Social Science Research for Agricultural Technology Development

Spatial and Temporal Dimensions : Proceedings of an International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA)-Rockefeller Foundation Workshop, 2-5 October 1990, Ibadan, Nigeria

Author: Karen Ann Dvorak

Publisher: IITA

ISBN: 9780851988061

Category: Science

Page: 223

View: 4638

Agricultural technologies--the means employed to produce food and fiber--reflect the characteristics not only of environments but also of the people that devise and use them. The social science perspectives of variability in space and time can be used to generate comparative data which aid understanding of these issues. The studies reported in this book cross spatial and temporal boundaries in several dimensions. Scales range from farmers and herders to continents, and from seasons to centuries. Arid, semiarid, savanna, subhumid, humid and highland agroecosystems in Africa, Asia and Central and South America are included as is a wide range of commodities: sweet potato, cassava, sheep and goats, sorghum and pearl millet, as well as wheat, rice, maize and cattle. Chapters are based on papers presented at an IITA-Rockefeller Foundation Workshop held in Ibadan, Nigeria. The book is of interest to all social scientists concerned with agricultural development.

A History of Farming Systems Research

Author: Michael P. Collinson

Publisher: Food & Agriculture Org.

ISBN: 9789251043110

Category: Agricultural systems

Page: 432

View: 2189

This book provides a detailed history of farming systems research (FSR). While it includes the application of FSR to developed country agriculture, its main focus is on FSR in its original role, with small scale, resource-poor farmers in less developed countries. There are some 40 contributions from nearly 50 contributors from 20 countries, illustrating both the diversity and yet the coherence of FSR. The five parts of the book cover: (1) FSR - understanding farmers and their farming (FSR origins and perspectives; understanding farming systems); (2) the applications of farming systems research (FSR in technology choice and development; FSR in extension and policy formulation); (3) institutional commitment to FSR (FSR: some institutional experiences in national agricultural research; dimensions of the organization of FSR; training for FSR); (4) FSR: the professional dimension (regional and international associations; FSR and the professional disciplines); and (5) cutting edge methods, abiding issues and the future for FSR.

Linking Research and Marketing Opportunities for Pulses in the 21st Century

Proceedings of the Third International Food Legumes Research Conference : [held in Adelaide, South Australia, Sept. 22-26, 1997]

Author: R. Knight

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780792355656

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 704

View: 7060

The cool season food legumes are important in the nutrition of populations and livestock in many countries and play a valuable role in agricultural rotations improving the yields of other succeeding crops. This volume contains papers presented at the Third International Food Legume Conference which review the most recent research on these legumes and directly link this research to utilisation and marketing. Rapid changes are occurring in the production of the legumes in different countries and the contributors have considered the factors which are affecting the continuing success of these crops. The volume will be of interest to all persons seeking a comprehensive coverage of the grain legume industry, from researchers wishing to know of the most recent developments through to commodity traders wishing to follow changes in pulse marketing. Topics reviewed include international and regional production, improving yields and quality by breeding and cultural practices, prospects for improvement using gene technology, the status and use of the germplasm of the species, overcoming biotic and abiotic stresses, the value of the legumes in the nutrition of humans and animals, alternative uses following processing, and important considerations in trade and marketing.

Agricultural technology

policy issues for the international community

Author: Jock R. Anderson,C.A.B. International,World Bank

Publisher: CABI

ISBN: 9780851988801

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 680

View: 9820

Major complex problems confront agricultural policy analysts and development specialists regarding the broad issue of 'agricultural technology.' These topics are reviewed in this volume which consists of 37 chapters, developed from papers presented at a conference held at Airlie House, Virginia, near Washington DC. The authors include leading international authorities from the academic sector, World Bank and agricultural research centers. The chapters are grouped into six parts. The first introductory part is followed by investment as the focus of Part II. In Part III a variety of conceptual and practical issues involved in the transfer of agricultural technology is considered. Part IV includes discussions of concrete technical matters ranging for example from the general to the specific, from plant to animal, and from soil management to irrigation engineering. Emphasis moves from the specifically technological to wider policy issues in Part V and this latter thrust is carried through into the final summarizing section.

