Rethinking Social Exclusion in India

Castes, Communities and the State

Author: Minoru Mio,Abhijit Dasgupta

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351983229

Category: Social Science

Page: 174

View: 5495

In recent years exclusionary policies of the Indian state have raised questions concerning social harmony and economic progress. During the last few decades the emergence of identity politics has given new lease of life to exclusionary practices in the country. Castes, communities and ethnic groups have re-emerged in almost every sphere of social life. This book analyses different aspects of social exclusion in contemporary India. Divided into three sections – 1. New Forms of Inclusion and Exclusion in Contemporary India; 2. Religious Identities and Dalits; 3. Ethnicity and Politics of Inclusion and Exclusion in the North-eastern Frontier – the book shows that a shift has taken place in the discourse on inclusion and exclusion. Chapters by experts in their fields explore issues of inclusion and exclusion that merit special attention such as dalit identity, ethnicity, territoriality and minorities. Authors raise questions about developmental programmes of the state aimed at making India more inclusive and discuss development projects initiated to alleviate socio-economic conditions of the urban poor in the cities. As far as North-east region is concerned, the authors argue that there is a tendency to highlight the homogenizing nature of the Indian culture by stressing one history, one language, one social ethos. Diversity is hardly accepted as a social reality, which has adversely affected the inclusive nature of the state. Against this development the final part of the book looks at questions regarding ethnic minorities in the northeast. Offering new insights into the debate surrounding social exclusion in contemporary India, this book will be of interest to academics studying anthropology, sociology, politics and South Asian Studies.

Rethinking Social Exclusion

The End of the Social?

Author: Simon Winlow,Steve Hall

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1446292932

Category: Social Science

Page: 216

View: 8120

‘…classic Winlow and Hall – bleak, brilliant and unmatched in the art of rethinking crucial social issues. Enlightening, and rather scary.’ - Professor Beverley Skeggs, Goldsmiths, University of London ‘This superb book inhabits a unique theoretical space and demonstrates Winlow and Hall at their brilliant best as theorists of contemporary social exclusion.’ - Professor John Armitage, University of Southampton ‘…making exemplary use of critical theory, this book represents a powerful, rallying response to Benjamin's notion that "It is only for the sake of those without a hope that hope is given to us"’. - Dr Paul A. Taylor, author of Zizek and the Media ‘… an intellectual tour de force. Winlow and Hall, outriders of a radically different political economy for our era, have done it again. Their latest book is the critical criminology book of the decade, and the best account of capitalism since the 2008 crash… A devastating critical analysis of the effects of neo-liberalism.’ - Professor Steve Redhead, Charles Sturt University 'I had long regarded "social exclusion" to be another zombie-concept that retained no analytic or political purchase whatsoever. This book has changed my mind.' - Professor Roger Burrows, Goldsmiths, University of London In their quest to rethink the study of ‘social exclusion’, Winlow and Hall offer a startling analysis of social disintegration and the retreat into subjectivity. They claim that the reality of social exclusion is not simply displayed in ghettos and sink estates. It can also be discerned in exclusive gated housing developments, in the non-places of the shopping mall, in the deadening reality of low-level service work – and in the depressing uniformity of our political parties. Simon Winlow is Professor of Criminology at the Social Futures Institute, Teesside University. Steve Hall is Professor of Criminology at the Social Futures Institute, Teesside University.

