Religion in the Roman Empire

Author: James B. Rives

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell

ISBN: 1405106565

Category: History

Page: 256

View: 7835

This book provides an engaging, systematic introduction to religion in the Roman empire. Covers both mainstream Graeco-Roman religion and regional religious traditions, from Egypt to Western Europe Examines the shared assumptions and underlying dynamics that characterized religious life as a whole Draws on a wide range of primary material, both textual and visual, from literary works, inscriptions and monuments Offers insight into the religious world in which contemporary rabbinic Judaism and Christianity both had their origin

A Companion to Roman Religion

Author: Jörg Rüpke

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1444339249

Category: History

Page: 542

View: 6390

A comprehensive treatment of the significant symbols and institutions of Roman religion, this companion places the various religious symbols, discourses, and practices, including Judaism and Christianity, into a larger framework to reveal the sprawling landscape of the Roman religion. An innovative introduction to Roman religion Approaches the field with a focus on the human-figures instead of the gods Analyzes religious changes from the eighth century BC to the fourth century AD Offers the first history of religious motifs on coins and household/everyday utensils Presents Roman religion within its cultural, social, and historical contexts

Greek and Roman Religions

Author: Rebecca I. Denova

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell

ISBN: 1118542959

Category: Religion

Page: 336

View: 1857

Offers an introduction to the basic beliefs, practices, and major deities of Greek and Roman religions A volume in the Blackwell Ancient Religions, Greek and Roman Religions offers an authoritative overview of the region’s ancient religious practices. The author—a noted expert in the field—explores the presence of divinity in all aspects of ancient life and highlights the origins of myth, religious authority, institutions, beliefs, rituals, sacred texts, and ethics. Comprehensive in scope, the text focuses on myriad aspects that constitute Greco-Roman culture such as economic class, honor and shame, and slavery as well as the religious role of each member of the family. The integration of ethnic and community identity with divine elements are highlighted in descriptions of religious festivals. Greek and Roman Religions presents the evolution of ideas concerning death and the afterlife and the relation of death to concepts of ultimate justice. The author also offers insight into the elements of ancient religions that remain important in our contemporary quest for meaning. This vital text: Offers a comprehensive review of ancient Greek and Roman religions and their institutions, beliefs, rituals, and more Examines how the Roman culture and religions borrowed from the Greek traditions Explores the ancient civilizations of the Mediterranean Basin Contains suggestions at the end of each chapter for further reading that include both traditional studies and more recent examinations of topical issues Written for students of ancient religions and religious studies, this important resource provides an overview of the ancient culture and history of the general region as well as the basic background of Greek and Roman civilizations.

A Companion to the Archaeology of Religion in the Ancient World

Author: Rubina Raja,Jörg Rüpke

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118885880

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 520

View: 8655

A Companion to the Archaeology of Religion in the AncientWorld presents a comprehensive overview of a wide range oftopics relating to the practices, expressions, and interactions ofreligion in antiquity, primarily in the Greco-Roman world. • Features readings that focus on religious experience andexpression in the ancient world rather than solely on religiousbelief • Places a strong emphasis on domestic and individualreligious practice • Represents the first time that the concept of“lived religion” is applied to the ancient history ofreligion and archaeology of religion • Includes cutting-edge data taken from top contemporaryresearchers and theorists in the field • Examines a large variety of themes and religioustraditions across a wide geographical area and chronologicalspan • Written to appeal equally to archaeologists andhistorians of religion

Religious Networks in the Roman Empire

The Spread of New Ideas

Author: Anna Collar

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107729718

Category: History

Page: 312

View: 3303

The first three centuries AD saw the spread of new religious ideas through the Roman Empire, crossing a vast and diverse geographical, social and cultural space. In this innovative study, Anna Collar explores both how this happened and why. Drawing on research in the sociology and anthropology of religion, physics and computer science, Collar explores the relationship between social networks and religious transmission to explore why some religious movements succeed, while others, seemingly equally successful at a certain time, ultimately fail. Using extensive epigraphic data, Collar provides new interpretations of the diffusion of ideas across the social networks of the Jewish Diaspora and the cults of Jupiter Dolichenus and Theos Hypsistos, and in turn offers important reappraisals of the spread of religious innovations in the Roman Empire. This study will be a valuable resource for students and scholars of ancient history, archaeology, ancient religion and network theory.

