Sport, Politics, and Communism

Author: James Riordan

Publisher: Manchester University Press

ISBN: 9780719028502

Category: Sports

Page: 169

View: 5098

Focusing on the Soviet Union and eastern Europe, both before and after the recent changes, but also noting China, Cuba, North Korea, and others, Riordan (linguistics and international studies, U. of Surrey, England) explains why communist governments have invested so heavily in sports, and queries how much of the old system has now been rejected in favor of the western model. Distributed in the US by St. Martin's Press. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

Sport and International Politics

Impact of Facism and Communism on Sport

Author: Pierre Arnaud,Professor Jim Riordan

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135816298

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 240

View: 918

Sociology and history of sport is a fast rising subject. There is a growing interest in issues associated with globalization and sport culture across European and North American boundaries. This book fills an important gap. At the forefront of new areas of research in sport studies, it deals with a significant historical period systematically and, above all, internationally. Brought together in a single volume, this work examines the shaping of sport both by the fascist and communist institutions of Europe during the interwar period. It shows how sport was used as an instrument of propaganda and psychological pressure by major political and sporting nations as well as international movements such as the Catholic Church and the International Worker Sport Movement. This volume will be a key reference for researchers and students in sports history, sports sociology, politics and European studies.

The Politicisation of Sport in Modern China

Communists and Champions

Author: Fan Hong,Lu Zhouxiang

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317980115

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 224

View: 5898

The Politicisation of Sport in Modern China: Communist and Champions is the first book in English which examines in chronological order key issues in sport in the People's Republic of China from 1949 to 2012 in the context of Chinese history, politics and society. It explores the complexity of Chinese sport including the sovietisation of Chinese sports policy and practice; the emergence of the ‘two Chinas’ issue; the Cold War, the Cultural Revolution, sports diplomacy and sports militarism; China’s turbulent journey of participation in the Asian Games and in the Olympics; the politics and policy of doping and anti-doping in Chinese sport; and China’s sport in the post-Beijing Olympics era. By analysing the relationships between sport, diplomacy, politics and social transformation in China, the book examines how sport has played an important role in China’s rise in the 20th and 21st centuries, and how China embraced the Olympic Movement and also influenced the world through the Olympic Games. Featuring major events, original documents and interviews with a wide breadth of insiders - from sports policy makers, Olympic medallists and ordinary Chinese - this book, for the first time, provides a comprehensive guide to the history of sport in the People's Republic of China. It is a fascinating book for academic researchers, general readers and students. This book was published as a special issue of the International Journal of the History of Sport.

The Politics of Football in Yugoslavia

Sport, Nationalism and the State

Author: Richard Mills

Publisher: I.B.Tauris

ISBN: 178672359X

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 416

View: 4202

Even before Tito's Communist Party established control over the war-ravaged territories which became socialist Yugoslavia, his partisan forces were using football as a revolutionary tool. In 1944 a team representing the incipient state was dispatched to play matches around the liberated Mediterranean. This consummated a deep relationship between football and communism that endured until this complex multi-ethnic polity tore itself apart in the 1990s. Starting with an exploration of the game in the short-lived interwar Kingdom, this book traces that liaison for the first time. Based on extensive archival research and interviews, it ventures across the former Yugoslavia to illustrate the myriad ways football was harnessed by an array of political forces. Communists purposefully re-engineered Yugoslavia's most popular sport in the tumult of the 1940s, using it to integrate diverse territories and populations. Subsequently, the game advanced Tito's distinct brand of communism, with its Cold War-era policy of non-alignment and experimentation with self-management. Yet, even under tight control, football was racked by corruption, match-fixing and violence. Alternative political and national visions were expressed in the stadiums of both Yugoslavias, and clubs, players and supporters ultimately became perpetrators and victims in the countries’ violent demise. In Richard Mills' hands, the former Yugoslavia’s stadiums become vehicles to explore the relationship between sport and the state, society, nationalism, state-building, inter-ethnic tensions and war. The book is the first in-depth study of the Yugoslav game and offers a revealing new way to approach the complex history of Yugoslavia.

