The Sciences of the Artificial

Author: Herbert A. Simon

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262264495

Category: Computers

Page: 248

View: 9650

Continuing his exploration of the organization of complexity and the science of design, this new edition of Herbert Simon's classic work on artificial intelligence adds a chapter that sorts out the current themes and tools—chaos, adaptive systems, genetic algorithms—for analyzing complexity and complex systems. There are updates throughout the book as well. These take into account important advances in cognitive psychology and the science of design while confirming and extending the book's basic thesis: that a physical symbol system has the necessary and sufficient means for intelligent action. The chapter "Economic Reality" has also been revised to reflect a change in emphasis in Simon's thinking about the respective roles of organizations and markets in economic systems.

Artificial life II

proceedings of the workshop on artificial life held February, 1990 in Santa Fe, New Mexico

Author: Christopher G. Langton

Publisher: Addison-Wesley Longman

ISBN: 9780201525700

Category: Computers

Page: 854

View: 6285


Swarm Intelligence

From Natural to Artificial Systems

Author: Eric Bonabeau,Marco Dorigo,Guy Theraulaz

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780195131598

Category: Computers

Page: 307

View: 8605

In particular, these designs are an exciting approach to the tremendous growth of complexity in software and information. Swarm Intelligence draws on up-to-date research from biology, neuroscience, artificial intelligence, robotics, operations research, and computer graphics, and each chapter is organized around a particular biological example, which is then used to develop an algorithm, a multiagent system, or a group of robots.

God from the Machine

Artificial Intelligence Models of Religious Cognition

Author: William Sims Bainbridge

Publisher: Rowman Altamira

ISBN: 0759114358

Category: Computers

Page: 188

View: 2341

A demonstration of how religion and religious belief can emerge using computer simulations

Machinery of the Mind

Author: George Johnson

Publisher: Crown

ISBN: 0307799395

Category: Computers

Page: 336

View: 7849

Machinery of Mind is a full-scale, indispensable examination of the history, content, politics, and philosophy of Artificial Intelligence. In detail, consecutively but with a keen awareness of the interdisciplinary nature of the field, Johnson traces the history of the burgeoning science from its earliest practitioners to corporation-funded engineers and experts: Roger Schank, Terry Winograd, Doug Lenat and others who are struggling to create machines that can actually think independently, going beyond man-made programs and "games." Johnson presents the counterarguments of some theorists that intelligence is less than soul and that the "new science" moves arrogantly into dangerous territory. Necessarily inconclusive, this fascinating study is clear, comprehensive, richly detailed, and endlessly provocative.

The Idea of Design

Author: Victor Margolin,Richard H. Buchanan,Richard Buchanan,Professor of Design Management & Information Systems George Richard Buchanan

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262631662

Category: Art

Page: 285

View: 1214

An anthology of essays addressing the nature and practice of contemporary product and graphic design, selected from volumes four through nine of the international journal Design Issues. Themes include reflection on the nature of design, the meaning of products, and the place of design in world culture. Includes b & w photos and illustrations. c. Book News Inc.

Artificial Dreams

The Quest for Non-Biological Intelligence

Author: H. R. Ekbia

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139470442

Category: Psychology

Page: N.A

View: 6581

This book is a critique of Artificial Intelligence (AI) from the perspective of cognitive science – it seeks to examine what we have learned about human cognition from AI successes and failures. The book's goal is to separate those 'AI dreams' that either have been or could be realized from those that are constructed through discourse and are unrealizable. AI research has advanced many areas that are intellectually compelling and holds great promise for advances in science, engineering, and practical systems. After the 1980s, however, the field has often struggled to deliver widely on these promises. This book breaks new ground by analyzing how some of the driving dreams of people practicing AI research become valued contributions, while others devolve into unrealized and unrealizable projects.

The Artificial and the Natural

An Evolving Polarity

Author: Bernadette Bensaude-Vincent,William R. Newman

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262026201

Category: Science

Page: 331

View: 1624

Notions of nature and art as they have been defined and redefined in Western culture,from the Hippocratic writers and Aristotle of Ancient Greece to nineteenth-century chemistry andtwenty-first century biomimetics.

Designing Smart Homes

The Role of Artificial Intelligence

Author: Juan Carlos Augusto

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 354035994X

Category: Architecture

Page: 182

View: 3366

The area of smart homes is fast developing as an emergent area which attracts the synergy of several areas of science. This volume offers a collection of contributions addressing how artificial intelligence (AI), one of the core areas of computer science, can bring the growing area of smart homes to a higher level of functionality where homes can truly realize the long standing dream of proactively helping their inhabitants in an intelligent way. After an introductory section to describe a smart home scenario and to provide some basic terminology, the following 9 sections turn special attention to a particular exemplar application scenario (provision of healthcare and safety related services to increase the quality of life) exploring the application of specific areas of AI to this scenario.

