Political Uses of the Past

The Recent Mediterranean Experiences

Author: Giovanni Levi,Jacques Revel

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135315779

Category: Political Science

Page: 136

View: 4263

This work addresses political and historiographical uses of history. A group of leading historians and thinkers discuss questions of collective identity and representation in relation to the fluctuating concept of "Past" and its changing relevance. Among the topics are Greek historiographical questions, Balkan history, the Armenian problem, and the Plaestine historical narrative.

Images of the Recent Past

Readings in Historical Archaeology

Author: Charles E. Orser

Publisher: Rowman Altamira

ISBN: 9780761991427

Category: Social Science

Page: 477

View: 7412

A collection of classic and contemporary articles demonstrating the development of historical archaeology over the past 20 years, both in North America and throughout the world. Contains sections on recent perspectives, people and places, historic artifacts, interdisciplinary studies, landscape stud

Hunters of the Recent Past

Author: Leslie B. Davis,Brian O.K. Reeves

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317598350

Category: Social Science

Page: 430

View: 5913

One of a series of more than 20 volumes resulting from the World Archaeological Congress, September 1986, which brought together archaeologists and anthropologists from many parts of the world, academics from contingent disciplines, and non-academics from a wide range of cultural backgrounds. This book considers prehistoric and more recent manifestations of human hunting behaviour, with a general emphasis on communal hunting. It demonstrates that the combination of archaeological, ethnographic and ethnohistorical approaches provides a researched basis for consideration of the topic on worldwide, regional, and local scales. It includes theoretical and methodological issues, within a context of enquiry, original data presentation, and discussion. It is of interest to archaeologists, anthropologists and ethnohistorians.

The Recent Past

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781908524935

Category: Devon (England)

Page: 132

View: 7907

In 1972 James Ravilious moved with his wife to North Devon, her childhood home. Soon afterwards he was hired by the Beaford Centre to start a photographic archive recording the landscape and people of the area. Robin Ravilious, his widow worked closely with him in his photographic work and has written his biography. James Ravilious took nearly 80,000 photographs for the Beaford Centre in an archive that may be unique in its comprehensiveness; but his artistry and empathy also caused it to contain some of the greatest photographs ever taken of rural life in Britain.

Victorian Narratives of the Recent Past

Memory, History, Fiction

Author: Helen Kingstone

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 331949550X

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 244

View: 9603

This book explains why narrating the recent past is always challenging, and shows how it was particularly fraught in the nineteenth century. The legacy of Romantic historicism, the professionalization of the historical discipline, and even the growth of social history, all heightened the stakes. This book brings together Victorian histories and novels to show how these parallel genres responded to the challenges of contemporary history writing in divergent ways. Many historians shrank from engaging with controversial recent events. This study showcases the work of those rare historians who defied convention, including the polymath Harriet Martineau, English nationalist J. R. Green, and liberal enthusiast Spencer Walpole. A striking number of popular Victorian novels are retrospective. This book argues that Charlotte Brontë, Elizabeth Gaskell and George Eliot’s “novels of the recent past” are long overdue recognition as genuinely historical novels. By focusing on provincial communities, these novelists reveal undercurrents invisible to national narratives, and intervene in debates about women’s contribution to history.

To Keep or To Change First Past The Post?

The Politics of Electoral Reform

Author: André Blais

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191561568

Category: Political Science

Page: 240

View: 1244

First past the post is one of the oldest and simplest electoral systems. The logic is simple: the candidate with the most votes wins. It is the system in place in some of the oldest democracies, most especially the United States and the United Kingdom, as well as the largest democracy, India. This is also a system that is hotly debated, and proposals for reform are often advanced. This book addresses the following questions: What fosters or hinders reform of first past the post? When and why does reform emerge on the political agenda? Who proposes and who opposes reform? When and why do reform proposals succeed or fail? What kind of proposal tends to be put on the table? Are some types of proposal more likely to succeed? Why? The first chapter undertakes a comparative analysis of the conditions under which reform is initiated. The following chapters investigate in detail the politics of electoral reform in the United Kingdom, the United States, Canada, and New Zealand, the debates that take place, the proposals that are advanced, and the strategies deployed by the actors. These analyses contribute to a rich and nuanced understanding of why first past the post is often challenged and sometimes replaced.

