Social Capital and Peace-Building

Creating and Resolving Conflict with Trust and Social Networks

Author: Michaelene Cox

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135971129

Category: Political Science

Page: 224

View: 4691

This new edited collection illustrates the paradoxical power of social capital in creating and resolving conflict. This is the first book to bring the two faces of social capital together in a single volume, and includes previously unpublished case studies, statistical analyses, and theoretical essays. The book is divided into three sections. The first investigates the role of social capital in inciting and/or furthering violence; the second examines the contributions of social capital to peace building; the third explores the complexities and ambiguities of roles social capital may play in peace and conflict. Policy implications and recommendations are included in many of the discussions in the chapters. The volume tackles some key issues, such as: to what extent is social capital related to peace and conflict? What forms does social capital take in these associations, and how can the relationships be explained? What impact does this have on the state and/or state relations, and what policy prescriptions might be made in light of the link drawn between social capital and peace/conflict? .

Violence in Colombia

Building Sustainable Peace and Social Capital

Author: N.A

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 9780821343838

Category: Political Science

Page: 44

View: 3070

Colombia, one of South Americas oldest, middle-income democracies, has developed rapidly despite a fifty year "simmering" civil war and increasing levels of urban and rural crime and violence. In the past decade, however, the scale and intensity of violence has changed from a marginal conflict to generalized violence that now dominates the daily lives of most citizens. As remote guerilla activity has turned into country-wide "war," bringing in paramilitary groups, drug cartels, and other social actors, so too the causes of violence have changed. These have included both external events such as the collapse of the Cold War, as well as internal changes relating to economic liberalization, coal and oil developments and the impact of the global trade in illicit narcotics. Violence in Colombia is highly complex not only because of the different categories, but also due to its multiple causes. This paper combines disparate existing theories to develop an integrated framework that identifies four different levels of causality: structural, institutional, interpersonal, and individual. It recognizes the mutually reinforcing role played by factors at different levels of causality. Underlying the causes of violence in Colombia is minimal state presence in many parts of the country, widespread corruption and impunity, high levels of societal acceptance of violence, and a regionally fragmented country.

Civil Society in Malerkotla, Punjab

Fostering Resilience through Religion

Author: Karenjot Bhangoo Randhawa

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 0739167383

Category: Political Science

Page: 140

View: 7337

Civil Society in Malerkotla, Pubjab: Fostering Resilience through Religion by Karenjot Bhangoo Randhawa explores the direct role that religion plays in conflict and peace that has often been difficult to isolate. Randhawa extends previous work on peace and conflict resolution by looking at the town of Malerkotla, Punjab which has witnessed many outbreaks of violence in the past but still holds peace as the norm. As a case study, this book uncovers how religious associations, expressions and activities have helped to build social capital and stabilize peace.

Business, Conflict Resolution and Peacebuilding

Contributions from the Private Sector to Address Violent Conflict

Author: Derek Sweetman

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134013833

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 160

View: 2248

Business, Conflict Resolution and Peacebuilding examines the actions currently being taken by businesses in areas of violent conflict around the world, and explores how they can make a significant contribution to the resolution of violent conflicts through business-based peacebuilding. This book combines two approaches to provide a comprehensive look at the current state and future of business- based peacebuilding. It marries a detailed study of documented peacebuilding activities with a map of the possibilities for future business-related conflict work and pragmatic suggestions for business leaders, conflict resolution practitioners, and peacebuilding organizations. The use of the label ‘business-based peacebuilding’ is new and signifies actions business can take beyond simple legal compliance or making changes to avoid creating a conflict. Although business-based peacebuilding is new, examples are included from around the world to illustrate that, working together, businesses have a strong contribution to make to the creation of peaceful societies. The book advocates pragmatic peacebuilding, which is not overly concerned with cause-driven models of conflict. Instead, pragmatic peacebuilding encourages an examination of what is needed in the conflict and what can be provided. This approach is free of some of the ideological baggage of traditional peacebuilding and allows for a much wider range of participants in the peacebuilding project. This book will be of much interest to students of peace studies, conflict resolution, international security and business studies, as well as to practitioners and business leaders. Derek Sweetman is Dispute Resolution Director for Better Business Bureau in Washington, DC and Instructor at New Century College, George Mason University, USA.

