Responsibility for Justice

Author: Iris Marion Young

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019988935X

Category: Philosophy

Page: 224

View: 2114

When the noted political philosopher Iris Marion Young died in 2006, her death was mourned as the passing of "one of the most important political philosophers of the past quarter-century" (Cass Sunstein) and as an important and innovative thinker working at the conjunction of a number of important topics: global justice; democracy and difference; continental political theory; ethics and international affairs; and gender, race and public policy. In her long-awaited Responsibility for Justice, Young discusses our responsibilities to address "structural" injustices in which we among many are implicated (but for which we not to blame), often by virtue of participating in a market, such as buying goods produced in sweatshops, or participating in booming housing markets that leave many homeless. Young argues that addressing these structural injustices requires a new model of responsibility, which she calls the "social connection" model. She develops this idea by clarifying the nature of structural injustice; developing the notion of political responsibility for injustice and how it differs from older ideas of blame and guilt; and finally how we can then use this model to describe our responsibilities to others no matter who we are and where we live. With a foreward by Martha C. Nussbaum, this last statement by a revered and highly influential thinker will be of great interest to political theorists and philosophers, ethicists, and feminist and political philosophers.

Global Challenges

War, Self-Determination and Responsibility for Justice

Author: Iris Marion Young

Publisher: Polity

ISBN: 0745638341

Category: Political Science

Page: 224

View: 7679

In the late twentieth century many writers and activists envisioned new possibilities of transnational cooperation toward peace and global justice. In this book Iris Marion Young aims to revive such hopes by responding clearly to what are seen as the global challenges of the modern day. Inspired by claims of indigenous peoples, the book develops a concept of self-determination compatible with stronger institutions of global regulation. It theorizes new directions for thinking about federated relationships between peoples which assume that they need not be large or symmetrical. Young argues that the use of armed force to respond to oppression should be rare, genuinely multilateral, and follow a model of law enforcement more than war. She finds that neither cosmopolitan nor nationalist responses to questions of global justice are adequate and so offers a distinctive conception of responsibility, founded on participation in social structures, to describe the obligations that both individuals and organizations have in a world of global interdependence. Young applies clear analysis and cogent moral arguments to concrete cases, including the wars against Serbia and Iraq, the meaning of the US Patriot Act, the conflict in Palestine/Israel, and working conditions in sweat shops.

Political Responsibility Refocused

Thinking Justice after Iris Marion Young

Author: Genevieve Johnson,Loralea Michaelis

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1442665777

Category: Political Science

Page: 184

View: 2405

In our highly globalized and networked society, even our most seemingly local actions can have far-reaching social, political, economic, and environmental consequences. Has this changed our moral and political obligations towards people distant from us in space and time – for instance, to generations who are not yet or no longer living, or towards those beyond the borders of our own nations? Political Responsibility Refocused explores the theoretical foundations and practical implications of individual and collective responsibility towards those who are spatially or temporally separate from us. These essays offer critical assessments of our political responsibilities on topics such as residential schools, sweatshop labour, climate change, and forms of energy generation. Inspired by the final published writings of political and social theorist Iris Marion Young, specifically her outline of a “social connection model” of political responsibility, the contributors assess whether there are practices, policies, and institutions that could meaningfully address these expanded political responsibilities.

Democracy Against Domination

Author: K. Sabeel Rahman

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019046853X

Category:

Page: 256

View: 7015

In 2008, the collapse of the US financial system plunged the economy into the worst economic downturn since the Great Depression. In its aftermath, the financial crisis pushed to the forefront fundamental moral and institutional questions about how we govern the modern economy. What are the values that economic policy ought to prioritize? What institutions do we trust to govern complex economic dynamics? Much of popular and academic debate revolves around two competing approaches to these fundamental questions: laissez-faire defenses of self-correcting and welfare-enhancing markets on the one hand, and managerialist turns to the role of insulated, expert regulation in mitigating risks and promoting growth on the other. In Democracy Against Domination, K. Sabeel Rahman offers an alternative vision for how we should govern the modern economy in a democratic society. Drawing on a rich tradition of economic reform rooted in the thought and reform politics of early twentieth century progressives like John Dewey and Louis Brandeis, Rahman argues that the fundamental moral challenge of economic governance today is two-fold: first, to counteract the threats of economic domination whether in the form of corporate power or inequitable markets; and second, to do so by expanding the capacity of citizens themselves to exercise real political power in economic policymaking. This normative framework in turn suggests a very different way of understanding and addressing major economic governance issues of the post-crisis era, from the challenge of too-big-to-fail financial firms, to the dangers of regulatory capture and regulatory reform. Synthesizing a range of insights from history to political theory to public policy, Democracy Against Domination offers an exciting reinterpretation of progressive economic thought; a fresh normative approach to democratic theory; and an urgent hope for realizing a more equitable and democratically accountable economy through practical reforms in our policies and regulatory institutions.

