Social Support: Theory, Research and Applications

Author: I.G. Sarason

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400951159

Category: Medical

Page: 520

View: 4026

"No one is rich enough to do without a neighbor." Traditional Danish Proverb This bit of Danish folk wisdom expresses an idea underlying much of the current thinking about social support. While the clinical literature has for a long time recognized the deleterious effects of unwholesome social relationships, only more recently has the focus broadened to include the positive side of social interaction, those interpersonal ties that are desired, rewarding, and protective. This book contains theoretical and research contributions by a group of scholars who are charting this side of the social spectrum. Evidence is increasing that maladaptive ways of thinking and behaving occur disproportionately among people with few social supports. Rather than sapping self-reliance, strong ties with others particularly family members seem to encourage it. Reliance on others and self-reliance are not only compatible but complementary to one another. While the mechanism by which an intimate relationship is protective has yet to be worked out, the following factors seem to be involved: intimacy, social integration through shared concerns, reassurance of worth, the opportunity to be nurtured by others, a sense of reliable alliance, and guidance. The major advance that is taking place in the literature on social support is that reliance is being -placed less on anecdotal and clinical evidence and more on empirical inquiry. The chapters of this book reflect this important development and identify the frontiers that are currently being explored.

Soziale Unterstützung für gewaltbetroffene Frauen

Neue Wege der Gesundheitsförderung

Author: Juliane Wahren

Publisher: Tectum Wissenschaftsverlag

ISBN: 3828865356

Category: Social Science

Page: 452

View: 5835

Die meisten von Gewalt betroffenen Frauen verfügen wider Erwarten über vielfältige soziale Unterstützungsmöglichkeiten. Doch wirken sich diese nicht unbedingt nur positiv auf die Gesundheit der Betroffenen aus. In Abhängigkeit von individuellen Bedürfnissen können unpassende oder schlecht abgestimmte Arten sozialer Unterstützung sogar negative Folgen haben. Juliane Wahren untersucht, unter welchen Bedingungen welche Arten sozialer Unterstützung angebracht und hilfreich sind. Dabei zeigt sie auch eine Vielzahl von eigenen und sozialen Ressourcen auf, über die viele der gewaltbetroffenen Frauen selbst verfügen. Das heißt keineswegs, dass professionelle soziale Unterstützung prinzipiell nicht nötig ist. Eine den Bedürfnissen entsprechende – formelle wie auch informelle – soziale Unterstützung spielt eine bedeutende Rolle für Gesundheitswiederherstellung, -erhalt und erfolgreiche Lebensbewältigung trotz bestehender Stressoren.

Heart Disease

Environment, Stress, and Gender

Author: Gerdi Weidner,Mária Kopp,Margareta Kristenson

Publisher: IOS Press

ISBN: 9784274905070

Category: Coronary heart disease

Page: 384

View: 4917

Why do men get more heart disease than women? Recent global trends in heart disease show that traditional coronary risk factors, such as elevated blood pressure and cholesterol are poor candidates in explaining the gender gap in heart disease. Changes in these risk factors also cannot explain the recent cardiovascular disease epidemic among middle-aged men in Eastern Europe. This book focuses on environmental, behavioural, and psychosocial variables, as well as new risk factors of a biological nature in an attempt to understand the gender gap in heart disease. It combines perspectives from numerous disciplines, such as demography, epidemiology, medicine, nutrition, sociology, and psychology to explore the environmental, behavioural, and psychosocial influences on men's greater susceptibility to heart disease.

Stress and Work

Perspectives on Understanding and Managing Stress

Author: Satish Pandey,D. M. Pestonjee

Publisher: SAGE Publishing India

ISBN: 8132117638

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 436

View: 7194

Stress and Work focuses on the problem of stress from various angles and perspectives and provides empirical findings relevant to different occupational settings. It provides comprehensive research literature, which has been divided along the following theoretical perspectives: Occupational Stress and Burnout; Work–Family Conflict and Stress; Positive Stress Management; and Stress and Spirituality. This volume will be a resource-book for researchers and practitioners of management, psychology, sociology, and behavioral sciences. The prospective reader of human society and human nature will find this volume to be of immense utility.

Operational Research and the Social Sciences

Author: S.A. Cropper,Michael C. Jackson,Paul Keys

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461307899

Category: Psychology

Page: 723

View: 9002

Twenty five years ago, in 1964, The Operational Research Society's first International Conference (held at Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge) took as its theme "Operational Research and the Social Sciences". The Conference sessions were organised around topics such as: Organisations and Control; Social Effects of Policies; Conflict Resolution; The Systems Concept; Models, Decisions and Operational Research. An examination of the published proceedings (J.R.Lawrence ed., 1966, Operational Research and the Social Sciences, Tavistock, London) reveals a distinct contrast between the types of contribution made by the representatives of the two academic communities involved. Nevertheless, the Conference served to break down some barriers, largely of ignorance about the objects, methods and findings of each concern. In the ensuing twenty five years, although debate has continued about the relationship between OR and the social sciences, mutual understanding has proved more difficult to achieve than many must have hoped for in 1964.