Peacebuilding and Local Ownership

Post-conflict Consensus-building

Author: Timothy Donais

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 041558874X

Category: Political Science

Page: 178

View: 789

This book explores the meaning of local ownership in peacebuilding and examines the ways in which it has been, and could be, operationalized in post-conflict environments. In the context of post-conflict peacebuilding, the idea of local ownership is based upon the premise that no peace process is sustainable in the absence of a meaningful degree of local involvement. Despite growing recognition of the importance of local ownership, however, relatively little attention has been paid to specifying what precisely the concept means or how it might be implemented. This volume contributes to the ongoing debate on the future of liberal peacebuilding through a critical investigation of the notion of local ownership, and challenges conventional assumptions about who the relevant locals are and what they are expected to own. Drawing on case studies from Bosnia, Afghanistan and Haiti, the text argues that local ownership can only be fostered through a long-term consensus-building process, which involves all levels of the conflict-affected society. This book will be of great interest to students of peacebuilding, peace and conflict studies, development studies, security studies and IR.

Critical Issues in Peace and Education

Author: Peter Pericles Trifonas,Bryan Wright

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136923098

Category: Education

Page: 162

View: 8968

This collection asks theorists and educational practitioners from around the world influenced by the schools of feminist pedagogy, critical pedagogy, anti-racist or postcolonial pedagogy, and gay and lesbian pedagogy to reflect upon the possibilities of articulating a "curriculum of difference" that critically examines the cross-cultural issues of peace and education that are at the forefront of global education issues today. Contributors examine the conceptualizations of peace and education within, between, and across cultures through the conceptualization of pedagogical possibilities that create an openness toward the horizons of the other within communal formations of difference permeating the public sphere. They take up new ways of questions related to globalization, difference, community, identity, peace, democracy, sexuality, ethics, conflict, politics, feminism, technology, language rights, cultural politics, Marxism, and deconstruction that have a vast literary history in and outside the area of "education." This volume makes a significant contribution to the question of difference and its quintessential role in peace education for the new millennium.

Colombia

Essays on Conflict, Peace, and Development

Author: Andrés Solimano

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 9780821346709

Category: Social Science

Page: 196

View: 8326

Annotation Global Economic Prospects and the Developing Countries 2001 discusses three issues that are central to the challenges facing developing countries as they participate in the global trading system: * Many developing countries, particularly some of the poorest ones, have had little success sharing in the expansion of global trade, because of both protectionist policies and inappropriate macroeconomic and trade policies. * In trade negotiations, the global economy faces the critical governance issue of adequate standards for health and safety, labor practices, environmental protection, and intellectual property rights. It will be equally important to ensure that the standards are appropriate and nondiscriminatory, that developing countries participate fully in their formulation, and that compliance is monitored. * The influence of technological innovations and what electronic commerce means for trade and production in developing economies. Global Economic Prospects offers an in-depth analysis of the economic prospects of developing economies as they enter the new millennium. It examines growth and prospects for poverty reduction in the developing world and considers economic output, trade, and financial developments in industrial economies. This edition also includes detailed statistical tables and an analysis of development for each developing country region.

