Time Series Analysis by State Space Methods

Second Edition

Author: James Durbin,Siem Jan Koopman

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019964117X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 346

View: 6308

This new edition updates Durbin & Koopman's important text on the state space approach to time series analysis providing a more comprehensive treatment, including the filtering of nonlinear and non-Gaussian series. The book provides an excellent source for the development of practical courses on time series analysis.

State-Space Methods for Time Series Analysis

Theory, Applications and Software

Author: Jose Manuel Carro Casals,Alfredo Garcia-Hiernaux,Miguel Jerez,Adao Alexandre Trindade,Sonia Sotoca

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781482219593

Category:

Page: 288

View: 9296

The state-space approach provides a formal framework where any result or procedure developed for a basic model can be seamlessly applied to a standard formulation written in state-space form. Moreover, it can accommodate with a reasonable effort nonstandard situations, such as observation errors, aggregation constraints, or missing in-sample values. Exploring the advantages of this approach, State-Space Methods for Time Series Analysis: Theory, Applications and Software presents many computational procedures that can be applied to a previously specified linear model in state-space form. After discussing the formulation of the state-space model, the book illustrates the flexibility of the state-space representation and covers the main state estimation algorithms: filtering and smoothing. It then shows how to compute the Gaussian likelihood for unknown coefficients in the state-space matrices of a given model before introducing subspace methods and their application. It also discusses signal extraction, describes two algorithms to obtain the VARMAX matrices corresponding to any linear state-space model, and addresses several issues relating to the aggregation and disaggregation of time series. The book concludes with a cross-sectional extension to the classical state-space formulation in order to accommodate longitudinal or panel data. Missing data is a common occurrence here, and the book explains imputation procedures necessary to treat missingness in both exogenous and endogenous variables. Web Resource The authors' E4MATLAB®toolbox offers all the computational procedures, administrative and analytical functions, and related materials for time series analysis. This flexible, powerful, and free software tool enables readers to replicate the practical examples in the text and apply the procedures to their own work.

Time Series Analysis by State Space Methods

Second Edition

Author: The late James Durbin,Siem Jan Koopman

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 019964117X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 368

View: 439

This new edition updates Durbin & Koopman's important text on the state space approach to time series analysis providing a more comprehensive treatment, including the filtering of nonlinear and non-Gaussian series. The book provides an excellent source for the development of practical courses on time series analysis.

An Introduction to State Space Time Series Analysis

Author: Jacques J. F. Commandeur,Siem Jan Koopman

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191607800

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 192

View: 7796

Providing a practical introduction to state space methods as applied to unobserved components time series models, also known as structural time series models, this book introduces time series analysis using state space methodology to readers who are neither familiar with time series analysis, nor with state space methods. The only background required in order to understand the material presented in the book is a basic knowledge of classical linear regression models, of which a brief review is provided to refresh the reader's knowledge. Also, a few sections assume familiarity with matrix algebra, however, these sections may be skipped without losing the flow of the exposition. The book offers a step by step approach to the analysis of the salient features in time series such as the trend, seasonal, and irregular components. Practical problems such as forecasting and missing values are treated in some detail. This useful book will appeal to practitioners and researchers who use time series on a daily basis in areas such as the social sciences, quantitative history, biology and medicine. It also serves as an accompanying textbook for a basic time series course in econometrics and statistics, typically at an advanced undergraduate level or graduate level.

Dynamic Linear Models with R

Author: Giovanni Petris,Sonia Petrone,Patrizia Campagnoli

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387772383

Category: Mathematics

Page: 252

View: 1218

State space models have gained tremendous popularity in recent years in as disparate fields as engineering, economics, genetics and ecology. After a detailed introduction to general state space models, this book focuses on dynamic linear models, emphasizing their Bayesian analysis. Whenever possible it is shown how to compute estimates and forecasts in closed form; for more complex models, simulation techniques are used. A final chapter covers modern sequential Monte Carlo algorithms. The book illustrates all the fundamental steps needed to use dynamic linear models in practice, using R. Many detailed examples based on real data sets are provided to show how to set up a specific model, estimate its parameters, and use it for forecasting. All the code used in the book is available online. No prior knowledge of Bayesian statistics or time series analysis is required, although familiarity with basic statistics and R is assumed.