A Treatment Manual for Justice Involved Persons with Mental Illness

Changing Lives and Changing Outcomes

Author: Robert D. Morgan,Daryl Kroner,Jeremy F. Mills

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351792687

Category: Psychology

Page: 186

View: 3215

A Treatment Manual for Justice Involved Persons with Mental Illness comprises a comprehensive and structured treatment manual that provides clinicians a guide for treating justice involved persons with mental illness. The manual includes a treatment plan for each session with specific structured exercises (for both in-group and out of group work) designed to teach objectives each session. The program incorporates a psychosocial rehabilitation model, social learning paradigm and cognitive-behavioral model for change, although cognitive behavioral theory is more prevalent and apparent throughout the manual. Additional training on Changing Lives and Changing Outcomes: A Treatment Program for Justice-Involved Persons with Mental Illness is available at https://www.gifrinc.com/clco.

Interracial Justice

Conflict and Reconciliation in Post–Civil Rights America

Author: Eric K. Yamamoto

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 0814729452

Category: Law

Page: 352

View: 2517

The United States in the twenty-first century will be a nation of so-called minorities. Shifts in the composition of the American populace necessitate a radical change in the ways we as a nation think about race relations, identity, and racial justice. Once dominated by black-white relations, discussions of race are increasingly informed by an awareness of strife among nonwhite racial groups. While white influence remains important in nonwhite racial conflict, the time has come for acknowledgment of ways communities of color sometimes clash, and their struggles to heal the resulting wounds and forge strong alliances. Melding race history, legal theory, theology, social psychology, and anecdotes, Eric K. Yamamoto offers a fresh look at race and responsibility. He tells tales of explosive conflicts and halting conciliatory efforts between African Americans and Korean and Vietnamese immigrant shop owners in Los Angeles and New Orleans. He also paints a fascinating picture of South Africa's controversial Truth and Reconciliation Commission as well as a pathbreaking Asian American apology to Native Hawaiians for complicity in their oppression. An incisive and original work by a highly respected scholar, Interracial Justice greatly advances our understanding of conflict and healing through justice in multiracial America.

Nietzsche and Levinas

"After the Death of a Certain God"

Author: Jill Stauffer,Bettina Bergo

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231518536

Category: Philosophy

Page: 288

View: 4008

The essays that Jill Stauffer and Bettina Bergo collect in this volume locate multiple affinities between the philosophies of Nietzsche and Levinas. Both philosophers question the nature of subjectivity and the meaning of responsibility after the "death of God." While Nietzsche poses the dilemmas of a self without a ground and of ethics at a time of cultural upheaval and demystification, Levinas wrestles with subjectivity and the sheer possibility of ethics after the Shoah. Both argue that goodness exists independently of calculative reason for Nietzsche, goodness arises in a creative act moving beyond reaction and ressentiment; Levinas argues that goodness occurs in a spontaneous response to another person. In a world at once without God and haunted by multiple divinities, Nietzsche and Levinas reject transcendental foundations for politics and work toward an alternative vision encompassing a positive sense of creation, a complex fraternity or friendship, and rival notions of responsibility. Stauffer and Bergo group arguments around the following debates, which are far from settled: What is the reevaluation of ethics (and life) that Nietzsche and Levinas propose, and what does this imply for politics and sociality? What is a human subject and what are substance, permanence, causality, and identity, whether social or ethical in the wake of the demise of God as the highest being and the foundation of what is stable in existence? Finally, how can a "God" still inhabit philosophy, and what sort of name is this in the thought of Nietzsche and Levinas?

British Government and Politics

Author: Duncan Watts

Publisher: Edinburgh University Press

ISBN: 0748654941

Category: Political Science

Page: 464

View: 2650

This introduction tells you everything you need to know about British Government and Politics. It examines the institutions and practices and makes comparisons with the experience of other countries.

Weltarmut und Menschenrechte

kosmopolitische Verantwortung und Reformen

Author: Thomas Pogge

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783111740164

Category: Cosmopolitanism

Page: 389

View: 4600

Thomas Pogge s book explains why so many of the wealthy believe that they have no responsibility for the elimination of poverty even though a degree of income transfer seems morally required. The theories of the wealthy are seemingly disconnected from poverty in other countries. Pogge dispatches with this illusion and suggests a realistic standard of global economic justice."

