Regional Conflict Management

Author: Paul F. Diehl,Joseph Lepgold

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers

ISBN: 0742568822

Category: Political Science

Page: 320

View: 5415

Since the 1990s, the international security environment has shifted radically. Leading states no longer play as great a role in regional conflicts, and thus a new opportunity for regional conflict management has opened. This collection of original essays is one of the first to examine the implications and efficacy of regional conflict management in the new world order. The editors' general overview provides a framework for analyzing regional conflict management efforts and the kinds of threats faced by actors in different regions of the world. Case studies from every major world region then place these factors into specific regional contexts and address a variety of challenges. Drawing together a diverse group of scholars from around the world, Regional Conflict Management provides key lessons for understanding conflict management over the globe.

Cold War as Cooperation

Superpower Cooperation in Regional Conflict Management

Author: Roger E. Kanet,Edward A. Kolodziej

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 134911605X

Category: Political Science

Page: 439

View: 5701

A study of superpower co-operation since World War II, this book examines the regulation of USA/USSR rivalry, and outlines the power of regional states to constrain and manipulate them for their own interests.

The OAU (AU) and OAS in Regional Conflict Management

A Comparative Assessment

Author: Thomas A. Imobighe

Publisher: Spectrum Books Limited

ISBN: 9789780293741

Category: Political Science

Page: 192

View: 2989

This study analyses the pervasive and apparently intractable intensification of conflict around the world, in the wake of the Cold War; and the failures and limitations of multilateral organisations such as the UN and the African Union to achieve their stated objectives. It makes recommendations so that these organisations can make more assertive and positive contributions to conflict reduction. Specifically on the OAU/AU, the author illustrates that the African Union is not fundamentally different from its predecessor; and that both have failed to implement practical measures designed to build confidence, and regional integration, which he argues, must be an essential component of conflict prevention and peace-building. The author is an expert in International Relations, and Director of the Centre for Strategic and Development Studies, Ambrose Alli University, Ekpoma, Nigeria.

Regional Development and Conflict Management

A Case for Brazil

Author: Raphael Bar-El

Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing

ISBN: 1848551908

Category: Political Science

Page: 208

View: 5595

A book about the courageous decision taken by the Government of a Ceara, Brazil, to tackle the painful economic and social conflict caused by the enormous gap between rich and poor. It tells how the Governor of the State, Tasso Ribeiro Jereissati, decided to develop an understanding of the conflict between growth and distribution.

The EU, Promoting Regional Integration, and Conflict Resolution

Author: Thomas Diez,Nathalie Tocci

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319475304

Category: Political Science

Page: 336

View: 3180

This book provides a comprehensive study into the promotion of regional integration as a central pillar of European Union (EU) relations with the rest of the world. It is a strategy to deal with a core security challenge: the transformation of conflicts and, in particular, regional conflicts. Yet to what extent has the promotion of regional integration been successful in transforming conflicts? What can we regard as the core mechanisms of such an impact? This volume offers a comprehensive assessment of the nexus between promoting integration and conflict transformation. The authors systematically compare the consequences of EU involvement in eight conflicts in four world regions within a common framework. In doing so, they focus on the promotion of integration as a preventative strategy to avoid conflicts turning violent and as a long-term strategy to transform violent conflicts by placing them in a broader institutional context. The book will be of use to students and scholars interested in European foreign policy, comparative regionalism, and conflict resolution.

Conflict Management, Security and Intervention in East Asia

Third-party Mediation in Regional Conflict

Author: Jacob Bercovitch,Kwei-Bo Huang,Chung-Chian Teng

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134141025

Category: Political Science

Page: 304

View: 7406

This edited volume examines the sources, manifestations and management of conflict in East Asia, which contains many of the world’s conflict flashpoints, such as the Korean Peninsula and the China-Taiwan Strait. In particular, the book will elaborate on the following themes: general and NGO approaches to third-party mediation in conflict situations; regional conflict management approaches in East Asia; and third-party interventions in the context of Beijing-Taipei. The volume examines third-party mediation experiences from both theoretical and historical/practical perspectives, arguing that mediation is of great significance for regional peace and stability in East Asia, with a focus on the important case of Taiwan-China. This book will be of interest to students of regional security, Asian studies, peace studies, conflict studies and international relations.