Religions of Rome: Volume 2, A Sourcebook

Author: Mary Beard,John North,S. R. F. Price

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521456463

Category: History

Page: 428

View: 5029

This book, the second of the two volumes that make up Religions of Rome, presents a wide range of documents illustrating religious life in the Roman world from the early Republic to the late Empire (both visual evidence and texts in translation). More than just a "sourcebook," it explores some of the major themes and problems of Roman religion (such as sacrifice, the religious calendar, divination and prediction). Each document has an introduction, explanatory notes and bibliography, and is used as the starting point for further discussion.

Exploring Religion in Ancient Egypt

Author: Stephen Quirke

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118610520

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 288

View: 1019

Exploring Religion in Ancient Egypt offers a stimulatingoverview of the study of ancient Egyptian religion by examiningresearch drawn from beyond the customary boundaries of Egyptologyand shedding new light on entrenched assumptions. Discusses the evolution of religion in ancient Egypt – abelief system that endured for 3,000 years Dispels several modern preconceptions about ancient Egyptianreligious practices Reveals how people in ancient Egypt struggled to securewell-being in the present life and the afterlife

A Companion to Greek Religion

Author: Daniel Ogden

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1444334174

Category: History

Page: 520

View: 3924

This major addition to Blackwell?s Companions to the Ancient World series covers all aspects of religion in the ancient Greek world from the archaic, through the classical and into the Hellenistic period. Written by a panel of international experts Focuses on religious life as it was experienced by Greek men and women at different times and in different places Features major sections on local religious systems, sacred spaces and ritual, and the divine

The Peace of the Gods

Elite Religious Practices in the Middle Roman Republic

Author: Craige B. Champion

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400885159

Category: History

Page: 304

View: 8978

The Peace of the Gods takes a new approach to the study of Roman elites' religious practices and beliefs, using current theories in psychology, sociology, and anthropology, as well as cultural and literary studies. Craige Champion focuses on what the elites of the Middle Republic (ca. 250–ca. 100 BCE) actually did in the religious sphere, rather than what they merely said or wrote about it, in order to provide a more nuanced and satisfying historical reconstruction of what their religion may have meant to those who commanded the Roman world and its imperial subjects. The book examines the nature and structure of the major priesthoods in Rome itself, Roman military commanders' religious behaviors in dangerous field conditions, and the state religion's acceptance or rejection of new cults and rituals in response to external events that benefited or threatened the Republic. According to a once-dominant but now-outmoded interpretation of Roman religion that goes back to the ancient Greek historian Polybius, the elites didn't believe in their gods but merely used religion to control the masses. Using that interpretation as a counterfactual lens, Champion argues instead that Roman elites sincerely tried to maintain Rome's good fortune through a pax deorum or "peace of the gods." The result offers rich new insights into the role of religion in elite Roman life.