The Olympic Games, the Soviet Sports Bureaucracy, and the Cold War

Red Sport, Red Tape

Author: Jenifer Parks

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 1498541194

Category: History

Page: 232

View: 969

This study examines the Soviet bureaucracy responsible for overseeing Olympic sport during the Cold War. It analyzes how sport administrators used political savvy and professional pragmatism alongside ideological drive to expand participation, maximize chances of success, and achieve Soviet political and diplomatic aims.

Globalizing Sport

Author: Barbara J. Keys

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674726634

Category: History

Page: 289

View: 2982

In this impressive book, Barbara Keys offers the first major study of the political and cultural ramifications of international sports competitions in the decades before World War II. Focusing on the United States, Nazi Germany, and the Soviet Union, she examines the transformation of events like the Olympic Games and the World Cup from relatively small-scale events to the expensive, political, globally popular extravaganzas familiar to us today.

Cold War Games

Propaganda, the Olympics, and U.S. Foreign Policy

Author: Toby C Rider

Publisher: University of Illinois Press

ISBN: 0252098455

Category: History

Page: 288

View: 4919

It is the early Cold War. The Soviet Union appears to be in irresistible ascendance, and moves to exploit the Olympic Games as a vehicle for promoting international communism. In response, the United States conceives a subtle, far-reaching psychological warfare campaign to blunt the Soviet advance. Drawing on newly declassified materials and archives, Toby C. Rider chronicles how the US government used the Olympics to promote democracy and its own policy aims during the tense early phase of the Cold War. Rider shows how the government, though constrained by traditions against interference in the Games, eluded detection by cooperating with private groups, including secretly funded émigré organizations bent on liberating their home countries from Soviet control. At the same time, the United States appropriated Olympic host cities to hype the American economic and political system while, behind the scenes, the government attempted clandestine manipulation of the International Olympic Committee. Rider also details the campaigns that sent propaganda materials around the globe as the United States mobilized culture in general, and sports in particular, to fight the communist threat.

Routledge Handbook of Sport and Politics

Author: Alan Bairner,John Kelly,Jung Woo Lee

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317646665

Category: Political Science

Page: 546

View: 1950

Sport is frequently considered to be an aspect of popular culture that is, or should be, untainted by the political. However, there is a broad consensus among academics that sport is often at the heart of the political and the political is often central to sport. From the 1936 Olympic Games in Nazi Germany to the civil unrest that preceded the 2014 World Cup in Brazil, sport and politics have remained symbiotic bedfellows. The Routledge Handbook of Sport and Politics goes further than any other book in surveying the complex, embedded relationships between sport and politics. With sections addressing ideologies, nation and statehood, corporate politics, political activism, social justice, and the politics of sports events, it introduces the conceptual foundations that underpin our understanding of the sport-politics nexus and examines emergent issues in this field of study. Including in-depth case studies from North America, South America, Europe, the Middle East, Africa and Asia, this is an essential reference for anybody with an interest in the social scientific study of sport.

Sport and Nationalism in China

Author: Zhouxiang Lu,Fan Hong

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317932560

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 234

View: 9457

This book examines the relationships between sport, nationalism and nation building in China. By exploring the last 150 years of Chinese history, it offers unparalleled depth and breadth of coverage and provides a clear grasp of Chinese sports nationalism from both macro and micro perspectives. Beginning with a discussion on the role of sport in the Qing Dynasty’s Self-Strengthening Movement (1861-1895), the book examines how sport contributed to the shaping of the early forms of Chinese nationalism in the late 19th century. It identifies and defines the core functions of sport in the Chinese Nationalist Revolution which successfully transformed China from a culturally bound empire to a modern nation state in 1911. The following section, on the Republic of China Era (1912-1949), explores the interactions between sport and the construction of Chinese nationalism and national consciousness, illustrating how sport played its part in the building of the newly established nation state. Moving on to the Communist China Era (1949-present), the book scans the whole spectrum of both modern and contemporary Chinese nationalism and interprets the most important issues on the course of China’s nation building, explaining why sport is so tightly bound up with nationalism and patriotism, and how sport became an essential part of nationalists', politicians' and educationalists' strategy to revive the Chinese nation.

