Set Theory

A First Course

Author: Daniel W. Cunningham

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316682048

Category: Mathematics

Page: N.A

View: 2993

Set theory is a rich and beautiful subject whose fundamental concepts permeate virtually every branch of mathematics. One could say that set theory is a unifying theory for mathematics, since nearly all mathematical concepts and results can be formalized within set theory. This textbook is meant for an upper undergraduate course in set theory. In this text, the fundamentals of abstract sets, including relations, functions, the natural numbers, order, cardinality, transfinite recursion, the axiom of choice, ordinal numbers, and cardinal numbers, are developed within the framework of axiomatic set theory. The reader will need to be comfortable reading and writing mathematical proofs. The proofs in this textbook are rigorous, clear, and complete, while remaining accessible to undergraduates who are new to upper-level mathematics. Exercises are included at the end of each section in a chapter, with useful suggestions for the more challenging exercises.

Exploring Mathematics

An Engaging Introduction to Proof

Author: John Meier,Derek Smith

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1108509282

Category: Mathematics

Page: N.A

View: 9920

Exploring Mathematics gives students experience with doing mathematics - interrogating mathematical claims, exploring definitions, forming conjectures, attempting proofs, and presenting results - and engages them with examples, exercises, and projects that pique their interest. Written with a minimal number of pre-requisites, this text can be used by college students in their first and second years of study, and by independent readers who want an accessible introduction to theoretical mathematics. Core topics include proof techniques, sets, functions, relations, and cardinality, with selected additional topics that provide many possibilities for further exploration. With a problem-based approach to investigating the material, students develop interesting examples and theorems through numerous exercises and projects. In-text exercises, with complete solutions or robust hints included in an appendix, help students explore and master the topics being presented. The end-of-chapter exercises and projects provide students with opportunities to confirm their understanding of core material, learn new concepts, and develop mathematical creativity.

A Course on Set Theory

Author: Ernest Schimmerling

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139501488

Category: Mathematics

Page: N.A

View: 7935

Set theory is the mathematics of infinity and part of the core curriculum for mathematics majors. This book blends theory and connections with other parts of mathematics so that readers can understand the place of set theory within the wider context. Beginning with the theoretical fundamentals, the author proceeds to illustrate applications to topology, analysis and combinatorics, as well as to pure set theory. Concepts such as Boolean algebras, trees, games, dense linear orderings, ideals, filters and club and stationary sets are also developed. Pitched specifically at undergraduate students, the approach is neither esoteric nor encyclopedic. The author, an experienced instructor, includes motivating examples and over 100 exercises designed for homework assignments, reviews and exams. It is appropriate for undergraduates as a course textbook or for self-study. Graduate students and researchers will also find it useful as a refresher or to solidify their understanding of basic set theory.

A First Course in Mathematical Logic and Set Theory

Author: Michael L. O'Leary

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470905883

Category: Mathematics

Page: 464

View: 8571

Rather than teach mathematics and the structure of proofssimultaneously, this book first introduces logic as the foundationof proofs and then demonstrates how logic applies to mathematicaltopics. This method ensures that readers gain a firmunderstanding of how logic interacts with mathematics and empowersthem to solve more complex problems. The study of logic andapplications is used throughout to prepare readers for further workin proof writing. Readers are first introduced tomathematical proof-writing, and then the book provides anoverview of symbolic logic that includes two-column logicproofs. Readers are then transitioned to set theory andinduction, and applications of number theory, relations, functions,groups, and topology are provided to further aid incomprehension. Topical coverage includes propositional logic,predicate logic, set theory, mathematical induction, number theory,relations, functions, group theory, and topology.

Notes on Logic and Set Theory

Author: P. T. Johnstone

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521336925

Category: Mathematics

Page: 110

View: 5777

A succinct introduction to mathematical logic and set theory, which together form the foundations for the rigorous development of mathematics. Suitable for all introductory mathematics undergraduates, Notes on Logic and Set Theory covers the basic concepts of logic: first-order logic, consistency, and the completeness theorem, before introducing the reader to the fundamentals of axiomatic set theory. Successive chapters examine the recursive functions, the axiom of choice, ordinal and cardinal arithmetic, and the incompleteness theorems. Dr. Johnstone has included numerous exercises designed to illustrate the key elements of the theory and to provide applications of basic logical concepts to other areas of mathematics.