State-Space Models

Applications in Economics and Finance

Author: Yong Zeng,Shu Wu

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461477891

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 347

View: 9706

State-space models as an important mathematical tool has been widely used in many different fields. This edited collection explores recent theoretical developments of the models and their applications in economics and finance. The book includes nonlinear and non-Gaussian time series models, regime-switching and hidden Markov models, continuous- or discrete-time state processes, and models of equally-spaced or irregularly-spaced (discrete or continuous) observations. The contributed chapters are divided into four parts. The first part is on Particle Filtering and Parameter Learning in Nonlinear State-Space Models. The second part focuses on the application of Linear State-Space Models in Macroeconomics and Finance. The third part deals with Hidden Markov Models, Regime Switching and Mathematical Finance and the fourth part is on Nonlinear State-Space Models for High Frequency Financial Data. The book will appeal to graduate students and researchers studying state-space modeling in economics, statistics, and mathematics, as well as to finance professionals.

Forecasting: principles and practice

Author: Rob J Hyndman,George Athanasopoulos

Publisher: OTexts

ISBN: 0987507117

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 380

View: 1233

Forecasting is required in many situations. Stocking an inventory may require forecasts of demand months in advance. Telecommunication routing requires traffic forecasts a few minutes ahead. Whatever the circumstances or time horizons involved, forecasting is an important aid in effective and efficient planning. This textbook provides a comprehensive introduction to forecasting methods and presents enough information about each method for readers to use them sensibly.

Time Series Analysis

Author: Henrik Madsen

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 142005967X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 400

View: 8777

With a focus on analyzing and modeling linear dynamic systems using statistical methods, Time Series Analysis formulates various linear models, discusses their theoretical characteristics, and explores the connections among stochastic dynamic models. Emphasizing the time domain description, the author presents theorems to highlight the most important results, proofs to clarify some results, and problems to illustrate the use of the results for modeling real-life phenomena. The book first provides the formulas and methods needed to adapt a second-order approach for characterizing random variables as well as introduces regression methods and models, including the general linear model. It subsequently covers linear dynamic deterministic systems, stochastic processes, time domain methods where the autocorrelation function is key to identification, spectral analysis, transfer-function models, and the multivariate linear process. The text also describes state space models and recursive and adaptivemethods. The final chapter examines a host of practical problems, including the predictions of wind power production and the consumption of medicine, a scheduling system for oil delivery, and the adaptive modeling of interest rates. Concentrating on the linear aspect of this subject, Time Series Analysis provides an accessible yet thorough introduction to the methods for modeling linear stochastic systems. It will help you understand the relationship between linear dynamic systems and linear stochastic processes.

Time Series Analysis and Its Applications

With R Examples

Author: Robert H. Shumway,David S. Stoffer

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319524526

Category: Mathematics

Page: 562

View: 5753

The fourth edition of this popular graduate textbook, like its predecessors, presents a balanced and comprehensive treatment of both time and frequency domain methods with accompanying theory. Numerous examples using nontrivial data illustrate solutions to problems such as discovering natural and anthropogenic climate change, evaluating pain perception experiments using functional magnetic resonance imaging, and monitoring a nuclear test ban treaty. The book is designed as a textbook for graduate level students in the physical, biological, and social sciences and as a graduate level text in statistics. Some parts may also serve as an undergraduate introductory course. Theory and methodology are separated to allow presentations on different levels. In addition to coverage of classical methods of time series regression, ARIMA models, spectral analysis and state-space models, the text includes modern developments including categorical time series analysis, multivariate spectral methods, long memory series, nonlinear models, resampling techniques, GARCH models, ARMAX models, stochastic volatility, wavelets, and Markov chain Monte Carlo integration methods. This edition includes R code for each numerical example in addition to Appendix R, which provides a reference for the data sets and R scripts used in the text in addition to a tutorial on basic R commands and R time series. An additional file is available on the book’s website for download, making all the data sets and scripts easy to load into R.

