Roman Military Equipment from the Punic Wars to the Fall of Rome, second edition

Author: M. C. Bishop,J. C. Coulston

Publisher: Oxbow Books

ISBN: 1785703978

Category: History

Page: 224

View: 7597

Rome's rise to empire is often said to have owed much to the efficiency and military skill of her armies and their technological superiority over barbarian enemies. But just how 'advanced' was Roman military equipment? What were its origins and how did it evolve? The authors of this book have gathered a wealth of evidence from all over the Roman Empire's excavated examples as well as pictorial and documentary sources to present a picture of what range of equipment would be available at any given time, what it would look like and how it would function. They examine how certain pieces were adopted from Rome's enemies and adapted to particular conditions of warfare prevailing in different parts of the Empire. They also investigate in detail the technology of military equipment and the means by which it was produced, and discuss wider questions such as the status of the soldier in Roman society. Both the specially prepared illustrations and the text have been completely revised for the second edition of this detailed and authoritative handbook, bringing it up to date with the very latest research. It illustrates each element in the equipment of the Roman soldier, from his helmet to his boots, his insignia, his tools and his weapons. This book will appeal to archaeologists, ancient and military historians as well as the generally informed and inquisitive reader.

Roman Military Equipment from the Punic Wars to the Fall of Rome, second edition

Author: M. C. Bishop,J. C. Coulston

Publisher: Oxbow Books

ISBN: 1785703951

Category: History

Page: 224

View: 8780

Rome's rise to empire is often said to have owed much to the efficiency and military skill of her armies and their technological superiority over barbarian enemies. But just how 'advanced' was Roman military equipment? What were its origins and how did it evolve? The authors of this book have gathered a wealth of evidence from all over the Roman Empire's excavated examples as well as pictorial and documentary sources to present a picture of what range of equipment would be available at any given time, what it would look like and how it would function. They examine how certain pieces were adopted from Rome's enemies and adapted to particular conditions of warfare prevailing in different parts of the Empire. They also investigate in detail the technology of military equipment and the means by which it was produced, and discuss wider questions such as the status of the soldier in Roman society. Both the specially prepared illustrations and the text have been completely revised for the second edition of this detailed and authoritative handbook, bringing it up to date with the very latest research. It illustrates each element in the equipment of the Roman soldier, from his helmet to his boots, his insignia, his tools and his weapons. This book will appeal to archaeologists, ancient and military historians as well as the generally informed and inquisitive reader.

Roman Military Dress

Author: Graham Sumner

Publisher: History PressLtd

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 224

View: 4106

Despite the great interest in the Roman Army, particularly in the many re-enactment societies, up until now it has been surprisingly difficult to find out information about the uniforms they wore and the textiles that were used in those uniforms. Graham Sumner’s book redresses this balance, presenting in an informative and accessible way the evidence for the types of clothing utilized by the Roman soldier. With full scale color illustrations drawn by the author, who is an experienced historical illustrator, along with patterns and diagrams of clothing finds and information on the latest archaeological studies, this book provides a comprehensive insight into the development of the Roman soldier’s uniform from the Late Republic to the advent of the Byzantine Empire.

Arms and Armour of the Imperial Roman Soldier

Author: Graham Summer,Raffaele D'Amato

Publisher: Frontline Books

ISBN: 1783832576

Category: History

Page: 320

View: 8697

From the Latin warriors on the Palatine Hill in the age of Romulus, to the last defenders of Constantinople in 1453 AD, the weaponry of the Roman Army was constantly evolving. Through glory and defeat, the Roman warrior adapted to the changing face of warfare. Due to the immense size of the Roman Empire, which reached from the British Isles to the Arabian Gulf, the equipment of the Roman soldier varied greatly from region to region.Through the use of materials such as leather, linen and felt, the army was able to adjust its equipment to these varied climates. Arms and Armour of the Imperial Roman Soldier sheds new light on the many different types of armour used by the Roman soldier, and combines written and artistic sources with the analysis of old and new archaeological finds. With a huge wealth of plates and illustrations, which include ancient paintings, mosaics, sculptures and coin depictions, this book gives the reader an unparalleled visual record of this fascinating period of military history. This book, the first of three volumes, examines the period from Marius to Commodus. Volume II covers the period from Commodus to Justinian, and Volume III will look at the period from Romulus to Marius.

