Emily Dickinson's poem "Split the Lark" refers to the "scarlet experiment" by which scientists destroy a bird in order to learn more about it. Indeed, humans have killed hundreds of millions of birds--for science, fashion, curiosity, and myriad other reasons. In the United States alone, seven species of birds are now extinct and another ninety-three are endangered. Conversely, the U.S. conservation movement has made bird-watching more popular than ever, saving countless bird populations; and while the history of actual physical human interaction with birds is complicated, our long aesthetic and scientific interest in them is undeniable. Since the beginning of the modern conservation movement in the mid-nineteenth century, human understanding of and interaction with birds has changed profoundly. In Scarlet Experiment, Jeff Karnicky traces the ways in which birds have historically been seen as beautiful creatures worthy of protection and study and yet subject to experiments--scientific, literary, and governmental--that have irrevocably altered their relationship with humans. This examination of the management of bird life in America from the nineteenth century to today, which focuses on six bird species, finds that renderings of birds by such authors as Henry David Thoreau, Emily Dickinson, Don DeLillo, and Christopher Cokinos, have also influenced public perceptions and actions. Scarlet Experiment speculates about the effects our decisions will have on the future of North American bird ecology.
Birds and Humans in America
Author: Jeff Karnicky
Publisher: U of Nebraska Press
In fascinating new contextual readings of four of Herman Melville's novels—Typee, White-Jacket, Moby-Dick, and Pierre—Samuel Otter delves into Melville's exorbitant prose to show how he anatomizes ideology, making it palpable and strange. Otter portrays Melville as deeply concerned with issues of race, the body, gender, sentiment, and national identity. He articulates a range of contemporary texts (narratives of travelers, seamen, and slaves; racial and aesthetic treatises; fiction; poetry; and essays) in order to flesh out Melville's discursive world. Otter presents Melville's works as "inside narratives" offering material analyses of consciousness. Chapters center on the tattooed faces in Typee, the flogged bodies in White-Jacket, the scrutinized heads in Moby-Dick, and the desiring eyes and eloquent, constricted hearts of Pierre. Otter shows how Melville's books tell of the epic quest to know the secrets of the human body. Rather than dismiss contemporary beliefs about race, self, and nation, Melville inhabits them, acknowledging their appeal and examining their sway. Meticulously researched and brilliantly argued, this groundbreaking study links Melville's words to his world and presses the relations between discourse and ideology. It will deeply influence all future studies of Melville and his work.
Author: Samuel Otter
Publisher: Univ of California Press
Category: Literary Criticism
Author: Francis Bacon,Basil Montagu
Lord High Chancellor of England
Author: Basil Montagu
With an Introductory Essay, and a Portrait
Author: Francis Bacon
Author: Royal Botanic Garden, Calcutta
Sarah ist 15 und ein Wissenschaftsfreak. Als sie kurz vor den Ferien von ihrem Freund für die Schul- Beauty verlassen wird, nimmt sie sich vor, mehr wie ihre Schwester Scarlett zu sein: schön, cool, gut gekleidet. Wenn die Jungs wirklich so leicht zu manipulieren sind ... Und tatsächlich – im Urlaub auf Cape Cod hat sie gleich Erfolg mit ihrem neuen Auftreten. Andrew ist schon fast 20 und nicht nur von Sarahs Aussehen fasziniert. Auch ihre Liebe zu den Planeten zieht ihn magisch an und die beiden verbringen romantische Abende unter dem Sternenhimmel. Allerdings hat Sarah noch ein wenig nachgeholfen und vorgegeben, schon 18 zu sein. Ob ihr diese Notlüge am Ende zum Verhängnis wird?
Author: Rebecca Maizel
Publisher: cbj Verlag
Category: Young Adult Fiction
Category: Literary Criticism
presented at the Winter Annual Meeting of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Boston, Massachusetts, December 13-18, 1987
Author: American Society of Mechanical Engineers. Winter Meeting,R. R. Eaton,M. Kaviany,K. S. Udell,American Society of Mechanical Engineers. Heat Transfer Division,American Society of Mechanical Engineers. Fluids Engineering Division
In this boldly revisionary work, three noted Dickinson scholars take issue with the traditional tragic image of Emily Dickinson by focusing on the comic elements of her art from a feminist point of view.
Author: Suzanne Juhász,Cristanne Miller,Martha Nell Smith
Publisher: Univ of Texas Pr
Category: Literary Criticism
Nathaniel Hawthorne is one of America’s most noted and highly praised writers, and a key figure in US literature. Although, he struggled to become an acknowledged author for most parts of his life, his work “stands in the limelight of the American literary consciousness” (Graham 5). For he is a direct descendant of Massachusetts Bay colonists in the Puritan era of the 17th and 18th century, New England served as a lifelong preoccupation for Hawthorne, and inspired many of his best-known stories. Hence, in order to understand the author and his work, it is crucial to apprehend the historical background from which his stories arose. The awareness of the Puritan legacy in Hawthorne’s time, and their Calvinist beliefs which contributed to the establishment of American identity, serve as a basis for fathoming the intention behind Hawthorne’s writings. His forefathers’ concept of wilderness became an important part of their religious life, and in many of Hawthorne’s tales, nature can be perceived as an active agent for the plot and the moral message. Therefore, it is indispensable to consider the development behind the Puritan perception, as well as the prevailing opinion on nature during the writer’s lifetime. After the historical background has been depicted, the author himself is focused. His ambiguous character and non-persistent lifestyle are the source of many themes which can be retrieved from his works. Thus, understanding the man behind the stories is necessary in order to analyze the tales themselves. Seclusion, nature, and Puritanism are constantly recurring topics in the author’s life and work. To become familiar with Hawthorne’s relation to nature, his ancestors, and religion, it is essential to understand the vast amount of symbols his stories. His stories will be brought into focus, and will be analyzed on the basis of the historical and biographical facts, and further, his particular style and purpose will be taken into consideration.The second part of this book analyzes two of the author’s most eminent and esteemed works, namely ‘Young Goodman Brown’ and ‘The Scarlet Letter’ in terms of nature symbolism and the underlying moral intention. Further, it is examined to which extent the images correspond to the formerly explained historical facts, and Hawthorne’s emphasized characteristic features. The comparison of the two works focuses on the didactic purpose for in all of his works, Hawthorne’s aim was to give a lesson. Thus, it will [...]
Author: Marina Boonyaprasop
Publisher: Anchor Academic Publishing (aap_verlag)
Category: Literary Collections