Statistical Methods for Organizational Research

Theory and Practice

Author: Chris Dewberry

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134314337

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 364

View: 4159

This clearly written textbook clarifies the concepts underpinning descriptive and inferential statistics in organizational research. Acting as much more than a theoretical reference tool, step-by-step it guides readers through the various key stages of successful data analysis. Covering everything from introductory descriptive statistics to advanced inferential techniques such as ANOVA, multiple and logistic regression and factor analysis, this is one of the most comprehensive textbooks available. Using examples directly relevant to organizational research it includes practical advice on such topics as the size of samples required in research studies, using and interpreting SPSS, and writing up results. In helping readers to develop a sound understanding of statistical methods, rather than focusing on complex formulas and computations, this outstanding textbook is as appropriate for those who wish to refresh their knowledge as those new to the subject area.

Statistical Methods for Practice and Research

A Guide to Data Analysis Using SPSS

Author: Ajai S Gaur,Sanjaya S Gaur

Publisher: SAGE Publications India

ISBN: 8132102495

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 172

View: 9447

There is a growing trend these days to use statistical methods to comprehend and explain various situations and phenomena in different disciplines. Managers, social scientists and practicing researchers are increasingly collecting information and applying scientific methods to analyze the data. The ability to use statistical methods and tools becomes a crucial skill for the success of such efforts. This book is designed to assist students, managers, academics and researchers in solving statistical problems using SPSS and to help them understand how they can apply various statistical tools for their own research problems. SPSS is a very powerful and user friendly computer package for data analyses. It can take data from most other file types and generate tables, charts, plots, and descriptive statistics, and conduct complex statistical analyses. After providing a brief overview of SPSS and basic statistical concepts, the book covers: - Descriptive statistics - t-tests, chi-square tests and ANOVA - Correlation analysis - Multiple and logistics regression - Factor analysis and testing scale reliability - Advanced data handling Illustrated with simple, practical problems, and screen shots, this book outlines the steps for solving statistical problems using SPSS. Although the illustrations are based on version 16.0 of SPSS, users of the earlier versions will find the book equally useful and relevant. Written in a reader-friendly, non-technical style, this book will serve as a companion volume to any statistics textbook.

Using Qualitative Methods in Organizational Research

Author: Thomas W. Lee

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780761908074

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 192

View: 2242

Offering a broad description of qualitative research, this book facilitates the integration of qualitative and quantitative methods in organizational research. It examines the methods and tactics for both generating and testing management theories, including guidelines for deciding whether to use qualitative methods and overviews of four specific research designs. It describes how qualitative data is collected and analyzed and when and how to quantitatively analyze qualitative data. The author articulates the critical roles for reliability and validity and in the final chapter offers conclusions and recommendations for writing articles that report qualitative studies.

Organizational Research Methods

A Guide for Students and Researchers

Author: Paul M Brewerton,Lynne J Millward

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 0761971009

Category: Psychology

Page: 202

View: 3576

This timely book provides the reader with clear pointers for how to conduct organizational research appropriately, through planning and making informed and systematic research decisions, to understanding the ethical implications of applied organizational research, to implementing, reporting and presenting the findings to the highest possible standards. It provides an overview of a wide variety of research strategies, methods of data collection (both qualitative and quantitative) and analysis in a volume accessible to both an undergraduate, postgraduate and practitioner readership alike.

Advanced Statistical Methods for the Analysis of Large Data-Sets

Author: Agostino Di Ciaccio,Mauro Coli,Jose Miguel Angulo Ibanez

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642210376

Category: Mathematics

Page: 486

View: 3601

The theme of the meeting was “Statistical Methods for the Analysis of Large Data-Sets”. In recent years there has been increasing interest in this subject; in fact a huge quantity of information is often available but standard statistical techniques are usually not well suited to managing this kind of data. The conference serves as an important meeting point for European researchers working on this topic and a number of European statistical societies participated in the organization of the event. The book includes 45 papers from a selection of the 156 papers accepted for presentation and discussed at the conference on “Advanced Statistical Methods for the Analysis of Large Data-sets.”

