Situational Prison Control

Crime Prevention in Correctional Institutions

Author: Richard Wortley

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521009409

Category: Psychology

Page: 253

View: 7147

This book examines the control of problem behaviour in prison from a situational crime prevention perspective. Following the success of situational crime prevention in community settings, Richard Wortley argues that the same principles can be used to help reduce the levels of assault, rape, self-harm, drug use, escape and collective violence in our prison systems. This pioneering new study proposes a two-stage model of situational prevention that moves beyond traditional opportunity-reduction: it attempts to reconcile the contradictory urges to control prison disorder by 'tightening-up' and hardening the prison environment on the one hand, and 'loosening-off' and normalising it on the other. Combining a comprehensive synthesis and evaluation of existing research with original investigation and ground-breaking conclusions, Situational Prison Control will be of great interest to academics and practitioners both in the areas of correction and crime prevention more generally.

International Perspectives on Crime and Justice

Author: K. Jaishankar

Publisher: K. Jaishankar

ISBN: 1443801984

Category: Law

Page: 741

View: 6314

In a world of growing interdependence, crimes are no longer confined by national boundaries. In this context, the necessity to understand criminological developments across the globe becomes imperative. This book aims to offer cross-cultural perspectives of different criminological issues and criminal justice systems operating worldwide. This book emphasizes the collective understanding of criminological problems from an international perspective. This book is a quintessence of contemporary criminological developments, with a global outlook. The book is an edited volume of articles collected from criminologists all over the world. It is a peer reviewed collection. The chapters focuses on various criminological issues such as Bullying, Child abuse, Corrections (Institutional and Community), Cyber crimes, Corporate crime, Corruption, Costs of crime, Crime Analysis, Crime prevention, Crime Mapping and GIS, Criminal justice systems, Environmental crime, Ethnic/communal/caste conflicts, Family violence, Fear of crime, High tech crimes, Homicide, Human trafficking, Juvenile Delinquency, Organized crime, Offenders including women offenders, Policing, Prisons, Public attitudes, Restorative justice, Sexual assault, Stalking, Theories of crime, Transnational crime, Victimology, Violence, White collar crime, and Workplace violence.The book aims to provide theoretical frameworks and pragmatic discussions on Criminology and Criminal Justice. It is intended for Academics, Criminal Justice professionals, and Graduate Students who want to improve their understanding of the issues and challenges that arise when issues related to criminology and criminal justice cross national boundaries. Also, practitioners and academics of allied fields like sociology, psychology, geography, political science, public administration and forensic sciences whose research interests include either crime/criminal justice system/Victim or crime analysis will find this book useful."The comprehensive framework of this book means that it provides a rich variety of international perspectives on an array of crime and justice-related issues. The thirty chapters presented here are a treasure trove of insights in terms of both topical variety and approaches within topic. Dr. Jaishankar has assembled a valuable collection of readings that will find broad acceptance internationally." Prof. Keith Harries (From the Foreword)

Environmental Criminology and Crime Analysis

Author: Richard Wortley,Lorraine Mazerolle

Publisher: Willan

ISBN: 1136308458

Category: Social Science

Page: 320

View: 9509

Environmental criminology is a generic label that covers a range of overlapping perspectives. At the core, the various strands of environmental criminology are bound by a common focus on the role that the immediate environment plays in the performance of crime, and a conviction that careful analyses of these environmental influences are the key to the effective investigation, control and prevention of crime. Environmental Crime and Crime Analysis brings together for the first time the key contributions to environmental criminology to comprehensively define the field and synthesize the concepts and ideas surrounding environmental criminology. The chapters are written by leading theorists and practitioners in the field. Each chapter will analyze one of the twelve major elements of environmental criminology and crime analysis. This book will be essential reading for both practitioners and undergraduate and postgraduate students taking courses in this subject.

