Social Reality

Author: Finn Collin

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134754078

Category: Philosophy

Page: 272

View: 1151

Social reality is currently a hotly debated topic not only in social science, but also in philosophy and the other humanities. Finn Collin, in this concise guide, asks if social reality is created by the way social agents conceive of it? Is there a difference between the kind of existence attributed to social and to physical facts - do physical facts enjoy a more independent existence? To what extent is social reality a matter of social convention. Finn Collin considers a number of traditional doctrines which support the constructivist position that social reality is generated by our 'interpretation' of it. He also examines the way social facts are contingent upon the meaning invested in them by social agents; the nature of social convention; the status of social facts as symbolic; the ways in which socially shared language is claimed to generate the reality described, as well as the limitations of some of the over-ambitious popular arguments for social constructivism.

The Problems of Philosophy

Author: Bertrand Russell

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 048612116X

Category: Philosophy

Page: 128

View: 9063

Accessible, thought-provoking study by Nobel Prize-winner considers distinction between appearance and reality, existence and nature of matter, idealism, inductive logic, intuitive knowledge, many other stimulating subjects.

Speech Acts, Mind, and Social Reality

Discussions with John R. Searle

Author: Günther Grewendorf,G. Meggle

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402008610

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 327

View: 2064

Speech Acts, Mind, and Social Reality - these are the main topics in the work of John R. Searle, one of the leading philosophical figures of the present times. How language is based on intentionality, how intentionality in turn is to be explicated by means of distinctions discovered in Speech Act Theory, and how language and intentionality are both related to social facts and institutions - these are questions to be tackled in this volume. The contributions result from discussions on and with John R. Searle, containing Searle's own latest views - including his seminal ideas on Rationality in Action. The collection provides a good basis for advanced seminar debates in Philosophy of Language, Philosophy of Mind, and Social Philosophy, and will also stimulate some further research on all of the three main topics.

Philosophy and the Problems of Work

A Reader

Author: Kory P. Schaff

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers

ISBN: 0585381976

Category: Philosophy

Page: 400

View: 4382

Philosophy and the Problems of Work brings together for the first time important philosophical perspectives on the subject of labor and work. Ranging from selections by historical figures such as Plato, Rousseau, Smith and Marx to contemporary debates in political theory and philosophy of economics, the reader covers a variety of viewpoints across both analytical and Continental traditions, including ancient and modern thinkers, classical and welfare liberals, Marxists, anarchists and feminists.

Philosophy of Education

Author: S.S. Chandra

Publisher: Atlantic Publishers & Dist

ISBN: 9788171566372

Category: Education

Page: 249

View: 3635

It Has Been Rightly Said That Only A True Philosopher May Give A Practical Shape To Education. Philosophy And Education Go Hand In Hand. Education Depends On Philosophy For Its Guidance While Philosophy Depends On Education For Its Own Formulation. Teaching Methods Are Very Much Concerned With The Philosophy Of Education The Teacher Holds. The Philosophical Systems Of Education Govern The Teacher S Attitude To The Method Of Teaching. With A View To Comprehend The Close Relationship Of Philosophy And Education And Their Great Significance In The Modern Times, The Present Book Philosophy Of Education Has Been Written.The Book Aims At Presenting The Western Isms Of Philosophy As Well As Indian Philosophy Of Education Beginning From The Vedas To The Contemporary Philosophies. It Elucidates The Philosophical Issues And Attempts To Draw The Philosophical Implications Of Every Isms . Invaluable Viewpoints On Education Of Eminent Educators Like Rousseau, Russell, Swami Dayanand, Annie Besant, M.K. Gandhi, Rabindranath Tagore And Many Others, And The Influence Of Their Philosophies Have Been Studied In Depth. It Acquaints The Readers With The Varied Aims And Ideals Of Education, Methods And Principles Of Teaching, Role And Influence Of Teachers As Propounded By The Great Philosophers.Written In A Simple Language And Lucid Style, The Book Is Expected To Serve As An Ideal Textbook On The Subject. It Will Prove Indispensable For The Students And Teachers Of Education. Question Bank At The End Of The Book Is An Added Advantage Provided To The Students Which Would Prove Helpful In Preparation For Examination. Even The General Readers Will Find This Book Worth-Reading.