Helping Skills for Human Service Workers

Building Relationships and Encouraging Productive Change

Author: Kenneth France,Kim Weikel,Michelle Kish

Publisher: Charles C Thomas Publisher

ISBN: 0398076316

Category: Psychology

Page: 364

View: 9522

If building relationships and encouraging productive change are enterprises you wish to learn, this book is for you. In this new edition, previously titled SUPPORTIVE INTERVIEWING IN HUMAN SERVICE ORGANIZATIONS, all of the material has been updated with regard to supporting research. The basic system that is presented is simple and straightforward, enabling the reader to keep in mind the fundamental concepts and allowing for the freedom to be flexible, spontaneous, creative, and natural. To increase the reader's understanding, the chapters have been arranged in the following order: Chapter 1 discusses several basic issues regarding the development and use of helping skills. Chapter 2 explores common modes of response. In Chapter 3, several ingredients are provided that foster positive relationships. Chapter 4 presents a step-by-step approach to problem solving. Chapter 5 examines responses that can detract from your efforts. In Chapter 6, a straightforward approach is presented to establishing goals, objectives, and plans. Chapter 7 describes channels of nonverbal information and commonly encountered nonverbal messages. Chapter 8 highlights endeavors that take center stage before, during, and after scheduled appointments. And Chapter 9 considers the needs of several groups: children, older persons, clients having low socioeconomic status, psychotic individuals, and persons experiencing long-standing issues. It will be appropriate for use by human service workers such as social workers, nurses, psychiatrists, psychologists, psychotherapists, counselors and others. Performance in any of these arenas, and a host of others, can be enhanced by the communication skills taught in this book.

Remembering the Troubles

Contesting the Recent Past in Northern Ireland

Author: Jim Smyth

Publisher: University of Notre Dame Pess

ISBN: 0268101760

Category: History

Page: 216

View: 8694

The historian A. T. Q. Stewart once remarked that in Ireland all history is applied history—that is, the study of the past prosecutes political conflict by other means. Indeed, nearly twenty years after the 1998 Belfast Agreement, "dealing with the past" remains near the top of the political agenda in Northern Ireland. The essays in this volume, by leading experts in the fields of Irish and British history, politics, and international studies, explore the ways in which competing "social" or "collective memories" of the Northern Ireland "Troubles" continue to shape the post-conflict political landscape. /// The contributors to this volume embrace a diversity of perspectives: the Provisional Republican version of events, as well as that of its Official Republican rival; Loyalist understandings of the recent past as well as the British Army's authorized for-the-record account; the importance of commemoration and memorialization to Irish Republican culture; and the individual memory of one of the noncombatants swept up in the conflict. Tightly specific, sharply focused, and rich in local detail, these essays make a significant contribution to the burgeoning literature of history and memory. The book will interest students and scholars of Irish studies, contemporary British history, memory studies, conflict resolution, and political science. /// Contributors: Jim Smyth, Ian McBride, Ruan O’Donnell, Aaron Edwards, James W. McAuley, Margaret O’Callaghan, John Mulqueen, and Cathal Goan.

Beyond the North-South Culture Wars

Reconciling Northern Australia's Recent Past With Its Future

Author: Allan Dale

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319055976

Category: Science

Page: 148

View: 2639

Increasingly, Australia’s agriculturalists are looking to the nation’s north to escape the decline in southern Australia’s water and soil resources. Booming mineral and gas development is also helping to drive the nation’s economic success. At the same time, the south’s conservation sector would like to see much of the north preserved as iconic wilderness. Both conservation and resource development interests alike are often at odds with the interests of the north’s traditional owners, many of whom remain trapped in welfare dependency and poverty. Indeed, to the ire of north Australians, the past five decades of north Australian history have indeed been characterized by these national-scale conflicts being played out in regional and local communities. This book explores these conflicts as well as the many emerging opportunities facing the development of the north, suggesting that a strong cultural divide between northern and southern Australia exists; one that needs to be reconciled if the nation as a whole is to benefit from northern development. The author first explores where these historical conflicts could take us without a clear forward agenda. A story-based personal narrative from his long and diverse experience in the north gives life to these themes. Finally, the book then draws on these stories to help shape a cohesive agenda for the north’s future.