Cognition and Crime

Offender Decision Making and Script Analyses

Author: Benoit Leclerc,Richard Wortley

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136185356

Category: Social Science

Page: 264

View: 8785

The rational choice perspective developed by Cornish and Clarke in 1986 provides criminologists with a valuable and practical framework for purposes of crime control and prevention. More than twenty-five years later, Cognition and Crime pushes the boundaries of this field of research by bringing together international leading (or emerging) researchers in this area of script analysis into a single volume for the first time. It also presents a series of original contributions on offender decision-making during crime and crime script analysis as well as offering a critical perspective of what could be achieved in the future to further help develop this field of research for prevention purposes. In addition, each empirical chapter treats a specific and important form of crime such as stalking violence, drug dealing, human trafficking for sexual exploitation, child sexual abuse, and transnational illegal market of endangered species. Academics and students from various backgrounds, and interested in investigating and preventing crime, will benefit from this book as it applies crime script analysis and discusses new and future developments in regards to this approach and the rational choice perspective. This volume will be of particular relevance for practitioners such as police officers and crime investigators.

Environmental Criminology and Crime Analysis

Author: Richard Wortley,Michael Townsley

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1317487109

Category: Social Science

Page: 360

View: 7225

Environmental criminology is a term that encompasses a range of overlapping perspectives. At its core, the many strands of environmental criminology are bound by a common focus on the role that the immediate environment plays in the performance of crime, and a conviction that careful analyses of these environmental influences are the key to the effective investigation, control, and prevention of crime. This new edition brings together leading theorists and practitioners in the field to provide a comprehensive, integrative coverage of the field of environmental criminology and crime analysis. This book is divided into three sequential parts: • Understanding the crime event explores routine activity approach, crime pattern theory, the rational choice perspective, and situational precipitators of crime. • Analysing crime patterns discusses crime mapping, offender mobility, repeat victimisation, geographic profiling, and crime scripts. • Preventing and controlling crime covers topics including problem oriented policing, situational crime prevention, and environmental design. Fully updated and including new chapters on crime scripts and offender mobility, a scene-setting introductory overview, and critical thinking questions at the end of each chapter, this text is an essential and comprehensive resource for practitioners and students taking courses on environmental criminology, crime analysis, and crime prevention.

The Oxford Handbook of Crime Prevention

Author: Brandon C. Welsh,David P. Farrington

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199396698

Category: Social Science

Page: 560

View: 9445

How can a society prevent-not deter, not punish-but prevent crime? Criminal justice prevention, commonly called crime control, aims to prevent crime after an initial offence has been commited through anything from an arrest to a death penalty sentence. These traditional means have been frequently examined and their efficacy just as frequently questioned. Promising new forms of crime prevention have emerged and expanded as important components of an overall strategy to reduce crime. Crime prevention today has developed along three lines: interventions to improve the life chances of children and prevent them from embarking on a life of crime; programs and policies designed to ameliorate the social conditions and institutions that influence offending; and the modification or manipulation of the physical environment, products, or systems to reduce everyday opportunities for crime. Each strategy aims at preventing crime or criminal offending in the first instance - before the act has been committed. Each, importantly, takes place outside of the formal criminal justice system, representing an alternative, perhaps even socially progressive way to reduce crime. The Oxford Handbook of Crime Prevention is a comprehensive, up-to-date, and authoritative review of research on crime prevention. Bringing together top scholars in criminology, public policy, psychology, and sociology, this Handbook includes critical reviews of the main theories that form the basis of crime prevention, evidence-based assessments of the effectiveness of the most important interventions, and cross-cutting essays that examine implementation, evaluation methodology, and public policy. Covering the three major crime prevention strategies active today-developmental, community, and situational-this definitive volume addresses seriously and critically the ways in which the United States and the Western world have attempted, and should continue to strive for the of crime.

The Modern Prison Paradox

Politics, Punishment, and Social Community

Author: Amy E. Lerman

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107041457

Category: Social Science

Page: 299

View: 5606

Amy E. Lerman examines the shift from rehabilitation to punitivism that has taken place in the politics and practice of American corrections.

Prison Architecture

Author: Leslie Fairweather,Sean McConville

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135142564

Category: Architecture

Page: 162

View: 8707

Current and future prison designs are examined in this book, within the government's prison building programme, and the confines of current penal philosophies and legislation. America has led the way in prison design, with two main types of architecture predominating: radial layouts (outside cells with windows) and linear blocks (inside cells with grilles). Now, 'new' generation prisons (central association surrounded by small groups of cells) look set to become the fashion. But are they a better answer, and should they be copied worldwide before we know? Architects and administrators show in this book the designs of these 'new generation' prisons and assess their impact. Most countries in central Europe also have a rising crime rate and a demand for new prisons. Contributions from significant architects from the UK, Europe and America comment on these issues. Other topics within the book are: setting current prison architecture and design against an historical setting; looking at penal ideas and prison architecture and design in the post-war period; the psychological effects of the prison environment; the influence of technology and design on security management; and how prison architecture and design can be more flexible and innovative.