A First Course in Analysis

Author: John B. Conway

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316802418

Category: Mathematics

Page: N.A

View: 7394

This rigorous textbook is intended for a year-long analysis or advanced calculus course for advanced undergraduate or beginning graduate students. Starting with detailed, slow-paced proofs that allow students to acquire facility in reading and writing proofs, it clearly and concisely explains the basics of differentiation and integration of functions of one and several variables, and covers the theorems of Green, Gauss, and Stokes. Minimal prerequisites are assumed, and relevant linear algebra topics are reviewed right before they are needed, making the material accessible to students from diverse backgrounds. Abstract topics are preceded by concrete examples to facilitate understanding, for example, before introducing differential forms, the text examines low-dimensional examples. The meaning and importance of results are thoroughly discussed, and numerous exercises of varying difficulty give students ample opportunity to test and improve their knowledge of this difficult yet vital subject.

Coding Theory

A First Course

Author: San Ling,Chaoping Xing

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780521821919

Category: Computers

Page: 222

View: 7797

Coding theory is concerned with successfully transmitting data through a noisy channel and correcting errors in corrupted messages. It is of central importance for many applications in computer science or engineering. This book gives a comprehensive introduction to coding theory whilst only assuming basic linear algebra. It contains a detailed and rigorous introduction to the theory of block codes and moves on to more advanced topics like BCH codes, Goppa codes and Sudan's algorithm for list decoding. The issues of bounds and decoding, essential to the design of good codes, features prominently. The authors of this book have, for several years, successfully taught a course on coding theory to students at the National University of Singapore. This book is based on their experiences and provides a thoroughly modern introduction to the subject. There are numerous examples and exercises, some of which introduce students to novel or more advanced material.

Grundzüge der Mengenlehre

Author: Felix Hausdorff

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 9780828400619

Category: Mathematics

Page: 476

View: 905

This reprint of the original 1914 edition of this famous work contains many topics that had to be omitted from later editions, notably, Symmetric Sets, Principle of Duality, most of the ``Algebra'' of Sets, Partially Ordered Sets, Arbitrary Sets of Complexes, Normal Types, Initial and Final Ordering, Complexes of Real Numbers, General Topological Spaces, Euclidean Spaces, the Special Methods Applicable in the Euclidean Plane, Jordan's Separation Theorem, the Theory of Content and Measure, the Theory of the Lebesgue Integral. The text is in German.

Mathematical Logic

A First Course

Author: Joel W. Robbin

Publisher: Dover Publications

ISBN: N.A

Category: Mathematics

Page: 238

View: 3301

Suitable for advanced undergraduates and graduate students, this self-contained text will appeal to readers from diverse fields and varying backgrounds — including mathematics, philosophy, linguistics, computer science, and engineering. It features numerous exercises of varying levels of difficulty, many with solutions. A survey of the propositional calculus is followed by chapters on first-order logic and first-order recursive arithmetic. An examination of the arithmetization of syntax follows, along with a review of the incompleteness theorems and other applications of the Liar Paradox. The text concludes with a study of second-order logic and an appendix on set theory that will prove valuable to students with little or no mathematical background.

Set Theory

Author: Andras Hajnal,Peter Hamburger

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521596671

Category: Mathematics

Page: 316

View: 1281

This is a classic introduction to set theory, from the basics through to the modern tools of combinatorial set theory.

Surveys in Set Theory

Author: A. R. D. Mathias

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521277337

Category: Mathematics

Page: 247

View: 9796

This book comprises five expository articles and two research papers on topics of current interest in set theory and the foundations of mathematics. Articles by Baumgartner and Devlin introduce the reader to proper forcing. This is a development by Saharon Shelah of Cohen's method which has led to solutions of problems that resisted attack by forcing methods as originally developed in the 1960s. The article by Guaspari is an introduction to descriptive set theory, a subject that has developed dramatically in the last few years. Articles by Kanamori and Stanley discuss one of the most difficult concepts in contemporary set theory, that of the morass, first created by Ronald Jensen in 1971 to solve the gap-two conjecture in model theory, assuming Gödel's axiom of constructibility. The papers by Prikry and Shelah complete the volume by giving the reader the flavour of contemporary research in set theory. This book will be of interest to graduate students and research workers in set theory and mathematical logic.

The Mathematics of Logic

A Guide to Completeness Theorems and their Applications

Author: Richard W. Kaye

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139467212

Category: Mathematics

Page: N.A

View: 4979

This undergraduate textbook covers the key material for a typical first course in logic, in particular presenting a full mathematical account of the most important result in logic, the Completeness Theorem for first-order logic. Looking at a series of interesting systems, increasing in complexity, then proving and discussing the Completeness Theorem for each, the author ensures that the number of new concepts to be absorbed at each stage is manageable, whilst providing lively mathematical applications throughout. Unfamiliar terminology is kept to a minimum, no background in formal set-theory is required, and the book contains proofs of all the required set theoretical results. The reader is taken on a journey starting with König's Lemma, and progressing via order relations, Zorn's Lemma, Boolean algebras, and propositional logic, to completeness and compactness of first-order logic. As applications of the work on first-order logic, two final chapters provide introductions to model theory and nonstandard analysis.

