Sets and Groups

A First Course in Algebra

Author: James Alexander Green

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9780710212276

Category: Mathematics

Page: 258

View: 391

This is a fully revised and extended work of the author's highly successful first edition.

A First Course in Abstract Algebra

Rings, Groups and Fields, Second Edition

Author: Marlow Anderson,Todd Feil

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1420057111

Category: Mathematics

Page: 696

View: 1488

Most abstract algebra texts begin with groups, then proceed to rings and fields. While groups are the logically simplest of the structures, the motivation for studying groups can be somewhat lost on students approaching abstract algebra for the first time. To engage and motivate them, starting with something students know and abstracting from there is more natural-and ultimately more effective. Authors Anderson and Feil developed A First Course in Abstract Algebra: Rings, Groups and Fields based upon that conviction. The text begins with ring theory, building upon students' familiarity with integers and polynomials. Later, when students have become more experienced, it introduces groups. The last section of the book develops Galois Theory with the goal of showing the impossibility of solving the quintic with radicals. Each section of the book ends with a "Section in a Nutshell" synopsis of important definitions and theorems. Each chapter includes "Quick Exercises" that reinforce the topic addressed and are designed to be worked as the text is read. Problem sets at the end of each chapter begin with "Warm-Up Exercises" that test fundamental comprehension, followed by regular exercises, both computational and "supply the proof" problems. A Hints and Answers section is provided at the end of the book. As stated in the title, this book is designed for a first course--either one or two semesters in abstract algebra. It requires only a typical calculus sequence as a prerequisite and does not assume any familiarity with linear algebra or complex numbers.

Proofs and Fundamentals

A First Course in Abstract Mathematics

Author: Ethan D. Bloch

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781441971272

Category: Mathematics

Page: 358

View: 4869

“Proofs and Fundamentals: A First Course in Abstract Mathematics” 2nd edition is designed as a "transition" course to introduce undergraduates to the writing of rigorous mathematical proofs, and to such fundamental mathematical ideas as sets, functions, relations, and cardinality. The text serves as a bridge between computational courses such as calculus, and more theoretical, proofs-oriented courses such as linear algebra, abstract algebra and real analysis. This 3-part work carefully balances Proofs, Fundamentals, and Extras. Part 1 presents logic and basic proof techniques; Part 2 thoroughly covers fundamental material such as sets, functions and relations; and Part 3 introduces a variety of extra topics such as groups, combinatorics and sequences. A gentle, friendly style is used, in which motivation and informal discussion play a key role, and yet high standards in rigor and in writing are never compromised. New to the second edition: 1) A new section about the foundations of set theory has been added at the end of the chapter about sets. This section includes a very informal discussion of the Zermelo– Fraenkel Axioms for set theory. We do not make use of these axioms subsequently in the text, but it is valuable for any mathematician to be aware that an axiomatic basis for set theory exists. Also included in this new section is a slightly expanded discussion of the Axiom of Choice, and new discussion of Zorn's Lemma, which is used later in the text. 2) The chapter about the cardinality of sets has been rearranged and expanded. There is a new section at the start of the chapter that summarizes various properties of the set of natural numbers; these properties play important roles subsequently in the chapter. The sections on induction and recursion have been slightly expanded, and have been relocated to an earlier place in the chapter (following the new section), both because they are more concrete than the material found in the other sections of the chapter, and because ideas from the sections on induction and recursion are used in the other sections. Next comes the section on the cardinality of sets (which was originally the first section of the chapter); this section gained proofs of the Schroeder–Bernstein theorem and the Trichotomy Law for Sets, and lost most of the material about finite and countable sets, which has now been moved to a new section devoted to those two types of sets. The chapter concludes with the section on the cardinality of the number systems. 3) The chapter on the construction of the natural numbers, integers and rational numbers from the Peano Postulates was removed entirely. That material was originally included to provide the needed background about the number systems, particularly for the discussion of the cardinality of sets, but it was always somewhat out of place given the level and scope of this text. The background material about the natural numbers needed for the cardinality of sets has now been summarized in a new section at the start of that chapter, making the chapter both self-contained and more accessible than it previously was. 4) The section on families of sets has been thoroughly revised, with the focus being on families of sets in general, not necessarily thought of as indexed. 5) A new section about the convergence of sequences has been added to the chapter on selected topics. This new section, which treats a topic from real analysis, adds some diversity to the chapter, which had hitherto contained selected topics of only an algebraic or combinatorial nature. 6) A new section called ``You Are the Professor'' has been added to the end of the last chapter. This new section, which includes a number of attempted proofs taken from actual homework exercises submitted by students, offers the reader the opportunity to solidify her facility for writing proofs by critiquing these submissions as if she were the instructor for the course. 7) All known errors have been corrected. 8) Many minor adjustments of wording have been made throughout the text, with the hope of improving the exposition.