Performing the Community

Representation, Ritual and Reciprocity in the Totonac Highlands of Mexico

Author: Cora Govers

Publisher: LIT Verlag Münster

ISBN: 9783825897512

Category: Social Science

Page: 328

View: 7027

Economic liberalization, modern mass media, and new religious and political movements have touched even the most remote areas in Mexico, and the Northern Highlands of the state of Puebla are no exception. When this coincides with recent infrastructures such as roads and electricity and new income sources from cash crop production and urban migration, the nature of rural communities rapidly changes. This study shows how the people of the Totonac mountain village of Nanacatln deal with their increasingly pluriform and differentiated local world. By performing stories, rituals, and exchanges they have countered centrifugal cultural and social forces. Rather than leading to the demise of the community, modernization and globalization thus seem to have reinforced the sense of local belonging. How is this possible? This anthropological analysis points at the simultaneous efforts of new and old cultural brokers--ritual specialists and healers as well as young migrants--who recreate the community by linking the outside world to local customs. Their initiatives are taken up by women, crucial for community building through elaborate food exchanges, and men, whose involvement is central to public ritual life. Their combined efforts create a living community and link the village past to its rural- urban present and future, as a place of belonging in times of change. Cora Govers is a senior staff member at the Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO).

Familiar Past?

Archaeologies of Later Historical Britain

Author: Sarah Tarlow,Susie West

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134660340

Category: Social Science

Page: 320

View: 4161

The Familiar Past surveys material culture from 1500 to the present day. Fourteen case studies, grouped under related topics, include discussion of issues such as: * the origins of modernity in urban contexts * the historical anthropology of food * the social and spatial construction of country houses * the social history of a workhouse site * changes in memorial forms and inscriptions * the archaeological treatment of gardens. The Familiar Past has been structured as a teaching text and will be useful to students of history and archaeology.

Who Needs the Past?

Indigenous Values and Archaeology

Author: R. Layton

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135090637

Category: Social Science

Page: 240

View: 371

This book offers a critique of the all pervasive Western notion that other communities often live in a timeless present. Who Needs the Past? provides first-hand evidence of the interest non-Western, non-academic communities have in the past.

Ruin Memories

Materialities, Aesthetics and the Archaeology of the Recent Past

Author: Bjørnar Olsen,Þóra Pétursdóttir

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317695801

Category: Social Science

Page: 496

View: 5905

Since the nineteenth century, mass-production, consumerism and cycles of material replacement have accelerated; increasingly larger amounts of things are increasingly victimized rapidly and made redundant. At the same time, processes of destruction have immensely intensified, although largely overlooked when compared to the research and social significance devoted to consumption and production. The outcome is a ruin landscape of derelict factories, closed shopping malls, overgrown bunkers and redundant mining towns; a ghostly world of decaying modern debris normally omitted from academic concerns and conventional histories. The archaeology of the recent or contemporary past has grown fast during the last decade. This development has been concurrent with a broader popular, artistic and scholarly interest in modern ruins in general. Ruin Memories explores how the ruins of modernity are conceived and assigned cultural value in contemporary academic and public discourses, reassesses the cultural and historical value of modern ruins and suggests possible means for reaffirming their cultural and historic significance. Crucial for this reassessment is a concern with decay and ruination, and with the role things play in expressing the neglected, unsuccessful and ineffable. Abandonment and ruination is usually understood negatively through the tropes of loss and deprivation; things are degraded and humiliated while the information, knowledge and memory embedded in them become lost along the way. Without even ignoring its many negative and traumatizing aspects, a main question addressed in this book is whether ruination also can be seen as an act of disclosure. If ruination disturbs the routinized and ready-to-hand, to what extent can it also be seen as a recovery of memory as exposing meanings and presences that perhaps are only possible to grasp at second hand when no longer immersed in their withdrawn and useful reality? Anybody interested in the archaeology of the contemporary past will find Ruin Memories an essential guide to the very latest theoretical research in this emerging field of archaeological thought.