What Works in Crime Prevention and Rehabilitation

Lessons from Systematic Reviews

Author: David Weisburd,David P. Farrington,Charlotte Gill

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1493934775

Category: Social Science

Page: 331

View: 9778

Systematic reviews aim to minimize any possible bias in drawing conclusions by stating explicit criteria for inclusion and exclusion of studies, by conducting extensive and wide-ranging searches for possibly eligible studies, and by making all stages of the review explicit and transparent so that the methods can be checked and replicated. Over a decade ago, a concerted effort was made by members of the criminology community, including the Editors and contributors of this volume, to bring the practice of systematic reviews to the study of Criminology, providing replicable, evidence-based data to answer key questions about the study of crime causation, detection, and prevention. Now, the pioneers in this effort present a comprehensive stock-taking of what has been learned in the past decade of systematic reviews in criminology. Much has been discovered about the effectiveness of (for example) boot camps, “hot spots” policing, closed-circuit television surveillance, neighborhood watch, anti-bullying programs in schools, early parenting programs, drug treatment programs, and other key topics. This ambitious volume aims to bring together and assess all major systematic reviews of the effectiveness of criminological interventions, to draw broad conclusions about what works in policing, corrections, developmental prevention, situational prevention, drug abuse treatments, sentencing and deterrence, and communities. It will be of interest to researchers in criminology and criminal justice, as well as in related fields such as public health and forensic science, with important implications for policy-makers and practitioners. Decisively showing that the “nothing works” era is over, this volume takes stock of what we know, and still need to know, to prevent crime. Focusing on different areas of prevention, individual chapters provide a state-of–the art analysis of the extent evaluation evidence. Together, they comprise an essential guide to improving both public safety and the lives of those most at risk of criminal involvement. I plan to keep this book close at hand and to use if often! Francis T. Cullen, Distinguished Research Professor Emeritus, University of Cincinnati This impressive volume, edited by Weisburd, Farrington and Gill, provides a comprehensive picture of what we’ve learned from systematic reviews about “what works” in addressing crime – and goes on to identify the “next step” issues that demand attention if the field is to move forward. At a time when there is a broad commitment to bringing science to the front lines of practice, this book should be on the reading list of both policymakers and scholars. Laurie O. Robinson, Clarence J. Robinson Professor of Criminology, Law Society, George Mason University and former Assistant Attorney General of the U.S. Department of Justice

The Culture of Prison Violence

Author: James Michael Byrne,Faye S. Taxman,Donald Charles Hummer

Publisher: Allyn & Bacon

ISBN: N.A

Category: Law

Page: 219

View: 5290

The nature and extent of prison violence / James M. Byrne, Don Hummer -- Does what happens in prison stay in prison? : examining the reciprocal relationship between community and prison culture / Jacob I. Stowell, James M. Byrne -- Examining the impact of institutional culture (and culture change) on prison violence and disorder : an evidence-based review / James Byrne, Don Hummer, Faye Taxman -- Legitimacy and imprisonment revisited : some notes on the problem of order ten years after / Richard Sparks -- Why prison culture matters / Alison Liebling -- Performance, domesticity, and disorder : the communicative quality of prison violence / Elaine Crawley, Peter Crawley -- The impact of prison culture on the treatment and control of mentally ill offenders / Arthur J. Lurigio, Jessica Snowden -- A culture of violence in England's prison system : an assessment of causes and solutions / Kimmitt Edgar, Prison Reform Trust -- Prison violence, prison culture, and offender change : new directions for theory, research, and policy / James M. Byrne

Perspectives on punishment

the contours of control

Author: Sarah Armstrong,Lesley McAra

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780199278763

Category: Law

Page: 276

View: 2290

This book offers an incisive collection of contemporary research into the problems of crime control and punishment. It has three inter-related aims: to take stock of current thinking on punishment, regulation, and control in the early years of a new century and in the wake of a number of critical junctures, including 9/11, which have transformed the social, political, and cultural environment; to present a selection of the diverse epistemological and methodological frameworks which inform current research; and finally to set out some fruitful directions for the future study of punishment. The contributions to this collection cover some of the most exciting and challenging areas of current research including terrorism and the politics of fear, penality in societies in transition, penal policy and the construction of political identity, the impact of digital culture on modes of compliance, the emergent hegemony of information and surveillance systems, and the evolving politics of victim-hood. Taken together, this work draws connections between local problems of crime control, transnational forms of governance, and the ways in which certain political and jurisprudential discourses have come to dominate policy and practice in western penal systems.

