Growing recognition of the complexity of animals' physical, social, and psychological lives in the wild has led both zookeepers and the zoo-going public to call for higher environmental standards for animals in captivity. Bringing together the work of animal behaviorists, zoo biologists, and psychologists, Second Nature explores a range of innovative strategies for environmental enrichment in laboratories and marine parks, as well as in zoos. From artificial fleeing-prey devices for leopards to irregular feeding schedules for whales, the practices discussed have resulted in healthier, more relaxed animals that can breed more easily and can exert some control over their environments. Moving beyond the usual studies of primates to consider the requirements of animals as diverse as reptiles, amphibians, marine mammals, small cats, hooved grazers, and bears, contributors argue that whether an animal forages in the wild or plays computer games in captivity, the satisfaction its activity provides—rather than the activity itself—determines the animal's level of physical and psychological well-being. Second Nature also discusses the ways in which environmental enrichment can help zoo-bred animals develop the stamina and adaptability for survival in the wild, and how it can produce healthier lab animals that yield more valid test results. Providing a theoretical framework for the science of environmental enrichment in a variety of settings, the book renews and extends a humane approach to the keeping and conservation of animals. From the Trade Paperback edition.
Environmental Enrichment for Captive Animals
Author: David J. Shepherdson,Jill D. Mellen,Michael Hutchins
Publisher: Smithsonian Institution
Zoos, aquaria, and wildlife parks are vital centers of animal conservation and management. For nearly fifteen years, these institutions have relied on Wild Mammals in Captivity as the essential reference for their work. Now the book reemerges in a completely updated second edition. Wild Mammals in Captivity presents the most current thinking and practice in the care and management of wild mammals in zoos and other institutions. In one comprehensive volume, the editors have gathered the most current information from studies of animal behavior; advances in captive breeding; research in physiology, genetics, and nutrition; and new thinking in animal management and welfare. In this edition, more than three-quarters of the text is new, and information from more than seventy-five contributors is thoroughly updated. The standard text for all courses in zoo biology, Wild Mammals in Captivity will, in its new incarnation, continue to be used by zoo managers, animal caretakers, researchers, and anyone with an interest in how to manage animals in captive conditions.
Principles and Techniques for Zoo Management, Second Edition
Author: Devra G. Kleiman,Katerina V. Thompson,Charlotte Kirk Baer
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
Capuchin monkeys are one of the most widely distributed genera of primates in Central and South America. Capuchins captivate the imagination of scientists and the lay public alike with their creative and highly variable behaviour, their grace and power in action, and their highly developed social character. In this, the first scholarly book devoted to the biology of the genus Cebus (Primates: Platyrrhine), the taxonomy, distribution, life history, ecology, anatomy, development, perception, cognition, motor skills, social and sexual behaviour of these monkeys are summarised. The book also describes how humans have viewed, used and studied these monkeys from ancient times to the present. The authors explicitly organismic and inclusive treatment provides a picture in unparalleled detail of the capuchin over its lifetime for all those with an interest in these fascinating animals.
The Biology of the Genus Cebus
Author: Dorothy M. Fragaszy,Elisabetta Visalberghi,Linda M. Fedigan
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Since its establishment by USDA regulation in the mid-1980s, the Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee (IACUC) has evolved as the premier instrument of animal welfare oversight within research institutions in the United States. By addressing questions and problems that often confront institutions, The IACUC Handbook, Second Edition provides accurate, succinct answers. It features comprehensive updates for all pertinent federal laws, regulations, and policies. It also contains an expanded survey of IACUC practices from institutions around the nation. With accessible information, this new editionprovides a foundation for those attempting to understand and implement the many and varied responsibilities of these committees.
Author: Jerald Silverman,Mark A. Suckow,Sreekant Murthy
Publisher: CRC Press
A Publication of the Proceedings of the National Wildlife Rehabilitation Symposium
Author: National Wildlife Rehabilitation Symposium
Category: Captive wild animals
Author: Michael D. Kreger,Animal Welfare Information Center (U.S.)