Regional Guide to International Conflict and Management from 1945 to 2003

Author: Jacob Bercovitch,Judith Fretter

Publisher: CQ Press

ISBN: 1452267367

Category: Political Science

Page: 400

View: 984

Regional Guide to International Conflict Management from 1945 to 2003 provides global, regional, and specific information on the over 350 international conflicts that have occurred since World War II. At the heart of the book are comprehensive regional sections, each of which includes: An essay providing regional context and highlighting the interrelation of countries and conflict in that area Summaries of each conflict in the region, arranged chronologically and covering history, circumstances, players, management, and outcome References for further research. Introductory chapters examine global patterns and trends in international conflict and how conflict is managed, including ethnic conflict and the expanded role of the United Nations. Tables, figures, maps, and a comprehensive index round out this valuable resource. Regional Guide to International Conflict and Management from 1945 to 2003 gives readers the tools and content necessary for understanding and analyzing international conflict in today's world. Perfect for political science, comparative government/politics, international relations, and world history programs.

Minding the Gap

African Conflict Management in a Time of Change

Author: Pamela Aall,Chester A. Crocker

Publisher: McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP

ISBN: 1928096220

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 9852

The prevailing narrative on Africa is that it is awash with violent conflict. Indeed, it does suffer from a multitude of conflicts — from border skirmishes to civil wars to terrorist attacks. Conflicts in Africa are diverse and complex, but there have been a number of cases of successful conflict management and resolution. What accounts for the successes and failures, and what can we learn from Africa’s experience? Minding the Gap: African Conflict Management in a Time of Change takes on these questions, bringing together more than 20 experts to examine the source of conflicts in Africa and assess African management capacity in the face of these conflicts.

Responding to Conflict in Africa

The United Nations and Regional Organizations

Author: J. Boulden

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 113736758X

Category: Political Science

Page: 340

View: 1152

Using nine case studies and an overview of recent changes at the institutional level, the purpose of this book is to examine the issues and experiences associated with the increased level of activity between the United Nations and regional organizations in their efforts to address conflict in Africa.

Conflict Management in Divided Societies

Theories and Practice

Author: Stefan Wolff,Christalla Yakinthou

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136630732

Category: Political Science

Page: 320

View: 3831

This exciting and innovative new textbook takes a multi-perspective approach to the study of conflict management in divided societies. Offering a wide range of perspectives from the leading experts in the field, the work explains conflict management from the viewpoint of the political scientist, the constitutional architect, the activist, and the NGO. It examines the philosophies underpinning constitutional design, the actors and processes involved, and the practicalities of the settlement process, combining conceptual and theoretical contributions with empirical case studies. In so doing, it provides a comprehensive global introduction to the study of conflict management in divided societies. Features & benefits of the textbook: Clearly explains the theories underpinning constitutional design including power sharing/liberal consociationalism, centripetalism, power dividing, and territorial solutions Surveys the key actors and processes involved in designing and implementing peace including the evolution of diplomacy in peace-making, and separate chapters about crafting solutions for divided societies from the perspectives of NGOs, the UN, EU and AU Explores the realities on the ground with chapters written by activists and practitioners which draw on their experience of working in conflict zones Written in a clear and engaging style, this work is essential reading for all students of conflict resolution.

Regional Cooperation and Conflict Management

Lessons from the Pacific Rim

Author: Niklas Swanström

Publisher: Uppsala Universitet

ISBN: N.A

Category: Political Science

Page: 287

View: 471

Regional cooperation is increasingly important as a means to create peaceful relations and improve economic development. The problem today is not to initiate cooperation but rather how to handle disputes and maintain good relations. This is done through conflict management mechanisms (CMMs) in most regional cooperation structures. However, the interaction between such structures and regional conflict management mechanisms is not sufficiently examined and, as a result, no coherent theoretical model that could explain this interaction has been constructed. This has meant that in many cases the interaction is incorrectly assumed, with negative social and economic outcomes.

Rewiring Regional Security in a Fragmented World

Author: United States Institute of Peace

Publisher: US Institute of Peace Press

ISBN: 1601270704

Category: Political Science

Page: 587

View: 755

Rewiring Regional Security in a Fragmented World examines conflict management capacities and gaps regionally and globally, and assesses whether regions--through their regional organizations or through loose coalitions of states, regional bodies, and non-official actors--are able to address an array of new and emerging security threats.