Elements of Multivariate Time Series Analysis

Author: Gregory C. Reinsel

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 146840198X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 263

View: 6422

The use of methods of time series analysis in the study of multivariate time series has become of increased interest in recent years. Although the methods are rather well developed and understood for univarjate time series analysis, the situation is not so complete for the multivariate case. This book is designed to introduce the basic concepts and methods that are useful in the analysis and modeling of multivariate time series, with illustrations of these basic ideas. The development includes both traditional topics such as autocovariance and auto correlation matrices of stationary processes, properties of vector ARMA models, forecasting ARMA processes, least squares and maximum likelihood estimation techniques for vector AR and ARMA models, and model checking diagnostics for residuals, as well as topics of more recent interest for vector ARMA models such as reduced rank structure, structural indices, scalar component models, canonical correlation analyses for vector time series, multivariate unit-root models and cointegration structure, and state-space models and Kalman filtering techniques and applications. This book concentrates on the time-domain analysis of multivariate time series, and the important subject of spectral analysis is not considered here. For that topic, the reader is referred to the excellent books by Jenkins and Watts (1968), Hannan (1970), Priestley (1981), and others.

Mathematical Systems Theory I

Modelling, State Space Analysis, Stability and Robustness

Author: Diederich Hinrichsen,Anthony J. Pritchard

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540441255

Category: Mathematics

Page: 804

View: 3433

This book presents the mathematical foundations of systems theory in a self-contained, comprehensive, detailed and mathematically rigorous way. It is devoted to the analysis of dynamical systems and combines features of a detailed introductory textbook with that of a reference source. The book contains many examples and figures illustrating the text which help to bring out the intuitive ideas behind the mathematical constructions.

Forecasting with Exponential Smoothing

The State Space Approach

Author: Rob Hyndman,Anne B. Koehler,J. Keith Ord,Ralph D. Snyder

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540719180

Category: Mathematics

Page: 362

View: 4576

Exponential smoothing methods have been around since the 1950s, and are still the most popular forecasting methods used in business and industry. However, a modeling framework incorporating stochastic models, likelihood calculation, prediction intervals and procedures for model selection, was not developed until recently. This book brings together all of the important new results on the state space framework for exponential smoothing. It will be of interest to people wanting to apply the methods in their own area of interest as well as for researchers wanting to take the ideas in new directions. Part 1 provides an introduction to exponential smoothing and the underlying models. The essential details are given in Part 2, which also provide links to the most important papers in the literature. More advanced topics are covered in Part 3, including the mathematical properties of the models and extensions of the models for specific problems. Applications to particular domains are discussed in Part 4.

State Space Modeling of Time Series

Author: Masanao Aoki

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642758835

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 323

View: 5315

In this book, the author adopts a state space approach to time series modeling to provide a new, computer-oriented method for building models for vector-valued time series. This second edition has been completely reorganized and rewritten. Background material leading up to the two types of estimators of the state space models is collected and presented coherently in four consecutive chapters. New, fuller descriptions are given of state space models for autoregressive models commonly used in the econometric and statistical literature. Backward innovation models are newly introduced in this edition in addition to the forward innovation models, and both are used to construct instrumental variable estimators for the model matrices. Further new items in this edition include statistical properties of the two types of estimators, more details on multiplier analysis and identification of structural models using estimated models, incorporation of exogenous signals and choice of model size. A whole new chapter is devoted to modeling of integrated, nearly integrated and co-integrated time series.