Larry Carbone, a veterinarian who is in charge of the lab animal welfare assurance program at a major research university, presents this scholarly history of animal rights. Biomedical researchers, and the less fanatical among the animal rights activists will find this book reasonable, humane, and novel in its perspective. It brings a novel, sociological perspective to an area that has been addressed largely from a philosophical perspective, or from the entrenched positions of highly committed advocates of a particular position in the debate.
Expertise and Advocacy in Laboratory Animal Welfare Policy
Author: Larry Carbone
Publisher: Oxford University Press
A 1985 amendment to the Animal Welfare Act requires those who keep nonhuman primates to develop and follow appropriate plans for promoting the animals' psychological well-being. The amendment, however, provides few specifics. The Psychological Well-Being of Nonhuman Primates recommends practical approaches to meeting those requirements. It focuses on what is known about the psychological needs of primates and makes suggestions for assessing and promoting their well-being. This volume examines the elements of an effective care program--social companionship, opportunities for species-typical activity, housing and sanitation, and daily care routines--and provides a helpful checklist for designing a plan for promoting psychological well-being. The book provides a wealth of specific and useful information about the psychological attributes and needs of the most widely used and exhibited nonhuman primates. Readable and well-organized, it will be welcomed by animal care and use committees, facilities administrators, enforcement inspectors, animal advocates, researchers, veterinarians, and caretakers.
Author: National Research Council,Commission on Life Sciences,Institute for Laboratory Animal Research,Committee on Well-Being of Nonhuman Primates
Publisher: National Academies Press
The latest information on training and behavior of exotic pet animals for the exotic animal veterinarian. Topics to be covered include the application of science based training technology, a framework for solving behavior problems, training avian patients and their caregivers, trained falconry birds and veterinary medicine: preserving the client/veterinarian relationship, technicians and animal training, small mammal training in the veterinary practice, training reptiles and amphibians for medical and husbandry, training fish and invertebrates for husbandry and medical behaviors, marine mammal training, training birds and small mammals for medical behaviors, and more.
Author: Barbara Heidenreich
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
a newsletter of the Neotropical Section of the IUCN/SSC Primate Specialist Group
The entwined history of humans and elephants is fascinating but often sad. People have used elephants as beasts of burden and war machines, slaughtered them for their ivory, exterminated them as threats to people and ecosystems, turned them into objects of entertainment at circuses, employed them as both curiosities and conservation ambassadors in zoos, and deified and honored them in religious rites. How have such actions affected these pachyderms? What ethical and moral imperatives should humans follow to ensure that elephants are treated with dignity and saved from extinction? In Elephants and Ethics, Christen Wemmer and Catherine A. Christen assemble an international cohort of experts to review the history of human-elephant relations, discuss current issues of vital concern to elephant welfare, and assess the prospects for the ethical coexistence of both species. Part I provides an overview of the vexatious human-elephant relationship, from the history of our interactions to understanding elephant intelligence and sense of self. It concludes with a discussion of the issues of stress, pain, and suffering as experienced by elephants in human care and the problems inherent in assessing these subjectively. The second part explores how humans use elephants as tools and entertainment. It reviews domestic uses in Asia, examines the history and roles of elephants in zoos and circuses, and discusses the methods and ethics of training and caring for captive elephants. In Part III the contributors examine the fragile and conflict-filled world of human-elephant interactions in the wild. Each chapter delves into a different angle of the "elephant problem"- the all-too-human problem of our growing populations taking over space that was historically the domain of these pachyderms. The chapters explore attempts to tame and "train" elephants in populous areas, the struggle over balancing species preservation while maintaining biodiversity in protected areas, and the conundrums posed by hunting, tourism, and human-elephant competition on rural land. That the future health and survival of elephants is dependent on human actions is irrefutable. In addressing these issues from multiple perspectives, Elephants and Ethics promotes mutual understanding of the cultural, conservation, and economic difficulties at the root of the many troublesome human-elephant interactions and poses new questions about our responsibility toward these largest of land mammals.