Megacity Slums

Social Exclusion, Space and Urban Policies in Brazil and India

Author: Marie-Caroline Saglio-Yatzimirsky,Frédéric Landy

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 1908979615

Category: Political Science

Page: 464

View: 8280

This book looks at slums and social exclusion in the four major megacities of India and Brazil, and analyzes the interrelationships between urban policies and housing and environmental issues. In Delhi, Mumbai, Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo, the challenges they pose have spurred public actors into action through housing, rehabilitation and conservation programs, not to mention civil society and the inhabitants themselves. On the other hand, one must wonder whether these challenges were partly created by the deficiencies of these very public actors and civil society, be it their lack of intervention (as advocates of government intervention would argue), or the flaws and inadequacies of their actions (as supporters of the free market would suggest). Are policies alleviating or aggravating social exclusion? This book explores these questions and more. Contents:Introduction: Social Exclusion, Space and Urban Policies in Brazil and India (Frédéric Landy and Marie-Caroline Saglio-Yatzimirsky)National and Urban Contexts of the Four Metropolises (Hervé Théry, Louise Bruno, Véronique Dupont, Frédéric Landy, Ailton Luchiari, Marie-Caroline Saglio-Yatzimirsky and Marie-Hélène Zérah)The Right of the City or the Right to the City? (Rafael Soares Gonçalves)Public Policies and the “Treatment” of Slums (Véronique Dupont and Marie-Caroline Saglio-Yatzimirsky)Public Policies, Environment and Social Exclusion (Neli de Mello-Théry, Louise Bruno, Véronique Dupont, Marie-Hélène Zérah, Benedito Oscar Correia, Marie-Caroline Saglio-Yatzimirsky and Wagner Ribeiro)Local and Translocal Systems of Actors (Frédéric Landy and Nicolas Bautès)Slum Demolition: Impact on the Affected Families, and Coping Strategies (Véronique Dupont and Damien Vaquier)Acting from the Slums: Questioning Social Movement and Resistance (Nicolas Bautès, Véronique Dupont and Frédéric Landy)Conclusion: Spatial Justice, Exclusion and Urban Policies in Brazil and India (Frédéric Landy and Marie-Caroline Saglio-Yatzimirsky) Readership: Readers with an interest in slums (particularly in Brazil and India) and the political, environmental and sociological effects they have in their respective countries. Keywords:Slums;Housing;Favelas;Megacities;Urban Policies;Urban Governance;Exclusion;Space;India;Brazil;Mumbai;Delhi;Sao Paulo;Rio de JaneiroKey Features:The comparison between Brazil and India has never been developed in such a way. First book of its kind to encompass such a wide topic, articulating urban studies with geographical, demographical, sociological, juridical, economic and political perspectivesMost comparative country or city studies develop monographs without further analysis. The authors have maintained comparative treatment of Indian and Brazilian case studies throughout the book. The volume consists of chapters co-written by several authors and none of them deal with only one city or country, to the benefit of the comparative and synthetic perspectives

Rethinking Social Work in a Global World

Author: Gai Harrison,Rose Melville

Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education

ISBN: 1137178442

Category: Social Science

Page: 216

View: 3939

If we are to fully understand the impact of local concerns on social work, we have to consider these in a global context. Rethinking Social Work in a Global World provides the key to better understanding. It critically examines the relationship between the global and the local in light of a range of social issues and shows how such analysis can assist in improving social work practice. Incorporating the views of practitioners and analysing students perceptions of global issues, the authors: ■ draw on a range of theoretical disciplines and traditions, including postcolonialism, sociology, cultural studies and political science; ■ explore contemporary global issues such as the environment, new information and communications technology and the global mental health movement; ■ examine the implications of adopting global notions of citizenship for social work, in a postcolonial era; and ■ provide discussion points to ground the above ideas in a local context, to better inform everyday practice. This timely text is essential reading for practitioners, students and academics across a range of disciplines that incorporate global concerns, including social work, social policy, social welfare and community care.

Dimensions of Social Exclusion

Ethnographic Explorations

Author: K.M. Ziyauddin,Eswarappa Kasi

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: 1443815691

Category: Social Science

Page: 205

View: 1520

Dimensions of Social Exclusion focuses largely on social exclusion in the context of communities and social groups who have or have not been considered in discussing the benefits of mainstream inclusive society or development. Contemporary understanding of social exclusion has revived great interest among academics, researchers and policy makers in understanding problems from the perspectives of social exclusion. The decision to adopt the perspective of social exclusion has not been universal; rather the nature of this is very heterogeneous. In addition, the concept of social exclusion is not static; in reality, it is a process. The process is seen in the marginalization and discrimination of people in their everyday lives and interactions. The term ‘exclusion’ has become a part of the vocabulary in Europe and other developing societies like ‘poverty’ or ‘unemployment’; it is one of those words which seem to have both an everyday meaning and an underlying sense. It emphasizes the social aspects of concerns such as housing, health, employment, education, participation in social activities and festivities, social interaction and social intercourse. It excludes certain communities and groups from interaction and access to social resources through social arrangements, normative value systems and customs. Exclusion based on caste is one example and patriarchy is another, which is a form of systemic or constitutive exclusion. Having social, cultural, political and economic ramifications, it is also a complex and multi-dimensional concept. These dimensions are interwoven and are addressed in the different papers of the volume. This book revolves around the societal interventions and institutions that exclude, discriminate, isolate and deprive some groups on the basis of group identities such as caste or ethnicity. It covers a wide spectrum of societies and communities living in various cultural environments. The multidisciplinary nature of the book will render it helpful to students and researchers of sociology, anthropology, historical and political studies, demography, social work and gender studies in particular and the humanities in general.

