Ethical Tensions from New Technology

The Case of Agricultural Biotechnology

Author: Harvey S James Jr

Publisher: CABI

ISBN: 1786394642

Category: Science

Page: 195

View: 2870

The introduction of new technologies can be controversial, especially when they create ethical tensions as well as winners and losers among stakeholders and interest groups. While ethical tensions resulting from the genetic modification of crops and plants and their supportive gene technologies have been apparent for decades, persistent challenges remain. This book explores the contemporary nature, type, extent and implications of ethical tensions resulting from agricultural biotechnology specifically and technology generally. There are four main arenas of ethical tensions: public opinion, policy and regulation, technology as solutions to problems, and older versus new technologies. Contributions focus on one or more of these arenas by identifying the ethical tensions technology creates and articulating emerging fault lines and, where possible, viable solutions. Key features include focusing on contemporary challenges created by new and emerging technologies, especially agricultural biotechnology. Identifying a unique perspective by considering the problem of ethical tensions created or enhanced by new technologies. Providing an interdisciplinary perspective by including perspectives from sociologists, economists, philosophers and other social scientists. This book will be of interest to academics in agricultural economics, sociology and philosophy and policymakers concerned with introducing new technology into agriculture.

Agricultural Technologies and Tropical Deforestation

Author: Arild Angelsen,David Kaimowitz,Center for International Forestry Research

Publisher: CABI

ISBN: 9780851994512

Category: Nature

Page: 422

View: 6382

This book includes a theoretical framework, 8 case studies from Latin America, 4 from sub-Saharan Africa and 4 from South East Asia, in addition to two studies on the historical experience of developed countries in Europe and the USA which discuss whether improvements in agricultural technology protect or endanger tropical forests. The studies address the view of many in the development, environmental and agricultural research communities that better agricultural technologies can save forests by producing more food on the existing land area vs. the premise from basic economic theory that anything which makes agriculture more profitable should stimulate land expansion and deforestation.

A History of Farming Systems Research

Author: Michael P. Collinson

Publisher: Food & Agriculture Org.

ISBN: 9789251043110

Category: Agricultural systems

Page: 432

View: 6860

This book provides a detailed history of farming systems research (FSR). While it includes the application of FSR to developed country agriculture, its main focus is on FSR in its original role, with small scale, resource-poor farmers in less developed countries. There are some 40 contributions from nearly 50 contributors from 20 countries, illustrating both the diversity and yet the coherence of FSR. The five parts of the book cover: (1) FSR - understanding farmers and their farming (FSR origins and perspectives; understanding farming systems); (2) the applications of farming systems research (FSR in technology choice and development; FSR in extension and policy formulation); (3) institutional commitment to FSR (FSR: some institutional experiences in national agricultural research; dimensions of the organization of FSR; training for FSR); (4) FSR: the professional dimension (regional and international associations; FSR and the professional disciplines); and (5) cutting edge methods, abiding issues and the future for FSR.

Digital Technologies for Agricultural and Rural Development in the Global South

Author: Richard Duncombe

Publisher: CABI

ISBN: 1786393360

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 164

View: 1076

This book shares research and practice on current trends in digital technology for agricultural and rural development in the Global South. Growth of research in this field has been slower than the pace of change for practitioners, particularly in bringing socio-technical views of information technology and agricultural development perspectives together. The contents are therefore structured around three main themes: sharing information and knowledge for agricultural development, information and knowledge intermediaries, and facilitating change in agricultural systems and settings. With contributions reaching beyond just a technological perspective, the book also provides a consideration of social and cultural factors and new forms of organization and institutional change in agricultural and rural settings. An invaluable read for researchers in international development, socio-economics and agriculture, it forms a useful resource for practitioners working in the area.

Agricultural technology

policy issues for the international community

Author: Jock R. Anderson,C.A.B. International,World Bank

Publisher: CABI

ISBN: 9780851988801

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 680

View: 4604

Major complex problems confront agricultural policy analysts and development specialists regarding the broad issue of 'agricultural technology.' These topics are reviewed in this volume which consists of 37 chapters, developed from papers presented at a conference held at Airlie House, Virginia, near Washington DC. The authors include leading international authorities from the academic sector, World Bank and agricultural research centers. The chapters are grouped into six parts. The first introductory part is followed by investment as the focus of Part II. In Part III a variety of conceptual and practical issues involved in the transfer of agricultural technology is considered. Part IV includes discussions of concrete technical matters ranging for example from the general to the specific, from plant to animal, and from soil management to irrigation engineering. Emphasis moves from the specifically technological to wider policy issues in Part V and this latter thrust is carried through into the final summarizing section.

Europe's Green Revolution and Others Since

The Rise and Fall of Peasant-friendly Plant Breeding

Author: Jonathan Harwood

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0415598680

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 269

View: 2500

How best to foster agricultural development in the Third World has long been a subject of debate and from a European perspective the persistent failure to design peasant-friendly technology is puzzling. From the late 19th century, for example, various western European countries also underwent 'green revolutions' in which systematic attempts were made to promote the adoption of technological innovation by peasant-farmers. This book focuses on the development of public-sector plant-breeding in Germany from the late nineteenth century through its fate under National Socialism. Harwood uses this historical case study in order to argue that peasant-friendly research has an important role to play in future Green Revolutions.

