Remembering and Rethinking the GDR

Multiple Perspectives and Plural Authenticities

Author: Anna Saunders,Debbie Pinfold

Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan

ISBN: 0230360572

Category: History

Page: 253

View: 7326

More than twenty years after the fall of the Berlin Wall, memories of the German Democratic Republic (GDR) remain complex and controversial. As new generations come of age, not only do the political, social and cultural parameters of remembrance shift accordingly, but so too do the forms of media used to transmit these memories. This volume explores the different ways in which the GDR has been remembered since its demise in 1989/90, and asks how memory of this state continues to impact on contemporary Germany. The chapters offer multiple perspectives on the GDR, examining the way memories have been expressed in and shaped by literature, film, music, museums, monuments, historical narratives, commemorative events and everyday discourse concerning the GDR. In resisting monolithic readings of the GDR, the volume offers new insights into the complex relationship between past and present in eastern Germany.

Memorialization in Germany since 1945

Author: B. Niven,C. Paver

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230248500

Category: History

Page: 421

View: 1920

Difficult Pasts provides a wide-ranging discussion of contemporary Germany's rich memorial landscape. It discusses the many memorials to German losses during the Second World War, to the victims of National Socialism and to those of GDR socialism. With up-to-date coverage of many less well-known memorials as well as the most publicised ones.

Amnesiopolis

Modernity, Space, and Memory in East Germany

Author: Department of History Eli Rubin,Eli Rubin

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198732260

Category:

Page: 208

View: 5607

Massive, identical, concrete housing blocks are one of the most iconic and enduring legacies of life behind the Iron Curtain. Often, they are assumed to represent the drab and soul-crushing nature of a failed totalitarian system. But what was life really like in such places? What is their real history and real meaning? Amnesiopolis argues that they were part of a utopian project to build a new society out of whole cloth, to sever ties with the materialtraces of the pre-socialist past. By looking at the largest of these 'new towns', Marzahn, outside Berlin, this volume demonstrates the ways in which East Germans experienced their lives in the prefabricatedand mass-produced blocks as a rebirth, not just for their own lives, but also in the broader scope of the history of socialism and Germany. Yet, Rubin cautions, the story was not so simple, as every attempt to sever links with German history seemed to unearth a connection to a much deeper and older history of colonization.

Memorializing the GDR

Monuments and Memory after 1989

Author: Anna Saunders

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 1785336819

Category: History

Page: 382

View: 4721

Since unification, eastern Germany has witnessed a rapidly changing memorial landscape, as the fate of former socialist monuments has been hotly debated and new commemorative projects have met with fierce controversy. Memorializing the GDR provides the first in-depth study of this contested arena of public memory, investigating the individuals and groups devoted to the creation or destruction of memorials as well as their broader aesthetic, political, and historical contexts. Emphasizing the interrelationship of built environment, memory and identity, it brings to light the conflicting memories of recent German history, as well as the nuances of national and regional constructions of identity.

The Politics of Culture in Turkey, Greece & Cyprus

Performing the Left Since the Sixties

Author: Leonidas Karakatsanis,Nikolaos Papadogiannis

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 131742820X

Category: Political Science

Page: 340

View: 329

Performing a political identity usually involves more than just casting a vote. For Left-wingers in Turkey, Greece and Cyprus – countries that emerged as the only non-socialist constituents of South-eastern Europe after WWII – political preference meant immersion to distinct ways of life, to ‘cultures’: in times of dictatorship or persecution, the desire to find alternative ways to express themselves gave content to these cultures. In times of political normality, it was the echoes of such memories of precarity and loss that took the lead. This book explores the intersection between the politics and cultures of the Left since the sixties in Turkey, Greece and Cyprus. With the use of 12 case studies, the contributors expose the moments in which the Left has been claimed and performed, not only through political manifestos and traditional political boundaries, but also through corporeal acts, discursive practices and affective encounters. These are all transformed into distinct modalities of everyday life and conduct, which are commemorated, narrated or sung, versed, painted, or captured in photographic images and on reels of tape. By focusing on culture and performance, this book highlights the complex link between nationalism and internationalism in left-wing cultures, and illuminates the entanglements between the ways in which left-wingers experienced transitions from dictatorship to democracy and vice versa. As the first book to analyse cultures and performances of the Left in the three countries, The Politics of Culture in Turkey, Greece and Cyprus causes a rethinking of the boundaries of political practice and fosters new understandings of the formation of diverse expressions of the Left. As such, it will be a valuable resource for students and scholars of cultural and social anthropology, modern European history and political science.

