholars in a number of fields, this collection will be a welcome new resource for academics, public relations and policy professionals, and government communicators at all levels.

Handbook of Human Resource Development

Author: Neal F. Chalofsky

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118839897

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 816

View: 3838

Human Resource Development Relies Upon a Strong Educational Foundation In the Handbook of Human Resource Development, Neal Chalofsky, Tonette Rocco, and Michael Lane Morris have compiled a collection of chapters sponsored by the Academy of Human Resource Development to address the fundamental concepts and issues that HR professionals face daily. The chapters are written and supported by professionals who offer a wide range of experience and who represent the industry from varying international and demographic perspectives. Topics addressed form a comprehensive view of the HRD field and answer a number of key questions. Nationally and internationally, how does HRD stand with regard to academic study and research? What is its place in the professional world? What are the philosophies, values, and critical perspectives driving HRD forward? What theories, research initiatives, and other ideas are required to understand HRD and function successfully within this field? As the industry grows, what are the challenges and important issues that professionals expect to face? What hot topics are occupying these professionals now? The Handbook’s insight and guidelines allows students and HR professionals to build a fundamental understanding of HRD as an industry, as a field of research, and for future professional success.