Success and Failure of Countries at the Olympic Games

Author: Danyel Reiche

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 131763277X

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 182

View: 7560

The Olympic Games is undoubtedly the greatest sporting event in the world, with over 200 countries competing for success. This important new study of the Olympics investigates why some countries are more successful than others. Which factors determine their failure or success? What is the relationship between these factors? And how can these factors be manipulated to influence a country’s performance in sport? This book addresses these questions and discusses the theoretical concepts that explain why national sporting success has become a policy priority around the globe. Danyel Reiche reassesses our understanding of success in sport and challenges the conventional explanations that population size and economic strength are the main determinants for a country’s Olympic achievements. He presents a theory of countries’ success and failure, based on detailed investigations of the relationships between a wide variety of factors that influence a country’s position in the Olympic medals table, including geography, ideology, policies such as focusing on medal promising sports, home advantage and the promotion of women. This book fills a long-standing gap in literature on the Olympics and will provide valuable insights for all students, scholars, policy makers and journalists interested in the Olympic Games and the wider relationship between sport, politics, and nationalism.

Olympic Dreams

China and Sports, 1895-2008

Author: Guoqi XU,Guoqi Xu

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674045424

Category: History

Page: 392

View: 8234

Already the world has seen the political, economic, and cultural significance of hosting the 2008 Olympics in Beijing—in policies instituted and altered, positions softened, projects undertaken. But will the Olympics make a lasting difference? This book approaches questions about the nature and future of China through the lens of sports—particularly as sports finds its utmost international expression in the Olympics.

Marrow of the Nation

A History of Sport and Physical Culture in Republican China

Author: Andrew D. Morris

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520240841

Category: History

Page: 368

View: 5477

"This is the first book about how new ideas of sport and the body shaped the Chinese nation in its early formative years. It is a much-needed contribution toward understanding the origins of China's long quest to host the Olympic Games. This engaging book presents little-known material gleaned with great skill from archives in China, Taiwan, and the U.S. Informed by current theoretical debates, it pulls together in a sophisticated way the pieces of the complex relationship between the body and the nation in China, and it offers creative interpretations of this pivotal period in Chinese history."—Susan Brownell, author of Training the Body for China: Sports in the Moral Order of the People's Republic "Andrew Morris gives us a clear and compelling account of the origins of modern sports in China. As reigning authority on the topic he is an ideal guide to the complexity and power of organized sports in Chinese social, cultural, and political life. An outstanding work that provides welcome historical background and invaluable insights in the run-up to the 2008 Beijing Olympics."—David Strand, author of Rickshaw Beijing: City People and Politics in the 1920s

Sport in Cuba

The Diamond in the Rough

Author: Paula J. Pettavino,Geralyn Pye

Publisher: University of Pittsburgh Pre

ISBN: 0822974592

Category: History

Page: 320

View: 3794

No aspect of Cuban life more clearly epitomizes their government's emphasis on image-building and individual participation than the system of physical culture and competitive athletics. Indeed the Cuban record in international athletics is the most universally recognized success of the communist revolution, as indicated by the Cuban arrival in the 1972 Olympics and the 1991 Pan-American Games, when Cuba beat the United States in the gold medal tally, dominating boxing, baseball, and winning the marathon. The fruits of the Cuban sports system were again in evidence at the Barcelona Olympics of 1992, despite the severe deprivation caused by the collapse of the island's socialist allies. In spite of the obvious success and political importance of sport in Cuba, very little has been written on the subject. Sport in Cuba closes this gap. In the first major study on the Cuban system of sports and physical culture, Paula J. Pettvino and Geralyn Pye analyze how sports was given such a high priority in Cuba, how the country became a world power by the mid-1970s, and the impact of sports on Cuban society. Moving from the early days when the government's approach to sports was loosely defined, through the construction of a complex system of physical culture, to the current years of uncertainty, Sport in Cuba utilizes both archival sources and personal interviews. It will be of interest to Latin Americanists and students of sports.