Fundamentals of the New Artificial Intelligence

Neural, Evolutionary, Fuzzy and More

Author: Toshinori Munakata

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781846288395

Category: Computers

Page: 256

View: 2637

This book was originally titled “Fundamentals of the New Artificial Intelligence: Beyond Traditional Paradigms.” I have changed the subtitle to better represent the contents of the book. The basic philosophy of the original version has been kept in the new edition. That is, the book covers the most essential and widely employed material in each area, particularly the material important for real-world applications. Our goal is not to cover every latest progress in the fields, nor to discuss every detail of various techniques that have been developed. New sections/subsections added in this edition are: Simulated Annealing (Section 3.7), Boltzmann Machines (Section 3.8) and Extended Fuzzy if-then Rules Tables (Sub-section 5.5.3). Also, numerous changes and typographical corrections have been made throughout the manuscript. The Preface to the first edition follows. General scope of the book Artificial intelligence (AI) as a field has undergone rapid growth in diversification and practicality. For the past few decades, the repertoire of AI techniques has evolved and expanded. Scores of newer fields have been added to the traditional symbolic AI. Symbolic AI covers areas such as knowledge-based systems, logical reasoning, symbolic machine learning, search techniques, and natural language processing. The newer fields include neural networks, genetic algorithms or evolutionary computing, fuzzy systems, rough set theory, and chaotic systems.

The Politics of the Artificial

Essays on Design and Design Studies

Author: Victor Margolin

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226505046

Category: Art

Page: 273

View: 1943

Emerging from the world of commercial art and product styling, design has now become completely integrated into human life. Its marks are all around us, from the chairs we sit on to the Web sites on our computer screens. One of the pioneers of design studies and still one of its most distinguished practitioners, Victor Margolin here offers a timely meditation on design and its study at the turn of the millennium and charts new directions for the future development of both fields. Divided into sections on the practice and study of design, the essays in The Politics of the Artificial cover such topics as design history, design research, design as a political tool, sustainable design, and the problems of design's relation to advanced technologies. Margolin also examines the work of key practitioners such as the matrix designer Ken Isaacs. Throughout the book Margolin demonstrates the underlying connections between the many ways of reflecting on and practicing design. He argues for the creation of an international, interdisciplinary field of design research and proposes a new ethical agenda for designers and researchers that encompasses the responsibility to users, the problems of sustainability, and the complicated questions of how to set boundaries for applying advanced technology to solve the problems of human life. Opinionated and erudite, Victor Margolin's The Politics of the Artificial breaks fresh ground in its call for a new approach to design research and practice. Designers, engineers, architects, anthropologists, sociologists, and historians will all benefit from its insights.

Shadows of the Mind

A Search for the Missing Science of Consciousness

Author: Roger Penrose

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780195106466

Category: Computers

Page: 457

View: 2978

Presenting a look at the human mind's capacity while criticizing artificial intelligence, the author makes suggestions about classical and quantum physics and the role of microtubules

New Challenges to Philosophy of Science

Author: Hanne Andersen,Dennis Dieks,Wenceslao J. Gonzalez,Thomas Uebel,Gregory Wheeler

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400758456

Category: Science

Page: 512

View: 6446

This volume is a serious attempt to open up the subject of European philosophy of science to real thought, and provide the structural basis for the interdisciplinary development of its specialist fields, but also to provoke reflection on the idea of ‘European philosophy of science’. This efforts should foster a contemporaneous reflection on what might be meant by philosophy of science in Europe and European philosophy of science, and how in fact awareness of it could assist philosophers interpret and motivate their research through a stronger collective identity. The overarching aim is to set the background for a collaborative project organising, systematising, and ultimately forging an identity for, European philosophy of science by creating research structures and developing research networks across Europe to promote its development.

Artificial Life III

Proceedings of the Workshop on Artificial Life, Held June 1992 in Santa Fe, New Mexico

Author: Christopher G. Langton

Publisher: Addison-Wesley Longman

ISBN: 9780201624946

Category: Science

Page: 599

View: 5044

Artificial Life is the study of man-made systems that exhibit behaviors characteristic of natural living systems, such as self-organization, reproduction, development, and even evolution. It complements the traditional biological sciences concerned with the analysis of living organisms by attempting to synthesize and study life-like behaviors within computers or other ”alternative” media. By extending the empirical foundation upon which biology rests beyond the carbon-chain based life that has evolved on Earth, Artificial Life can contribute to the theoretical biology by locating ”life-as-we-know-it” within the larger context of ”life-as-it-could-be,” in any of its possible physical incarnations.

Contemplating Minds

A Forum for Artificial Intelligence

Author: William J. Clancey,Stephen W. Smoliar,Mark Stefik

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262531191

Category: Computers

Page: 543

View: 1816

One place where the scientific debate has been written for a broad audience is in the book review column of the international journal Artificial Intelligence, which has evolved from simple reviews to a multidisciplinary forum where reviewers and authors debate the latest, often competing, theories of human and artificial intelligence.

The Quest for Artificial Intelligence

Author: Nils J. Nilsson

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139642820

Category: Computers

Page: N.A

View: 472

Artificial intelligence (AI) is a field within computer science that is attempting to build enhanced intelligence into computer systems. This book traces the history of the subject, from the early dreams of eighteenth-century (and earlier) pioneers to the more successful work of today's AI engineers. AI is becoming more and more a part of everyone's life. The technology is already embedded in face-recognizing cameras, speech-recognition software, Internet search engines, and health-care robots, among other applications. The book's many diagrams and easy-to-understand descriptions of AI programs will help the casual reader gain an understanding of how these and other AI systems actually work. Its thorough (but unobtrusive) end-of-chapter notes containing citations to important source materials will be of great use to AI scholars and researchers. This book promises to be the definitive history of a field that has captivated the imaginations of scientists, philosophers, and writers for centuries.