An Invitation to Environmental Sociology

Author: Michael Mayerfeld Bell,Michael Bell

Publisher: Pine Forge Press

ISBN: 141299053X

Category: Social Science

Page: 384

View: 9396

The highly praised Fourth Edition of An Invitation to Environmental Sociology brings out the sociology of environmental possibility, inviting students to delve into this rapidly changing field. Written in a lively, engaging style, Bell covers the broad range of topics in environmental sociology with a personal passion rarely seen in sociology textbooks. With extensively updated material on the environmental situation, this edition challenges readers with the complexity of environmental puzzles.

Contested Agronomy

Agricultural Research in a Changing World

Author: James Sumberg,John Thompson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136450254

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 232

View: 4858

The dramatic increases in food prices experienced over the last four years, and their effects of hunger and food insecurity, as well as human-induced climate change and its implications for agriculture, food production and food security, are key topics within the field of agronomy and agricultural research. Contested Agronomy addresses these issues by exploring key developments since the mid-1970s, focusing in particular on the emergence of the neoliberal project and the rise of the participation and environmental agendas, taking into consideration how these have had profound impacts on the practice of agronomic research in the developing world especially over the last four decades. This book explores, through a series of case studies, the basis for a much needed ‘political agronomy’ analysis that highlights the impacts of problem framing and narratives, historical disjunctures, epistemic communities and the increasing pressure to demonstrate ‘success’ on both agricultural research and the farmers, processors and consumers it is meant to serve. Whilst being a fascinating and thought-provoking read for professionals in the Agriculture and Environmental sciences, it will also appeal to students and researchers in agricultural policy, development studies, geography, public administration, rural sociology, and science and technology studies.

Rural America in a Globalizing World

Problems and Prospects for the 2010s

Author: Conner Bailey,Leif Jensen,Elizabeth Ransom

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781940425108

Category: History

Page: 705

View: 6166

This fourth Rural Sociological Society decennial volume provides advanced policy scholarship on rural North America during the 2010's, closely reflecting upon the increasingly global nature of social, cultural, and economic forces and the impact of neoliberal ideology upon policy, politics, and power in rural areas. The chapters in this volume represent the expertise of an influential group of scholars in rural sociology and related social sciences. Its five sections address the changing structure of North American agriculture, natural resources and the environment, demographics, diversity, and quality of life in rural communities.

Handbook of Rural Studies

Author: Paul Cloke,Terry Marsden,Patrick Mooney

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780761973324

Category: Science

Page: 511

View: 2036

'This is a unique interpretation of rural issues that will become essential reference for students, scholars, politicians, developers and rural activists...' - Imre Kovach, President, European Society for Rural Sociology, Research director, Institute for Political Sciences, Budapest

Routledge International Handbook of Rural Studies

Author: Mark Shucksmith,David L. Brown

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317619854

Category: Social Science

Page: 698

View: 4621

Rural societies around the world are changing in fundamental ways, both at their own initiative and in response to external forces. The Routledge International Handbook of Rural Studies examines the organisation and transformation of rural society in more developed regions of the world, taking an interdisciplinary and problem-focused approach. Written by leading social scientists from many countries, it addresses emerging issues and challenges in innovative and provocative ways to inform future policy. This volume is organised around eight emerging social, economic and environmental challenges: Demographic change. Economic transformations. Food systems and land. Environment and resources. Changing configurations of gender and rural society. Social and economic equality. Social dynamics and institutional capacity. Power and governance. Cross-cutting these challenges are the growing interdependence of rural and urban; the rise in inequality within and between places; the impact of fiscal crisis on rural societies; neoliberalism, power and agency; and rural areas as potential sites of resistance. The Routledge International Handbook of Rural Studies is required reading for anyone concerned with the future of rural areas.

Food, Agriculture and Social Change

The Everyday Vitality of Latin America

Author: Stephen Sherwood,Alberto Arce,Myriam Paredes

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1315440067

Category: Social Science

Page: 250

View: 1501

In recent years, food studies scholarship has tended to focus on a number of increasingly abstract, largely unquestioned concepts with regard to how capital, markets and states organize and operate. This has led to a gulf between public policy and people’s realities with food as experienced in homes and on the streets. Through grounded case studies in seven Latin American countries, this book explores how development and social change in food and agriculture are fundamentally experiential, contingent and unpredictable. In viewing development in food as a socio-political-material experience, the authors find new objects, intersubjectivities and associations. These reveal a multiplicity of processes, effects and affects largely absent in current academic literature and public policy debates. In their attention to the contingency and creativity found in households, neighbourhoods and social networks, as well as at the borders of human–nonhuman experience, the book explores how people diversely meet their food needs and passions while confronting the region’s most pressing social, health and environmental concerns.