Hidden Figures - Unerkannte Heldinnen

Author: Margot Lee Shetterly

Publisher: HarperCollins

ISBN: 3959676433

Category: History

Page: 416

View: 2589

1943 stellt das Langley Memorial Aeronautical Laboratory der NACA,die später zur NASA wird, erstmalig afroamerikanische Frauen ein. "Menschliche Rechner" - unter ihnen Dorothy Vaughan, die 1953 Vorgesetzte der brillanten afroamerikanischen Mathematikerin Katherine Johnson wird. Trotz Diskriminierung und Vorurteilen, treiben sie die Forschungen der NASA voran und Katherine Johnsons Berechnungen werden maßgeblich für den Erfolg der Apollo-Missionen. Dies ist ihre Geschichte. "Mit dieser unglaublich mitreißenden und vielschichtigen Erzählung zeigt Shetterly ihr Können. Die Geschichte begeistert in allen Aspekten." Booklist

Extreme Stress and Communities: Impact and Intervention

Author: S.E. Hobfoll,Marten W. de Vries

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401584869

Category: Psychology

Page: 536

View: 4372

Extreme Stress and Communities: Impact and Intervention is the first volume to address traumatic stress from a community perspective. The authors, drawn from among the world's leaders in psychology, psychiatry and anthropology, examine how extreme stress, such as war, disasters and political upheaval, interact in their effects on individuals, families and communities. The book is rich in both theoretical insight and practical experience. It informs readers about how to adopt a community perspective and how to apply this perspective to policy, research and intervention.

Handbook of Psychology, Health Psychology

Author: Irving B. Weiner,Arthur M. Nezu,Christine M. Nezu,Pamela A. Geller

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118282051

Category: Psychology

Page: 704

View: 7530

Psychology is of interest to academics from many fields, as well as to the thousands of academic and clinical psychologists and general public who can't help but be interested in learning more about why humans think and behave as they do. This award-winning twelve-volume reference covers every aspect of the ever-fascinating discipline of psychology and represents the most current knowledge in the field. This ten-year revision now covers discoveries based in neuroscience, clinical psychology's new interest in evidence-based practice and mindfulness, and new findings in social, developmental, and forensic psychology.

Einführung in die Geometrie und Topologie

Author: Werner Ballmann

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3034809018

Category: Mathematics

Page: 162

View: 6369

Das Buch bietet eine Einführung in die Topologie, Differentialtopologie und Differentialgeometrie. Es basiert auf Manuskripten, die in verschiedenen Vorlesungszyklen erprobt wurden. Im ersten Kapitel werden grundlegende Begriffe und Resultate aus der mengentheoretischen Topologie bereitgestellt. Eine Ausnahme hiervon bildet der Jordansche Kurvensatz, der für Polygonzüge bewiesen wird und eine erste Idee davon vermitteln soll, welcher Art tiefere topologische Probleme sind. Im zweiten Kapitel werden Mannigfaltigkeiten und Liesche Gruppen eingeführt und an einer Reihe von Beispielen veranschaulicht. Diskutiert werden auch Tangential- und Vektorraumbündel, Differentiale, Vektorfelder und Liesche Klammern von Vektorfeldern. Weiter vertieft wird diese Diskussion im dritten Kapitel, in dem die de Rhamsche Kohomologie und das orientierte Integral eingeführt und der Brouwersche Fixpunktsatz, der Jordan-Brouwersche Zerlegungssatz und die Integralformel von Stokes bewiesen werden. Das abschließende vierte Kapitel ist den Grundlagen der Differentialgeometrie gewidmet. Entlang der Entwicklungslinien, die die Geometrie der Kurven und Untermannigfaltigkeiten in Euklidischen Räumen durchlaufen hat, werden Zusammenhänge und Krümmung, die zentralen Konzepte der Differentialgeometrie, diskutiert. Den Höhepunkt bilden die Gaussgleichungen, die Version des theorema egregium von Gauss für Untermannigfaltigkeiten beliebiger Dimension und Kodimension. Das Buch richtet sich in erster Linie an Mathematik- und Physikstudenten im zweiten und dritten Studienjahr und ist als Vorlage für ein- oder zweisemestrige Vorlesungen geeignet.

World Meetings

Social & behavioral sciences, human services & management

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: International cooperation

Page: N.A

View: 6028


Über die weibliche Sexualität

Author: Sigmund Freud

Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand

ISBN: 3739224401

Category: Psychology

Page: 26

View: 421

Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) war ein österreichischer Neurologe, Tiefenpsychologe, Kulturtheoretiker und Religionskritiker. Er wurde weltweit als Begründer der Psychoanalyse bekannt. Freud gilt als einer der einflussreichsten Denker des 20. Jahrhunderts. Seine Theorien und Methoden werden bis heute angewendet und diskutiert.

Pattern Recognition Theory and Applications

Author: Pierre A. Devijver,Josef Kittler

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642830692

Category: Computers

Page: 543

View: 782

This book is the outcome of a NATO Advanced Study Institute on Pattern Recog nition Theory and Applications held in Spa-Balmoral, Belgium, in June 1986. This Institute was the third of a series which started in 1975 in Bandol, France, at the initia tive of Professors K. S. Fu and A. Whinston, and continued in 1981 in Oxford, UK, with Professors K. S. Fu, J. Kittler and L. -F. Pau as directors. As early as in 1981, plans were made to pursue the series in about 1986 and possibly in Belgium, with Professor K. S. Fu and the present editors as directors. Unfortunately, Ie sort en decida autrement: Professor Fu passed away in the spring of 1985. His sudden death was an irreparable loss to the scientific community and to all those who knew him as an inspiring colleague, a teacher or a dear friend. Soon after, Josef Kittler and I decided to pay a small tribute to his memory by helping some of his plans to materialize. With the support of the NATO Scientific Affairs Division, the Institute became a reality. It was therefore but natural that the proceedings of the Institute be dedicated to him. The book contains most of the papers that were presented at the Institute. Papers are grouped along major themes which hopefully represent the major areas of contem porary research. These are: 1. Statistical methods and clustering techniques 2. Probabilistic relaxation techniques 3. From Markovian to connectionist models 4.