Applied Time Series Analysis

Author: Wayne A. Woodward,Henry L. Gray,Alan C Elliott

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439897697

Category: Mathematics

Page: 564

View: 869

Virtually any random process developing chronologically can be viewed as a time series. In economics, closing prices of stocks, the cost of money, the jobless rate, and retail sales are just a few examples of many. Developed from course notes and extensively classroom-tested, Applied Time Series Analysis includes examples across a variety of fields, develops theory, and provides software to address time series problems in a broad spectrum of fields. The authors organize the information in such a format that graduate students in applied science, statistics, and economics can satisfactorily navigate their way through the book while maintaining mathematical rigor. One of the unique features of Applied Time Series Analysis is the associated software, GW-WINKS, designed to help students easily generate realizations from models and explore the associated model and data characteristics. The text explores many important new methodologies that have developed in time series, such as ARCH and GARCH processes, time varying frequencies (TVF), wavelets, and more. Other programs (some written in R and some requiring S-plus) are available on an associated website for performing computations related to the material in the final four chapters.

Analyzing Neural Time Series Data

Theory and Practice

Author: Mike X Cohen

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262019876

Category: Medical

Page: 600

View: 3801

A comprehensive guide to the conceptual, mathematical, and implementational aspects of analyzing electrical brain signals, including data from MEG, EEG, and LFP recordings.

Time Series Modelling with Unobserved Components

Author: Matteo M. Pelagatti

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1482225018

Category: Mathematics

Page: 275

View: 4584

Despite the unobserved components model (UCM) having many advantages over more popular forecasting techniques based on regression analysis, exponential smoothing, and ARIMA, the UCM is not well known among practitioners outside the academic community. Time Series Modelling with Unobserved Components rectifies this deficiency by giving a practical overview of the UCM approach, covering some theoretical details, several applications, and the software for implementing UCMs. The book’s first part discusses introductory time series and prediction theory. Unlike most other books on time series, this text includes a chapter on prediction at the beginning because the problem of predicting is not limited to the field of time series analysis. The second part introduces the UCM, the state space form, and related algorithms. It also provides practical modeling strategies to build and select the UCM that best fits the needs of time series analysts. The third part presents real-world applications, with a chapter focusing on business cycle analysis and the construction of band-pass filters using UCMs. The book also reviews software packages that offer ready-to-use procedures for UCMs as well as systems popular among statisticians and econometricians that allow general estimation of models in state space form. This book demonstrates the numerous benefits of using UCMs to model time series data. UCMs are simple to specify, their results are easy to visualize and communicate to non-specialists, and their forecasting performance is competitive. Moreover, various types of outliers can easily be identified, missing values are effortlessly managed, and working contemporaneously with time series observed at different frequencies poses no problem.

Time Series

Modeling, Computation, and Inference

Author: Raquel Prado,Mike West

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1420093363

Category: Mathematics

Page: 368

View: 5967

Focusing on Bayesian approaches and computations using simulation-based methods for inference, Time Series: Modeling, Computation, and Inference integrates mainstream approaches for time series modeling with significant recent developments in methodology and applications of time series analysis. It encompasses a graduate-level account of Bayesian time series modeling and analysis, a broad range of references to state-of-the-art approaches to univariate and multivariate time series analysis, and emerging topics at research frontiers. The book presents overviews of several classes of models and related methodology for inference, statistical computation for model fitting and assessment, and forecasting. The authors also explore the connections between time- and frequency-domain approaches and develop various models and analyses using Bayesian tools, such as Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) and sequential Monte Carlo (SMC) methods. They illustrate the models and methods with examples and case studies from a variety of fields, including signal processing, biomedicine, and finance. Data sets, R and MATLAB® code, and other material are available on the authors’ websites. Along with core models and methods, this text offers sophisticated tools for analyzing challenging time series problems. It also demonstrates the growth of time series analysis into new application areas.

Handbook of Time Series Analysis, Signal Processing, and Dynamics

Author: D. S.G. Pollock,Richard C. Green,Truong Nguyen

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0080507875

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 848

View: 7045

The aim of this book is to serve as a graduate text and reference in time series analysis and signal processing, two closely related subjects that are the concern of a wide range of disciplines, such as statistics, electrical engineering, mechanical engineering and physics. The book provides a CD-ROM containing codes in PASCAL and C for the computer procedures printed in the book. It also furnishes a complete program devoted to the statistical analysis of time series, which will be attractive to a wide range of academics working in diverse mathematical disciplines.