Agronomy for Development

The Politics of Knowledge in Agricultural Research

Author: James Sumberg

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1315284049

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 3526

Over the last decade there has been renewed interest in food security and the state of the global food system. Population growth, climate change and food price spikes have combined to focus new attention on the technologies and institutions that underpin the production and consumption of food that is varied, nutritious and safe. Knowledge politics within development-oriented agronomy set the stage for some models of agricultural development to be favoured over others, with very real implications for the food security and wellbeing of many millions of people. Agronomy for Development demonstrates how the analysis of knowledge politics can shed valuable new light on current debates about agricultural development and food security. Using bio-physical and social sciences perspectives to address the political economy of the production and use of knowledge in development, this edited collection reflects on the changing politics of knowledge within the field of agronomy and the ways in which these politics feed and reflect the interests of a broad set of actors. This book is aimed at professionals working in agricultural research as well as students and practitioners of agricultural, rural and international development. ?

The Sociology of Agriculture

Author: Frederick H. Buttel,Olaf F. Larson,Gilbert W. Gillespie, Jr.

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 263

View: 2527

Published to commemorate the 50th anniversary of the Rural Sociological Society, this monograph analyzes the nearly 90 years of rural sociological research on agriculture and provides a comprehensive overview of changing research focuses and theoretical approaches. As the authors note at the outset, there are a good number of continuities between early-20th-century rural sociology and what is now called the sociology of agriculture. There are also, they note, very substantial differences between contemporary sociology of agriculture scholarship and that which preceded it. Their aim throughout is to convey both continuities and discontinuities in theory, method, and approach. Intended primarily as a straightforward exposition of major scholarly themes, the volume is designed to be useful to readers from a variety of theoretical persuasions. The authors do, however, point to areas of weakness in theoretical or methodological approach that should be addressed in future research. The volume is organized around the three major eras of rural sociological conceptualizations of agriculture. The authors begin by examining the founding of U.S. rural sociology shortly after the turn of the century until the early 1950s, demonstrating that during this initial era the study of agriculture was largely construed as one of the many elements necessary for understanding the social fabric of rural community life. In the next section, they explore the social psychological/behaviorist tradition, which held sway from the early 1950s through the early 1970s and which conceptualized farmers as actors responding to stimuli such as new technologies and educational opportunities. The three chapters devoted to recent research in the emerging tradition of the new rural sociology address such topics as the political economy of agriculture, the environment of agriculture, and major theoretical trends in the sociology of agriculture. In their concluding chapter, the authors look toward the future of the sociology of agriculture and identify some potential problems as we move into the 1990s.

Welfare Reform in Rural Places

Comparative Perspectives

Author: Paul Milbourne

Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing

ISBN: 1849509182

Category: Social Science

Page: 236

View: 7338

This is the most important rugby book of the modern ear. Laced with controversy, it covers the period from when professionalism was adopted after the Tokyo and Paris agreements of 1995, up to and including the 2011 Six Nations Championship. In that time England employed six coaches: Geoff Cooke, Jack Rowell, Clive Woodward, Andy Robinson, Brian Ashton and Martin Johnson. It takes a critical look at them all in a period when England have not won a Grand Slam since 2003. With over half a million players in 2,500 clubs, could we not have done better? England is, after all, the wealthiest playing nation on God's earth and the only Europeans still making a profit. Why then have so many clubs fallen into the dankness of administration or gone out of business altogether like Orrell and Wakefield? Why have clubs like Coventry, London Welsh, Moseley and Bristol experienced financial difficulties? What does the future hold for Blackheath, London Scottish, Waterloo and West Hartlepool, to name but a four of the famous oldies? Is it sensible for clubs to chase after overseas players as Saracens and Leicester have been doing for many a year? Have Exeter caught that particular bug? The book looks at the shambles of the English league system, which is unedifying, cramped and costly. What are Redruth doing if they are playing Blaydon, when the cost of travel is £3,000? Why are the leagues not regionalised? What is the point of the British & Irish Cup? How important is the Heineken Cup? Why is a club promoted to the Aviva Premiership not awarded the same level of financial help as those already in the top division? These and a host of other taxing issues are examined in depth.

