Social Support: Theory, Research and Applications

Author: I.G. Sarason

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400951159

Category: Medical

Page: 520

View: 5236

"No one is rich enough to do without a neighbor." Traditional Danish Proverb This bit of Danish folk wisdom expresses an idea underlying much of the current thinking about social support. While the clinical literature has for a long time recognized the deleterious effects of unwholesome social relationships, only more recently has the focus broadened to include the positive side of social interaction, those interpersonal ties that are desired, rewarding, and protective. This book contains theoretical and research contributions by a group of scholars who are charting this side of the social spectrum. Evidence is increasing that maladaptive ways of thinking and behaving occur disproportionately among people with few social supports. Rather than sapping self-reliance, strong ties with others particularly family members seem to encourage it. Reliance on others and self-reliance are not only compatible but complementary to one another. While the mechanism by which an intimate relationship is protective has yet to be worked out, the following factors seem to be involved: intimacy, social integration through shared concerns, reassurance of worth, the opportunity to be nurtured by others, a sense of reliable alliance, and guidance. The major advance that is taking place in the literature on social support is that reliance is being -placed less on anecdotal and clinical evidence and more on empirical inquiry. The chapters of this book reflect this important development and identify the frontiers that are currently being explored.

Soziale Unterstützung für gewaltbetroffene Frauen

Neue Wege der Gesundheitsförderung

Author: Juliane Wahren

Publisher: Tectum Wissenschaftsverlag

ISBN: 3828865356

Category: Social Science

Page: 452

View: 1895

Die meisten von Gewalt betroffenen Frauen verfügen wider Erwarten über vielfältige soziale Unterstützungsmöglichkeiten. Doch wirken sich diese nicht unbedingt nur positiv auf die Gesundheit der Betroffenen aus. In Abhängigkeit von individuellen Bedürfnissen können unpassende oder schlecht abgestimmte Arten sozialer Unterstützung sogar negative Folgen haben. Juliane Wahren untersucht, unter welchen Bedingungen welche Arten sozialer Unterstützung angebracht und hilfreich sind. Dabei zeigt sie auch eine Vielzahl von eigenen und sozialen Ressourcen auf, über die viele der gewaltbetroffenen Frauen selbst verfügen. Das heißt keineswegs, dass professionelle soziale Unterstützung prinzipiell nicht nötig ist. Eine den Bedürfnissen entsprechende – formelle wie auch informelle – soziale Unterstützung spielt eine bedeutende Rolle für Gesundheitswiederherstellung, -erhalt und erfolgreiche Lebensbewältigung trotz bestehender Stressoren.

Die Rolle des Partners und der Partnerin bei der Bewältigung arbeitsbedingter Belastungen

Der interaktive Prozess der sozialen Unterstützung in Paarbeziehungen

Author: Dana Niemann

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3658249064

Category: Psychology

Page: 275

View: 2457

Dana Niemann beschäftigt sich mit der Frage, welchen Stellenwert der Partner/die Partnerin bei der Bewältigung von Arbeitsbelastungen einnimmt und wie sich der Prozess der sozialen Unterstützung in der Paarinteraktion gestaltet. Mittels einer quantitativen Studie untersucht sie den Einfluss der partnerschaftlichen Unterstützung auf die Gesundheit. Weiterführende Leitfadeninterviews eruieren die Unterstützungsinteraktion in der Partnerschaft wechselseitig aus Sicht des Unterstützungsempfängers und -gebers. Dabei belegt die Autorin die hohe Bedeutung des Partners/der Partnerin bei der Bewältigung von Arbeitsbelastungen und identifiziert Determinanten für wirksame und unwirksame Unterstützungsprozesse.

Heart Disease

Environment, Stress, and Gender

Author: Gerdi Weidner,Mária Kopp,Margareta Kristenson

Publisher: IOS Press

ISBN: 9784274905070

Category: Coronary heart disease

Page: 384

View: 2396

Why do men get more heart disease than women? Recent global trends in heart disease show that traditional coronary risk factors, such as elevated blood pressure and cholesterol are poor candidates in explaining the gender gap in heart disease. Changes in these risk factors also cannot explain the recent cardiovascular disease epidemic among middle-aged men in Eastern Europe. This book focuses on environmental, behavioural, and psychosocial variables, as well as new risk factors of a biological nature in an attempt to understand the gender gap in heart disease. It combines perspectives from numerous disciplines, such as demography, epidemiology, medicine, nutrition, sociology, and psychology to explore the environmental, behavioural, and psychosocial influences on men's greater susceptibility to heart disease.

Stress and Work

Perspectives on Understanding and Managing Stress

Author: Satish Pandey,D. M. Pestonjee

Publisher: SAGE Publishing India

ISBN: 8132117638

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 436

View: 679

Stress and Work focuses on the problem of stress from various angles and perspectives and provides empirical findings relevant to different occupational settings. It provides comprehensive research literature, which has been divided along the following theoretical perspectives: Occupational Stress and Burnout; Work–Family Conflict and Stress; Positive Stress Management; and Stress and Spirituality. This volume will be a resource-book for researchers and practitioners of management, psychology, sociology, and behavioral sciences. The prospective reader of human society and human nature will find this volume to be of immense utility.