The Nature of Social Reality

Author: Emanuele Fadda,Alfredo Givigliano,Claudia Stancati

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: 1443869848

Category: Philosophy

Page: 235

View: 6245

Searle's theory of social reality is increasingly meeting with worldwide recognition, and is undoubtedly the most prominent theory of social ontology (at least in the post-analytical tradition), even if actual research in this domain is engaged in critical confrontation with it. Searle's approach continues to shape the debate, but his construction is more and more sharply dissected, both in its details and in its general assumptions. Furthermore, new perspectives, not rooted in the analytical...

Symbol and Reality

Studies in the philosophy of Ernst Cassirer

Author: Carl H. Hamburg

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9401194610

Category: Philosophy

Page: 172

View: 7360

Since prefaces, for the most part, are written after a book is done, yet face the reader before he gets to it, it is perhaps not surprising that we usually find ourselves addressed by a more chastened and qualifying author than we eventually encounter in the ensuing pages. It is, after all, not only some readers, but the writer of a book himself who reads what he has done and failed to do. If the above is the rule, I am no exception to it. The discerning reader need not be told that the following studies differ, not only in the approaches they make to their unifying subject-matter, but also in their precision and thus adequacy of presentation. In addition to the usual reasons for this rather common shortcoming, there is an another one in the case of the present book. In spite of its comparative brevity, the time-span between its inception and termination covers some twenty years. As a result, some (historical and epistemological) sections reflect my preoccupation with CASSI RER'S eady works during student days in Germany and France. When, some ten years later, CASSIRER in a letter expressed "great joy" and anticipation for a more closely supervised con tinuation of my efforts (which, because of his untimely death, never came to pass), he gave me all the encouragement needed to go to work on a critical exposition of his "symbolic form" con cept.

How is Society Possible?

Intersubjectivity and the Fiduciary Attitude as Problems of the Social Group in Mead, Gurwitsch, and Schutz

Author: S. Vaitkus

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400920776

Category: Philosophy

Page: 208

View: 4293

How is society possible? In Die Krisis der europiiischen Wissenschaflen und die transzendentale Phiinomenoiogie, I Edmund Husserl is found with a pathos send ing out pleas for belief ("Glauben") in his transcendental philosophy and tran scendental ego. The traditional idea of theoretical reflection instituted in ancient Greece as the suspension of all taken for granted worldly interests has, through a partial realization of itself, forsaken itself in the one-sided development of the objective mathematical-natural sciences as they themselves have become so taken for granted, with the method and validity of their results held as so self-evident, that they appear as resting self-sufficiently on their own grounds, while pursuing an increasingly abstract mathematization of nature. The sciences are left without a foundation and their meaning within the world consequently unintelligible, while their objective and valid abstract concepts continually tend to supercede the everyday life-world and render it questionable. In the end, these of belief in the everyday life-world or reflective evolving and exchanging attitudes doubt (science) ultimately leads to a disbelief in both, and a search in one direction for idol leaders and in the other for the cult of experience. This collapse of Western belief systems becomes particularly threatening as it turns into nihilism which is the development of beliefs in societal forms which employ 2 natural and social science for the liquidation of humanity and nature. Society starts becoming impossible.