toward a morality of coexistence
Author: Christen M. Wemmer,Catherine Ann Christen
Publisher: Johns Hopkins Univ Pr
Author: Andrea Fidgett
Publisher: EAZA Nutrition Group
Category: Zoo animals
Category: Veterinary medicine
For centuries we believed that humans were the only ones that mattered. The idea that animals had feelings was either dismissed or considered heresy. Today, that's all changing. New scientific studies of animal behavior reveal perceptions, intelligences, awareness and social skills that would have been deemed fantasy a generation ago. The implications make our troubled relationship to animals one of the most pressing moral issues of our time. Jonathan Balcombe, animal behaviorist and author of the critically acclaimed Pleasurable Kingdom, draws on the latest research, observational studies and personal anecdotes to reveal the full gamut of animal experience—from emotions, to problem solving, to moral judgment. Balcombe challenges the widely held idea that nature is red in tooth and claw, highlighting animal traits we have disregarded until now: their nuanced understanding of social dynamics, their consideration for others, and their strong tendency to avoid violent conflict. Did you know that dogs recognize unfairness and that rats practice random acts of kindness? Did you know that chimpanzees can trounce humans in short-term memory games? Or that fishes distinguish good guys from cheaters, and that birds are susceptible to mood swings such as depression and optimism? With vivid stories and entertaining anecdotes, Balcombe gives the human pedestal a strong shake while opening the door into the inner lives of the animals themselves.
The Inner Lives of Animals
Author: Jonathan Balcombe
Publisher: St. Martin's Press
Eine wahre Geschichte aus dem Zweiten Weltkrieg Während der Zweite Weltkrieg tobt, wird der Warschauer Zoo Schauplatz einer dramatischen Rettungsaktion, die über 300 Juden vor dem sicheren Tod bewahrt. Als Jan und Antonina Żabiński, der Zoodirektor und seine Frau, mitansehen, wie die Nazis in Polen einmarschieren, ist ihr Entsetzen groß. Die jüdische Bevölkerung wird im Warschauer Ghetto zusammengepfercht. Zeitgleich beginnen die Nazis den Zoo für ihre Zwecke zu nutzen, um ausgestorbene Tierarten rückzuzüchten. Als die Nazis den brachliegenden Zoo verlassen, nutzen die Żabińskis die Situation und schmuggeln Juden aus dem Warschauer Ghetto auf das Zoogelände, wo sie die Todgeweihten in den leeren Tierkäfigen verstecken. Sie retten ihnen damit das Leben. Ausgezeichnet mit dem Orion Award
Eine Geschichte aus dem Krieg
Author: Diane Ackerman
Publisher: Heyne Verlag
Das Naturschöne und das Kunstschöne berühren sich vielfach. Die mit dem Nobelpreis ausgezeichnete Biologin Christiane Nüsslein-Volhard zeigt, welche Funktionen visuelle Attraktion bei Tieren besitzt. Natürliche ›standards of beauty‹ sind, im Anschluss an Darwin, Resultat und Motor zweigeschlechtlicher Fortpflanzung, wobei die relativ schmucklose Oberfläche des Menschen enorme Gestaltungsspielräume ermöglicht. Körperliche Signale – Farben, Töne, Gerüche – besitzen zugleich eine umfassendere kommunikative Funktion im interspezifischen Zusammenleben von Tier- und Pflanzenarten. Wie kommt es aber zur Ausbildung von Farben und Mustern an der Körperoberfläche ? Erst in jüngster Zeit ist es gelungen, die molekulargenetischen Mechanismen zu entschlüsseln, die zur Farbproduktion und -verteilung führen. Im zweiten Teil ihres Essays zeichnet Nüsslein-Volhard die wissenschaftsgeschichtliche Entwicklung der letzten Jahrzehnte nach und fasst ihre bahnbrechenden Studien zum Zebrafisch – ihrem Modellorganismus – zusammen. Zuletzt plädiert sie für Staunen und Bescheidenheit angesichts der ungeheueren Komplexität selbstregulierender Prozesse in der lebendigen Natur.
Evolution biologischer Ästhetik
Author: Christiane Nüsslein-Volhard
Publisher: Matthes & Seitz Berlin Verlag