Refactoring to Patterns

Author: Joshua Kerievsky

Publisher: Addison-Wesley Professional

ISBN: 9780321213358

Category: Computers

Page: 367

View: 8537

Kerievsky lays the foundation for maximizing the use of design patterns by helping the reader view them in the context of refactorings. He ties together two of the most popular methods in software engineering today--refactoring and design patterns--as he helps the experienced developer create more robust software.

Refactoring to Patterns

Author: Joshua Kerievsky

Publisher: Pearson Education

ISBN: 9780321630018

Category: Computers

Page: 400

View: 4593

In 1994, Design Patterns changed the landscape of object-oriented development by introducing classic solutions to recurring design problems. In 1999, Refactoring revolutionized design by introducing an effective process for improving code. With the highly anticipated Refactoring to Patterns , Joshua Kerievsky has changed our approach to design by forever uniting patterns with the evolutionary process of refactoring. This book introduces the theory and practice of pattern-directed refactorings: sequences of low-level refactorings that allow designers to safely move designs to, towards, or away from pattern implementations. Using code from real-world projects, Kerievsky documents the thinking and steps underlying over two dozen pattern-based design transformations. Along the way he offers insights into pattern differences and how to implement patterns in the simplest possible ways. Coverage includes: A catalog of twenty-seven pattern-directed refactorings, featuring real-world code examples Descriptions of twelve design smells that indicate the need for this book’s refactorings General information and new insights about patterns and refactoring Detailed implementation mechanics: how low-level refactorings are combined to implement high-level patterns Multiple ways to implement the same pattern–and when to use each Practical ways to get started even if you have little experience with patterns or refactoring Refactoring to Patterns reflects three years of refinement and the insights of more than sixty software engineering thought leaders in the global patterns, refactoring, and agile development communities. Whether you’re focused on legacy or “greenfield” development, this book will make you a better software designer by helping you learn how to make important design changes safely and effectively.


Improving the Design of Existing Code

Author: Martin Fowler,Kent Beck,John Brant,William Opdyke,Don Roberts

Publisher: Addison-Wesley

ISBN: 013306526X

Category: Computers

Page: 455

View: 6936

As the application of object technology--particularly the Java programming language--has become commonplace, a new problem has emerged to confront the software development community. Significant numbers of poorly designed programs have been created by less-experienced developers, resulting in applications that are inefficient and hard to maintain and extend. Increasingly, software system professionals are discovering just how difficult it is to work with these inherited, "non-optimal" applications. For several years, expert-level object programmers have employed a growing collection of techniques to improve the structural integrity and performance of such existing software programs. Referred to as "refactoring," these practices have remained in the domain of experts because no attempt has been made to transcribe the lore into a form that all developers could use. . .until now. In Refactoring: Improving the Design of Existing Code, renowned object technology mentor Martin Fowler breaks new ground, demystifying these master practices and demonstrating how software practitioners can realize the significant benefits of this new process. With proper training a skilled system designer can take a bad design and rework it into well-designed, robust code. In this book, Martin Fowler shows you where opportunities for refactoring typically can be found, and how to go about reworking a bad design into a good one. Each refactoring step is simple--seemingly too simple to be worth doing. Refactoring may involve moving a field from one class to another, or pulling some code out of a method to turn it into its own method, or even pushing some code up or down a hierarchy. While these individual steps may seem elementary, the cumulative effect of such small changes can radically improve the design. Refactoring is a proven way to prevent software decay. In addition to discussing the various techniques of refactoring, the author provides a detailed catalog of more than seventy proven refactorings with helpful pointers that teach you when to apply them; step-by-step instructions for applying each refactoring; and an example illustrating how the refactoring works. The illustrative examples are written in Java, but the ideas are applicable to any object-oriented programming language.

XUnit Test Patterns

Refactoring Test Code

Author: Gerard Meszaros

Publisher: Addison-Wesley Professional

ISBN: 9780131495050

Category: Computers

Page: 883

View: 4393

Improves software return on investment by teaching the reader how to refactor test code and reduce or prevent crippling test maintenance.

Refactoring Workbook

Author: William C. Wake

Publisher: Addison-Wesley Professional

ISBN: 9780321109293

Category: Computers

Page: 235

View: 8177

& Most software practitioners deal with inherited code; this book teaches them how to optimize it & & Workbook approach facilitates the learning process & & Helps you identify where problems in a software application exist or are likely to exist

Refactoring JavaScript

Turning Bad Code Into Good Code

Author: Evan Burchard

Publisher: "O'Reilly Media, Inc."