Law, Institution and Legal Politics

Fundamental Problems of Legal Theory and Social Philosophy

Author: Ota Weinberger

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401134588

Category: Philosophy

Page: 276

View: 5558

It gives me great pleasure to offer this foreword to the present work of my admired friend and respected colleague Ota Weinberger. Apart from the essays of his which were published in our joint work An Institutional Theory of Law: New Approaches to Legal Positivism in 1986, relatively little of Wein berger's work is available in English. This is the more to be regretted, since his is work of particular interest to jurists of the English-speaking world both in view of its origins and in respect of its content As to its origins, Weinberger war reared as a student of the Pure Theory of Law, a theory which in its Kelsenian form has aroused very great interest and has had considerable influence among anglophoone scholars -perhaps even more than in the Germanic countries. Less well known is the fact that the Pure Theory itself divided into two schools, that of Vienna and that of Brno. It was in the Brno school of Frantisek Weyr that Weinberger's legal theory found its early formation, and perhaps from that early influence one can trace his continuing insistence on the dual character of legal norms -both as genuinely normative and yet at the same time having real social existence.

Schutz’s Theory of Relevance: A Phenomenological Critique

Author: R.R. Cox

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400996950

Category: Philosophy

Page: 233

View: 740

The following is neither exclusively the study of a philosopher nor a problem, and yet is both as well. Alfred Schutz is now recogniz ed to have been a profoundly insightful philosopher who explor ed the nature of social reality and the social sciences. His works are exercising a great influence in a wide range of problems and disciplines, the latter including the social sciences themselves. All of this is testimony to the sagacity and penetrating character of his analyses as well as the fruitfulness and soundness of his con cepts. Philosophy proceeds, however, by not merely accepting the work of great philosophers, but by engaging them in critical philosophic dialogue. It is time for this interchange to begin with respect to Schutz's work. To some extent, then, this work is di rected to that task. It does not undertake a systematic treat ment of the whole of Schutz's philosophy, for much more work in many aspects of his thought is yet to be done before such a pro ject can reasonably be undertaken. Yet, the issue of concern in this study is, I now believe, the philosophic center of the whole of Schutz's work.

Philosophy of the Social Sciences

Philosophical Theory and Scientific Practice

Author: C. Mantzavinos

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139479822

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 4563

This volume is a unique contribution to the philosophy of the social sciences, presenting the results of cutting-edge philosophers' research alongside critical discussions by practicing social scientists. The book is motivated by the view that the philosophy of the social sciences cannot ignore the specific scientific practices according to which social scientific work is being conducted, and that it will be valuable only if it evolves in constant interaction with theoretical developments in the social sciences. With its unique format guaranteeing a genuine discussion between philosophers and social scientists, this thought-provoking volume extends the frontiers of the field. It will appeal to all scholars and students interested in the interplay between philosophy and the social sciences.

The Spirit of American Philosophy

Author: John Edwin Smith

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 9780873956512

Category: Philosophy

Page: 253

View: 4150

This revised edition of John E. Smith’s classic details the phenomenal growth in American philosophy in the years since the book first appeared. Through the addition of a new chapter and the readdressing of earlier material, Smith advances his reflections on the present decade. The book also considers the impact of British linguistic philosophy and other currents of thought abroad on classical American philosophy.

Dialectics of the Concrete

A Study on Problems of Man and World

Author: K. Kosík

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401015201

Category: Science

Page: 164

View: 8731

Kosik writes that the history of a text is in a certain sense the history of its interpretations. In the fifteen years that have passed since the fust (Czech) edition of his Dialectics of the Concrete, this book has been widely read and interpreted throughout Europe, in diverse centers of scholarship as well as in private studies. A faithful English language edition is long overdue. This publication of KosIk's work will surely provoke a range of new interpretations. For its theme is the characterization of science and of rationality in the context of the social roots of science and the social critique which an appropriately rational science should afford. Kosik's question is: How shall Karl Marx's understanding of science itself be understood? And how can it be further developed? In his treatment of the question of scientific rationality, Kosik drives bluntly into the issues of gravest human concern, not the least of which is how to avoid the pseudo-concrete, the pseudo-scientific, the pseudo-rational, the pseudo historical. Starting with Marx's methodological approach, of "ascending from the abstract to the concrete", Kosik develops a critique of positivism, of phenomenalist empiricism, and of "metaphysical" rationalism, counter posing them to "dialectical rationalism". He takes the category of the concrete in the dialectical sense of that which comes to be known by the active transformation of nature and society by human purposive activity.