Setting Limits, Revised & Expanded 2nd Edition

How to Raise Responsible, Independent Children by Providing CLEAR Boundaries

Author: Robert J. Mackenzie

Publisher: Harmony

ISBN: 0307570657

Category: Family & Relationships

Page: 384

View: 5759

Start Setting Effective Limits — Now! Do your children misbehave? Do they repeatedly ignore or refuse your requests for proper behavior? Are you constantly fluctuating between permissive and authoritarian parenting, with little or no success? Are you convinced there has to be a better way? There is. Setting Limits will help you establish the positive, respectful, and instructional groundwork your children need for proper ethical and behavioral development In this revised and expanded edition of his popular book, Robert MacKenzie, Ed.D., demonstrates proven techniques and procedures that not only correct misbehavior but instill the cooperation and conduct you want and expect from your children. This book shows parents how to: ·Enforce clear, firm, and effective boundaries ·Put an end to conflicts and power struggles ·Establish rules that encourage cooperation ·Teach children important problem-solving skills ·Apply logical consequences of misbehavior Children need limits to guide their development. With MacKenzie's expert guidance, you will learn how to build and enforce the instructive boundaries necessary for a happy and rewarding family life. From the Trade Paperback edition.

Photography and Place

Seeing and Not Seeing Germany After 1945

Author: Donna West Brett

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317565630

Category: Social Science

Page: 238

View: 4524

As a recording device, photography plays a unique role in how we remember places and events that happened there. This includes recording events as they happen, or recording places where something occurred before the photograph was taken, commonly referred to as aftermath photography. This book presents a theoretical and historical analysis of German photography of place after 1945. It analyses how major historical ruptures in twentieth-century Germany and associated places of trauma, memory and history affected the visual field and the circumstances of looking. These ruptures are used to generate a new reading of postwar German photography of place. The analysis includes original research on world-renowned German photographers such as Thomas Struth, Thomas Demand, Michael Schmidt, Boris Becker and Thomas Ruff as well as photographers largely unknown in the Anglophone world.

Driving the Soviets up the Wall

Soviet-East German Relations, 1953-1961

Author: Hope M. Harrison

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9781400840724

Category: Political Science

Page: 368

View: 2082

The Berlin Wall was the symbol of the Cold War. For the first time, this path-breaking book tells the behind-the-scenes story of the communists' decision to build the Wall in 1961. Hope Harrison's use of archival sources from the former East German and Soviet regimes is unrivalled, and from these sources she builds a highly original and provocative argument: the East Germans pushed the reluctant Soviets into building the Berlin Wall. This fascinating work portrays the different approaches favored by the East Germans and the Soviets to stop the exodus of refugees to West Germany. In the wake of Stalin's death in 1953, the Soviets refused the East German request to close their border to West Berlin. The Kremlin rulers told the hard-line East German leaders to solve their refugee problem not by closing the border, but by alleviating their domestic and foreign problems. The book describes how, over the next seven years, the East German regime managed to resist Soviet pressures for liberalization and instead pressured the Soviets into allowing them to build the Berlin Wall. Driving the Soviets Up the Wall forces us to view this critical juncture in the Cold War in a different light. Harrison's work makes us rethink the nature of relations between countries of the Soviet bloc even at the height of the Cold War, while also contributing to ongoing debates over the capacity of weaker states to influence their stronger allies.