Sovereignty as Responsibility

Conflict Management in Africa

Author: Francis M. Deng,Sadikiel Kimaro,Terrence Lyons,Donald Rothchild,I. William Zartman

Publisher: Brookings Institution Press

ISBN: 9780815719731

Category: Political Science

Page: 290

View: 1125

The authors assert that sovereignty can no longer be seen as a protection against interference, but as a charge of responsibility where the state is accountable to both domestic and external constituencies. In internal conflicts in Africa, sovereign states have often failed to take responsibility for their own citizens' welfare and for the humanitarian consequences of conflict, leaving the victims with no assistance. This book shows how that responsibility can be exercised by states over their own population, and by other states in assistance to their fellow sovereigns. Sovereignty as Responsibility presents a framework that should guide both national governments and the international community in discharging their respective responsibilities. Broad principles are developed by examining identity as a potential source of conflict, governance as a matter of managing conflict, and economics as a policy field for deterring conflict. Considering conflict management, political stability, economic development, and social welfare as functions of governance, the authors develop strategies, guidelines, and roles for its responsible exercise. Some African governments, such as South Africa in the 1990s and Ghana since 1980, have demonstrated impressive gains against these standards, while others, such as Rwanda, Somalia, Liberia, Nigeria, and Sudan, have failed. Opportunities for making sovereignty more responsible and improving the management of conflicts are examined at the regional and international levels. The lessons from the mixed successes of regional conflict management actions, such as the West African intervention in Liberia, the East African mediation in Sudan, and international efforts to urge talks to end the conflict in Angola, indicate friends and neighbors outside the state in conflict have important roles to play in increasing sovereign responsibility. Approaching conflict management from the perspective of the responsibilities of sovereignty provides a framework for evaluating government accountability. It proposes standards that guide performance and sharpen tools of conflict prevention rather than simply making post-hoc judgments on success or failure. The authors demonstrate that sovereignty as responsibility is both a national obligation and a global imperative.

Nested Security

Lessons in Conflict Management from the League of Nations and the European Union

Author: Erin K. Jenne

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 1501701266

Category: Political Science

Page: 264

View: 4931

Why does soft power conflict management meet with variable success over the course of a single mediation? In Nested Security, Erin K. Jenne asserts that international conflict management is almost never a straightforward case of success or failure. Instead, external mediators may reduce communal tensions at one point but utterly fail at another point, even if the incentives for conflict remain unchanged. Jenne explains this puzzle using a "nested security" model of conflict management, which holds that protracted ethnic or ideological conflicts are rarely internal affairs, but rather are embedded in wider regional and/or great power disputes. Internal conflict is nested within a regional environment, which in turn is nested in a global environment. Efforts to reduce conflict on the ground are therefore unlikely to succeed without first containing or resolving inter-state or trans-state conflict processes. Nested security is neither irreversible nor static: ethnic relations may easily go from nested security to nested insecurity when the regional or geopolitical structures that support them are destabilized through some exogenous pressure or shocks, including kin state intervention, transborder ethnic ties, refugee flows, or other factors related to regional conflict processes. Jenne argues that regional security regimes are ideally suited to the management of internal conflicts, because neighbors that have a strong incentive to work for stability provide critical hard-power backing to soft-power missions. Jenne tests her theory against two regional security regimes in Central and Eastern Europe: the interwar minorities regime under the League of Nations (German minorities in Central Europe, Hungarian minorities in the Carpathian Basin, and disputes over the Åland Islands, Memel, and Danzig), and the ad hoc security regime of the post–Cold War period (focusing on Russian-speaking minorities in the Baltic States and Albanian minorities in Montenegro, Macedonia, and northern Kosovo).

Dealing with Conflict in Africa

The United Nations and Regional Organizations

Author: Jane Boulden

Publisher: Macmillan

ISBN: 9781403960801

Category: Law

Page: 325

View: 7340

Dealing with Conflict in Africa analyzes the roles of the various organizations involved in conflict resolution in Africa. The first section of the book deals with the overall issues associated with cooperation between regional organizations and the United Nations, as well as how the United Nations has approached this issue in Africa. In the second section, six case studies examine the major conflicts in Africa, such as the Congo War. For each case study, the author looks at what responsibilities and tasks were taken on by different organizations, the relationship between the organizations, and which ones are most effective in working towards successful conflict resolution. The contributors also examine the effectiveness of coalitions or leaders in comparison to the UN and regional organizations. The contributors are an international group of scholars and consultants, all of whom are well positioned to analyze these issues.