ISBN: 1491964898

Category: Computers

Page: 442

View: 2477

How often do you hear people say things like this? "Our JavaScript is a mess, but we’re thinking about using [framework of the month]." Like it or not, JavaScript is not going away. No matter what framework or ”compiles-to-js” language or library you use, bugs and performance concerns will always be an issue if the underlying quality of your JavaScript is poor. Rewrites, including porting to the framework of the month, are terribly expensive and unpredictable. The bugs won’t magically go away, and can happily reproduce themselves in a new context. To complicate things further, features will get dropped, at least temporarily. The other popular method of fixing your JS is playing “JavaScript Jenga,” where each developer slowly and carefully takes their best guess at how the out-of-control system can be altered to allow for new features, hoping that this doesn’t bring the whole stack of blocks down. This book provides clear guidance on how best to avoid these pathological approaches to writing JavaScript: Recognize you have a problem with your JavaScript quality. Forgive the code you have now, and the developers who made it. Learn repeatable, memorable, and time-saving refactoring techniques. Apply these techniques as you work, fixing things along the way. Internalize these techniques, and avoid writing as much problematic code to begin with. Bad code doesn’t have to stay that way. And making it better doesn’t have to be intimidating or unreasonably expensive.


Pattern Enterpr Applica Arch

Author: Martin Fowler

Publisher: Addison-Wesley

ISBN: 0133065219

Category: Computers

Page: 557

View: 9540

The practice of enterprise application development has benefited from the emergence of many new enabling technologies. Multi-tiered object-oriented platforms, such as Java and .NET, have become commonplace. These new tools and technologies are capable of building powerful applications, but they are not easily implemented. Common failures in enterprise applications often occur because their developers do not understand the architectural lessons that experienced object developers have learned. Patterns of Enterprise Application Architecture is written in direct response to the stiff challenges that face enterprise application developers. The author, noted object-oriented designer Martin Fowler, noticed that despite changes in technology--from Smalltalk to CORBA to Java to .NET--the same basic design ideas can be adapted and applied to solve common problems. With the help of an expert group of contributors, Martin distills over forty recurring solutions into patterns. The result is an indispensable handbook of solutions that are applicable to any enterprise application platform. This book is actually two books in one. The first section is a short tutorial on developing enterprise applications, which you can read from start to finish to understand the scope of the book's lessons. The next section, the bulk of the book, is a detailed reference to the patterns themselves. Each pattern provides usage and implementation information, as well as detailed code examples in Java or C#. The entire book is also richly illustrated with UML diagrams to further explain the concepts. Armed with this book, you will have the knowledge necessary to make important architectural decisions about building an enterprise application and the proven patterns for use when building them. The topics covered include · Dividing an enterprise application into layers · The major approaches to organizing business logic · An in-depth treatment of mapping between objects and relational databases · Using Model-View-Controller to organize a Web presentation · Handling concurrency for data that spans multiple transactions · Designing distributed object interfaces

Rails AntiPatterns

Best Practice Ruby on Rails Refactoring

Author: Chad Pytel,Tammer Saleh

Publisher: Addison-Wesley Professional

ISBN: 9780132660068

Category: Computers

Page: 336

View: 1094

The Complete Guide to Avoiding and Fixing Common Rails 3 Code and Design Problems As developers worldwide have adopted the powerful Ruby on Rails web framework, many have fallen victim to common mistakes that reduce code quality, performance, reliability, stability, scalability, and maintainability. Rails™ AntiPatterns identifies these widespread Rails code and design problems, explains why they’re bad and why they happen—and shows exactly what to do instead. The book is organized into concise, modular chapters—each outlines a single common AntiPattern and offers detailed, cookbook-style code solutions that were previously difficult or impossible to find. Leading Rails developers Chad Pytel and Tammer Saleh also offer specific guidance for refactoring existing bad code or design to reflect sound object-oriented principles and established Rails best practices. With their help, developers, architects, and testers can dramatically improve new and existing applications, avoid future problems, and establish superior Rails coding standards throughout their organizations. This book will help you understand, avoid, and solve problems with Model layer code, from general object-oriented programming violations to complex SQL and excessive redundancy Domain modeling, including schema and database issues such as normalization and serialization View layer tools and conventions Controller-layer code, including RESTful code Service-related APIs, including timeouts, exceptions, backgrounding, and response codes Third-party code, including plug-ins and gems Testing, from test suites to test-driven development processes Scaling and deployment Database issues, including migrations and validations System design for “graceful degradation” in the real world