Cannae

The Experience of Battle in the Second Punic War

Author: Gregory Daly

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415327435

Category: History

Page: 253

View: 8508

On a hot and dusty summer's day in 216 BC, the forces of the Carthaginian general Hannibal faced the Roman army in a dramatic encounter at Cannae. Massively outnumbered, the Carthaginians nevertheless won an astonishing victory - one that left more than 50,000 men dead. Gregory Daly's enthralling study considers the reasons that led the two armies to the field of battle, and why each followed the course that they did when they got there. It explores in detail the composition of the armies, and the tactics and leadership methods of the opposing generals. Finally, by focusing on the experiences of those who fought, Daly gives an unparalleled portrait of the true horror and chaos of ancient warfare. This striking and vivid account is the fullest yet of the bloodiest battle in ancient history.

Life in a Roman Legionary Fortress

Author: Tim Copeland

Publisher: Amberley Publishing Limited

ISBN: 1445643936

Category: History

Page: 96

View: 1890

The Roman legions were the formidable, highly organised and welldisciplined backbone of the Roman army, vital to maintaining order and control of the borders of the Empire and its subjugated peoples. The fortresses that were the bases of the legions reflected their values: purposeful, hierarchical and an intimidating display of Roman culture. But what was it like to live in one of these fortresses? What was the everyday experience of the legionary, centurion and commander? Life in a Roman Legionary Fortress provides a fascinating insight into the inner mechanisms of the castrum and the people who maintained it. Using the fortresses at Chester, York, Caerleon and across the Empire, Tim Copeland reconstructs the complex workings of these legionary camps and provides readers with the archaeological and literary evidence that gives us an insight into life behind the high walls.

Rome Spreads Her Wings

Territorial Expansion Between the Punic Wars

Author: Gareth Sampson

Publisher: Pen and Sword

ISBN: 147387453X

Category: History

Page: 304

View: 4684

The two decades between the end of the First Punic War and the beginning of the Second represent a key period in the development of Rome’s imperial ambitions, both within Italy and beyond. Within Italy, Rome faced an invasion of Gauls from Northern Italy, which threatened the very existence of the Roman state. This war culminated at the Battle of Telamon and the final Roman victory against the Gauls of Italy, giving Rome control of the peninsula up to the Alps for the first time in her history. Beyond the shores of Italy, Rome acquired her first provinces, in the form of Sardinia and Corsica, established footholds in Sicily and Spain and crossed the Adriatic to establish a presence on the Greek mainland, bringing Rome into the orbit of the Hellenistic World. Yet this period is often treated as nothing more than an intermission between the two better known Punic Wars, with each Roman campaign being made seemingly in anticipation of a further conflict with Carthage. Such a view overlooks two key factors that emerge from these decades: firstly, that Rome faced a far graver threat in the form of the Gauls of Northern Italy than she had faced at the hands of the Carthaginians in the First Punic War; secondly, that the foundations for Rome’s overseas empire were laid in these very decades. This work seeks to redress the balance and view these wars in their own right, analyse how close Rome came to being defeated in Italy and asses the importance of these decades as a key period in the foundation of Rome’s future empire.

Roman Imperial Armour

The Production of Early Imperial Military Armour

Author: David Sim,Jaime Kaminski

Publisher: Oxbow Books Limited

ISBN: 9781842174357

Category: History

Page: 180

View: 6652

The Roman Empire depended on the power of its armies to defend and extend the imperial borders, enabling it to dominate much of Europe, Northern Africa and the Middle East. Success was, in large part, founded on well-trained, well-disciplined soldiers who were equipped with the most advanced arms and armour available at that time. This is the story of the production of that armour. Roman Imperial Armour presents an examination of the metals the armour was made from, of how the ores containing those metals were extracted from the earth and transformed into workable metal and of how that raw product was made into the armour of the Roman army. The policing and protecting of such a huge empire required a large and well-organised force and the book goes on to consider the organisation of the army, its size, composition, the logistics involved in its deployment and provisioning and the training, remuneration and benefits offered to its men at arms.

Rome & the Sword

How Warriors & Weapons Shaped Roman History

Author: Simon James

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780500251829

Category: History

Page: 328

View: 6398

An exploration of Roman history focuses on the soldiers of the Roman legions and their skills, tactics, and weaponry, chronicling the rise and fall of the empire through the lives of its armies.

Handbook to Roman Legionary Fortresses

Author: M.C Bishop

Publisher: Pen and Sword

ISBN: 1848841388

Category: History

Page: 208

View: 1246

This is a reference guide to Roman legionary fortresses throughout the former Roman Empire, of which approximately eighty-five have been located and identified. With the expansion of the empire and the garrisoning of its army in frontier regions during the 1st century AD, Rome began to concentrate its legions in large permanent bases. Some have been explored in great detail, others are barely known, but this book brings together for the first time the legionary fortresses of the whole empire. An introductory section outlines the history of legionary bases and their key components. At the heart of the book is a referenced and illustrated catalogue of the known bases, each with a specially prepared plan and an aerial photograph. A detailed bibliography provides up-to-date publication information. The book is accompanied by a website providing online links to sites relevant to particular fortresses and a Google Earth file containing all of the known fortress locations.