Privatizing the Democratic Peace

Policy Dilemmas of NGO Peacebuilding

Author: H. Carey

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230355730

Category: Social Science

Page: 284

View: 9804

With inevitable major economic and political transformations ahead, NGOs need to acknowledge and manage their policy dilemmas so that they can anticipate the many inevitable problems that consistently arise in attempting to avoid the return of war by building peace over the medium to long-term

Globalization, Social Movements, and Peacebuilding

Author: Jackie Smith

Publisher: Syracuse University Press

ISBN: 0815652283

Category: Political Science

Page: 312

View: 8211

This book considers how global capitalism affects fragile peace processes in countries suffering under years of violent conflict. While these countries benefit from few of the resources made available through a global economy, they are nonetheless woven within, and reliant upon, the economic and political relationships such an economy demands. By including the work of anthropologists, economists, religious studies experts, sociologists and political scientists, this book presents a broad yet thorough exploration of the complexities of peacebuilding in a free market. "Much of the current research on peacebuilding focuses on domestic factors while failing to take into account both the international political context and the pressures of market liberalization on fragile peace processes," the editors write. "Indeed, what are apparently localized conflicts depend upon resource flows that extend well beyond national borders." Included in the text are specific studies of Africa, Asia, and the Middle East as well as considerations of conflicts on the global scale.

An Introduction to International Health

Author: Michael Seear

Publisher: Canadian Scholars’ Press

ISBN: 1551304139

Category: Poverty

Page: 400

View: 7932

At a time when developed world populations are healthier and richer than they have ever been, why is there still so much poverty and disease in the world? Why do rich countries hold so many poor countries in debt and why do millions of children die every year from avoidable diseases? This new edition attempts to answer these pressing questions. An Introduction to International Health, Second Edition is a comprehensive and detailed exploration of international health and the modern aid industry. This provocative new edition is masterfully constructed around four essential themes: What is international health? Why is population health so poor in developing countries? What is the extent of the problem? What can be done about it? The thoroughly updated second edition provides answers to these questions and includes new discussions on war, governance and human rights in developing countries, and the various issues surrounding water, sanitation, and infectious diseases. Solutions are examined via primary health care strategies, poverty alleviation, and developing world debt relief, as well as human rights interventions. Unique to this book is its ""how-to"" component. The final section discusses how to work safely and effectively in a developing country. This eye-opening text is an essential read for all those interested in international health.

Making Peace Last

A Toolbox for Sustainable Peacebuilding

Author: Robert Ricigliano

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317256417

Category: Political Science

Page: 288

View: 6523

The international community invests billions annually in thousands of projects designed to overcome poverty, stop violence, spread human rights, fight terrorism and combat global warming. The hope is that these separate projects will 'add up' to lasting societal change in places like Afghanistan. In reality, these initiatives are not adding up to sustainable peace. Making Peace Last offers ways of improving the productivity of peacebuilding. This book defines the theory, analysis and practice needed to create peacebuilding approaches that are as dynamic and adaptive as the societies they are trying to affect. The book is based on a combination of field experience and research into peacebuilding and conflict resolution. This book can also be used as a textbook in courses on peace-building, security and development. Making Peace Last is a comprehensive approach to finding sustainable solutions to the world's most pressing social problems.

Building Peace from Within

Author: Maphosa, Sylvester B.,DeLuca, Laura,Keasley, Alphonse

Publisher: Africa Institute of South Africa

ISBN: 0798304405

Category: Political Science

Page: 304

View: 3281

This book seeks to examine how successful models of building 'peace from within' in the African context function. It draws emerging lessons to provide critical recommendations on policy, practice and academia - our primary audience. While there are numerous examples of failures of conflict resolution in Africa, shown by intractable conflict axes, less attention is paid to successes. While acknowledging the challenges that exist, this edited volume provides positive examples of building peace from within in fragile contexts through many forms of initiatives and actions at different levels: community-based (through individual and/or collective local peace initiatives), government (through ministries and/or departments), and regional (through external and/or multilateral infrastructure for peace). As a guiding principle the notion of building peace from within draws from the idea of community regeneration, which describes voluntary and peaceful activities of grassroots actors that reflect their broader interests of building peaceful communities and existence.

