Shattered Symmetry

Group Theory from the Eightfold Way to the Periodic Table

Author: Arnout Ceulemans

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190611391

Category: Group theory

Page: 536

View: 8948

The standard model of subatomic particles and the periodic table of the atoms have the common goal to bring order in the bewildering chaos of the constituents of matter. Their success relies on the presence of fundamental symmetries in their core. The purpose of the book is to share theadmiration for the power and the beauty of these symmetries. The reader is taken on a journey from the basic geometric symmetry group of a circle to the sublime dynamic symmetries that govern the motions of the particles. The trail follows the lines of parentage linking groups upstream to theunitary symmetry of the eightfold way of quarks, and to the four-dimensional symmetry of the hydrogen atom. Along the way the theory of symmetry groups is gradually introduced with special emphasis on graphical representations. The final challenge is to open up the structure of Mendeleev's tablewhich goes beyond the symmetry of the hydrogen atom. Breaking this symmetry to accommodate the multi-electron atoms requires to leave the common ground of linear algebras and explore the potential of non-linearity.

The mathematics of the periodic table

Author: D. H. Rouvray,R. Bruce King

Publisher: Nova Science Pub Inc

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 318

View: 2996

The Periodic Table effectively embraces the whole realm of chemistry within the confines of one comparatively simple and easily understood chart of the chemical elements. Over many years the Periodic Table has proven to be indispensable not only to chemists of all kinds but also to a host of other scientists, including biologists, geologists and physicists. It is thus hardly surprising that the Periodic Table has become one of our most celebrated contemporary scientific icons. In the present work various aspects of the Periodic Table that are seldom if ever featured elsewhere are given prominence. The twelve presentations contained herein all have a mathematical flavour because it is the intention to highlight the often-neglected mathematical features of the Periodic Table and several closely related topics. The book starts out by considering predictions of what the ultimate size of the Periodic Table will be when all of the possible artificial chemical elements have been synthesised. It then moves on to an examination of the nature of the periodicity extant in the Periodic Table and some methods for the prediction of the properties of the super-heavy elements. The Periodic Table is next explored in various dimensions other than two. The natural clustering of the elements into groups is studied by three different but complementary routes, namely via the topological structures of the groups, the self-association of the elements as evidenced by neural network studies, and information theoretical analysis of the behaviour of atoms. Following a detailed investigation of the mathematical basis for the periodicity seen in atomic and molecular spectroscopy, three separate presentations delve into many different aspects of the group-theoretical structure of the Periodic Table. The unusual combination of themes offered here will appeal to all who seek a more detailed and intimate knowledge of the Periodic Table than that available in standard texts on the subject.

Omni

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Fiction

Page: N.A

View: 3272


University Physics

Extended Version with Modern Physics

Author: Hugh D. Young

Publisher: Addison-Wesley

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 1356

View: 1545

New edition of a standard introductory text cited in BCL3 . This extended version adds seven completely new chapters on modern physics (an edition sans these chapters is reported available). Annotation copyright Book News, Inc. Portland, Or.

Science and Its Times: 1950-present

Author: Neil Schlager,Josh Lauer

Publisher: Gale / Cengage Learning

ISBN: 9780787639396

Category: Science

Page: 624

View: 4737

"This series discusses how the major fields of science developed during specific time periods. Each volume focuses on a range of years and includes developments in exploration, life sciences, mathematics, physical sciences, and technology. When the series is completed, the seven volumes will cover 2000 B.C. to the present."--"Outstanding Reference Sources," American Libraries, May 2001.

How Physics Confronts Reality

Einstein was Correct, But Bohr Won the Game

Author: Roger G. Newton

Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company Incorporated

ISBN: 9789814277020

Category: Science

Page: 147

View: 1379

This book recalls, for nonscientific readers, the history of quantum mechanics, the main points of its interpretation, and Einstein's objections to it, together with the responses engendered by his arguments. Most popular discussions on the strange aspects of quantum mechanics ignore the fundamental fact that Einstein was correct in his insistence that the theory does not directly describe reality. While that fact does not remove the theory's counterintuitive features, it casts them in a different light. Context is provided by following the history of two central aspects of physics: the elucidation of the basic structure of the world made up of particles, and the explanation, as well as the prediction, of how objects move. This history, prior to quantum mechanics, reveals that whereas theories and discoveries concerning the structure of nature became increasingly realistic, the laws of motion, even as they became more powerful, became more and more abstract and remote from intuitive notions of reality. Newton's laws of motion gained their abstract power by sacrificing direct and intuitive contact with real experience. Arriving 250 years after Newton, the break with a direct description of reality embodied in quantum mechanics was nevertheless profound.