Analyzing Quantitative Data

An Introduction for Social Researchers

Author: Debra Wetcher-Hendricks

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118626117

Category: Psychology

Page: 414

View: 9813

A user-friendly, hands-on guide to recognizing and conductingproper research techniques in data collection Offering a unique approach to numerical research methods,Analyzing Quantitative Data: An Introduction for SocialResearchers presents readers with the necessary statisticalapplications for carrying out the key phases of conducting andevaluating a research project. The book guides readers through thesteps of data analysis, from organizing raw data to utilizingdescriptive statistics and tests of significance, drawing validconclusions, and writing research reports. The author successfullyprovides a presentation that is accessible and hands-on rather thanheavily theoretical, outlining the key quantitative processes andthe use of software to successfully draw valid conclusions fromgathered data. In its discussion of methods for organizing data, the bookincludes suggestions for coding and entry into spreadsheets ordatabases while also introducing commonly used descriptivestatistics and clarifying their roles in data analysis. Next,inferential statistics is explored in-depth with explanations ofand instructions for performing chi-square tests, t-tests, analysesof variance, correlation and regression analyses, and a number ofadvanced statistical procedures. Each chapter contains explanationsof when to use the tests described, relevant formulas, and samplecomputations. The book concludes with guidance on extractingmeaningful conclusions from statistical tests and writing researchreports that describe procedures and analyses. Throughout the book, Statistical Resources for SPSS®sections provide fundamental instruction for using SPSS® toobtain the results presented. Where necessary, the author providesbasic theoretical explanations for distributions and backgroundinformation regarding formulas. Each chapter concludes withpractice problems, and a related website features derivations ofthe book's formulas along with additional resources for performingthe discussed processes. Analyzing Quantitative Data is an excellent book forsocial sciences courses on data analysis and research methods atthe upper-undergraduate and graduate levels. It also serves as avaluable reference for applied statisticians and practitionersworking in the fields of education, medicine, business and publicservice who analyze, interpret, and evaluate data in their dailywork.

Applied Statistics: From Bivariate Through Multivariate Techniques

From Bivariate Through Multivariate Techniques

Author: Rebecca M. Warner

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 141299134X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 1172

View: 1835

Rebecca M. Warner's Applied Statistics: From Bivariate Through Multivariate Techniques, Second Edition provides a clear introduction to widely used topics in bivariate and multivariate statistics, including multiple regression, discriminant analysis, MANOVA, factor analysis, and binary logistic regression. The approach is applied and does not require formal mathematics; equations are accompanied by verbal explanations. Students are asked to think about the meaning of equations. Each chapter presents a complete empirical research example to illustrate the application of a specific method. Although SPSS examples are used throughout the book, the conceptual material will be helpful for users of different programs. Each chapter has a glossary and comprehension questions.

Handbook of Industrial, Work & Organizational Psychology

Volume 1: Personnel Psychology

Author: Neil Anderson

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780761964889

Category: Psychology

Page: 512

View: 2416

The globalized nature of work in the new millennium implies that human resource management, psychological theories of personnel and individual behaviour in the workplace have to change and evolve. This volume mainly focuses on theories, techniques and methods used by industrial and work psychologists. A set of internationally renowned authors summarize advances in core topics such as analysis of work, work design, job performance, performance appraisal and feedback, workplace counterproductivity, recruitment and personnel selection, work relevant individual difference variables (cognitive ability, personality), human-machine interactions, human errors, training, learning, individual development, socialization, methods, and measurement.