Operational Research and the Social Sciences

Author: S.A. Cropper,Michael C. Jackson,Paul Keys

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461307899

Category: Psychology

Page: 723

View: 7629

Twenty five years ago, in 1964, The Operational Research Society's first International Conference (held at Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge) took as its theme "Operational Research and the Social Sciences". The Conference sessions were organised around topics such as: Organisations and Control; Social Effects of Policies; Conflict Resolution; The Systems Concept; Models, Decisions and Operational Research. An examination of the published proceedings (J.R.Lawrence ed., 1966, Operational Research and the Social Sciences, Tavistock, London) reveals a distinct contrast between the types of contribution made by the representatives of the two academic communities involved. Nevertheless, the Conference served to break down some barriers, largely of ignorance about the objects, methods and findings of each concern. In the ensuing twenty five years, although debate has continued about the relationship between OR and the social sciences, mutual understanding has proved more difficult to achieve than many must have hoped for in 1964.

Extreme Stress and Communities: Impact and Intervention

Author: S.E. Hobfoll,Marten W. de Vries

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401584869

Category: Psychology

Page: 536

View: 7197

Extreme Stress and Communities: Impact and Intervention is the first volume to address traumatic stress from a community perspective. The authors, drawn from among the world's leaders in psychology, psychiatry and anthropology, examine how extreme stress, such as war, disasters and political upheaval, interact in their effects on individuals, families and communities. The book is rich in both theoretical insight and practical experience. It informs readers about how to adopt a community perspective and how to apply this perspective to policy, research and intervention.

Hidden Figures - Unerkannte Heldinnen

Author: Margot Lee Shetterly

Publisher: HarperCollins

ISBN: 3959676433

Category: History

Page: 416

View: 4004

1943 stellt das Langley Memorial Aeronautical Laboratory der NACA,die später zur NASA wird, erstmalig afroamerikanische Frauen ein. "Menschliche Rechner" - unter ihnen Dorothy Vaughan, die 1953 Vorgesetzte der brillanten afroamerikanischen Mathematikerin Katherine Johnson wird. Trotz Diskriminierung und Vorurteilen, treiben sie die Forschungen der NASA voran und Katherine Johnsons Berechnungen werden maßgeblich für den Erfolg der Apollo-Missionen. Dies ist ihre Geschichte. "Mit dieser unglaublich mitreißenden und vielschichtigen Erzählung zeigt Shetterly ihr Können. Die Geschichte begeistert in allen Aspekten." Booklist

Über die weibliche Sexualität

Author: Sigmund Freud

Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand

ISBN: 3739224401

Category: Psychology

Page: 26

View: 9784

Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) war ein österreichischer Neurologe, Tiefenpsychologe, Kulturtheoretiker und Religionskritiker. Er wurde weltweit als Begründer der Psychoanalyse bekannt. Freud gilt als einer der einflussreichsten Denker des 20. Jahrhunderts. Seine Theorien und Methoden werden bis heute angewendet und diskutiert.

I Think I Am a Verb

More Contributions to the Doctrine of Signs

Author: Thomas A. Sebeok

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1489934901

Category: Psychology

Page: 246

View: 4136

My writing career has been, at least in this one respect, idiosyncratic: it had to mark and chart, step by step, its own peculiar champaign. My earliest papers, beginning in 1942, were technical articles in this or that domain of Uralic linguistics, ethnography, and folklore, with a sprinkling of contributions to North and South American linguistics. In 1954, my name became fecklessly associated with psycholinguistics, then, successively, with explorations in my thology, religious studies, and stylistic problems. It now takes special effort for me to even revive the circumstances under which I came to publish, in 1955, a hefty tome on the supernatural, another, in 1958, on games, and yet another, in 1961, utilizing a computer for extensive sorting of literary information. By 1962, I had edged my way into animal communication studies. Two years after that, I first whiffled through what Gavin Ewart evocatively called "the tulgey wood of semiotics." In 1966, I published three books which tem porarily bluffed some of my friends into conjecturing that I was about to meta morphose into a historiographer of linguistics. The topmost layer in my scholarly stratification dates from 1976, when I started to compile what eventually became my "semiotic tetralogy," of which this volume may supposably be the last. In the language of "Jabberwocky," the word "tulgey" is said to connote variability and evasiveness. This notwithstanding, the allusion seems to me apt.

Cognitive and Linguistic Aspects of Geographic Space

Author: D.M. Mark,Mark Karwan,Andrew U. Frank

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780792315377

Category: Psychology

Page: 519

View: 9180

This book contains twenty-eight papers by participants in the NATO Advanced Study Institute (ASI) on "Cognitive and Linguistic Aspects of Geographic Space," held in Las Navas del Maxques, Spain, July 8-20, 1990. The NATO ASI marked a stage in a two-year research project at the U. S. National Center for Geographic Infonnation and Analysis (NCOIA). In 1987, the U. S. National Science Foundation issued a solicitation for proposals to establish the NCGIA-and one element of that solicitation was a call for research on a "fundamental theory of spatial relations". We felt that such a fundamental theory could be searched for in mathematics (geometry, topology) or in cognitive science, but that a simultaneous search in these two seemingly disparate research areas might produce novel results. Thus, as part of the NCGIA proposal from a consortium consisting of the University of California at Santa Barbara, the State University of New York at Buffalo, and the University of Maine, we proposed that the second major Research Initiative (two year, multidisciplinary research project) of the NCOIA would address these issues, and would be called "Languages of Spatial Relations" The grant to establish the NCOIA was awarded to our consortium late in 1988.