Agricultural Technologies and Tropical Deforestation

Author: Arild Angelsen,David Kaimowitz,Center for International Forestry Research

Publisher: CABI

ISBN: 9780851994512

Category: Nature

Page: 422

View: 1888

This book includes a theoretical framework, 8 case studies from Latin America, 4 from sub-Saharan Africa and 4 from South East Asia, in addition to two studies on the historical experience of developed countries in Europe and the USA which discuss whether improvements in agricultural technology protect or endanger tropical forests. The studies address the view of many in the development, environmental and agricultural research communities that better agricultural technologies can save forests by producing more food on the existing land area vs. the premise from basic economic theory that anything which makes agriculture more profitable should stimulate land expansion and deforestation.

Economic and Social Issues in Agricultural Biotechnology

Author: Robert E. Evenson,V. Santaniello,David Zilberman

Publisher: CABI

ISBN: 9780851997889

Category: Science

Page: 448

View: 6999

There are currently many controversial socioeconomic issues concerned with the development and implementation of agricultural biotechnology. This book presents selected revised and edited papers from the fourth and fifth meetings of the International Consortium on Agricultural Biotechnology Research, held in Italy in 2000 and 2001.

Global Development of Organic Agriculture

Challenges and Prospects

Author: Niels Halberg

Publisher: CABI

ISBN: 1845930789

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 377

View: 5074

Agriculture and food systems, including organic agriculture, are undergoing a technological and structural modernization strongly influenced by growing globalization. Organic agricultural movements can be seen as a tangible effort towards more sustainable development. However, there are large differences between, on the one hand, industrialized farming and consumption based on global food chains and, on the other, smallholder farmers and resource poor people primarily linked in local food markets in low-income countries. This book provides an overview of the potential role of organic agriculture in a global perspective. The book discusses in-depth political ecology, ecological justice, ecological economics and free trade with new insights on the challenges for organic agriculture. This is followed by the potential role of organic agriculture for improving soil fertility, nutrient cycling and food security and reducing veterinary medicine use, together with discussions of research needs and the importance of non-certified organic agriculture.

Science Under Scarcity

Principles and Practice for Agricultural Research Evaluation and Priority Setting

Author: Julian M. Alston,George W. Norton,Philip G. Pardey,International Service for National Agricultural Research

Publisher: Cabi

ISBN: N.A

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 585

View: 6361

Resources for agricultural science are scarce across the world. Yet even as resources are shrinking, agricultural science has expanded its inquiry into many new areas - such as environmental preservation, food quality, and rural development - without forsaking its more traditional concerns. In a time of tight government budgets, research administrators are faced with the need to provide strong evidence that costs are justified by benefits. Science under Scarcity is an invaluable guide to the theory and methods necessary for evaluating research in agriculture and for setting priorities for resource allocation. Although economists have made significant progress in developing more sophisticated methods for research evaluation and priority setting, many research analysts and administrators do not have a working knowledge of those practices. Without the assistance of formal economic analysis it is particularly difficult to assess the social value of new technologies or to make informed judgements about the trade-offs that are involved in allocation decisions. Addressing that knowledge gap, this book reviews, synthesizes, and extends such methods as economic surplus analysis, econometric techniques, mathematical programming procedures, and scoring models. It discusses these practices in the context of scientific policy, describes their conceptual foundations, and explains how to do them. Originally published in 1995 in hardcover by Cornell University Press, it is now reissued in paperback by CAB INTERNATIONAL.