A First Course in Analysis

Author: George Pedrick

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1441985549

Category: Mathematics

Page: 279

View: 5683

This text on advanced calculus discusses such topics as number systems, the extreme value problem, continuous functions, differentiation, integration and infinite series. The reader will find the focus of attention shifted from the learning and applying of computational techniques to careful reasoning from hypothesis to conclusion. The book is intended both for a terminal course and as preparation for more advanced studies in mathematics, science, engineering and computation.

Abstract Algebra

A First Course, Second Edition

Author: Dan Saracino

Publisher: Waveland Press

ISBN: 1478610131

Category: Mathematics

Page: 313

View: 4029

The Second Edition of this classic text maintains the clear exposition, logical organization, and accessible breadth of coverage that have been its hallmarks. It plunges directly into algebraic structures and incorporates an unusually large number of examples to clarify abstract concepts as they arise. Proofs of theorems do more than just prove the stated results; Saracino examines them so readers gain a better impression of where the proofs come from and why they proceed as they do. Most of the exercises range from easy to moderately difficult and ask for understanding of ideas rather than flashes of insight. The new edition introduces five new sections on field extensions and Galois theory, increasing its versatility by making it appropriate for a two-semester as well as a one-semester course.

A First Course in Noncommutative Rings

Author: Tsi-Yuen Lam

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387953250

Category: Mathematics

Page: 385

View: 6794

This book, an outgrowth of the author¿s lectures at the University of California at Berkeley, is intended as a textbook for a one-semester course in basic ring theory. The material covered includes the Wedderburn-Artin theory of semisimple rings, Jacobson¿s theory of the radical, representation theory of groups and algebras, prime and semiprime rings, local and semilocal rings, perfect and semiperfect rings, etc. By aiming the level of writing at the novice rather than the connoisseur and by stressing the role of examples and motivation, the author has produced a text that is suitable not only for use in a graduate course, but also for self-study in the subject by interested graduate students. More than 400 exercises testing the understanding of the general theory in the text are included in this new edition.

A First Course in Real Analysis

Author: Sterling K. Berberian

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1441985484

Category: Mathematics

Page: 240

View: 7652

Mathematics is the music of science, and real analysis is the Bach of mathematics. There are many other foolish things I could say about the subject of this book, but the foregoing will give the reader an idea of where my heart lies. The present book was written to support a first course in real analysis, normally taken after a year of elementary calculus. Real analysis is, roughly speaking, the modern setting for Calculus, "real" alluding to the field of real numbers that underlies it all. At center stage are functions, defined and taking values in sets of real numbers or in sets (the plane, 3-space, etc.) readily derived from the real numbers; a first course in real analysis traditionally places the emphasis on real-valued functions defined on sets of real numbers. The agenda for the course: (1) start with the axioms for the field ofreal numbers, (2) build, in one semester and with appropriate rigor, the foun dations of calculus (including the "Fundamental Theorem"), and, along the way, (3) develop those skills and attitudes that enable us to continue learning mathematics on our own. Three decades of experience with the exercise have not diminished my astonishment that it can be done.

A First Course in Computational Algebraic Geometry

Author: Wolfram Decker,Gerhard Pfister

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107311489

Category: Mathematics

Page: N.A

View: 9116

A First Course in Computational Algebraic Geometry is designed for young students with some background in algebra who wish to perform their first experiments in computational geometry. Originating from a course taught at the African Institute for Mathematical Sciences, the book gives a compact presentation of the basic theory, with particular emphasis on explicit computational examples using the freely available computer algebra system, Singular. Readers will quickly gain the confidence to begin performing their own experiments.

