Sport, Bodily Culture and Classical Antiquity in Modern Greece

Author: Eleni Fournaraki,Zinon Papakonstantinou

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317979729

Category: History

Page: 192

View: 717

Ancient Greece was the model that guided the emergence of many facets of the modern sports movement, including most notably the Olympics. Yet the process whereby aspects of the ancient world were appropriated and manipulated by sport authorities of nation-states, athletic organizations and their leaders as well as by sports enthusiasts is only very partially understood. This volume takes modern Greece as a case-study and explores, in depth, issues related to the reception and use of classical antiquity in modern sport, spectacle and bodily culture. For citizens of the Greek nation-state, classical antiquity is not merely a vague "legacy" but the cornerstone of their national identity. In the field of sport and bodily culture, since the 1830s there had been persistent attempts to establish firm and direct links between ancient Greek athletics and modern sport through the incorporation of sport in school curricula, the emergence of national sport historiographies as well as the initiatives to revive (in the 19th century) or appropriate (in the 20th) the modern Olympics. Based on fieldwork and unpublished material sources, this book dissects the use and abuse of classical antiquity and sport in constructing national, gender and class identities, and illuminate aspects of the complex modern perceptions of classicism, sport and the body. This book was previously published as a special issue of the International Journal of the History of Sport.

Sport and the Emancipation of European Women

The Struggle for Self-fulfilment

Author: Gigliola Gori,J.A. Mangan

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134932421

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 216

View: 3124

Sport and the Emancipation of European Women: the Struggle for Self-fulfilment explores the contributions of European women to the emancipation of women worldwide. It expands understanding of the need for their attitudes and actions and celebrates their achievements in freeing the female body from unwarranted political, cultural and social restraint in the courageous pursuit of the Enlightenment 's ' secular value system: ‘the unity of mankind and basic personal freedoms and {a} world of tolerance, knowledge, education and opportunity' (from Roy Porter, Enlightenment: Britain and the Creation of the Modern World, 2004). The Collection records the pulling down of European barriers via sport to women’s realisation of ability and release of talent and their conquest of crushing inhibitions, inexcusable irrationality, intolerable prejudice and denial of opportunity : no barriers came down without confrontation. The struggle to overthrow prejudice set for the first time in the context of recent European history and the recent evolution of European sport, is described in this pioneering Collection. It is the first publication to focus specifically on European women and their struggle for emancipation via sport. This book was published as a special issue of the International Journal of the History of Sport.

The Politicisation of Sport in Modern China

Communists and Champions

Author: Fan Hong,Lu Zhouxiang

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317980123

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 224

View: 9498

The Politicisation of Sport in Modern China: Communist and Champions is the first book in English which examines in chronological order key issues in sport in the People's Republic of China from 1949 to 2012 in the context of Chinese history, politics and society. It explores the complexity of Chinese sport including the sovietisation of Chinese sports policy and practice; the emergence of the ‘two Chinas’ issue; the Cold War, the Cultural Revolution, sports diplomacy and sports militarism; China’s turbulent journey of participation in the Asian Games and in the Olympics; the politics and policy of doping and anti-doping in Chinese sport; and China’s sport in the post-Beijing Olympics era. By analysing the relationships between sport, diplomacy, politics and social transformation in China, the book examines how sport has played an important role in China’s rise in the 20th and 21st centuries, and how China embraced the Olympic Movement and also influenced the world through the Olympic Games. Featuring major events, original documents and interviews with a wide breadth of insiders - from sports policy makers, Olympic medallists and ordinary Chinese - this book, for the first time, provides a comprehensive guide to the history of sport in the People's Republic of China. It is a fascinating book for academic researchers, general readers and students. This book was published as a special issue of the International Journal of the History of Sport.