The Usable Past

The Imagination of History in Recent Fiction of the Americas

Author: Lois Parkinson Zamora

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521582537

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 257

View: 6818

A comparative study of Latin American and North American fiction.

Archaeologies of the Contemporary Past

Author: Victor Buchli,Gavin Lucas

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134571372

Category: Social Science

Page: 208

View: 2927

Archaeologies of the Contemporary Past turns what is usually seen as a method for investigating the distant past onto the present. In doing so, it reveals fresh ways of looking both at ourselves and modern society as well as the discipline of archaeology. This volume represents the most recent research in this area and examines a variety of contexts including: * Art Deco * landfills * miner strikes * college fraternities * an abandoned council house.

The Greeks and Their Past

Poetry, Oratory and History in the Fifth Century BCE

Author: Jonas Grethlein

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521110777

Category: History

Page: 350

View: 4333

Investigates literary memory in the fifth century BCE, covering poetry and oratory as well as the first Greek historians.

Nature and Significance of the Recent Carbonate Mound Record

The Mound Challenger Code

Author: Anneleen Foubert,Jean-Pierre Henriet

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642002897

Category: Science

Page: 298

View: 1451

No books are available on the market describing recent carbonate mounds along the European continental margins and deciphering step by step their internal structure. The first results of IODP Expedition 307 "Modern Carbonate Mounds: Porcupine Drilling" are published in Ferdelman, T.G., Kano, A., Williams, T., Henriet, J.-P., and the Expedition 307 Scientists, 2006. Proc. IODP, 307: Washington, DC (Integrated Ocean Drilling Program Management International, Inc.). doi:10.2204/iodp.proc.307.2006. However, these proceedings do not give an overview of the existing knowledge on carbonate mounds and do not include detailed post-cruise analysis and advanced interpretations.

Lies My Teacher Told Me

Everything Your American History Textbook Got Wrong

Author: James W. Loewen

Publisher: The New Press

ISBN: 1595586539

Category: Education

Page: 444

View: 2872

A completely revised edition of James W. Loewen’s classic retelling of American history, based on six new textbooks and including an all-new chapter on the recent past Since its first publication in 1995, Lies My Teacher Told Me has gone on to win an American Book Award and the Oliver Cromwell Cox Award for Distinguished Anti-Racist Scholarship, and has sold over a million copies in its various editions. What started out as a survey of the twelve leading American history textbooks has ended up being what the San Francisco Chronicle calls "an extremely convincing plea for truth in education." In Lies My Teacher Told Me, James W. Loewen brings history alive in all its complexity and ambiguity. Beginning with pre-Columbian history and ranging over characters and events as diverse as Reconstruction, Helen Keller, the first Thanksgiving, and the My Lai massacre, Loewen offers an eye-opening critique of existing textbooks, and a wonderful retelling of American history as it should—and could—be taught to American students. This new edition also features a handsome new cover and a new introduction by the author.

Beyond the Outer Limits

Author: James R. Mori

Publisher: iUniverse

ISBN: 0595603017

Category: Fiction

Page: 352

View: 2097

WHAT IS THE FORCE That drove them on foot across the land bridge from Asia to the New World long before recorded history? That keeps Joshua Warden on the wagon train headed to the California gold fields after losing so much? That is found in a shovel full of prairie soil-demanding that Amos Krebbs put down roots? That directs Stephano Romano's return to the sea? That moved Harry Krebbs from the Kansas prairie and focuses his eyes and those of his astronaut son, Alan, on the far horizon and beyond? That keeps the feet of industrialist Gilbert Krebbs and Congressman Bobby Dobbson firmly planted in the center? That drives a Monarch butterfly across a thousand miles of desert and mountains to a tiny spot on the California coast, where she has never been, but where she must return? That guides the sleek gray fish and the badly wounded Steve Romano to seek refuge in the Sea of Cortez? That fuels William Henry Stitt and his great grandson in their unending quest for knowledge? WHAT IS THE FORCE?