Routledge Handbook of Indian Politics

Author: Atul Kohli,Prerna Singh

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135122741

Category: Political Science

Page: 416

View: 8261

India’s growing economic and socio-political importance on the global stage has triggered an increased interest in the country. This Handbook is a reference guide, which surveys the current state of Indian politics and provides a basic understanding of the ways in which the world’s largest democracy functions. The Handbook is structured around four main topics: political change, political economy, the diversity of regional development, and the changing role of India in the world. Chapters examine how and why democracy in India put down firm roots, but also why the quality of governance offered by India’s democracy continues to be low. The acceleration of economic growth since the mid-1980s is discussed, and the Handbook goes on to look at the political and economic changes in selected states, and how progress across Indian states continues to be uneven. It concludes by touching on the issue of India’s international relations, both in South Asia and the wider world. The Handbook offers an invigorating initiation into the seemingly daunting and complex terrain of Indian politics. It is an invaluable resource for academics, researchers, policy analysts, graduate and undergraduate students studying Indian politics.

Romanticism's Child

An Intellectual History of James Tod's Influence on Indian History and Historiography

Author: Lloyd I. Rudolph,Susanne Hoeber Rudolph

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780199465897

Category: History

Page: 256

View: 7825

The fascination of Colonel James Tod, one of the earliest colonial ethnographers, with the cultural practices, communities and histories of the people of Rajasthan led to a meticulous compilation of information about the region and its people, whom he deeply admired. His two-volume masterwork, Annals and Antiquities of Rajasthan, published in London in 1829 and 1832, inspired generations of popular renderings of the past, including nationalist and vernacular imaginations in the whole of South Asia. Tod's narrative style reflects the influence of Romanticism, medieval feudalism, and civilizational progress starkly at variance with the official colonial view of the pre-British past of India. What was the source of this 'romanticism' of Colonel Tod? Susanne and Lloyd Rudolph contextualize the formation of Tod's ideas and their reception through documents written by or to Tod, which help in situating and contextualizing his life work. Interestingly, the second part of the book collects the exchange between Tod and James Mill in the British parliament over the administration of British territories in India with Rajputana as a case study. This book thus significantly contributes to the exploration of knowledge-formation in colonial India and its contemporary influence.

The Interpretation of Cultures

Author: Clifford Geertz

Publisher: Basic Books

ISBN: 0465093566

Category: Social Science

Page: 576

View: 9458

In The Interpretation of Cultures, the most original anthropologist of his generation moved far beyond the traditional confines of his discipline to develop an important new concept of culture. This groundbreaking book, winner of the 1974 Sorokin Award of the American Sociological Association, helped define for an entire generation of anthropologists what their field is ultimately about.

Fairy Tales and the Art of Subversion

Author: Jack Zipes

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135210292

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 272

View: 9584

The fairy tale may be one of the most important cultural and social influences on children's lives. But until Fairy Tales and the Art of Subversion, little attention had been paid to the ways in which the writers and collectors of tales used traditional forms and genres in order to shape children's lives – their behavior, values, and relationship to society. As Jack Zipes convincingly shows, fairy tales have always been a powerful discourse, capable of being used to shape or destabilize attitudes and behavior within culture. For this new edition, the author has revised the work throughout and added a new introduction bringing this classic title up to date.

Ancient Indian Social History

Some Interpretations

Author: Romila Thapar

Publisher: Orient Blackswan

ISBN: 9788125008088

Category: India

Page: 341

View: 3302

A collection of papers that interprets afresh, known facts about the early period of Indian history up to the end of the first millennium AD. The papers discuss several associated themes such as society and religion, social classification and mobility and the study of regional history. A useful reference book for postgraduate students of History.

Contested Will

Who Wrote Shakespeare?

Author: James Shapiro

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 9781439170229

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 352

View: 6836

For more than two hundred years after William Shakespeare's death, no one doubted that he had written his plays. Since then, however, dozens of candidates have been proposed for the authorship of what is generally agreed to be the finest body of work by a writer in the English language. In this remarkable book, Shakespeare scholar James Shapiro explains when and why so many people began to question whether Shakespeare wrote his plays. Among the doubters have been such writers and thinkers as Sigmund Freud, Henry James, Mark Twain, and Helen Keller. It is a fascinating story, replete with forgeries, deception, false claimants, ciphers and codes, conspiracy theories—and a stunning failure to grasp the power of the imagination. As Contested Will makes clear, much more than proper attribution of Shakespeare’s plays is at stake in this authorship controversy. Underlying the arguments over whether Christopher Marlowe, Francis Bacon, or the Earl of Oxford wrote Shakespeare’s plays are fundamental questions about literary genius, specifically about the relationship of life and art. Are the plays (and poems) of Shakespeare a sort of hidden autobiography? Do Hamlet, Macbeth, and the other great plays somehow reveal who wrote them? Shapiro is the first Shakespeare scholar to examine the authorship controversy and its history in this way, explaining what it means, why it matters, and how it has persisted despite abundant evidence that William Shakespeare of Stratford wrote the plays attributed to him. This is a brilliant historical investigation that will delight anyone interested in Shakespeare and the literary imagination.