The Sociology of Rural Life

Author: Samantha Hillyard

Publisher: Berg

ISBN: 1845201388

Category: Social Science

Page: 188

View: 8913

Foot and mouth disease and BSE have both had a devastating impact on rural society. Alongside these devastating developments, the rise of the organic food movement has helped to revitalize an already politicized rural population. From fox-hunting to farming, the vigour with which rural activities and living are defended overturns received notions of a sleepy and complacent countryside. Over the years "rural life" has been defined, redefined and eventually fallen out of fashion as a sociological concept--in contrast to urban studies, which has flourished. This much-needed reappraisal calls for its reinterpretation in light of the profound changes affecting the countryside. First providing an overview of rural sociology, Hillyard goes on to offer contemporary case studies that clearly demonstrate the need for a reinvigorated rural sociology. Tackling a range of contentious issues--from fox-hunting to organic farming--this book offers a new model for rural sociology and reassesses its role in contemporary society.

Global dust bowl

can we stop the destruction of the land before it's too late?

Author: C. Dean Freudenberger

Publisher: Augsburg Fortress Pub

ISBN: N.A

Category: Nature

Page: 126

View: 5793


Biological Economies

Experimentation and the politics of agri-food frontiers

Author: Richard Le Heron,Hugh Campbell,Nick Lewis,Michael Carolan

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317551044

Category: Nature

Page: 274

View: 2133

Recent agri-food studies, including commodity systems, the political economy of agriculture, regional development, and wider examinations of the rural dimension in economic geography and rural sociology have been confronted by three challenges. These can be summarized as: ‘more than human’ approaches to economic life; a ‘post-structural political economy’ of food and agriculture; and calls for more ‘enactive’, performative research approaches. This volume describes the genealogy of such approaches, drawing on the reflective insights of more than five years of international engagement and research. It demonstrates the kinds of new work being generated under these approaches and provides a means for exploring how they should be all understood as part of the same broader need to review theory and methods in the study of food, agriculture, rural development and economic geography. This radical collective approach is elaborated as the Biological Economies approach. The authors break out from traditional categories of analysis, reconceptualising materialities, and reframing economic assemblages as biological economies, based on the notion of all research being enactive or performative.

The Politics of Resentment

Rural Consciousness in Wisconsin and the Rise of Scott Walker

Author: Katherine J. Cramer

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 022634925X

Category: Political Science

Page: 256

View: 1650

Since the election of Scott Walker, Wisconsin has been seen as ground zero for debates about the appropriate role of government in the wake of the Great Recession. In a time of rising inequality, Walker not only survived a bitterly contested recall that brought thousands of protesters to Capitol Square, he was subsequently reelected. How could this happen? How is it that the very people who stand to benefit from strong government services not only vote against the candidates who support those services but are vehemently against the very idea of big government? With The Politics of Resentment, Katherine J. Cramer uncovers an oft-overlooked piece of the puzzle: rural political consciousness and the resentment of the “liberal elite.” Rural voters are distrustful that politicians will respect the distinct values of their communities and allocate a fair share of resources. What can look like disagreements about basic political principles are therefore actually rooted in something even more fundamental: who we are as people and how closely a candidate’s social identity matches our own. Using Scott Walker and Wisconsin’s prominent and protracted debate about the appropriate role of government, Cramer illuminates the contours of rural consciousness, showing how place-based identities profoundly influence how people understand politics, regardless of whether urban politicians and their supporters really do shortchange or look down on those living in the country. The Politics of Resentment shows that rural resentment—no less than partisanship, race, or class—plays a major role in dividing America against itself.

The Sociology of Food and Agriculture

Author: Michael Carolan

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317368622

Category: Social Science

Page: 348

View: 5913

In this second edition of The Sociology of Food and Agriculture, students are provided with a substantially revised and updated introductory text to this emergent field. The book begins with the recent development of agriculture under capitalism and neo-liberal regimes, and the transformation of farming and peasant agriculture from a small-scale, family-run way of life to a globalized system. Topics such as the global hunger and obesity challenges, GM foods, and international trade and subsidies are assessed as part of the world food economy. The final section concentrates on themes of sustainability, food security, and food sovereignty. The book concludes on a positive note, examining alternative agri-food movements aimed at changing foodscapes at levels from the local to the global. With increased coverage of the financialization of food, food and culture, gender, ethnicity and justice, food security, and food sovereignty, the book is perfect for students with little or no background in sociology and is also suitable for more advanced courses as a comprehensive primer. All chapters include learning objectives, suggested discussion questions, and recommendations for further reading to aid student learning.