Rethinking Empowerment

Gender and Development in a Global/Local World

Author: Jane L. Parpart,Shirin M. Rai,Kathleen A. Staudt

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134472110

Category: Political Science

Page: 272

View: 4220

Rethinking Empowerment looks at the changing role of women in developing countries and calls for a new approach to empowerment. An approach that adopts a more nuanced, feminist interpretation of power and em(power)ment, recognises that local empowerment is always embedded in regional, national and global contexts, pays attention to institutional structures and politics and acknowledges that empowerment is both a process and an outcome. Moreover, the book warns that an obsession with measurement rather than process can undermine efforts to foster transformative and empowering outcomes. It concludes that power must be restored as the centrepiece of empowerment. Only then will the term and its advocates provide meaningful ammunition for dealing with the challenges of an increasingly unequal, and often sexist, global/local world.

Social Exclusion

Essays in Honour of Dr. Bindeshwar Pathak

Author: A. K. Lal

Publisher: Concept Publishing Company

ISBN: 9788180690532

Category: Caste

Page: 617

View: 4904

Festschrift for Bindeshwar Pathak, b. 1943, Indian sociologist; comprises contributed articles on societal change in India.

Development and Sustainability

India in a Global Perspective

Author: Sarmila Banerjee,Anjan Chakrabarti

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 8132211243

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 617

View: 2184

Following the reforms undertaken in the last two decades, India’s economic landscape has been radically transformed. This book examines the new economic map, which is shown to be shaped by two intertwined currents: globalization and sustainability. Weaving extensively through these currents and the canvas of development in the Indian economy they open up, this work seeks to introduce new methodologies, a corpus of concepts and modes of analysis to make sense of the emerging order of things. What transpires in the course of the investigation is a critical reflection of the present in which not only the new institutions, policies and practices are analyzed, but their limitations, fragility and at times myopic approaches are brought to light. By highlighting the rough edges created by the new conditions, this book is firmly engaged with the frontier of the Indian economy and ends up challenging many well-known conjectures and assumptions. In doing so, it strives to shift the Indian economy to a new terrain, thereby fundamentally re-locating and re-orienting the discourse of that economy as a unique object of analysis.

Rethinking Power, Institutions and Ideas in World Politics

Whose IR?

Author: Amitav Acharya

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134636040

Category: Political Science

Page: 272

View: 3904

The study of international relations, has traditionally been dominated by Western ideas and practices, and marginalized the voice and experiences of the non-Western states and societies. As the world moves to a "post-Western" era, it is imperative that the field of IR acquires a more global meaning and relevance. Drawing together the work of renowned scholar Amitav Acharya and framed by a new introduction and conclusion written for the volume, this book exposes the narrow meaning currently attached to some of the key concepts and ideas in IR, and calls for alternative and broader understandings of them. The need for recasting the discipline has motivated and undergirded Acharya's own scholarship since his entry into the field over three decades ago. This book reflects his own engagement, quarrels and compromise and concludes with suggestions for new pathways to a Global IR- a forward-looking and inclusive enterprise that is reflective of the multiple and global heritage of IR in an changing and interconnected world. It is essential reading for anyone who is concerned about the history, development and future of international relations and international relations theory.

Marginalities in India

Themes and Perspectives

Author: Asmita Bhattacharyya,Sudeep Basu

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9811052158

Category: Political Science

Page: 297

View: 1769

This volume engages with the renewed focus on various forms of persisting and new marginalities in globalising India. The persistence of hunger in pockets of India; forcible land acquisitions and their impact on deprived sections of society; the effects of urban relocations; material deprivation of minority groups and tribes as a result of conflicts; continuing caste discrimination; reported cases of atrocities against lower castes and tribes; regional disparities; gendered forms of exclusion and those related to disability and many other conditions suggest the need to rethink notions and practices of marginality and exclusion in India. This volume critiques the principal ways of thinking about marginalities, which primarily consist of a focus on normative principles, and brings into focus the chasm between such principles and subjective notions and experiences of marginality and injustice. The uniqueness of this edited volume is that it connects theoretical perspectives with empirical case studies and discussions, and cases of exclusion are discussed within an overall inclusive and integrated framework. This is a valuable resource for researchers, scholars, students, public policy formulators and for social innovators from private sectors and non-government organisations.