How to Prove It

A Structured Approach

Author: Daniel J. Velleman

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139450972

Category: Mathematics

Page: N.A

View: 5545

Many students have trouble the first time they take a mathematics course in which proofs play a significant role. This new edition of Velleman's successful text will prepare students to make the transition from solving problems to proving theorems by teaching them the techniques needed to read and write proofs. The book begins with the basic concepts of logic and set theory, to familiarize students with the language of mathematics and how it is interpreted. These concepts are used as the basis for a step-by-step breakdown of the most important techniques used in constructing proofs. The author shows how complex proofs are built up from these smaller steps, using detailed 'scratch work' sections to expose the machinery of proofs about the natural numbers, relations, functions, and infinite sets. To give students the opportunity to construct their own proofs, this new edition contains over 200 new exercises, selected solutions, and an introduction to Proof Designer software. No background beyond standard high school mathematics is assumed. This book will be useful to anyone interested in logic and proofs: computer scientists, philosophers, linguists, and of course mathematicians.

A First Course in Optimization Theory

Author: Rangarajan K. Sundaram

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139643150

Category: Business & Economics

Page: N.A

View: 3360

This book, first published in 1996, introduces students to optimization theory and its use in economics and allied disciplines. The first of its three parts examines the existence of solutions to optimization problems in Rn, and how these solutions may be identified. The second part explores how solutions to optimization problems change with changes in the underlying parameters, and the last part provides an extensive description of the fundamental principles of finite- and infinite-horizon dynamic programming. Each chapter contains a number of detailed examples explaining both the theory and its applications for first-year master's and graduate students. 'Cookbook' procedures are accompanied by a discussion of when such methods are guaranteed to be successful, and, equally importantly, when they could fail. Each result in the main body of the text is also accompanied by a complete proof. A preliminary chapter and three appendices are designed to keep the book mathematically self-contained.

A Course on Borel Sets

Author: S.M. Srivastava

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387984124

Category: Mathematics

Page: 264

View: 1459

A thorough introduction to Borel sets and measurable selections, acting as a stepping stone to descriptive set theory by presenting such important techniques as universal sets, prewellordering, scales, etc. It contains significant applications to other branches of mathematics and serves as a self-contained reference accessible by mathematicians in many different disciplines. Written in an easily understandable style, and using only naive set theory, general topology, analysis, and algebra, it is thus well suited for graduates exploring areas of mathematics for their research and for those requiring Borel sets and measurable selections in their work.

A Course in Mathematical Analysis

Author: D. J. H. Garling

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107032040

Category: Mathematics

Page: 332

View: 6482

"The three volumes of A Course in Mathematical Analysis provide a full and detailed account of all those elements of real and complex analysis that an undergraduate mathematics student can expect to encounter in their first two or three years of study. Containing hundreds of exercises, examples and applications, these books will become an invaluable resource for both students and instructors. Volume I focuses on the analysis of real-valued functions of a real variable. Besides developing the basic theoryit describes many applications, including a chapter on Fourier series. It also includes a Prologue in which the author introduces the axioms of set theory and uses them to construct the real number system. Volume II goes on to consider metric and topological spaces, and functions of several variables. Volume III covers complex analysis and the theory of measure and integration"--

The Foundations of Mathematics

Author: Ian Stewart,David Tall

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191016489

Category: Mathematics

Page: 432

View: 2978

The transition from school mathematics to university mathematics is seldom straightforward. Students are faced with a disconnect between the algorithmic and informal attitude to mathematics at school, versus a new emphasis on proof, based on logic, and a more abstract development of general concepts, based on set theory. The authors have many years' experience of the potential difficulties involved, through teaching first-year undergraduates and researching the ways in which students and mathematicians think. The book explains the motivation behind abstract foundational material based on students' experiences of school mathematics, and explicitly suggests ways students can make sense of formal ideas. This second edition takes a significant step forward by not only making the transition from intuitive to formal methods, but also by reversing the process- using structure theorems to prove that formal systems have visual and symbolic interpretations that enhance mathematical thinking. This is exemplified by a new chapter on the theory of groups. While the first edition extended counting to infinite cardinal numbers, the second also extends the real numbers rigorously to larger ordered fields. This links intuitive ideas in calculus to the formal epsilon-delta methods of analysis. The approach here is not the conventional one of 'nonstandard analysis', but a simpler, graphically based treatment which makes the notion of an infinitesimal natural and straightforward. This allows a further vision of the wider world of mathematical thinking in which formal definitions and proof lead to amazing new ways of defining, proving, visualising and symbolising mathematics beyond previous expectations.