Agrarian Studies

Synthetic Work at the Cutting Edge

Author: James C. Scott,Nina Bhatt

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 0300085028

Category: Social Science

Page: 310

View: 1958

This book presents an account of an intellectual breakthrough in the study of rural society and agriculture. Its ten chapters, selected for their originality and synthesis from the colloquia of the Programme in Agrarian Studies at Yale University, encompass various disciplines, diverse historical periods, and several regions of the world. The contributors' fresh analyses will broaden the perspectives of readers with interests as wide-ranging as rural sociology, environmentalism, political science, history, anthropology, economics, and art history. The ten studies recast and expand what is known about rural society and agrarian issues, examining such topics as poverty, subsistence, cultivation, ecology, justice, art, custom, law, ritual life, cooperation, and state action. Each contribution provides a point of departure for new study, encouraging deeper thinking across disciplinary boundaries and frontiers.

Migration and Agriculture

Mobility and change in the Mediterranean area

Author: Alessandra Corrado,Carlos de Castro,Domenico Perrotta

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 131733440X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 370

View: 2964

In recent years, Mediterranean agriculture has experienced important transformations which have led to new forms of labour and production, and in particular to a surge in the recruitment of migrant labour. The Mediterranean Basin represents a very interesting arena that is able to illustrate labour conditions and mobility, the competition among different farming models, and the consequences in terms of the proletarianization process, food crisis and diet changes. Migration and Agriculture brings together international contributors from across several disciplines to describe and analyse labour conditions and international migrations in relation to agri-food restructuring processes. This unique collection of articles connects migration issues with the proletarianization process and agrarian transitions that have affected Southern European as well as some Middle Eastern and Northern African countries in different ways. The chapters present case studies from a range of territories in the Mediterranean Basin, offering empirical data and theoretical analysis in order to grasp the complexity of the processes that are occurring. This book offers a uniquely comprehensive overview of migrations, territories and agro-food production in this key region, and will be an indispensable resource to scholars in migration studies, rural sociology, social geography and the political economy of agriculture.

The Politics of Biofuels, Land and Agrarian Change

Author: Saturnino M. Borras Jr.,Philip McMichael,Ian Scoones

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317985419

Category: Political Science

Page: 396

View: 1139

This book addresses key questions on biofuels within agrarian political economy, political sociology and political ecology. Contributions are based on fresh empirical materials from different parts of the world. The book starts with four key questions in agrarian political economy: Who owns what? Who does what? Who gets what? And what do they do with the surplus wealth? It also addresses the emergent social and political relations in the biofuel complex and, given the impacts on natural resources and sustainability, engages with questions about people-environment interactions. At the same time, the book is concerned with the politics of representation, that is, what are the discursive frames through which biofuels are promoted and/or opposed? The book analyses the institutional structures, and cultures of energy consumption on which a biofuels complex depends, and the alternative political and ecological visions emerging that call the biofuels complex into question. Across sixteen chapters presenting material from five regions across the North-South divide and focusing on fourteen countries including Brazil, Indonesia, India, USA and Germany, these topics are addressed within the following themes: global (re)configurations; agro-ecological visions; conflicts, resistances and diverse outcomes; state, capital and society relations; mobilising opposition, creating alternatives; and change and continuity. This book was published as a special issue of the Journal of Peasant Studies.

Farming for Us All

Practical Agriculture and the Cultivation of Sustainability

Author: Michael Mayerfeld Bell

Publisher: Penn State Press

ISBN: 9780271046327

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: N.A

View: 2117


The Politics of Land and Food Scarcity

Author: Paolo De Castro

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0415638232

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 154

View: 5513

"In recent years the issue of food security has become centre stage in the global agenda. Through a multidisciplinary approach, this book provides an overview of the new global challenges connected with land, food supply and agriculture. It does not simply raise the debate; rather it aspires to move forward the debate that has started with the G20 meetings. "--