Rethinking Secularism

Author: Craig Calhoun,Mark Juergensmeyer,Jonathan VanAntwerpen

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199911304

Category: Social Science

Page: 328

View: 1617

This collection of essays presents groundbreaking work from an interdisciplinary group of leading theorists and scholars representing the fields of history, philosophy, political science, sociology, and anthropology. The volume will introduce readers to some of the most compelling new conceptual and theoretical understandings of secularism and the secular, while also examining socio-political trends involving the relationship between the religious and the secular from a variety of locations across the globe. In recent decades, the public has become increasingly aware of the important role religious commitments play in the cultural, social, and political dynamics of domestic and world affairs. This so called ''resurgence'' of religion in the public sphere has elicited a wide array of responses, including vehement opposition to the very idea that religious reasons should ever have a right to expression in public political debate. The current global landscape forces scholars to reconsider not only once predominant understandings of secularization, but also the definition and implications of secular assumptions and secularist positions. The notion that there is no singular secularism, but rather a range of multiple secularisms, is one of many emerging efforts to reconceptualize the meanings of religion and the secular. Rethinking Secularism surveys these efforts and helps to reframe discussions of religion in the social sciences by drawing attention to the central issue of how ''the secular'' is constituted and understood. It provides valuable insight into how new understandings of secularism and religion shape analytic perspectives in the social sciences, politics, and international affairs.

Rethinking Social Transformation

Criticism and Creativity at the Turn of the Millennium

Author: Ananta Kumar Giri

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9788170336983

Category: Social Science

Page: 407

View: 3545

Contributed papers presented at a Workshop on Social Criticism, Cultural Creativity and the Contemporary Dialectics of Transformations held at Madras Institute of Development Studies in 1996 as part of its silver jubilee.

Wagadu Volume 4

Intersecting Gender and Disability Perspectives in Rethinking Postcolonial Identities

Author: Pushpa Parekh

Publisher: Xlibris Corporation

ISBN: 1465331603

Category: Social Science

Page: 252

View: 7106

This volume of Wagadu: A Journal of Transnational Womens and Gender Studies launches its second printed edition. Wagaduthe Soninke name of the Ghana Empirecontrolled the present-day Mali, Mauritania and Senegal and was famous for its prosperity and power from approximately 300-1076 CE. It constituted the bridge between North Africa, the Mediterranean and Middle Eastern worlds and Sub-Saharan Africa. Ghana gave birth to the two most powerful West African Empires: Mali and Songhay. The modern country of Ghana (former British Gold Coast) derives its name from the Ghana Empire. Why Wagadu? Wagadu has come to be the symbol of the sacrifice women continue to make for a better world. Wagadu has become the metaphor for the role of women in the family, community, country, and planet. Duna taka siro no yagare npale The world does not go without women. This volume investigates the intersecting perspectives, grounded in or emanating from theoretical, discursive as well as experiential frameworks and positions specific to gender, disability and postcoloniality.

No Aging in India

Alzheimer's, The Bad Family, and Other Modern Things

Author: Lawrence Cohen

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520925328

Category: Social Science

Page: 400

View: 3154

From the opening sequence, in which mid-nineteenth-century Indian fishermen hear the possibility of redemption in an old woman's madness, No Aging in India captures the reader with its interplay of story and analysis. Drawing on more than a decade of ethnographic work, Lawrence Cohen links a detailed investigation of mind and body in old age in four neighborhoods of the Indian city of Varanasi (Banaras) with events and processes around India and around the world. This compelling exploration of senility—encompassing not only the aging body but also larger cultural anxieties—combines insights from medical anthropology, psychoanalysis, and postcolonial studies. Bridging literary genres as well as geographic spaces, Cohen responds to what he sees as the impoverishment of both North American and Indian gerontologies—the one mired in ambivalence toward demented old bodies, the other insistent on a dubious morality tale of modern families breaking up and abandoning their elderly. He shifts our attention irresistibly toward how old age comes to matter in the constitution of societies and their narratives of identity and history.

Notions of Nationhood in Bengal

Perspectives on Samaj, C. 1867-1905

Author: Swarupa Gupta

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004176144

Category: Philosophy

Page: 408

View: 6096

This book reopens the debate on colonial nationalisms, going beyond derivative , borrowed , political and modernist paradigms. It introduces the conceptual category of samaj to demonstrate how indigenous socio-cultural origins in Bengal interacted with late-colonial discourses to produce the notion of a nation. Samaj (a historical society and an idea-in-practice) was a site for reconfiguring antecedents and negotiating fragmentation. Drawing on indigenous sources, this study shows how caste, class, ethnicity, region and community were refracted to conceptualise wider unities. The mapping of cultural continuities through change facilitates a more nuanced investigation of the ontology of nationhood, seeing it as related to, but more than political nationalism. It outlines a fresh paradigm for recalibrating postcolonial identities, offering interpretive strategies to mediate fragmentation.