Reversing the Gaze

Amar Singh's Diary, a Colonial Subject's Narrative of Imperial India

Author: Amar Singh,Susanne Hoeber Rudolph,Lloyd I. Rudolph,Mohanasiṃha Kānotā

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780198075073

Category: Political Science

Page: 646

View: 4708

This book contains selections from the diary of Amar Singh from the year 1898 to 1905, recording his sense of discovery and surprise at diverse sites: the Jodhpur Court, women's quarters of the Jodhpur Haveli, Lord Curzon's Imperial Cadet Corps. In daily negotitations with the British and Rajput counter-players, Amar Singh constructs a hybrid self, a Rajput nobleman and an Edwardian officer and gentleman. In an era that seems to be more at ease with subjective truths than objective knowledge, Amar Singh reverses gaze of the subaltern by playing participant, observer, informant, narrator, and author in a seemingly innocuous diary, written to 'keep [himself] amused'. The new epilogue updates research on and brings together various aspects of ethnographic writings. This book will interest students and scholars of modern Indian history, anthropology, as well as the general reader interested in Raj memorabilia, Rajputs, and princely household.

Early India

from the origins to A.D. 1300

Author: Romila Thapar

Publisher: Allan Lane

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 555

View: 2389


Historical Painting Techniques, Materials, and Studio Practice

Preprints of a Symposium, University of Leiden, the Netherlands, 26–29 June 1995

Author: Arie Wallert

Publisher: Getty Publications

ISBN: 0892363223

Category: Art

Page: 240

View: 9739

Bridging the fields of conservation, art history, and museum curating, this volume contains the principal papers from an international symposium titled "Historical Painting Techniques, Materials, and Studio Practice" at the University of Leiden in Amsterdam, Netherlands, from June 26 to 29, 1995. The symposium—designed for art historians, conservators, conservation scientists, and museum curators worldwide—was organized by the Department of Art History at the University of Leiden and the Art History Department of the Central Research Laboratory for Objects of Art and Science in Amsterdam. Twenty-five contributors representing museums and conservation institutions throughout the world provide recent research on historical painting techniques, including wall painting and polychrome sculpture. Topics cover the latest art historical research and scientific analyses of original techniques and materials, as well as historical sources, such as medieval treatises and descriptions of painting techniques in historical literature. Chapters include the painting methods of Rembrandt and Vermeer, Dutch 17th-century landscape painting, wall paintings in English churches, Chinese paintings on paper and canvas, and Tibetan thangkas. Color plates and black-and-white photographs illustrate works from the Middle Ages to the 20th century.

The Modernity of Tradition

Political Development in India

Author: Lloyd I. Rudolph,Susanne Hoeber Rudolph

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226731377

Category: Political Science

Page: 316

View: 8322

Stressing the variations in meaning of modernity and tradition, this work shows how in India traditional structures and norms have been adapted or transformed to serve the needs of a modernizing society. The persistence of traditional features within modernity, it suggests, answers a need of the human condition. Three areas of Indian life are analyzed: social stratification, charismatic leadership, and law. The authors question whether objective historical conditions, such as advanced industrialization, urbanization, or literacy, are requisites for political modernization.

The Decline of the West

Author: Oswald Spengler

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780195066340

Category: Philosophy

Page: 414

View: 6987

Spengler's work describes how we have entered into a centuries-long "world-historical" phase comparable to late antiquity, and his controversial ideas spark debate over the meaning of historiography.

The problem of Aryan origins from an Indian point of view

Author: Kaikhushru Dhunjibhoy Sethna

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: India

Page: 443

View: 942

This volume takes up ?from an Indian Point of View? a cluster of important historical questions about India?s most ancient past and formulates fresh answers to them in great detail with the temper of a scrupulous scholar.This edition, extensively enlarged with five supplements,demonstrates for the period after 1980 at still greater length ? with the same tools of widespread scholarship the validity of the first edition?s thesis.