Gymnasium

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Classical education

Page: N.A

View: 3757


A Companion to Women in the Ancient World

Author: Sharon L. James,Sheila Dillon

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119025540

Category: History

Page: 650

View: 1527

This publication presents an interdisciplinary, methodologically-based collection of essays on the study of women in the ancient world. It explores a broad range of topics relating to women in antiquity, including: mother-goddess theory; women in Homer, pre-Roman Italy, the Near East, women and the family, the state, and religion; Dress and adornment; female patronage; Hellenistic Queens; imperial women; women in late Antiquity; early women saints; and many more. PART I Women outside Athens and Rome 5; Case study I: The mother goddess in prehistory: debates and perspectives / Lauren Talalay; 1. Women in ancient Mesopotamia 11 / Amy R. Gansell; 2. Hidden voices: unveiling women in ancient Egypt / Kasia Szpakowska; 3. Looking for Minoan and Mycenaean women: paths of feminist scholarship towards the Aegean Bronze Age / Marianna Nikolaïdou; 4. Women in Homer / Cristiana Franco; 5. Etruscan women: towards a reappraisal / Vedia Izzet; PART II The archaic and classical periods; Case study II: Sex and the single girl: the Cologne fragment of Archilochus / Sharon L. James; 6. Woman, city, state: theories, ideologies, and concepts in the Archaic and classical Periods / Madeleine M. Henry and Sharon L. James; 7. Women and law / Barbara Levick; 8. Women and medicine / Holt Parker; 9. Reading the bones: interpreting the skeletal evidence for women's lives in ancient Greece / Maria A. Liston; 10. Approaches to reading attic vases / Kathryn Topper; 11. Spartan girls and the Athenian Gaze / Jenifer Neils; 12.Interpreting Women in Archaic and Classical Greek Sculpture / A. A. Donohue; 13. Dress and adornment in archaic and classical Greece / Mireille M. Lee; 14. Women and religion in Greece / Eva Stehle; 15. Women and Roman religion / Lora L. Holland; 16. Women in Magna Graecia / Gillian Shepherd; PART III Women in a cosmopolitan world: the Hellenistic and late republican periods / Case study III: Hellenistic Tanagra figurines / Sheila Dillon; Case Study IV: Domestic female slaves in Roman comedy / Sharon L. James; 17. Female patronage in the Greek Hellenistic and Roman republican periods / Anne Bielman; 18. Women on Hellenistic grave Stelai: reading images and texts / Christina A. Salowey; 19. Female portraiture in the Hellenistic period / Sheila Dillon; 20. Women and family in Menander / Cheryl A. Cox; 21. Gender and space, 'public' and 'Private' / Monika Trümper; 22. Oikos Keeping: women and monarchy in the Macedonian tradition / Elizabeth D. Carney; 23. The women of Ptolemaic Egypt: the view from Papyrology / Maryline Parca; 24. Jewish women: texts and contexts / Laura S. Lieber; 25. Women, education, and philosophy / Marguerite Deslauriers; 26. Perceptions of women's power in the late Republic: Terentia, Fulvia, and the generation of 63 BCE / T. Corey Brennan; PART IV The beginnings of empire; Case Study V: Vergil's Dido / Sharon L. James; 27. Women in Augustan Rome / Judith P. Hallett; 28. Women in Augustan literature / Alison Keith; 29. Women on the Bay of Naples / Eve D'Ambra; 30. Early imperial female portraiture / Elizabeth Bartman; 31. Portraits, prestige, piety: images of women in Roman Egypt / Christina Riggs; PART V From empire to christianity; Case study VI: Female portraiture in Palmyra / Maura K. Heyn; 32. Women in imperial Roman literature / Rhiannon Ash; 33. Female portraiture and female patronage in the high imperial period / Rachel Meyers; 34. Women in Roman Britain / Lindsay Allason-Jones; 35. Public roles for women in the cities of the Latin West / Emily A. Hemelrijk; 36. Rari exempli femina: female virtues on Roman funerary inscriptions / Werner Riess; 37. Women in Late Antique Egypt / Jennifer Sheridan Moss; 38. Representations of women in late Antiquity and early Byzantium / Ioli Kalavrezou; 39. Becoming christian / Ross S. Kraemer; Appendix: Women in Late Antiquity (Apart from Egypt): A bibliography.

Festkalender Roms

Lateinisch - Deutsch

Author: Ovid

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3050093633

Category: History

Page: 368

View: 9044

Ovids Lehrgedicht über den römischen Festkalender, die "Fasti", entsteht im Zeitalter des Kaisers Augustus, der mit seiner Einrichtung der Monarchie eine Rückwendung zu altrömischem Götterkult, altrömischem Brauchtum und dem Mythos von der Bestimmung der Stadt Rom zur Herrin der Welt verbindet. Das Werk bietet mit heiter-besinnlichen Erläuterungen zu den Festtagen der Monate Januar bis Juni eine unterhaltsame und zugleich literarisch anspruchsvolle Einführung in die religiösen, mythischen und historischen Hintergründe für offizielle Anlässe zum Opfern und Feiern. Griechische und römische Götter- und Heldensagen werden dabei ebenso spannend wie humorvoll nacherzählt. Die Versübertragung des renommierten Ovid-Forschers Niklas Holzberg ist dem heutigen Sprachgebrauch angepasst.