The creation of the Ministry of Justice

sixth report of session 2006-07, report, together with formal minutes, oral and written evidence

Author: Great Britain: Parliament: House of Commons: Constitutional Affairs Committee

Publisher: The Stationery Office

ISBN: 9780215035608

Category: Political Science

Page: 47

View: 4506

The creation of the Ministry of Justice made significant changes to the Lord Chancellor's responsibilities, which may affect, in practice or public perception, the core responsibility of being the guardian of judicial independence. This report looks at the way these changes were made and finds the Government underestimated the significance of the changes it announced. The lack of sufficient consultation led to a public conflict between the senior judiciary and the previous Lord Chancellor, which could have been avoided if the lessons from the way changes to the Lord Chancellor's office were announced and effected between 2003 and 2005 had been learnt.

Politics, Policy, and Government in British Columbia

Author: R. Kenneth Carty

Publisher: UBC Press

ISBN: 9780774805834

Category: History

Page: 381

View: 6311

Politics, Policy, and Government in British Columbia examinesthe political life of Canada's dynamic Pacific province. Each ofthe seventeen chapters, written by well-known experts, provides anup-to-date portrait and analysis of one of the many faces of B.C.politics. Taken together they provide a clear and comprehensiveoverview of the dominant themes and issues that have been thedistinguishing features of the province's political life.

Gerechtigkeit für Igel

Author: Ronald Dworkin

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 3518780204

Category: Philosophy

Page: 813

View: 3643

»Der Fuchs weiß viele Dinge, aber der Igel weiß eine große Sache.« Der griechische Dichter Archilochos hat diesen Satz formuliert, Isaiah Berlin hat ihn mit seinem Tolstoi-Essay berühmt gemacht. Aber was ist diese »eine große Sache«? Ronald Dworkin liefert eine Antwort: Es sind Werte in all ihren Erscheinungsformen. Wenn wir verstehen wollen, was Wahrheit und Schönheit sind, was dem Leben Sinn verleiht, was die Moral fordert und die Gerechtigkeit verlangt, so müssen wir der Spur jener moralischen Einstellungen nachgehen, die menschliches Denken, Fühlen und Handeln durchdringen und zu einer Einheit formen. »Gerechtigkeit für Igel« ist eines jener Bücher, wie es sie in Zeiten der Füchse – der Spezialisten und Skeptiker – immer seltener gibt: eines, das aus einem einzigen Prinzip eine ganze Welt erklären und zugleich Orientierung geben möchte.

The governance of Britain

a consultation on the role of the Attorney General

Author: Great Britain: Attorney General's Office

Publisher: The Stationery Office

ISBN: 9780101719223

Category: Law

Page: 31

View: 2649

As part of a programme of constitutional reform the Government is committed to the reform of the role of the Attorney General. However the complex nature of the Attorney General's responsibilities combined with their importance in maintaining the rule of law, mean that changes should be taken after comprehensive public debate. This consultation document seeks answers to six questions. 1) Should the role of chief legal advisor be split from the role of government minister? 2) What is the reaction to proposals that would instead limit the Attorney General's attendance at Cabinet? 3) Should the legal advise to government be published? 4) Should there be changes in the role in relation to criminal prosecutions? 5) Are any changes needed to the public interest function? 6) Are any other changes needed?