Living with the Trees of Life Towards the Transformation of Tropical Agriculture

Author: Roger R. B. Leakey

Publisher: CABI

ISBN: 9781780641447

Category: Agroforestry

Page: 200

View: 8731

This book analyses and presents case studies on how agroforestry offers innovative and compelling pathways towards food security, human well-being and environmental sustainability. The book underlines how modern science and improved varieties of trees allied to centuries-old knowledge can provide a new set of marketable products of special importance to poor and marginalized people in the tropics and sub-tropics, while simultaneously rehabilitating degraded land and restoring soil fertility.

Organic Farming

An International History

Author: William Lockeretz

Publisher: CABI

ISBN: 085199833X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 282

View: 8047

This book discusses organic farming with regards to the origins and principles, policies and markets, organizations and institutions, and future concepts.

The New Walford

Guide to Reference Resources

Author: Albert John Walford

Publisher: New Walford's Guide to Referen

ISBN: 9781856044950

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 827

View: 1608

First published in 1959, Walford''s guide to reference material achieved international recognition as a leading bibliographic tool across all subject areas. But, in the 1990s, the web transformed the information universe; and so we have now transformed Walford. The New Walford (TNW) Volume 1: Science, Technology and Medicine is the first volume of a radically different guide. Published over 3 years, TNW will form the most substantial work of its kind in the English language. This book provides a pathway through the huge quantity of information now accessible via the web. The types of material cited have been greatly widened to reflect the revolution brought about by the use of networked information; but we have made sure that print resources are not ignored where these are still valuable. If you are approaching a subject for the first time, TNW will get you on your way, guiding you to the best starting points for your query. For the information professional, TNW''s new way of categorizing resources reflects the fundamental changes that have taken place in the scientific, business, political and social information landscapes. Who is it for This new reference book will be valuable for professionals worldwide who need to suggest resources to people who are relatively unfamiliar with the nuances of a topic and who need to know where to start. The focus is on resources that are most likely to be found and used within public, government, education or business information services. If you are an LIS professional responsible for developing and revising a reference collection, new to reference work, staffing an enquiry desk, a research worker or student, you''ll welcome publication of this new work - it''s your paper portal to the world of reference resources. Subject coverage mathematics physics & astronomy earth sciences chemistry biological sciences agriculture, forestry, fisheries & food pre-clinical sciences; clinical medicine health natural resources & energy engineering information & communication technology. Subject fields include astrophysics & cosmology biodiversity & conservation genetics, genomics & bioinformatics infectious diseases information system security meteorology & climatology microengineering & nanotechnology palaeontology soil science sports & exercise medicine. Editor-in-Chief Dr Ray Lester held posts in Unilever and a number of university libraries before becoming Director of Information Services at the London Business School and then the Head of Library and Information Services at The Natural History Museum. Subject specialists Catherine Carr, Cranfield University Jim Corlett, Nottingham Trent University Joanne Dunham, University of Leicester Helen Hathaway, University of Reading Dr Jonathan Jeffery, Leiden University Gareth Johnson, University of York Nazma Masud, Royal Society of Chemistry Roger Mills, University of Oxford Lorna Mitchell, Queen Mary, University of London Dr David Newton, The British Library Linda Norbury, University of Birmingham Bob Parry, University of Reading Alison Sutton, University of Reading Elizabeth Tilley, University of Cambridge Dr Barry White, University of Manchester Fenella Whittaker, The Institution of Mechanical Engineers. 010

Rural Aquaculture

Author: Peter Edwards,David Little,Harvey Demaine

Publisher: CABI

ISBN: 9780851995656

Category: Science

Page: 358

View: 4671

Aquaculture for both finfish and shellfish is expanding rapidly throughout the world. It is regarded as having the potential to provide a valuable source of protein in less developed countries and to be integrated into the farming systems and livelihoods of the rural poor. This book addresses key issues in aquaculture and rural development, with case studies drawn from several countries in South and South-East Asia. Papers included cover topics ranging from production and technical issues (such as pond culture and rice field fisheries) to social aspects and research and development methodology. The book has been developed from a meeting of the Asian Fisheries Society. It is aimed at all concerned with aquaculture and rural development.