Decolonizing Democracy

Transforming the Social Contract in India

Author: Christine Keating

Publisher: Penn State Press

ISBN: 0271048646

Category: Political Science

Page: 168

View: 3570

"Analyzes the movement for Indian independence, the framing of the Indian Constitution, and contemporary contestations over women's legal and political status as crucial moments of transition in which feminist and other progressive activists in India have challenged racialized and gendered underpinnings of democracy's social contract"--Provided by publisher.

Theology in the Public Sphere

Author: Sebastian C. H. Kim

Publisher: Hymns Ancient and Modern Ltd

ISBN: 0334043778

Category: Religion

Page: 260

View: 4678

A substantial and definitive introduction to public theology by one of the leading experts in the field.A key text for third year undergraduate modules and MA courses in Social Ethics, Political Theology and Public Theology.

Rethinking Tribe in Indian Context

Realities, Issues, and Challenges

Author: Bidhan Kanti Das,Rajat Kanti Das

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9788131608173

Category: Tribes

Page: 230

View: 6935

"Most of the chapters that feature in this book were presented at a three-day National Conference on 'Conceptualising and Contextualising Tribes in Contemporary India' in February 2014 ... organised by the Institute of Development Studies Kolkata (IDSK) in collaboration with Indian Anthropological Society, Kolkata"--Acknowledgements.

Rethinking Popular Representation

Author: O. Törnquist,N. Webster,K. Stokke

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230102093

Category: Political Science

Page: 273

View: 9084

This book starts out from the deep concern with contemporary tendencies towards depoliticisation of public issues and popular interests and makes a case for rethinking more democratic popular representation. It outlines a framework for popular representation, examines key issues and experiences and provides a policy-oriented conclusion.

Good Governance, Democratic Societies and Globalization

Author: Surendra Munshi,Biju Paul Abraham

Publisher: SAGE Publications India

ISBN: 8132104064

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 368

View: 5126

'This collection of essays by a number of scholars from India and Europe addresses economic, political and social issues of great contemporary significance. The most attractive feature of the volume is the comparative and inter-disciplinary approach which gives it its distinctive orientation. Munshi and Abraham have held diverse but important themes together in an exemplary manner' - Andre Beteille, Chairman, Centre for Studies in Social Sciences, Kolkata 'This is an outstanding book on an issue easier talked about than acted upon. The editors have brought together in this rich volume a wide variety of essays which focus on India and Europe and clarify that it is necessary to contextualise good governance. The comparative perspective has the additional advantage of extending the analysis beyond the realm of the nation-state' -Jan Breman, Emeritus Professor of Comparative Sociology, University of Amsterdam 'In the immense literature on governance this scholarly and reader-friendly work takes an exceptional place. It has a sharp focus on "good" governance based on democratic values, drawing mainly from two major democratic regions in the world, India and the European Union. It offers rich analyses and much needed conceptual clarifications and explicitly addresses the normative-ethical dimension of "good" governance'. -Georges Enderle, O'Neil Professor of International Business Ethics, University of Notre Dame; President, International Society of Business, Economics and Ethics (ISBEE) 'This book makes a distinct and very valuable contribution to the international debate on good governance and globalisation. The book's particular strength is that it combines perspectives on good governance from both the public and the corporate sectors, thereby highlighting the extent to which similar ideas have come to influence decision-makers in government and business' -Klaus H Goetz, Senior Lecturer, Department of Government, London School of Economics and Political Science; Editor, West European Politics 'This is a remarkable book in an area of common concern which will be read with profit by academics, policy makers as well as social activists. It highlights the diversity of development experiences and suggests that there cannot be a single path to progress in spite of globalisation' -Shantha Sinha, Professor of Political Science, University of Hyderabad; Winner of the 2003 Ramon Magsaysay Award for Community Leadership This book discusses good governance in democratic societies in the context of globalisation from a cross-cultural perspective. India and the European Union - democratic unions representing old histories, rich cultures and new aspirations - are viewed comparatively in order to assess what they can learn from each other. Moving beyond disciplinary demarcations, this volume considers the issues involved from a broader perspective. The 18 original essays, supplemented by a detailed introduction, are presented in three parts: the societal context of governance, administrative reforms, and corporate governance. These three parts have an important bearing on each other since administrative reforms provide a mechanism for good governance at the macro level which is in turn related to good governance at the corporate level. Dealing with a theme of considerable importance from a unique perspective, this volume will be of interest to a wide readership: social scientists, administrators, business executives, management students, NGOs, as well as international organisations like the World Bank. It will also serve as a text for courses on governance in general, public administration and corporate governance.