#BlackLivesMatter

Eine Geschichte vom Überleben

Author: Patrisse Khan-Cullors,asha bandele

Publisher: Kiepenheuer & Witsch

ISBN: 3462318187

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 288

View: 9139

Wie viel ein schwarzes Leben zählt. Patrisse Khan-Cullors, die Mitbegründerin der neuen Bürgerrechtsbewegung #BlackLivesMatter, erzählt in diesem Buch vom Aufwachsen in einem Land, das von Armut, Ungleichheit und rassistischer Polizeigewalt geprägt ist. Sie schildert, wie sie Menschen begegnet, die entschlossen sind, Amerika zu verändern. Gemeinsam mit ihnen fordert sie eine neue Antwort auf eine alte Frage: Wie viel zählt ein schwarzes Leben? Als im Sommer 2013 der Nachbarschaftswachmann George Zimmerman, der den 17-jährigen schwarzen Schüler Trayvon Martin erschossen hat, freigesprochen wird, entsteht in den USA eine neue Bürgerrechtsbewegung unter dem Hashtag #BlackLivesMatter. In diesem Buch erzählt die Mitbegründerin ihre Geschichte. Patrisse Khan-Cullors wird in einem der ärmsten Viertel von Los Angeles geboren. Schon als kleines Mädchen erlebt sie den grundlegenden Unterschied, den ihre Hautfarbe bedeutet: in der Schule, in Freundschaften, in der Nachbarschaft. Der Zusammenhalt in ihrer Familie wird immer wieder auf die Probe gestellt – ihre Eltern, Verwandten und Geschwister kämpfen verzweifelt gegen die Folgen von Polizeigewalt, Ausbeutung in McJobs, Drogensucht, Rassismus und staatlicher Willkür. Auf dem Weg in ein selbstbestimmtes und freies Leben helfen ihr Kunst, Bildung und große Offenheit für andere Menschen. Ein Netzwerk entsteht, dessen Engagement über den Kampf gegen Rassismus hinausgeht. In eindringlicher Sprache erzählt Patrisse Khan-Cullors aus dem Alltag eines unbekannten Amerikas. Ihre zutiefst bewegende Geschichte hat eine einfache Botschaft: #BlackLivesMatter.

Crime, Community and Morality

Author: Simon Green

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136237526

Category: Social Science

Page: 228

View: 9485

Political leaders and the popular press tell us that society is in the grip of a moral crisis. ‘Where have our values gone?’ our newspapers scream at us. ‘Benefit scroungers’, ‘greedy bankers’, ‘intrusive journalists’, ‘have-a-go rioters’, political scandals and criminals of all shapes and sizes are continually cited as evidence that we live in a modern-day Gomorrah. Criminologists have studied this in several ways, including: media representations of crime, mass incarceration, hooliganism and the exercise of power and control through communities. What criminologists have not studied is the place of morality in shaping public debate about understanding crime and how this then shapes crime control strategies. Rather than dismiss statements about community breakdown, ‘broken society’ and irresponsibility as ideological, self-justificatory rhetoric, what happens when we take these claims seriously? What do they tell us about the causes of crime? How do they shape the crime control agenda? How else might we begin to understand and explain the relationship between crime and society? Navigating between criminological concerns about control and governance and social theories about culture and identity, this book explores what is meant by crime, community and morality and puts this meaning to the test. Discussion of a new theory of rule-breaking, combined with an analysis of how our justice system is becoming maladapted, makes this essential reading for criminologists around the globe, as well as those general readers interested in the causes of crime.

Healing the Racial Divide

A Catholic Racial Justice Framework Inspired by Dr. Arthur Falls

Author: Lincoln Rice

Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers

ISBN: 1630875643

Category: Religion

Page: 216

View: 7744

Healing the Racial Divide retrieves the insights of Dr. Arthur Falls (1901-2000) for composing a renewed theology of Catholic racial justice. Falls was a black Catholic medical doctor who dedicated his life to healing rifts created by white supremacy and racism. He integrated theology, the social sciences, and personal experience to compose a salve that was capable of not only integrating neighborhoods but also eradicating the segregation that existed in Chicago hospitals. Falls was able to reframe the basic truths of the Christian faith in a way that unleashed their prophetic power. He referred to those Catholics who promoted segregation in Chicago as believers in the "mythical body of Christ," as opposed to the mystical body of Christ. The "mythical body of Christ" is a heretical doctrine that excludes African Americans and promotes the delusion that white people are the normative measure of the Catholic faith.

Das Recht der Völker

Enthält: "Nochmals: Die Idee der öffentlichen Vernunft"

Author: John Rawls

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110898535

Category: Philosophy

Page: 294

View: 8247

Welche Bedingungen lassen Völker gerecht und friedlich zusammenleben? Unter welchen Umständen sind Kriege gerechtfertigt? Welche Leitlinien müssen gegeben sein für Organisationen, die eine gerechte Gesellschaft von Völkern mit gleichen Rechten herzustellen vermögen? In acht Grundsätzen für eine gerechte internationale Ordnung entwickelt der amerikanische Philosoph John Rawls einen hypothetischen "Vertrag der Gesellschaft der Völker". Das jüngste Buch von John Rawls ist nach A Theory of Justice 1971, dt. 1975) und Political Liberalism (1993, dt. 1998) ein weiteres wichtiges Werk des bedeutenden amerikanischen Philosophen. Die Originalausgabe (The Law of Peoples, 1999) hat zu heftigen Kontroversen geführt.