Trees, Crops, and Soil Fertility

Concepts and Research Methods

Author: G. Schroth,Fergus L. Sinclair

Publisher: CABI

ISBN: 9780851997926

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 448

View: 3501

Annotation. Successful agroforestry requires an understanding of the complex relationship between trees, crops and soils. This book provides a review of both economic and biophysical aspects of soil use and research in agroforestry, with an emphasis on nutrient-poor forest and savanna soils. Key topics covered include the economics of soil fertility management, cycling of water, nutrients and organic matter, soil structure, and soil biological processes. The book combines synthetic overviews of research results and a review of methods used in research.From the foreword: 2The book is written within a particular context - soil fertility development under agroforestry. At first this may seem very specific and thus limited in appeal and application. But over the last decade or so agroforestry research has been one of the most influential in developing new insights into soil biology and fertility and thus provides a very suitable framework for review of progress. Furthermore the influence of trees on soil is profound and of significance beyond agroforestry systems, so the book is likely to be of interest in the wider spheres of agriculture, forestry and ecological sciences.3 Mike Swift, TSBF, Nairobi, Kenya.

Indigenous Knowledge

Enhancing its Contribution to Natural Resources Management

Author: Paul Sillitoe

Publisher: CABI

ISBN: 1780647050

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 249

View: 5455

Indigenous Knowledge (IK) reviews cutting-edge research and links theory with practice to further our understanding of this important approach's contribution to natural resource management. It addresses IK's potential in solving issues such as coping with change, ensuring global food supply for a growing population, reversing environmental degradation and promoting sustainable practices. It is increasingly recognised that IK, which has featured centrally in resource management for millennia, should play a significant part in today's programmes that seek to increase land productivity and food security while ensuring environmental conservation. An invaluable resource for researchers and postgraduate students in environmental science and natural resources management, this book is also an informative read for development practitioners and undergraduates in agriculture, forestry, geography, anthropology and environmental studies.

Soil Use and Management

Author: Lester Bane

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781632397898

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 264

View: 9209

Soil Use and management refers to the practices used for protecting and managing soil. It incorporates all the functions and treatments required for soil enhancement and nutrient management. Some of the major aspects of soil management are to maintain soil fertility, increase crop yield, improve soil structure and function, reduce tillage, etc. This book provides significant information of this discipline to help develop a good understanding of the area and related fields. Most of the topics introduced in it cover new techniques and the applications within this area. Researchers and students interested in the subject will be assisted by this text as it comprises contributions of experts from across the globe.

Economic and Social Issues in Agricultural Biotechnology

Author: Robert E. Evenson,V. Santaniello,David Zilberman

Publisher: CABI

ISBN: 9780851997889

Category: Science

Page: 448

View: 3297

There are currently many controversial socioeconomic issues concerned with the development and implementation of agricultural biotechnology. This book presents selected revised and edited papers from the fourth and fifth meetings of the International Consortium on Agricultural Biotechnology Research, held in Italy in 2000 and 2001.

Scientific writing for agricultural research scientists

A training resource manual

Author: Youdeowei, A.,Stapleton, P.,Obubo, R.

Publisher: CTA

ISBN: 929081506X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 192

View: 8063

This new, fully revised edition aims to serve as a guide for agricultural research scientists and other practitioners in writing papers for publication. It also looks to provide a resource manual for training courses in scientific writing. There are three new chapters on reporting statistical results, communicating science to non-scientific audiences and electronic publishing. In addition, the original chapters have all been rewritten to reflect current developments and to make the content more complete and easily comprehensible.

Rice Almanac

Source Book for the Most Important Economic Activity on Earth

Author: Jay L. Maclean,David Charles Dawe

Publisher: Int. Rice Res. Inst.

ISBN: 0851996361

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 253

View: 9957

Presents data concering rice and rice production around the world.

Organic Farming

An International History

Author: William Lockeretz

Publisher: CABI

ISBN: 085199833X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 282

View: 6953

This book discusses organic farming with regards to the origins and principles, policies and markets, organizations and institutions, and future concepts.

Science, Agriculture, and Research

A Compromised Participation?

Author: William Buhler

Publisher: Earthscan

ISBN: 1849772487

Category: Reference

Page: 176

View: 2710

Research is never free of pressures and constraints and to understand its results properly these have to be assessed and analyzed. In agriculture, research into biotechnology and GMOs, as well as pesticides and herbicides, is big business - agribusiness. This book looks at the crucial roles of funding and the political context on the research agenda and its results in agricultural development. It provides a critical evaluation of the participatory methods now widely used and explores the ways in which research into biotechnology have reflected the interests of the various parties involved.

Technology of Cereals

An Introduction for Students of Food Science and Agriculture

Author: Norman Leslie Kent,A. D. Evers

Publisher: Woodhead Publishing

ISBN: 9780080408347

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 334

View: 8406

A thorougly revised edition that encompasses new material including sections dealing with extrusion cooking and the use of cereals for animal feed. The section on industrial uses for cereals has been expanded considerably.

Coping with Risk in Agriculture, 3rd Edition

Applied Decision Analysis

Author: J Brian Hardaker,Gudbrand Lien,Jock R Anderson,Ruud B M Huirne

Publisher: CABI

ISBN: 1780645740

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 289

View: 6830

Risk and uncertainty are inescapable factors in agriculture which require careful management. Farmers face production risks from the weather, crop and livestock performance, and pests and diseases, as well as institutional, personal and business risks. This revised third edition of the popular textbook includes updated chapters on theory and methods and contains a new chapter discussing the state-contingent approach to the analysis of production and the use of copulas to better model stochastic dependency. Aiming to introduce agricultural decision making, probability and risk preference, this book is an indispensable guide for students and researchers of agriculture and agribusiness management.