Software Development, Design and Coding

With Patterns, Debugging, Unit Testing, and Refactoring

Author: John F. Dooley

Publisher: Apress

ISBN: 1484231538

Category: Computers

Page: 320

View: 3495

Learn the principles of good software design, and how to turn those principles into great code. This book introduces you to software engineering — from the application of engineering principles to the development of software. You'll see how to run a software development project, examine the different phases of a project, and learn how to design and implement programs that solve specific problems. It's also about code construction — how to write great programs and make them work. Whether you're new to programming or have written hundreds of applications, in this book you'll re-examine what you already do, and you'll investigate ways to improve. Using the Java language, you'll look deeply into coding standards, debugging, unit testing, modularity, and other characteristics of good programs. With Software Development, Design and Coding, author and professor John Dooley distills his years of teaching and development experience to demonstrate practical techniques for great coding. What You'll Learn Review modern agile methodologies including Scrum and Lean programming Leverage the capabilities of modern computer systems with parallel programming Work with design patterns to exploit application development best practices Use modern tools for development, collaboration, and source code controls Who This Book Is For Early career software developers, or upper-level students in software engineering courses

Design Patterns in Java

Author: Steven John Metsker,William C. Wake

Publisher: Addison-Wesley Professional

ISBN: 9780321629944

Category: Computers

Page: 480

View: 4693

Design Patterns in Java™ gives you the hands-on practice and deep insight you need to fully leverage the significant power of design patterns in any Java software project. The perfect complement to the classic Design Patterns, this learn-by-doing workbook applies the latest Java features and best practices to all of the original 23 patterns identified in that groundbreaking text. Drawing on their extensive experience as Java instructors and programmers, Steve Metsker and Bill Wake illuminate each pattern with real Java programs, clear UML diagrams, and compelling exercises. You'll move quickly from theory to application–learning how to improve new code and refactor existing code for simplicity, manageability, and performance. Coverage includes Using Adapter to provide consistent interfaces to clients Using Facade to simplify the use of reusable toolkits Understanding the role of Bridge in Java database connectivity The Observer pattern, Model-View-Controller, and GUI behavior Java Remote Method Invocation (RMI) and the Proxy pattern Streamlining designs using the Chain of Responsibility pattern Using patterns to go beyond Java's built-in constructor features Implementing Undo capabilities with Memento Using the State pattern to manage state more cleanly and simply Optimizing existing codebases with extension patterns Providing thread-safe iteration with the Iterator pattern Using Visitor to define new operations without changing hierarchy classes If you're a Java programmer wanting to save time while writing better code, this book's techniques, tips, and clear explanations and examples will help you harness the power of patterns to improve every program you write, design, or maintain. All source code is available for download at


Refactoring Software, Architectures, and Projects in Crisis

Author: William J. Brown

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Incorporated


Category: Computers

Page: 309

View: 8101

"The AntiPatterns authors have clearly been there and done that when it comes to managing software development efforts. I resonated with one insight after another, having witnessed too many wayward projects myself. The experience in this book is palpable." -John Vlissides, IBM Research "This book allows managers, architects, and developers to learn from the painful mistakes of others. The high-level AntiPatterns on software architecture are a particularly valuable contribution to software engineering. Highly recommended!" -Kyle Brown Author of The Design Patterns Smalltalk Companion "AntiPatterns continues the trend started in Design Patterns. The authors have discovered and named common problem situations resulting from poor management or architecture control, mistakes which most experienced practitioners will recognize. Should you find yourself with one of the AntiPatterns, they even provide some clues on how to get yourself out of the situation." -Gerard Meszaros, Chief Architect, Object Systems Group Are you headed into the software development mine field? Follow someone if you can, but if you're on your own-better get the map! AntiPatterns is the map. This book helps you navigate through today's dangerous software development projects. Just look at the statistics: * Nearly one-third of all software projects are cancelled. * Two-thirds of all software projects encounter cost overruns in excess of 200%. * Over 80% of all software projects are deemed failures. While patterns help you to identify and implement procedures, designs, and codes that work, AntiPatterns do the exact opposite; they let you zero-in on the development detonators, architectural tripwires, and personality booby traps that can spell doom for your project. Written by an all-star team of object-oriented systems developers, AntiPatterns identifies 40 of the most common AntiPatterns in the areas of software development, architecture, and project management. The authors then show you how to detect and defuse AntiPatterns as well as supply refactored solutions for each AntiPattern presented.

Object-oriented Reengineering Patterns

Author: Serge Demeyer,Stéphane Ducasse,Oscar Nierstrasz


ISBN: 395233412X

Category: Object-oriented programming (Computer science).