The EU, Promoting Regional Integration, and Conflict Resolution

Author: Thomas Diez,Nathalie Tocci

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319475304

Category: Political Science

Page: 336

View: 5851

This book provides a comprehensive study into the promotion of regional integration as a central pillar of European Union (EU) relations with the rest of the world. It is a strategy to deal with a core security challenge: the transformation of conflicts and, in particular, regional conflicts. Yet to what extent has the promotion of regional integration been successful in transforming conflicts? What can we regard as the core mechanisms of such an impact? This volume offers a comprehensive assessment of the nexus between promoting integration and conflict transformation. The authors systematically compare the consequences of EU involvement in eight conflicts in four world regions within a common framework. In doing so, they focus on the promotion of integration as a preventative strategy to avoid conflicts turning violent and as a long-term strategy to transform violent conflicts by placing them in a broader institutional context. The book will be of use to students and scholars interested in European foreign policy, comparative regionalism, and conflict resolution.

Regional Security in Southeast Asia

Beyond the ASEAN Way

Author: Mely Caballero-Anthony

Publisher: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies

ISBN: 9812302611

Category: Political Science

Page: 327

View: 4317

The book examines ASEAN’s mechanisms in managing challenges and threats to regional security. Its extensive analyses of the ASEAN story of managing regional security cover the different phases of ASEAN’s development as a regional organization and explore the perceptible changes that have occurred in regional mechanisms of conflict management. The book also examines the roles of relevant actors beyond the states of ASEAN and the key interactions that have evolved over time, which have been instrumental in moving regional mechanisms beyond the ASEAN way. The book argues that the ASEAN way has not been impervious to change. As the association finds its way through periods of crises and continues to confront the many challenges ahead, ASEAN and its mechanisms are already being transformed beyond the narrow confines of the modalities associated with the ASEAN way. The changes in the political and security landscape of the region, as well as the democratic transitions taking place in some member states, have set the stage for a much more dynamic set of regional actors and processes that bring into question the kind of regionalism that is now taking place in the region. This book therefore attempts to capture these evolving dynamics and examines the way regionalism is changing in Southeast Asia.

From Confrontation to Cooperation

Resolving Ethnic and Regional Conflict

Author: Jay Rothman

Publisher: SAGE Publications, Incorporated

ISBN: N.A

Category: Political Science

Page: 264

View: 9061

This book explores the roots of transformations in world politics and suggests how the art and science of conflict resolution may be used to guide these changes in constructive and peaceful ways. The author proposes that a new emphasis, or more precisely, a corrective to the power-politics approach, should prevail in the study and practice of international relations and diplomacy. Using the example of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, the author presents a methodology for intergroup and international conflict management analysis, training, policy making and intervention. Comparative cases are also included to help readers build upon the approaches suggested for their own educational and peacemaking activities.

Networked Regionalism as Conflict Management

Author: Anna Ohanyan

Publisher: Stanford University Press

ISBN: 0804794944

Category: Political Science

Page: 272

View: 8191

Most regions of the world are plagued by conflicts that are made insoluble by a confluence of complex threads from history, geography, politics, and culture. These "frozen conflicts" defy conflict management interventions by both internal and external agents and institutions. Worse, they constantly threaten to extend beyond their local geographies, as in the terrorist bombings in Boston by ethnic Chechens, or to escalate from skirmishes to full-scale war, as in Nagorno-Karabakh. Consequently, such conflicts cry out for alternative approaches to the classic, state-focused, and sovereignty-based conflict management models that are practiced in traditional diplomacy—which most often produce rather short-term, ad hoc, fragmented interventions and outcomes. Drawing upon the cases of the South Caucasus, the Western Balkans, Central America, South East Asia, and Northern Ireland, Networked Regionalism as Conflict Management offers a theoretical and practical solution to this impasse by arguing for regional collective interventions that involve a long-term reengineering of existing conflict management infrastructure on the ground. Such approaches have been attracting the attention of scholars and practitioners alike yet, thus far, these concepts have rarely involved more than simple prescriptions for regional cooperation between grassroots actors and traditional diplomacy. Specifically, says Anna Ohanyan, only the cultivation and establishment of regional peace systems can provide an effective path toward conflict management in these standoffs in such intractably divided regions.