What Remains

Everyday Encounters with the Socialist Past in Germany

Author: Jonathan Bach

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231544308

Category: Social Science

Page: 200

View: 9310

What happens when an entire modern state's material culture becomes abruptly obsolete? How do ordinary people encounter what remains? In this ethnography, Jonathan Bach examines the afterlife of East Germany following the fall of the Berlin Wall, as things and places from that vanished socialist past continue to circulate and shape the politics of memory. What Remains traces the unsettling effects of these unmoored artifacts on the German present, arguing for a rethinking of the role of the everyday as a site of reckoning with difficult pasts. Bach juxtaposes four sites where the stakes of the everyday appear: products commodified as nostalgia, amateur museums dedicated to collecting everyday life under socialism, the "people's palace" that captured the national imagination through its destruction, and the feared and fetishized Berlin Wall. Moving from the local, the intimate, and the small to the national, the impersonal, and the large, this book's interpenetrating chapters show the unexpected social and political force of the ordinary in the production of memory. What Remains offers a unique vantage point on the workings of the everyday in situations of radical discontinuity, contributing to new understandings of postsocialism and the intricate intersection of material remains and memory.

The Child's View of the Third Reich in German Literature

The Eye Among the Blind

Author: Debbie Pinfold

Publisher: Clarendon Press

ISBN: 0191554197

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 292

View: 3287

This book examines the ways in which German authors have used the child's perspective to present the Third Reich. It considers how children at this time were brought up and educated to accept unquestioningly National Socialist ideology, and thus questions the possibility of a traditional naive perspective on these events. Authors as diverse as Günter Grass, Siegfried Lenz, and Christa Wolf, together with many less well-known writers, have all used this perspective, and this raises the question as to why it is such a popular means of confronting the enormity of the Third Reich. This study asks whether this perspective is an evasive strategy, a means of gaining new insights into the period, or a means of discovering a new language which had not been tainted by Nazism. This raises and addresses issues central to a post-war aesthetic in German writing.

Post-Imperium

A Eurasian Story

Author: Dmitri V. Trenin

Publisher: Brookings Institution Press

ISBN: 087003345X

Category: Political Science

Page: 279

View: 2132

The war in Georgia. Tensions with Ukraine and other nearby countries. Moscow's bid to consolidate its "zone of privileged interests" among the Commonwealth of Independent States. These volatile situations all raise questions about the nature of and prospects for Russia's relations with its neighbors. In this book, Carnegie scholar Dmitri Trenin argues that Moscow needs to drop the notion of creating an exclusive power center out of the post-Soviet space. Like other former European empires, Russia will need to reinvent itself as a global player and as part of a wider community. Trenin's vision of Russia is an open Euro-Pacific country that is savvy in its use of soft power and fully reconciled with its former borderlands and dependents. He acknowledges that this scenario may sound too optimistic but warns that the alternative is not a new version of the historic empire but instead is the ultimate marginalization of Russia.

Composing the Canon in the German Democratic Republic

Narratives of Nineteenth-Century Music

Author: Elaine Kelly

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199395187

Category: Music

Page: 240

View: 3540

When the German Democratic Republic (GDR) was founded in 1949, its leaders did not position it as a new state. Instead, they represented East German socialism as the culmination of all that was positive in Germany's past. The GDR was heralded as the second German Enlightenment, a society in which the rational ideals of progress, Bildung, and revolution that had first come to fruition with Goethe and Beethoven would finally achieve their apotheosis. Central to this founding myth was the Germanic musical heritage. Just as the canon had defined the idea of the German nation in the nineteenth-century, so in the GDR it contributed to the act of imagining the collective socialist state. Composing the Canon in the German Democratic Republic uses the reception of the Germanic musical heritage to chart the changing landscape of musical culture in the German Democratic Republic. Author Elaine Kelly demonstrates the nuances of musical thought in the state, revealing a model of societal ascent and decline that has implications that reach far beyond studies of the GDR itself. The first book-length study in English devoted to music in the GDR, Composing the Canon in the German Democratic Republic is a seminal text for scholars of music in the Cold War and in Germany more widely.

Dropping out of Socialism

The Creation of Alternative Spheres in the Soviet Bloc

Author: Juliane Fürst,Josie McLellan

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 1498525156

Category: History

Page: 352

View: 5400

This multidisciplinary collection of essays examines alternative subcultures in Eastern Europe and the Soviet Union during the era of late socialism. The contributors analyze how these marginal communities rejected mainstream socialist culture, sought ideological and physical space from the state, and contributed to the demise of the USSR.