Predictive Policing

The Role of Crime Forecasting in Law Enforcement Operations

Author: Walt L. Perry

Publisher: Rand Corporation

ISBN: 0833081551

Category: Computers

Page: 186

View: 5920

Predictive policing is the use of analytical techniques to identify targets for police intervention with the goal of preventing crime, solving past crimes, or identifying potential offenders and victims. These tools are not a substitute for integrated approaches to policing, nor are they a crystal ball. This guide assesses some of the most promising technical tools and tactical approaches for acting on predictions in an effective way.

Evaluating the Effectiveness of Correctional Education

A Meta-Analysis of Programs That Provide Education to Incarcerated Adults

Author: Lois M. Davis,Robert Bozick,Jennifer L. Steele,Jessica Saunders,Jeremy N. V. Miles

Publisher: Rand Corporation

ISBN: 0833081322

Category: Education

Page: 110

View: 1210

After conducting a comprehensive literature search, the authors undertook a meta-analysis to examine the association between correctional education and reductions in recidivism, improvements in employment after release from prison, and other outcomes. The study finds that receiving correctional education while incarcerated reduces inmates' risk of recidivating and may improve their odds of obtaining employment after release from prison.

Prisons and the Problem of Order

Author: Richard Sparks,A. E. Bottoms,Will Hay

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198258186

Category: Social Science

Page: 384

View: 8119

This book presents a substantial new statement on the character of social life in confinement. Drawing upon extensive fieldwork in two contrasting English maximum security prisons, the authors systematically compare their institutional order, including the differing control strategies deployed in each, as seen by both custodians and captives, controllers and controlled. The authors discuss the implications of their research for the tradition of sociological concern within the`prison community'. They re-examine the resources of that rich but latterly somewhat dormant field in the light of some of the main currents in contemporary social theory, and thereby provide a new perspective on the `problem of order' in maximum custody. This book will have significant policy implications, and it will be required reading for scholars and students in criminology and criminal justice, as well as for administrators and reformers in penal system.

Handbook on the Crime Prevention Guidelines

Making Them Work

Author: United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime

Publisher: United Nations Publications

ISBN: 9789211303001

Category: Law

Page: 114

View: 6412

All countries strive to ensure safety and security for their citizens and to increase the quality of their lives. The Handbook offers a concise overview of the main considerations to be taken into account in planning and implementing crime prevention strategies and interventions. it also recognises that there are some major differences between regions and countries in terms of the challenges posed by crime and victimization And The importance of adapting programmes to local contexts. The main emphasis is on how crime prevention strategies based on the guidelines developed by the United Nations can be entrenched and sustained over time. it includes information on the kinds of methods and tools that can be utilised and are becoming increasingly available.

A Woman Doing Life

Notes from a Prison for Women

Author: Erin George

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780199935888

Category: Social Science

Page: 272

View: 4942

In A Woman Doing Life, author and inmate Erin George draws a vivid and uniquely raw portrait of female life in prison. By detailing her own experiences and sharing poignant stories from other female inmates, George gives insight into prison relationships, death and sickness, reactions from friends and family, and even "cooking" in prison.

Key Issues in Criminal Career Research

New Analyses of the Cambridge Study in Delinquent Development

Author: Alex R. Piquero,David P. Farrington,Alfred Blumstein

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139459929

Category: Social Science

Page: N.A

View: 9078

This book examines several contentious and under-studied criminal career issues using one of the world's most important longitudinal studies, the Cambridge Study in Delinquent Development (CSDD), a longitudinal study of 411 South London boys followed in criminal records to age 40. The analysis reported in the book explores issues related to prevalence, offending frequency, specialization, onset sequences, co-offending, chronicity, career length, and trajectory estimation. The results of the study are considered in the context of developmental/life-course theories, and the authors outline an agenda for criminal career research generally, and within the context of the CSDD specifically.