Embodied Nation

Sport, Masculinity, and the Making of Modern Laos

Author: Simon Creak

Publisher: Southeast Asia: Politics, Mean

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 327

View: 3496

This strikingly original book examines how sport and ideas of physicality have shaped the politics and culture of modern Laos. Viewing the country's extraordinary transitions--from French colonialism to royalist nationalism to revolutionary socialism to the modern development state--through the lens of physical culture, Simon Creak's lively and incisive narrative illuminates a nation that has no reputation in sport and is typically viewed, even from within, as a country of cheerful but lazy people. Creak argues that sport and related physical practices--including physical education, gymnastics, and military training--have shaped a national consciousness by locating it in everyday experience. These practices are popular, participatory, performative, and, above all, physical in character and embody ideas and ideologies in a symbolic and experiential way. Embodied Nation takes readers on a brisk ride through more than a century of Lao history, from a nineteenth-century game of tikhi--an indigenous game resembling field hockey--to the country's unprecedented outpouring of nationalist sentiment when hosting the 2009 Southeast Asian Games. En route, we witness a Lao-Vietnamese soccer brawl in 1936, the fascist-inspired body ethic of the early 1940s, the novel modes of military masculinity that blossomed with national independence, the spectacular state theatrics of power represented by Olympic-inspired sports festivals, and the high hopes and frequent failures of socialist sport in the 1970s and 1980s. Of central concern in Creak's narrative are the twin motifs of gender and civilization. Despite increasing female participation since the early twentieth century, he demonstrates the major role that sport and physical culture have played in forming hegemonic masculinities in Laos. Even with limited national sporting success--Laos has never won an Olympic medal--the healthy, toned, and muscular form has come to symbolize material development and prosperity. Embodied Nation outlines the complex ways in which these motifs, through sport and physical culture, articulate with state power. Combining cultural and intellectual history with historical thick description, Creak draws on a creative array of Lao and French sources from previously unexplored archives, newspapers, and magazines, and from ethnographic writing, war photography, and cartoons. More than an "imagined community" or "geobody," he shows that Laos was also a "body at work," making substantive theoretical contributions not only to Southeast Asian studies and history, but to the study of the physical culture, nationalism, masculinity, and modernity in all modern societies.

Ideology and International Relations in the Modern World

Author: Alan Cassels

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134813295

Category: History

Page: 320

View: 3559

Cassels offers a novel perspective on the part played by ideology in international relations over the past two centuries. His treatment is not restricted to the familiar totalitarian ideologies of communism and nazism, but also includes conservatism, liberalism and nationalism. The focus and emphasis given to ideology in an historical survey of such broad scope make this book unusual, and even controversial.

Sport in Soviet Society

Development of Sport and Physical Education in Russia and the USSR

Author: James Riordan

Publisher: CUP Archive

ISBN: 9780521280235

Category: Social Science

Page: 446

View: 1044

This book examines the evolution of sport in Russia from its association with health and hygiene to its post-war purpose of raising Soviet prestige abroad.

Sport under Communism

Behind the East German 'Miracle'

Author: M. Dennis,J. Grix

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230369030

Category: Social Science

Page: 261

View: 6340

Based on original Stasi and Communist Party archival sources, this book uncovers why East Germany was for two decades running one of the most successful nations in the Summer and Winter Olympics, exploring how the central elite sports system was beset by internal tensions and disputes.

The Devil in History

Communism, Fascism, and Some Lessons of the Twentieth Century

Author: Vladimir Tismaneanu

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520239725

Category: History

Page: 320

View: 8078

Offers an analysis of the relationship between communism and fascism. This title examines the ideological appeal of these radical, revolutionary political movements, the visions of salvation and revolution they pursued, the value and types of charisma of leaders within these political movements, and their legacies in contemporary politics.