Art in History/History in Art

Studies in Seventeenth-Century Dutch Culture

Author: David Freedberg,Jan de Vries

Publisher: Getty Publications

ISBN: 0892362014

Category: Art

Page: 456

View: 3739

Historians and art historians provide a critique of existing methodologies and an interdisciplinary inquiry into seventeenth-century Dutch art and culture.

Science, Voyages, and Encounters in Oceania, 1511-1850

Author: Bronwen Douglas

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137305894

Category: History

Page: 361

View: 3124

Blending global scope with local depth, this book throws new light on important themes. Spanning four centuries and vast space, it combines the history of ideas with particular histories of encounters between European voyagers and Indigenous people in Oceania (Island Southeast Asia, New Guinea, Australia, New Zealand, and the Pacific Islands).

Serving Empire, Serving Nation

James Tod and the Rajputs of Rajasthan

Author: Jason Freitag

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004175946

Category: Social Science

Page: 227

View: 3213

James Tod s Annals and Antiquities of Rajasthan was crucial in forming the modern image of the R jp t, a princely martial caste resident in India s northwest desert. This book explores the relationships between the political power of the British imperial state, the construction of historical memories in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, and the uses of these constructions by European writers and Indian nationalist elites. The case of the Rajputs demonstrates how imperial histories reflected Indian social processes and pre-colonial forms of knowledge, interpreted India for the world outside and for Indians themselves. This book explores the multiple discourses within Tod s Rajasthan, and European Orientalism, to show how intricately coded the British Empire was and, historically, remains.

Knowledge, Mediation and Empire

James Tod's Journeys Among the Rajputs

Author: Florence D'Souza

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0719090806

Category: Rajasthan (India)

Page: 261

View: 3853

James Tod (1782-1835) spent twenty-two years in India (1800-1822), during the last five of which he was Political Agent of the British Government in India to the Western Rajput States in north-west India. His book studies Tod's relationships with particular Rajput leaders and with the Rajputsas a group in general, in order to better understand his attempts to portray their history, geographical moorings and social customs to British and European readers. The book highlights Tod's apparently numerous motivations in writing on the Rajputs; to bring knowledge about the Rajputs intoEuropean circles, to demonstrate that the Rajputs maintained historical records form the early middle ages and were thus not a primitive people without awareness of their own history, and to establish possible ethnic links between the warrior-like Rajputs and the peoples of Europe, as also betweenthe feudal institutions of Rajputana and Europe. Fierce criticisms in Tod's time of his ethnic and institutional hypotheses about connections between Rajputs and Europeans illustrate that Tod's texts did not leave his readers indifferent. The approach adopted uses available documents to go beyond a binary opposition between the colonisers and the colonised in India, by focusing on traces of friendly exchanges between Tod and his British colleagues on the one hand, and on the other hand, various members of the kingdoms of westernIndia, with whom they interacted. Under themes like landscape, anthropology, science, Romantic literature, approaches to government policy, and knowledge exchanges in India and in London, this volume analyses Tod's role as a mediator of knowledge through his travels across a little-known part of theBritish Empire in the early 19th century.

In Pursuit of Lakshmi

The Political Economy of the Indian State

Author: Lloyd I. Rudolph,Susanne Hoeber Rudolph

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226731391

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 529

View: 1540

The pursuit of Lakshmi, the fickle goddess of prosperity and good fortune, is a metaphor for the aspirations of the state and people of independent India. In the latest of their distinguished contributions to South Asian studies, scholars Lloyd I. Rudolph and Susanne Hoeber Rudolph focus on this modern-day pursuit by offering a comprehensive analysis of India's political economy. India occupies a paradoxical plane among nation states: it is both developed and underdeveloped, rich and poor, strong and weak. These contrasts locate India in the international order. The Rudolphs' theory of demand and command polities provides a general framework for explaining the special circumstances of the Indian experience. Contrary to what one might expect in a country with great disparities of wealth, no national party, right or left, pursues the politics of class. Instead, the Rudolphs argue, private capital and organized labor in India face a "third actor"—the state. Because of the dominance of the state makes class politics marginal, the state is itself an element in the creation of the centrist-oriented social pluralism that has characterized Indian politics since independence. In analyzing the relationship between India's politics and its economy, the Rudolphs maintain that India's economic performance has been only marginally affected by the type of regime in power—authoritarian or democratic. More important, they show that rising levels of social mobilization and personalistic rule have contributed to declining state capacity and autonomy. At the same time, social mobilization has led to a more equitable distribution of economic benefits and political power, which has enhanced the state's legitimacy among its citizens. The scope and explanatory power of In Pursuit of Lakshmi will make it essential for all those interested in political economy, comparative politics, Asian studies and India.