The Distinction of Peace

A Social Analysis of Peacebuilding

Author: Catherine Goetze

Publisher: University of Michigan Press

ISBN: 0472053418

Category: Political Science

Page: 296

View: 6281

Investigates both the creation of the peacebuilding field and what the field reveals about global relations

Beyond Social Capital

The Role of Leadership, Trust and Government Policy in Northern Ireland's Victim Support Groups

Author: Laura K. Graham

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137518677

Category: Social Science

Page: 171

View: 9595

Drawing on lessons from civil society in Northern Ireland, Beyond Social Capital examines the limitations of social capital theory in deeply divided societies. It draws on an ethnographic study of victim support groups and evidence from policymakers in Northern Ireland to reconceptualize the traditional bonding-bridging distinction in social capital theory. The role of leadership is particularly significant, as the book highlights the complex and compelling ways in which leadership supports and shapes the activities, practices and motivations of the victim self-help industry in Northern Ireland. Multiple dimensions of this industry are explored, including: social and victim policy; private, statutory, and voluntary sector collaboration; the political motivations of victim support groups; and the types of social capital being built in victim groups and the impact that this social capital has on victims and wider elements of the peace process. Importantly, Laura K. Graham challenges the prevailing notion that all forms of social capital are inherently good for civic organizations and associational life. Instead, a new form of social capital existing in divided and post-conflict societies is advanced. This form of social capital, called 'dysfunctional bonding', may have negative impacts, causing distrust within and outside a group and can be particularly problematic for those traumatized by political conflict. With international relevance, this book will be of great interest to those working in post-conflict studies as well as victim studies.

Peacebuilding

A Field Guide

Author: Luc Reychler,Thania Paffenholz

Publisher: Lynne Rienner Publishers

ISBN: 9781555879372

Category: Social Science

Page: 573

View: 743

Part of the ongoing search for sustainable peace, this handbook highlights the invaluable contributions of people working in the field. The authors clarify how fieldworkers fit into the overall peacebuilding process, providing details of the most effective practices and offering guidelines for preparing for the field.

Communities, Crime and Social Capital in Contemporary China

Author: Lena Zhong

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134037104

Category: Social Science

Page: 256

View: 5552

This book explores the theoretical and empirical dimensions of community crime prevention in China, examining in particular the role of social capital in a rapidly modernizing economic, social and political context. In doing so it provides a vivid picture of contemporary crime and crime control in China as well as analyzing the very particular Chinese approach to community crime prevention, looking at such social institutions as the household registration system, the neighbourhood committee, the work unit and the public security bureau. The particular focus of this book is on BLSCC ? Building Little Safe and Civilized Communities ? in the city of Shenshen which has been undergoing rapid change. The book looks at two contrasting communities within the city, looking at their different characteristics and the differing ways in which social capital operates in relation to crime and crime prevention. As well as shedding light on the hitherto largely hidden subject of crime prevention in China this book also makes an important contribution to wider debates about social capital and its potential, an invaluable study based on unique research.

The Multifaith Movement: Global Risks and Cosmopolitan Solutions

Author: Anna Halafoff

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400752105

Category: Religion

Page: 184

View: 3195

This book documents the ultramodern rise of the multifaith movement, as mulitfaith initiatives have been increasingly deployed as cosmopolitan solutions to counter global risks such as terrorism and climate change at the turn of the 21st century. These projects aim to enhance common security, particularly in Western societies following the events of September 11, 2001 and the July 2005 London bombings, where multifaith engagement has been promoted as a strategy to counter violent extremism. The author draws on interviews with 56 leading figures in the field of multifaith relations, including Paul Knitter, Eboo Patel, Marcus Braybrooke, Katherine Marshall, John Voll and Krista Tippett. Identifying the principle aims of the multifaith movement, the analysis explores the benefits—and challenges—of multifaith engagement, as well as the effectiveness of multifaith initiatives in countering the process of radicalization. Building on notions of cosmopolitanism, the work proposes a new theoretical framework termed ‘Netpeace’, which recognizes the interconnectedness of global problems and their solutions. In doing so, it acknowledges the capacity of multi-actor peacebuilding networks, including religious and state actors, to address the pressing dilemmas of our times. The primary intention of the book is to assist in the formation of new models of activism and governance, founded on a ‘politics of understanding’ modeled by the multifaith movement.