The Sciences of the Artificial

Author: Herbert A. Simon

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262264495

Category: Computers

Page: 248

View: 8655

Continuing his exploration of the organization of complexity and the science of design, this new edition of Herbert Simon's classic work on artificial intelligence adds a chapter that sorts out the current themes and tools—chaos, adaptive systems, genetic algorithms—for analyzing complexity and complex systems. There are updates throughout the book as well. These take into account important advances in cognitive psychology and the science of design while confirming and extending the book's basic thesis: that a physical symbol system has the necessary and sufficient means for intelligent action. The chapter "Economic Reality" has also been revised to reflect a change in emphasis in Simon's thinking about the respective roles of organizations and markets in economic systems.

The Sciences of the Artificial

Author: Herbert Alexander Simon

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262193744

Category: Computers

Page: 231

View: 6987

"People sometimes ask me what they should read to find out about artificial intelligence. Herbert Simon's book The Sciences of the Artificial is always on the list I give them. Every page issues a challenge to conventional thinking, and the layman who digests it well will certainly understand what the field of artificial intelligence hopes to accomplish. I recommend it in the same spirit that I recommend Freud to people who ask about psychoanalysis, or Piaget to those who ask about child psychology: If you want to learn about a subject, start by reading its founding fathers." -- George A. Miller, "Complex Information Processing" Continuing his exploration of the organization of complexity and the science of design, this new edition of Herbert Simon's classic work on artificial intelligence adds a chapter that sorts out the current themes and tools -- chaos, adaptive systems, genetic algorithms -- for analyzing complexity and complex systems.

Die Wissenschaften vom Künstlichen

Author: Herbert A. Simon

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783709193839

Category: Computers

Page: 241

View: 3069

Die Wissenschaften vom Künstlichen von Herbert A. Simon gilt seit dem Erscheinen der ersten Ausgabe im Jahr 1969 als "Klassiker" der Literatur zum Thema Künstliche Intelligenz. Simon hat zusammen mit den Computerwissenschaftlern Allen Newell, Marvin Minsky und John McCarthy Mitte der fünfziger Jahre das so bezeichnete - von Alan Turing antizipierte - Forschungsgebiet der Computerwissenschaft und der Psychologie ins Leben gerufen. Seine herausragende, allgemeinverständliche Darstellung von Grundüberlegungen und philosophischen Aspekten der Künstlichen Intelligenz ist heute aktueller denn je, nicht nur wegen der ständig zunehmenden Bedeutung der Forschung und Entwicklung auf diesem Gebiet, sondern auch aufgrund des verbreiteten Mangels an Grundkenntnissen für eine kritische Auseinandersetzung mit der Künstlichen Intelligenz.

Artificial life II

proceedings of the workshop on artificial life held February, 1990 in Santa Fe, New Mexico

Author: Christopher G. Langton

Publisher: Addison-Wesley Longman

ISBN: 9780201525700

Category: Computers

Page: 854

View: 5041


Artificial Intelligence Science And Technology - Proceedings Of The 2016 International Conference (Aist2016)

Author: Yang Hui

Publisher: #N/A

ISBN: 9813206837

Category: Computers

Page: 844

View: 3877

The 2016 International Conference on Artificial Intelligence Science and Technology (AIST2016) was held in Shanghai, China, from 15th to 17th July, 2016. AIST2016 aims to bring together researchers, engineers, and students to the areas of Artificial Intelligence Science and Technology. AIST2016 features unique mixed topics of artificial intelligence and application, computer and software, communication and network, information and security, data mining, and optimization. This volume consists of 101 peer-reviewed articles by local and foreign eminent scholars which cover the frontiers and state-of-art development in AI Technology.

The Sciences of Cognition

Theory and Research in Psychology and Artificial Intelligence

Author: Morton Wagman

Publisher: Praeger Publishers

ISBN: N.A

Category: Psychology

Page: 167

View: 8371

...articulates a general unified theory of intelligence directed toward integrated understanding of the nature of intelligence, whether human or artificial.

The Idea of Design

Author: Victor Margolin,Richard Buchanan,Richard H. Buchanan,Professor of Design Management & Information Systems George Richard Buchanan

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262631662

Category: Art

Page: 285

View: 7776

An anthology of essays addressing the nature and practice of contemporary product and graphic design, selected from volumes four through nine of the international journal Design Issues. Themes include reflection on the nature of design, the meaning of products, and the place of design in world culture. Includes b & w photos and illustrations. c. Book News Inc.