Understanding College and University Organization

Theories for Effective Policy and Practice

Author: James L. Bess,Jay R. Dee

Publisher: Stylus Publishing, LLC

ISBN: 1579227732

Category: Education

Page: 506

View: 8038

Now available in paperback, this two-volume work is intended to help readers develop powerful new ways of thinking about organizational principles, and apply them to policy-making and management in colleges and universities. The book is written with two audiences in mind: administrative and faculty leaders in institutions of higher learning, and students (both doctoral and Master's degree) studying to become upper-level administrators, leaders, and policy makers in higher education. It systematically presents a range of theories that can be applied to many of the difficult management situations that college and university leaders encounter. It provides them with the theoretical background to knowledgeably evaluate the many new ideas that emerge in the current literature, and in workshops and conferences. The purpose is to help leaders develop their own effective management style and approaches, and feel confident that their actions are informed by appropriate theory and knowledge of the latest research in the field. Without theory, organizational leaders are forced to treat each problem that they encounter as unique–as if it were a first-time occurrence. While leaders may have some experience with a particular issue, their solutions are usually not informed by the accumulated wisdom of others who have already encountered and resolved similar situations. The authors approach the theory of the organization and administration of colleges and universities from three quite different perspectives, or paradigms, each relying on different assumptions about the “reality” of organizational life in colleges and universities. The positivist paradigm–primarily an omnibus systems theory–integrates the chapters into a comprehensive, yet easily accessible whole. Social constructionism, the second paradigm, is introduced in each chapter to illuminate the difficulty of seeking and finding meaningful consensus on problems and policies, while also addressing important ethical issues that tend to be overlooked in leadership thought and action. The third paradigm, postmodernism, draws attention to difficulties of logic and communication under the constraints of strictly linear thinking that “authorities” at all levels attempt to impose on organizations. This “multiple paradigm” approach enables readers to become more cognizant of their own assumptions, how they may differ from those of others in their organization, and how those differences may both create difficulties in resolving problems and expand the range of alternatives considered in organizational decision making. The book offers readers the tools to balance the real-world needs to succeed in today’s challenging and competitive environment with the social and ethical aspirations of all its stakeholders and society at large. The authors’ aim is to elucidate how administration can be made more efficient and effective through rational decision-making while also respecting humanistic values. This approach highlights a range of phenomena that require attention if the institution is ultimately to be considered successful.

Basic Statistics for Social Research

Author: Robert A. Hanneman,Augustine J. Kposowa,Mark D. Riddle

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118234154

Category: Social Science

Page: 560

View: 5704

A core statistics text that emphasizes logical inquiry, notmath Basic Statistics for Social Research teaches core generalstatistical concepts and methods that all social science majorsmust master to understand (and do) social research. Its use ofmathematics and theory are deliberately limited, as the authorsfocus on the use of concepts and tools of statistics in theanalysis of social science data, rather than on the mathematicaland computational aspects. Research questions and applications aretaken from a wide variety of subfields in sociology, and eachchapter is organized around one or more general ideas that areexplained at its beginning and then applied in increasing detail inthe body of the text. Each chapter contains instructive features to aid students inunderstanding and mastering the various statistical approachespresented in the book, including: Learning objectives Check quizzes after many sections and an answer key at the endof the chapter Summary Key terms End-of-chapter exercises SPSS exercises (in select chapters) Ancillary materials for both the student and the instructor areavailable and include a test bank for instructors and downloadablevideo tutorials for students.

Consultation Theory and Practice

A Handbook for School Social Workers

Author: Christine Anlauf Sabatino

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019939587X

Category: Social Science

Page: 208

View: 9241

School social workers engage in different forms of consultation on a daily basis, yet they rarely think about or describe this work as 'consultation.' Further, school social work practice research finds that consultation is among the most frequently performed practice tasks, yet consultation is rarely defined in school social work literature or research. This book adapts the consultation theory and practice framework put forward by June Gallessich (1982) that defines consultation in specific terms and proposes that there are six models of consultation. These models are organizational consultation, program consultation, education and training consultation, mental health consultation, behavioral consultation, and clinical case consultation. The models are differentiated according to their problem focus, outcome goal, intervention methods, change processes, power base, and value system. School social work consultation services are an important pathway to help school systems fulfill their educational mission and to help school personnel become more effective in their professional work. It is consistent with current trends in educational policy that call upon school social workers to take a multisystem approach to addressing school needs on a school-wide, class-wide, or individual level. The overarching goal of the book is to provide school social workers with the knowledge, skill, and confidence to implement consultation services. Consultation is a powerful method to 'realize the promise of the whole-school approach' and to help homes, schools, and communities foster school success and student well-being.

New Forms of Governance in Research Organizations

Disciplinary Approaches, Interfaces and Integration

Author: Dorothea Jansen

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402058314

Category: Law

Page: 242

View: 1412

This book undertakes to develop a sector specific theory of governance of the public research sector and applies it to the German research system. The book is the outcome of a large interdisciplinary project. It analyzes the reforms in the German research system from an integrated perspective of law, economics and social sciences. The case of Germany is compared to reforms in other European countries such as Austria, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom.