Slaves and Religions in Graeco-Roman Antiquity and Modern Brazil

Author: Stephen Hodkinson,Dick Geary

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: 1443838098

Category: History

Page: 335

View: 2200

Slaves have never been mere passive victims of slavery. Typically, they have responded with ingenuity to their violent separation from their native societies, using a variety of strategies to create new social networks and cultures. Religion has been a major arena for such slave cultural strategies. Through participation in religious and ritual activities, slaves have generated important elements of identity, shared humanity, and even resistance, within their lives. This volume presents papers from a conference of the University of Nottingham’s Institute for the Study of Slavery – the only UK centre studying its history from antiquity to the present. It breaks new ground by juxtaposing slave strategies within the diverse religious cultures of Graeco-Roman antiquity and modern Brazil. After a wide-ranging historiographical survey, eleven experts examine how in both societies slave religious activities involved both constraints and opportunities, shedding particular new light on the neglected religious strategies of Graeco-Roman slaves.

The Mind of Mithraists

Historical and Cognitive Studies in the Roman Cult of Mithras

Author: Luther H. Martin

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 147258421X

Category: Religion

Page: 224

View: 9368

The Roman cult of Mithras was the most widely-dispersed and densely-distributed cult throughout the expanse of the Roman Empire from the end of the first until the fourth century AD, rivaling the early growth and development of Christianity during the same period. As its membership was largely drawn from the ranks of the military, its spread, but not its popularity is attributable largely to military deployments and re-deployments. Although mithraists left behind no written archival evidence, there is an abundance of iconographic finds. The only characteristic common to all Mithraic temples were the fundamental architecture of their design, and the cult image of Mithras slaying a bull. How were these two features so faithfully transmitted through the Empire by a non-centralized, non-hierarchical religious movement? The Minds of Mithraists: Historical and Cognitive Studies in the Roman Cult of Mithras addresses these questions as well as the relationship of Mithraism to Christianity, explanations of the significance of the tauroctony and of the rituals enacted in the mithraea, and explanations for the spread of Mithraism (and for its resistance in a few places). The unifying theme throughout is an investigation of the 'mind' of those engaged in the cult practices of this widespread ancient religion. These investigations represent traditional historical methods as well as more recent studies employing the insights of the cognitive sciences, demonstrating that cognitive historiography is a valuable methodological tool.

Meine Taten / Res gestae divi Augusti

Author: Augustus

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3110365162

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 193

View: 8585

Der Rechenschaftsbericht des Kaisers Augustuswar einst auf zwei Bronzepfeilern in Rom aufgestellt. Während das Original verloren ging, wurde 1555 im heutigen Ankara eine Abschrift in lateinischer und griechischer Sprache gefunden. Augustus streicht nicht nur seine außenpolitischen Erfolge heraus, er betont auch seine Fürsorge für das Volk. Stolz berichtet er von seiner Bautätigkeit, aber auch von den zahlreichen Ehrungen, die ihm widerfuhren.

Evolution, Cognition, and the History of Religion: A New Synthesis

Festschrift in Honour of Armin W. Geertz

Author: Anders Klostergaard Petersen,Gilhus Ingvild Sælid,Luther H. Martin,Jeppe Sinding Jensen,Jesper Sørensen

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004385371

Category: Religion

Page: 702

View: 8355

The chapters explore the possible development of a new scholarly synthesis for the study of religion, founded on the triadic space constituted by evolution, cognition, cultural and ecological environment. Chapters focus on either evolution, cognition, and/or the history of religion.