Leben 3.0

Mensch sein im Zeitalter Künstlicher Intelligenz

Author: Max Tegmark

Publisher: Ullstein Buchverlage

ISBN: 3843716706

Category: Social Science

Page: 528

View: 8593

Die Nobelpreis-Schmiede Massachusetts Institute of Technology ist der bedeutendste technologische Think Tank der USA. Dort arbeitet Professor Max Tegmark mit den weltweit führenden Entwicklern künstlicher Intelligenz zusammen, die ihm exklusive Einblicke in ihre Labors gewähren. Die Erkenntnisse, die er daraus zieht, sind atemberaubend und zutiefst verstörend zugleich. Neigt sich die Ära der Menschen dem Ende zu? Der Physikprofessor Max Tegmark zeigt anhand der neusten Forschung, was die Menschheit erwartet. Hier eine Auswahl möglicher Szenarien: - Eroberer: Künstliche Intelligenz übernimmt die Macht und entledigt sich der Menschheit mit Methoden, die wir noch nicht einmal verstehen. - Der versklavte Gott: Die Menschen bemächtigen sich einer superintelligenten künstlichen Intelligenz und nutzen sie, um Hochtechnologien herzustellen. - Umkehr: Der technologische Fortschritt wird radikal unterbunden und wir kehren zu einer prä-technologischen Gesellschaft im Stil der Amish zurück. - Selbstzerstörung: Superintelligenz wird nicht erreicht, weil sich die Menschheit vorher nuklear oder anders selbst vernichtet. - Egalitäres Utopia: Es gibt weder Superintelligenz noch Besitz, Menschen und kybernetische Organismen existieren friedlich nebeneinander. Max Tegmark bietet kluge und fundierte Zukunftsszenarien basierend auf seinen exklusiven Einblicken in die aktuelle Forschung zur künstlichen Intelligenz.

Artifacts and Artificial Science

Author: Bo Dahlbom,Svante Beckman,Göran B. Nilsson

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 137

View: 7424

In three essays, examine the idea of an artificial science, the nature of artifacts, our artificial world and the example of history as an artificial science.

Fundamentals of the New Artificial Intelligence

Beyond Traditional Paradigms

Author: Toshinori Munakata

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387983028

Category: Computers

Page: 231

View: 7944

A first course in AI, covering new technologies and their applications. With each topic, the book covers the most essential and widely employed material, particularly as it is used in real-world applications. The prerequisites are minimal: a basic understanding of computer science and mathematics is sufficient, making this suitable for undergraduates coming to the subject for the first time. Professor Munakata is a leading figure in this field and has given courses on this topic extensively. As a result, students and researchers will enjoy this authoritative introduction to the subject, with its emphasis on concise yet clear descriptions of the technical substance.

Artificial Intelligence and Creativity

An Interdisciplinary Approach

Author: T. Dartnall

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780792330615

Category: Psychology

Page: 458

View: 1742

Creativity is one of the least understood aspects of intelligence and is often seen as `intuitive' and not susceptible to rational enquiry. Recently, however, there has been a resurgence of interest in the area, principally in artificial intelligence and cognitive science, but also in psychology, philosophy, computer science, logic, mathematics, sociology, and architecture and design. This volume brings this work together and provides an overview of this rapidly developing field. It addresses a range of issues. Can computers be creative? Can they help us to understand human creativity? How can artificial intelligence (AI) enhance human creativity? How, in particular, can it contribute to the `sciences of the artificial', such as design? Does the new wave of AI (connectionism, geneticism and artificial life) offer more promise in these areas than classical, symbol-handling AI? What would the implications be for AI and cognitive science if computers could not be creative? These issues are explored in five interrelated parts, each of which is introducted and explained by a leading figure in the field. - Prologue (Margaret Boden) - Part I: Foundational Issues (Terry Dartnall) - Part II: Creativity and Cognition (Graeme S. Halford and Robert Levinson) - Part III: Creativity and Connectionism (Chris Thornton) - Part IV: Creativity and Design (John Gero) - Part V: Human Creativity Enhancement (Ernest Edmonds) - Epilogue (Douglas Hofstadter) For researchers in AI, cognitive science, computer science, philosophy, psychology, mathematics, logic, sociology, and architecture and design; and anyone interested in the rapidly growing field of artificial intelligence and creativity.

God from the Machine

Artificial Intelligence Models of Religious Cognition

Author: William Sims Bainbridge

Publisher: Rowman Altamira

ISBN: 9780759107441

Category: Computers

Page: 179

View: 2494

A demonstration of how religion and religious belief can emerge using computer simulations

Law, Computer Science, and Artificial Intelligence

Author: Ajit Narayanan,Mervyn Bennun

Publisher: Intellect Books

ISBN: 9781871516593

Category: Computers

Page: 265

View: 6090

The issues of 'intelligent' computer fraud, copyright of software, data protection, and the legal liability of producers of intelligent and nonintelligent software are causing concern for academic and commercial communities alike. This volume interrelates law, computer science and AI, and considers ways in which they will impact upon each other in the future.