Page: 342

View: 8475

Object-Oriented Reengineering Patterns collects and distills successful techniques in planning a reengineering project, reverse-engineering, problem detection, migration strategies and software redesign. This book is made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 license. You can either download the PDF for free, or you can buy a softcover copy from Additional material is available from the book's web page at


Author: Jay Fields,Shane Harvie,Martin Fowler

Publisher: Addison-Wesley Professional

ISBN: 9780321603500

Category: Computers

Page: 454

View: 3761

The first refactoring guide specifically for Ruby - one of today's fastest growing programming languages • • Co-authored by Martin Fowler based on his legendary Refactoring, which started the refactoring revolution... now 100% reworked with powerful new Ruby examples and techniques! • Presents 70+ proven Ruby refactorings, with expert advice on when to apply them, and step-by-step instructions for using them • Includes new refactorings that leverage capabilities available only in Ruby! With refactoring, programmers can transform poorly designed - even chaotic - software systems into well-designed systems that are easier to evolve and maintain. What's more, they can do it through a series of simple - even simplistic - steps. Now, for the first time, there's an authoritative, definitive guide to refactoring Ruby code. Based on the Martin Fowler book that invented refactoring, this book utilizes Ruby examples and idioms throughout, not code adapted from Java or any other environment. The authors introduce a detailed catalog of more than 70 proven Ruby refactorings, with specific guidance on when to apply each of them, step-by-step instructions for using them, and example code illustrating how they work. Many of the authors' refactorings use powerful Ruby-specific features that are unavailable on other platforms. Leveraging Fowler's original concepts, the authors show how to perform refactoring in a controlled, efficient, incremental manner - so you methodically improve your code's structure without introducing new bugs. This book will be invaluable to anyone who writes or maintains Ruby code, in any environment - including Ruby on Rails web development.

Apprenticeship Patterns

Guidance for the Aspiring Software Craftsman

Author: Dave Hoover,Adewale Oshineye

Publisher: "O'Reilly Media, Inc."

ISBN: 9781449379407

Category: Computers

Page: 168

View: 6078

Are you doing all you can to further your career as a software developer? With today's rapidly changing and ever-expanding technologies, being successful requires more than technical expertise. To grow professionally, you also need soft skills and effective learning techniques. Honing those skills is what this book is all about. Authors Dave Hoover and Adewale Oshineye have cataloged dozens of behavior patterns to help you perfect essential aspects of your craft. Compiled from years of research, many interviews, and feedback from O'Reilly's online forum, these patterns address difficult situations that programmers, administrators, and DBAs face every day. And it's not just about financial success. Apprenticeship Patterns also approaches software development as a means to personal fulfillment. Discover how this book can help you make the best of both your life and your career. Solutions to some common obstacles that this book explores in-depth include: Burned out at work? "Nurture Your Passion" by finding a pet project to rediscover the joy of problem solving. Feeling overwhelmed by new information? Re-explore familiar territory by building something you've built before, then use "Retreat into Competence" to move forward again. Stuck in your learning? Seek a team of experienced and talented developers with whom you can "Be the Worst" for a while. "Brilliant stuff! Reading this book was like being in a time machine that pulled me back to those key learning moments in my career as a professional software developer and, instead of having to learn best practices the hard way, I had a guru sitting on my shoulder guiding me every step towards master craftsmanship. I'll certainly be recommending this book to clients. I wish I had this book 14 years ago!"-Russ Miles, CEO, OpenCredo

Analysis Patterns

Reusable Object Models

Author: Martin Fowler

Publisher: Addison-Wesley Professional

ISBN: 9780201895421

Category: Computers

Page: 357

View: 2641

In his long-awaited book, Martin Fowler has done for application domain patterns what the Gang of Four [Gamma et al.] have done for general purpose design patterns in their book, Design Patterns: Elements of Reusable Object-Oriented Software. This book is a must have for all analysts and designers doing object-oriented business modeling and business process re-engineering. —Donald G. Firesmith, Knowledge Systems Corporation Fowler shares with you his wealth of object modeling experience and his keen eye for identifying repeating problems and transforming them into reusable models. Analysis Patterns provides a catalogue of patterns that have emerged in a wide range of domains, including trading, measurement, accounting, and organizational relationships.

Refactoring Databases

Evolutionary Database Design

Author: Scott W. Ambler,Scott J. Ambler,Pramodkumar J. Sadalage

Publisher: Addison-Wesley Professional

ISBN: 9780321774514

Category: Computers

Page: 384

View: 1658

"This comprehensive guide and reference helps you overcome the practical obstacles to refactoring real-world databases by covering every fundamental concept underlying database refactoring. Using start-to-finish examples, the authors walk you through refactoring simple standalone database applications as well as sophisticated multi-application scenarios. You'll master every task involved in refactoring database schemas, and discover best practices for deploying refactorings in even the most complex production environments."--Jacket.