The Visual in Sport

Author: Mike Huggins,Mike O'Mahony

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317965450

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 298

View: 7725

This comprehensive, novel and exciting interdisciplinary collection brings together leading international authorities from the history of sport, social history, art history, film history, design history, cultural studies and related fields to explore the ways in which visual culture has shaped, and continues to impact upon, our understanding of sport as an integral element within popular culture. Visual representations of sport have previously been little examined and under-exploited by historians, with little focused and rigorous scrutiny of these vital historical documents. This study seeks to redress this balance by engaging with a wide variety of cultural products, ranging from sports stadia and monuments in the public arena, to paintings, prints, photographs, posters, stamps, design artefacts, films and political cartoons. By examining the contexts of both the production and reception of this historical evidence, and highlighting the multiple meanings and social significance of this body of work, the collection provides original, powerful and stimulating insights into the ways in which visual material assists our knowledge and understanding of sport. This collection will facilitate researchers, publishers and others with an interest in sport to move beyond traditional text-based scholarship and appreciate the powerful imagery of sport in new ways. This book was previously published as a special issue of the International Journal of the History of Sport.

Sport in Ancient Times

Author: Nigel B. Crowther

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780275987398

Category: History

Page: 183

View: 6005

Crowther offers a fascinating look at the role of sport as practiced in the ancient world. From the Prehistoric Age in Egypt, Sumeria, Mesopotamia, and Persia to the "historic period" in ancient Greece, Rome, and the Byzantine Empire, he not only probes the games themselves, but explores the ways in which athletics figured into cultural arenas that extended beyond physical prowess to military associations, rituals, status, and politics. Among the subjects covered are Cretan bull-leaping and Bronze-Age boxing, the ancient Olympic Games, gladiatorial contests, chariot racing, and the role of women in ancient sports.

Das antike Kreta

Author: Angelos Chaniotis

Publisher: C.H.Beck

ISBN: 3406673295

Category: History

Page: 128

View: 4347

Der Gründungsmythos unseres Kontinents ist unauflöslich mit der sagenumwobenen griechischen Insel Kreta verbunden: In Gestalt eines weißen Stiers entführt der verliebte Göttervater Zeus die phönizische Königstochter Europa über das Meer und setzt sie erst wieder an der Küste Kretas ab. Sie gebiert ihm drei Söhne – Minos, Rhadamanthys und Sarpedon –, die ihrerseits als bedeutende Gestalten der griechischen Mythologie auftreten. Vom Namen des Minos, der als König auf Kreta herrscht, leitet sich jener der minoischen Hochkultur ab (3000–1450 n. Chr.), deren reiches archäologisches Erbe noch heute auf Kreta zu bewundern ist. Die Paläste der Minoer werden schließlich von mykenischen Griechen eingenommen. Doch auch ihre Herrschaft versinkt gegen Ende des 2. Jt. n. Chr. in schriftloses Dunkel, ehe sich seit dem 8. Jh. n. Chr. eine neue Kultur in einer Vielzahl von Gemeinden mit differenzierter Gesellschaftsstruktur und bald auch einem entwickelten Rechtswesen herausbildet. Auch wenn die Vorherrschaft einzelner Städte auf Kreta in den folgenden Jahrhunderten mehrfach wechselt und schließlich die Insel unter den Römern – nicht zum ersten und auch nicht zum letzten Mal – zum Objekt einer Fremdherrschaft wird, so bleibt sie doch stets ein bedeutender Faktor der antiken Welt. Kretas wechselvolle Ereignisgeschichte und seine kulturgeschichtliche Vielfalt läßt Angelos Chaniotis in diesem Buch wieder lebendig werden.