The Politics of the Artificial

Essays on Design and Design Studies

Author: Victor Margolin

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226505046

Category: Art

Page: 273

View: 7901

Emerging from the world of commercial art and product styling, design has now become completely integrated into human life. Its marks are all around us, from the chairs we sit on to the Web sites on our computer screens. One of the pioneers of design studies and still one of its most distinguished practitioners, Victor Margolin here offers a timely meditation on design and its study at the turn of the millennium and charts new directions for the future development of both fields. Divided into sections on the practice and study of design, the essays in The Politics of the Artificial cover such topics as design history, design research, design as a political tool, sustainable design, and the problems of design's relation to advanced technologies. Margolin also examines the work of key practitioners such as the matrix designer Ken Isaacs. Throughout the book Margolin demonstrates the underlying connections between the many ways of reflecting on and practicing design. He argues for the creation of an international, interdisciplinary field of design research and proposes a new ethical agenda for designers and researchers that encompasses the responsibility to users, the problems of sustainability, and the complicated questions of how to set boundaries for applying advanced technology to solve the problems of human life. Opinionated and erudite, Victor Margolin's The Politics of the Artificial breaks fresh ground in its call for a new approach to design research and practice. Designers, engineers, architects, anthropologists, sociologists, and historians will all benefit from its insights.

Artificial Life IV

Proceedings of the Fourth International Workshop on the Synthesis and Simulation of Living Systems

Author: Bradford Complex Adaptive Systems,International Workshop on the Synthesis and Simulation of Living Systems

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262521901

Category: Computers

Page: 444

View: 5917

This book brings together contributions to the Fourth Artificial Life Workshop, held at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in the summer of 1994.

Contemplating Minds

A Forum for Artificial Intelligence

Author: William J. Clancey,Stephen W. Smoliar,Mark Stefik

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262531191

Category: Computers

Page: 543

View: 1949

One place where the scientific debate has been written for a broad audience is in the book review column of the international journal Artificial Intelligence, which has evolved from simple reviews to a multidisciplinary forum where reviewers and authors debate the latest, often competing, theories of human and artificial intelligence.

Cognitive Science and the Mind-body Problem

From Philosophy to Psychology to Artificial Intelligence to Imaging of the Brain

Author: Morton Wagman

Publisher: Praeger Publishers

ISBN: N.A

Category: Computers

Page: 147

View: 8221

A scholarly examination of the centrality of the mind-body problem within and across the science of cognition--from philosophy to psychology to artificial intelligence to neural science. Conceptions of the mind-body problem range from the heritage of Cartesianism to the identification of the circumscribed brain structures responsible for domain specific cognitive mechanisms. Neither narrowly technical nor philosophically vague, this is a structured and detailed account of advancing intellectual developments in theory, research, and knowledge illumined by the conceptual vicissitudes of the mind-body problem. This unique treatment will be of special interest to creative scholars in the disciplines of he sciences of cognition.

Québec Studies in the Philosophy of Science

Part II: Biology, Psychology, Cognitive Science and Economics Essays in Honor of Hugues Leblanc

Author: Mathieu Marion,Robert S. Cohen

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400901135

Category: Science

Page: 308

View: 9261

By North-American standards, philosophy is not new in Quebec: the first men tion of philosophy lectures given by a Jesuit in the College de Quebec (founded 1635) dates from 1665, and the oldest logic manuscript dates from 1679. In English-speaking universities such as McGill (founded 1829), philosophy began to be taught later, during the second half of the 19th century. The major influence on English-speaking philosophers was, at least initially, that of Scottish Empiricism. On the other hand, the strong influence of the Catholic Church on French-Canadian society meant that the staff of the facultes of the French-speaking universities consisted, until recently, almost entirely of Thomist philosophers. There was accordingly little or no work in modern Formal Logic and Philosophy of Science and precious few contacts between the philosophical communities. In the late forties, Hugues Leblanc was a young student wanting to learn Formal Logic. He could not find anyone in Quebec to teach him and he went to study at Harvard University under the supervision of W. V. Quine. His best friend Maurice L' Abbe had left, a year earlier, for Princeton to study with Alonzo Church. After receiving his Ph. D from Harvard in 1948, Leblanc started his profes sional career at Bryn Mawr College, where he stayed until 1967. He then went to Temple University, where he taught until his retirement in 1992, serving as Chair of the Department of Philosophy from 1973 until 1979.