Einführung in die Elementarteilchenphysik

Author: David Griffiths

Publisher: VCH

ISBN: 9783055016271

Category:

Page: 433

View: 1336

The fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989 and globalization have forced national history to yield place to European and global history. In medieval studies, Michael Borgolte has taken up the new challenge as no other German historian, encouraging the development of transcultural research on the Middle Ages. This volume includes several of his essays, but is intended to serve more as the basis for further research rather than to take stock of his work.

Galileos Finger

die zehn großen Ideen der Naturwissenschaft

Author: Peter W. Atkins

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783608941258

Category: Discoveries in science

Page: 526

View: 8234


Teilchen und Kerne

Eine Einführung in die physikalischen Konzepte

Author: Bogdan Povh,Klaus Rith,Christoph Scholz,Frank Zetsche

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 354035087X

Category: Science

Page: 416

View: 5177

Die Grundidee dieses einführenden Lehrbuchs besteht darin, eine einheitliche Darstellung von Kern- und Teilchenphysik aus experimenteller Sicht zu geben. Die Reduktion der komplex aufgebauten Materie der Atomkerne und Nukleonen auf wenige Grundbausteine und Wechselwirkungen ist die erste Botschaft dieses Buchs. Der zweite Teil, der den Aufbau von Nukleonen und Kernen aus diesen Grundbausteinen beschreibt, macht deutlich, dass Komplexität, die aus der Vielkörperwechselwirkung entsteht, in immer größerem Maß die Gesetzmäßigkeiten der zusammengesetzten Systeme bestimmt. Behandelt wird die Kernmaterie bei hohen Temperaturen und die Rolle von Kern- und Teilchenphysik bei astrophysikalischen Vorgängen. Die neue Auflage bietet stark überarbeitete Übungsaufgaben und eine ganze Reihe von Ergänzungen und Verbesserungen, besonders in der Neutrinophysik und beim doppelten Betazerfall. Das in straffem und klarem Stil abgefasste Lehrbuch eignet sich gut als Begleittext zu den einführenden Vorlesungen an Hochschulen.

Das Tao der Physik

die Konvergenz von westlicher Wissenschaft und östlicher Philosophie

Author: Fritjof Capra

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783426292075

Category:

Page: 343

View: 6003


Halliday Physik

Author: David Halliday,Robert Resnick,Jearl Walker

Publisher: Wiley-VCH

ISBN: 9783527409204

Category: Science

Page: 1730

View: 3888

Halliday de luxe - Lehrbuch und Losungsband zum unschlagbaren Setpreis! Das Lehrbuch prasentiert auf 1.400 vierfarbigen Seiten den kompletten Stoff der Experimentalphysik fur die Vorlesung im Hauptstudium Physik. Die Inhalte der erfolgreichen amerikanischen Originalausgabe wurden optimal an die Erfordernisse der hiesigen Hochschulen angepasst. Der zugehorige Losungsband umfasst die ausfuhrlichen Losungswege zu mehr als 1/3 der uber 2.500 Aufgaben zu allen Themengebieten. Sorgfaltig aufgezeichnete Losungsansatze und zahlreiche Illustrationen dienen der Veranschaulichung. Die Aufgaben, zu denen der komplette Losungsweg angegeben ist, sind im Lehrbuch speziell gekennzeichnet. Das Lehrbuch bildet zusammen mit der e-Learning-Plattform WileyPLUS ein umfassendes Lehr-und Lernkonzept. Geeignet fur Hauptfachstudenten (inklusive Lehramt) ebenso wie Studenten anderer Fachrichtungen mit Physik als Nebenfach, aber auch als Nachschlagewerk fur Ingenieure oder Lehrer. Mehr Informationen sowie Aufgaben mit interaktiver Losungsfuhrung bietet der Physiktrainer unter www.halliday.de. In der Lehre kann der Halliday de luxe in Kombination mit der e-Learning-Plattform WileyPLUS eingesetzt werden, die neben dem interaktiven Lehrbuchtext und Zusatzmaterialien dem Dozenten einen riesigen Aufgabenpool sowie die Infrastruktur zur Erstellung und Durchfuhrung von Ubungen und Online-Tutorien bietet.