Applied Statistics for Public and Nonprofit Administration

Author: Kenneth J. Meier,Jeffrey L. Brudney,John Bohte

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 1285737237

Category: Education

Page: 528

View: 7611

As the first book ever published for public administration statistics courses, APPLIED STATISTICS FOR PUBLIC AND NONPROFIT ADMINISTRATION makes a difficult subject accessible to students and practitioners of public administration and to non-profit studies who have little background in statistics or research methods. Steeped in experience and practice, this landmark text remains the first and best in research methods and statistics for students and practitioners in public-and nonprofit-administration. All statistical techniques used by public administration professionals are covered, and all examples in the text relate to public administration and the nonprofit sector. Avoiding jargon and formula, this text uses a step-by-step approach that facilitates student learning. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Advanced and Multivariate Statistical Methods for Social Science Research

Author: Soleman H. Abu-Bader

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780190616397

Category:

Page: 350

View: 6500

Unlike other advanced statistical texts, this book combines the theory and practice behind a number of statistical techniques which students of the social sciences need to evaluate, analyze, and test their research hypotheses.Each chapter discusses the purpose, rationale, and assumptions for using each statistical test, rather than focusing on the memorization of formulas. The tests are further elucidated throughout the text by real examples of analysis. Of particular value to students is the book's detailed discussionof how to utilize SPSS to run each test, read its output, interpret, and write the results.Advanced and Multivariate Statistical Methods for Social Science Research is an indispensable resource for students of disciplines as varied as social work, nursing, public health, psychology, and education.Electronic database files are available for student and instructor use.http://lyceumbooks.com/StudentResources.htm

Principles and Practice of Research

Strategies for Surgical Investigators

Author: H. Troidl,W.O. Spitzer,B. McPeek,D.S. Mulder,Martin F. Bach

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642969429

Category: Medical

Page: 381

View: 6053

emerging on the surgical scene to challenge or For some readers, the title of this book will im thodoxy. Although these innovations are often mediately raise the question, what exactly is greeted with great optimism, a factual basis for meant by surgical research? In the very broadest that enthusiasm is sometimes far from secure sense the term can be taken to include all en and much further work is frequently required to deavors, however elementary or limited in discover whether we are dealing with genuine scope, to advance surgical knowledge. Ideally, advances or not. it refers to well-organized attempts to establish The most exciting and attractive scenario for on a proper scientific basis, i. e. , to place beyond surgical research is unquestionably one that de reasonable doubt, the truth or otherwise of any picts a successful attempt by a researcher to es concepts, old or new, within the ambit of sur gery, and, of course, anaesthesia. tablish the accuracy of some bold innovation for which he himself is responsible. Joseph Lister, The methods used to achieve that end vary demonstrating by clinical trial that wound sup enormously, depending on the issue being in vestigated.

Child Maltreatment Research, Policy, and Practice for the Next Decade

Workshop Summary

Author: National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Institute of Medicine,Board on Children, Youth, and Families

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309254426

Category: Medical

Page: 218

View: 8354

In 1993 the National Research Council released its landmark report Understanding Child Abuse and Neglect (NRC, 1993). That report identified child maltreatment as a devastating social problem in American society. Nearly 20 years later, on January 30-31, 2012, the Institute of Medicine (IOM) and NRC's Board on Children, Youth and Families help a workshop, Child Maltreatment Research, Policy, and Practice for the Next Generation, to review the accomplishments of the past two decades of research related to child maltreatment and the remaining gaps. "There have been many exciting research discoveries since the '93 report, but we also want people to be thinking about what is missing," said Anne Petersen, research professor at the Center for Human Growth and Development at the University of Michigan and chair of the panel that produced the report. Child Maltreatment Research, Policy, and Practice for the Next Decade: Workshop Summary covers the workshop that brought together many leading U.S. child maltreatment researchers for a day and a half of presentations and discussions. Presenters reviewed research accomplishments, identified gaps that remain in knowledge, and consider potential research priorities. Child Maltreatment Research, Policy, and Practice for the Next Decade: Workshop Summary also covers participant suggestions for future research priorities, policy actions, and practices that would enhance understanding of child maltreatment and efforts to reduce and respond to it. A background paper highlighting major research advances since the publication of the 1993 NRC report was prepared by an independent consultant to inform the workshop discussions. This summary is an essential resource for any workshop attendees, policy makers, researchers, educators, healthcare providers, parents, and advocacy groups.