Basic Algebra I

Second Edition

Author: Nathan Jacobson

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486135225

Category: Mathematics

Page: 528

View: 8687

A classic text and standard reference for a generation, this volume covers all undergraduate algebra topics, including groups, rings, modules, Galois theory, polynomials, linear algebra, and associative algebra. 1985 edition.

Algebraic Topology

A First Course

Author: William Fulton

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461241804

Category: Mathematics

Page: 430

View: 5030

To the Teacher. This book is designed to introduce a student to some of the important ideas of algebraic topology by emphasizing the re lations of these ideas with other areas of mathematics. Rather than choosing one point of view of modem topology (homotopy theory, simplicial complexes, singular theory, axiomatic homology, differ ential topology, etc.), we concentrate our attention on concrete prob lems in low dimensions, introducing only as much algebraic machin ery as necessary for the problems we meet. This makes it possible to see a wider variety of important features of the subject than is usual in a beginning text. The book is designed for students of mathematics or science who are not aiming to become practicing algebraic topol ogists-without, we hope, discouraging budding topologists. We also feel that this approach is in better harmony with the historical devel opment of the subject. What would we like a student to know after a first course in to pology (assuming we reject the answer: half of what one would like the student to know after a second course in topology)? Our answers to this have guided the choice of material, which includes: under standing the relation between homology and integration, first on plane domains, later on Riemann surfaces and in higher dimensions; wind ing numbers and degrees of mappings, fixed-point theorems; appli cations such as the Jordan curve theorem, invariance of domain; in dices of vector fields and Euler characteristics; fundamental groups

Introduction to Abstract Algebra, Third Edition

Author: T.A. Whitelaw

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780751401479

Category: Mathematics

Page: 256

View: 9713

The first and second editions of this successful textbook have been highly praised for their lucid and detailed coverage of abstract algebra. In this third edition, the author has carefully revised and extended his treatment, particularly the material on rings and fields, to provide an even more satisfying first course in abstract algebra.

Computing the Continuous Discretely

Integer-point Enumeration in Polyhedra

Author: Matthias Beck,Sinai Robins

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387461124

Category: Mathematics

Page: 227

View: 9514

This textbook illuminates the field of discrete mathematics with examples, theory, and applications of the discrete volume of a polytope. The authors have weaved a unifying thread through basic yet deep ideas in discrete geometry, combinatorics, and number theory. We encounter here a friendly invitation to the field of "counting integer points in polytopes", and its various connections to elementary finite Fourier analysis, generating functions, the Frobenius coin-exchange problem, solid angles, magic squares, Dedekind sums, computational geometry, and more. With 250 exercises and open problems, the reader feels like an active participant.

Applied Abstract Algebra

Author: Rudolf Lidl,Günter Pilz

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387982908

Category: Mathematics

Page: 488

View: 3289

Accessible to junior and senior undergraduate students, this survey contains many examples, solved exercises, sets of problems, and parts of abstract algebra of use in many other areas of discrete mathematics. Although this is a mathematics book, the authors have made great efforts to address the needs of users employing the techniques discussed. Fully worked out computational examples are backed by more than 500 exercises throughout the 40 sections. This new edition includes a new chapter on cryptology, and an enlarged chapter on applications of groups, while an extensive chapter has been added to survey other applications not included in the first edition. The book assumes knowledge of the material covered in a course on linear algebra and, preferably, a first course in (abstract) algebra covering the basics of groups, rings, and fields.

Calculus of Several Variables

Author: Serge Lang

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461210682

Category: Mathematics

Page: 619

View: 6773

This new, revised edition covers all of the basic topics in calculus of several variables, including vectors, curves, functions of several variables, gradient, tangent plane, maxima and minima, potential functions, curve integrals, Green’s theorem, multiple integrals, surface integrals, Stokes’ theorem, and the inverse mapping theorem and its consequences. It includes many completely worked-out problems.