Honecker's Children

Youth and Patriotism in East(ern) Germany, 1979-2002

Author: Anna Saunders

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0719082137

Category: History

Page: 264

View: 1330

During the final decade of the German Democratic Republic (GDR), young citizens found themselves at the heart of a rigorous program of socialist patriotic education, yet following the fall of the Berlin Wall, the emphasis of official state rhetoric, textbooks and youth activities changed beyond recognition. For the young generation growing up during this period, "normality" was turned on its head, leaving a sense of insecurity and inner turmoil. Using a combination of archival research and interviews, together with educational materials and government reports, this book examines the relationship between young people and their two successive states in East(ern) Germany between 1979 and 2002. This unusual time-span straddles the 1989/1990 caesura which often delimits historical studies, and thus enables not only a detailed examination of GDR socialization, but crucially also its influence in unified Germany. Anna Saunders explores the extent to which a young generation’s loyalties can be officially regulated in the face of cultural and historical traditions, changing material conditions and shifting social circumstances, and finds GDR socialisation to be influential to post-unification loyalties through its impact on the personal sphere, rather than through the official sphere of ideological propaganda. At a time of globalization, this lucid study not only provides unique insight into the functioning of the GDR state and its longer-term impact, but also advances our broader understanding of the ways in which collective loyalties are formed. It will be of particular interest to those in the fields of German History and Politics, European Studies and Sociology.

The Shortest History of Germany

Author: James Hawes

Publisher: Experiment

ISBN: 9781615195695

Category: History

Page: 256

View: 5582

An internationally bestselling, fresh, and entertaining take on the 2,000-year history of Germany--a country at the heart of the West's survival As the West grapples with the rise of populism, some cite Germany as one of the last global powers capable of restoring Europe's fading glory and upholding Western liberal values seemingly under threat around the world. But how did Germany get here? How did it rebuild in the tragic aftermath of WWII? What about Germany allowed for the rise of Nazism in the first place? And what can we learn from the history of a people who did not develop a modern nation until 1871? James Hawes answers all these questions and more. With over 100 maps, images, and diagrams, The Shortest History of Germany locates the true roots of the horrors of Nazi Germany in a way that no book has done before, and it shows how an ancient Roman divide--the limes Germanicus--has fundamentally defined not only German history, but also the Germany we think we know today.

Material Fantasies

Expectations of the Western Consumer World Among the East Germans

Author: Milena Veenis

Publisher: Amsterdam University Press

ISBN: 9089644008

Category: Social Science

Page: 280

View: 2628

"This study of East German fantasies of material abundance across the border, both before and after the fall of communism, shows the close and intricate relation between ideology and fantasy in upholding social life. In 1989, news broadcasts all over the world were dominated for weeks by images of East Germans crossing the Berlin Wall to West Germany. The images, representing the fall of communism and the democratic will of the people, also showed East Germans' excitement at finally being able to enter the western consumer paradise. But what exactly had they expected to find on the other side of the Wall? Why did they shed tears of joy when for the first time in their lives, they stepped inside West German shops? And why were they prepared to pay more than 10 percent of their average monthly wage for a pineapple? Drawing on fifteen months of research in the fast-changing post-communist East Germany, Veenis unravels the perennial truths about the interrelationships of fantasies of material wealth, personal fulfillment and social cohesion. She argues persuasively that the far-fetched socialist and capitalist promises of consumption as the road to ultimate well-being, the partial realization and partial corruption thereof, the implicit social and psychological interests underlying the politicized promises in both countries form the breeding ground for the development of materialist, cargo-cult-like fantasies, in which material well-being came to be seen as the place of "fulfillment and ultimate arrival"."--Publisher's website.

Geography and Memory

Explorations in Identity, Place and Becoming

Author: Owain Jones,Joanne Garde-Hansen

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137284072

Category: Science

Page: 272

View: 4426

This collection shifts the focus from collective memory to individual memory, by incorporating new performative approaches to identity, place and becoming. Drawing upon cultural geography, the book provides an accessible framework to approach key aspects of memory, remembering, archives, commemoration and forgetting in modern societies.