Roman Body Armour

Author: Hilary & John Travis

Publisher: Amberley Publishing Limited

ISBN: 1445612186

Category: History

Page: 176

View: 8744

A reassessment and reconstruction of Roman Body armour.

Legions of Rome

Author: Stephen Dando-Collins

Publisher: Quercus

ISBN: 1623652014

Category: History

Page: 604

View: 3667

No book on Roman history has attempted to do what Stephen Dando-Collins does in Legions of Rome: to provide a complete history of every Imperial Roman legion and what it achieved as a fighting force. The author has spent the last thirty years collecting every scrap of available evidence from numerous sources: stone and bronze inscriptions, coins, papyrus and literary accounts in a remarkable feat of historical detective work. The book is divided into three parts: Part 1 provides a detailed account of what the legionaries wore and ate, what camp life was like, what they were paid and how they were motivated and punished. The section also contains numerous personal histories of individual soldiers. Part 2 offers brief unit histories of all the legions that served Rome for 300 years from 30BC. Part 3 is a sweeping chronological survey of the campaigns in which the armies were involved, told from the point of view of particular legions. Lavish, authoritative and beautifully produced, Legions of Rome will appeal to ancient history enthusiasts and military history buffs alike.

The Rise of the Roman Empire

Author: Polybius

Publisher: Penguin UK

ISBN: 0141920505

Category: History

Page: 576

View: 1777

The Greek statesman Polybius (c.200–118 BC) wrote his account of the relentless growth of the Roman Empire in order to help his fellow countrymen understand how their world came to be dominated by Rome. Opening with the Punic War in 264 BC, he vividly records the critical stages of Roman expansion: its campaigns throughout the Mediterranean, the temporary setbacks inflicted by Hannibal and the final destruction of Carthage. An active participant of the politics of his time as well as a friend of many prominent Roman citizens, Polybius drew on many eyewitness accounts in writing this cornerstone work of history.

The Gladius

The Roman Short Sword

Author: M.C. Bishop

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1472815874

Category: Antiques & Collectibles

Page: 80

View: 6749

One of the most feared weapons in the ancient world, the gladius was lethal both on the battlefield and in the arena. Literary sources tell of the terror it inspired, while archaeological evidence of wounds inflicted is testament to its deadly effect. By pulling together strands of literary, sculptural and archaeological evidence renowned expert M.C. Bishop creates a narrative of the gladius' development, exploring the way in which the shape of the short sword changed as soldiers and gladiators evolved their fighting style. Drawing together historical accounts, excavated artefacts and the results of the latest scientific analyses of the blades, this volume reveals the development, technology, training and use of the gladius hispaniensis: the sword that conquered the Mediterranean.

Carthage Must Be Destroyed

The Rise and Fall of an Ancient Civilization

Author: Richard Miles

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 9781101517031

Category: History

Page: 544

View: 7546

The first full-scale history of Hannibal's Carthage in decades and "a convincing and enthralling narrative." (The Economist ) Drawing on a wealth of new research, archaeologist, historian, and master storyteller Richard Miles resurrects the civilization that ancient Rome struggled so mightily to expunge. This monumental work charts the entirety of Carthage's history, from its origins among the Phoenician settlements of Lebanon to its apotheosis as a Mediterranean empire whose epic land-and-sea clash with Rome made a legend of Hannibal and shaped the course of Western history. Carthage Must Be Destroyed reintroduces readers to the ancient glory of a lost people and their generations-long struggle against an implacable enemy.

A Critical History of Early Rome

From Prehistory to the First Punic War

Author: Gary Forsythe

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520249912

Category: History

Page: 400

View: 3817

Traces the history of early Rome, covering such topics as religion, language, and culture.

Roman Helmets

Author: Hilary & John Travis

Publisher: Amberley Publishing Limited

ISBN: 1445638479

Category: History

Page: 202

View: 4693

A comprehensive and wonderfully illustrated study of Roman helmets, their changing styles, their construction and their use in combat

The Ghosts of Cannae

Hannibal and the Darkest Hour of the Roman Republic

Author: Robert L. O'Connell

Publisher: Random House Trade Paperbacks

ISBN: 0812978676

Category: History

Page: 310

View: 5791

A dramatic account of the violent ancient battle traces the massive defeat of the huge but inexperienced Roman army by Hannibal's forces, interpreting the larger course of the Second Punic War and the often-disastrous ways in which the battle has been imitated throughout history.