Eine kurze Geschichte der Menschheit

Author: Yuval Noah Harari

Publisher: DVA

ISBN: 364110498X

Category: History

Page: 528

View: 6710

Krone der Schöpfung? Vor 100 000 Jahren war der Homo sapiens noch ein unbedeutendes Tier, das unauffällig in einem abgelegenen Winkel des afrikanischen Kontinents lebte. Unsere Vorfahren teilten sich den Planeten mit mindestens fünf weiteren menschlichen Spezies, und die Rolle, die sie im Ökosystem spielten, war nicht größer als die von Gorillas, Libellen oder Quallen. Vor 70 000 Jahren dann vollzog sich ein mysteriöser und rascher Wandel mit dem Homo sapiens, und es war vor allem die Beschaffenheit seines Gehirns, die ihn zum Herren des Planeten und zum Schrecken des Ökosystems werden ließ. Bis heute hat sich diese Vorherrschaft stetig zugespitzt: Der Mensch hat die Fähigkeit zu schöpferischem und zu zerstörerischem Handeln wie kein anderes Lebewesen. Anschaulich, unterhaltsam und stellenweise hochkomisch zeichnet Yuval Harari die Geschichte des Menschen nach und zeigt alle großen, aber auch alle ambivalenten Momente unserer Menschwerdung.

Aretism

An Ancient Sports Philosophy for the Modern Sports World

Author: Mark Holowchak,Heather Lynne Reid

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780739148815

Category: Philosophy

Page: 214

View: 5501

Aretism: An Ancient Sports Philosophy for the Modern Sports World provides a tripartite model of sports ethics founded on ancient Greek principles and focused on personal, civic, and global integration. Heather Reid and Mark Holowchak apply these concepts as a "golden mean" between the extremes of the commercialist and recreational models of competition. This treatment is most applicable to students and academics concerned with the philosophy of sport, but will also be of interest to those in sports professions.

The uses and abuses of antiquity

Author: Michael Denis Biddiss,Maria Wyke

Publisher: Peter Lang

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 281

View: 2055

Bern, Berlin, Bruxelles, Frankfurt/M., New York, Wien. 28 fig. This multi-disciplinary volume brings together essays illustrating the diversity of forms in which the legacy of Antiquity has been used, and abused, by the Modern West. Here classicists and non-classicists combine to show how historiography, anthropology, philosophy, political thought, archaeology, poetry, drama, the novel, music, architecture, sculpture, painting, photography, and film can be rewardingly juxtaposed as sites rich in the appropriation of Greco-Roman culture. The book has a chronological span running from the 17th to the late-20th century, and it ranges geographically from Britain to Europe and the USA. The authors remind us that it is often not the past itself so much as constructed images thereof which do most to mould our cultural consciousness. The collection discloses the pluralism and flexibility of Antiquity as an important modern symbolic source, and the variety of socio-cultural circumstances which have oriented us towards it. At many points these essays also analyse signs of a certain desire for release from a tradition viewed as troublesome and constraining. Yet they also tend to confirm that, whenever we seek to escape classical culture, we are still likely to be held within its trammels - that, even when we think that we have thrown it off, we seem fated to remain within its protean thrall. Contents: Maria Wyke and Michael Biddiss: Introduction: using and abusing antiquity - Carolyn D. Williams: 'This frantic woman': Boadicea and English neo-classical embarrassment - Edith Hall: 1845 and all that: singing Greek tragedy on the London stage - Tessa Rajak: Jews and Greeks: the invention andexploitation of polarities in the nineteenth century - Athena S. Leoussi: Nationalism and the antique in nineteenth-century English and French art - Alex Potts: Walter Pater's unsettling of the Apollonian ideal - Michael Biddiss: The invention of modern Olympic tradition - Janet

Das Kunstwerk im Zeitalter seiner technischen Reproduzierbarkeit

Drei Studien zur Kunstsoziologie

Author: Walter Benjamin

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 3518734059

Category: Philosophy

Page: 112

View: 2735

Walter Benjamin beschreibt in dem Aufsatz Das Kunstwerk im Zeitalter seiner technischen Reproduzierbarkeit die geschichtlichen, sozialen und ästhetischen Prozesse, die mit der technischen Reproduzierbarkeit des Kunstwerkes zusammenhängen. In die Reihe der kunstsoziologischen Arbeiten Benjamins gehören auch die beiden hier zum ersten Mal in Buchform veröffentlichten Texte: Kleine Geschichte der Photographie (1931) und Eduard Fuchs, der Sammler und der Historiker (1937). Sie erhärten Benjamins Einsichten am Einzelfall.