A First Course in Harmonic Analysis

Author: Anton Deitmar

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387275614

Category: Mathematics

Page: 192

View: 5445

Affordable softcover second edition of bestselling title (over 1000 copies sold of previous edition) A primer in harmonic analysis on the undergraduate level Gives a lean and streamlined introduction to the central concepts of this beautiful and utile theory. Entirely based on the Riemann integral and metric spaces instead of the more demanding Lebesgue integral and abstract topology. Almost all proofs are given in full and all central concepts are presented clearly. Provides an introduction to Fourier analysis, leading up to the Poisson Summation Formula. Make the reader aware of the fact that both principal incarnations of Fourier theory, the Fourier series and the Fourier transform, are special cases of a more general theory arising in the context of locally compact abelian groups. Introduces the reader to the techniques used in harmonic analysis of noncommutative groups. These techniques are explained in the context of matrix groups as a principal example.

A First Course in Abstract Algebra

Author: Joseph J. Rotman

Publisher: Pearson College Division

ISBN: 9780130115843

Category: Mathematics

Page: 531

View: 5107

This new edition has been completely rewritten. The four chapters from the first edition are expanded, from 257 pages in first edition to 384 in the second. Two new chapters have been added - the first 3 chapters are a text for a one-semester course; the last 3 chapters are a text for a second semester. The new Chapter 5, Groups II, contains the fundamental theorem of finite abelian groups, the Sylow theorems, the Jordan-Holder theorem and solvable groups, and presentations of groups (including a careful construction of free groups). The new Chapter 6, Commutative Rings II, introduces prime and maximal ideals, unique factorization in polynomial rings in several variables, noetherian rings and the Hilbert basis theorem, affine varieties (including a proof of Hilbert's Nullstellensatz over the complex numbers and irreducible components), and Grobner bases, including the generalized division algorithm and Buchberger's algorithm.

Advanced Linear Algebra

Author: Steven Roman

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387728317

Category: Mathematics

Page: 526

View: 4994

This graduate level textbook covers an especially broad range of topics. The book first offers a careful discussion of the basics of linear algebra. It then proceeds to a discussion of modules, emphasizing a comparison with vector spaces, and presents a thorough discussion of inner product spaces, eigenvalues, eigenvectors, and finite dimensional spectral theory, culminating in the finite dimensional spectral theorem for normal operators. The new edition has been revised and contains a chapter on the QR decomposition, singular values and pseudoinverses, and a chapter on convexity, separation and positive solutions to linear systems.

Selected Topics in the Classical Theory of Functions of a Complex Variable

Author: Maurice Heins

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486800695

Category: Mathematics

Page: 176

View: 1653

Elegant and concise, this text explores properties of meromorphic functions, Picard theorem, harmonic and subharmonic functions, applications, and boundary behavior of the Riemann mapping function for simply connected Jordan regions. 1962 edition.

Numerical Solution of Ordinary Differential Equations

Author: Kendall Atkinson,Weimin Han,David E. Stewart

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118164520

Category: Mathematics

Page: 272

View: 1855

A concise introduction to numerical methodsand the mathematical framework neededto understand their performance Numerical Solution of Ordinary Differential Equations presents a complete and easy-to-follow introduction to classical topics in the numerical solution of ordinary differential equations. The book's approach not only explains the presented mathematics, but also helps readers understand how these numerical methods are used to solve real-world problems. Unifying perspectives are provided throughout the text, bringing together and categorizing different types of problems in order to help readers comprehend the applications of ordinary differential equations. In addition, the authors' collective academic experience ensures a coherent and accessible discussion of key topics, including: Euler's method Taylor and Runge-Kutta methods General error analysis for multi-step methods Stiff differential equations Differential algebraic equations Two-point boundary value problems Volterra integral equations Each chapter features problem sets that enable readers to test and build their knowledge of the presented methods, and a related Web site features MATLAB® programs that facilitate the exploration of numerical methods in greater depth. Detailed references outline additional literature on both analytical and numerical aspects of ordinary differential equations for further exploration of individual topics. Numerical Solution of Ordinary Differential Equations is an excellent textbook for courses on the numerical solution of differential equations at the upper-undergraduate and beginning graduate levels. It also serves as a valuable reference for researchers in the fields of mathematics and engineering.

A Concrete Introduction to Higher Algebra

Author: Lindsay N. Childs

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387989990

Category: Mathematics

Page: 522

View: 6810

This book presents an informal and readable introduction to higher algebra at the post-calculus level. Over 900 exercises, ranging from routine examples to extensions of theory, are found throughout the book; hints and answers for many of them are included in an appendix.