Driven by public opinion in host states, contracting parties to investment agreements are pursuing many avenues in order to curb a system that is being perceived - correctly or not - as having run out of control. Reassertion of Control over the Investment Treaty Regime is the first book of its kind to examine the many issues of procedure, substantive law, and policy which arise from this trend. From procedural aspects such as frivolous claims mechanisms, the establishment of appeals mechanism or state-state arbitration, to substantive issues such as joint interpretations, treaty termination or detailed definitions of standards of protection, the book identifies and discusses the main means by which states do or may reassert their control over the interpretation and application of investment treaties. Each chapter tackles one of these avenues and evaluates its potential to serve as an instrument in states' reassertion of control.
Author: Andreas Kulick
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
As the proverbial workhorse of international economic law, investment arbitration is heavily relied upon around the globe. It has to cope with the demands of increasingly complex proceedings. At the same time, investment arbitration has come under close public scrutiny in the midst of heated political debate. Both of these factors have led to the field of investment protection being subject to continuous changes. Therefore, it presents an abundance of challenges in its interpretation and application. While these challenges are often deeply rooted in the doctrinal foundations of international law, they similarly surface during live arbitral proceedings. International Challenges in Investment Arbitration serves not only as a collection of recently debated issues in investment law; it also deals with the underlying fundamental questions at the intersection of investment arbitration and international law. The book is the product of the 1st Bucerius Law Journal Conference on International Investment Law & Arbitration. It combines the current state of knowledge, new perspectives on the topic as well as practical issues and will be of interest to researchers, academics and practitioners in the fields of international investment law, international economic law, regulation and comparative law.
Author: Mesut Akbaba,Giancarlo Capurro
Die Arbeit untersucht mithilfe verfassungstheoretischer Annahmen die Auswirkungen des internationalen Investitionsschutzrechts auf die Ausgestaltung des Eigentumsschutzes in nationalen Verfassungen. Im Ergebnis ergibt sich, dass der demokratische Eigentumskompromiss und der Schutz von Rechtspositionen nach dem Investitionsschutzrecht unterschiedlich ausgestaltet sind. Investitionsschutzrechtlicher Eigentumsschutz ist an einem hohen Schutzstandard für Investoren orientiert, während der demokratische Eigentumskompromiss einen Ausgleich schafft zwischen Eigentumsschutz auf der einen Seite und Gemeinwohlinteressen auf der anderen Seite. Als Fallillustrationen dienen die Verfassungen von Deutschland, Südafrika und Australien und aktuelle Investitionsstreitigkeiten, die diese Länder betrafen (u. a. Philip Morris und Vattenfall). Darüber hinaus wird aufgezeigt, dass diese Divergenz zwischen den beiden Regimen auch zu einer Transformation des demokratischen Eigentumskompromisses führen kann.
Verfassungstheoretische Untersuchung des Eigentumsschutzes in der demokratischen Eigentumsverfassung und im Investitionsschutzregime
Author: Rhea Hoffmann
Publisher: Nomos Verlag
This book focuses on the Asia-Pacific region, delineating the evolving dynamics of foreign investment in the region. It examines the relationship between efforts to increase foreign direct investment (FDI) and efforts to improve governance and inclusive growth and development. Against a background of rapidly developing international investment law, it emphasises the need to strike a balance between these domestic and international legal frameworks, seeking to promote both foreign investment and the laws and policies necessary to regulate investments and investor conduct. Foreign investments play a pivotal role in most countries’ political economies, and in order to encourage cross-border capital flows, countries have taken various steps, such as revising their domestic legal frameworks, liberalising rules on inward and outward investment, and creating special regimes that provide incentives and protections for foreign investment. Alongside the developments in domestic laws, countries have also taken bilateral and multilateral action, including entering into trade and/or investment agreements. Further, the book explores regional investment trends, highlights specific features of Asia-Pacific investment laws and treaties, and analyses policy implications. It addresses four overarching themes: the trends (how Asia-Pacific’s agreements compare with recent global trends in the evolving rules on foreign investment); what China is doing; current investment arbitration practice in Asia; and the importance of regionalising investment law in the Asia-Pacific region. In addition, it identifies and discusses the research and policy gaps that should be filled in order to promote more sustainable and responsible investment. The book offers a valuable resource not only for academics and students, but also for trade and investment officials, policy-makers, diplomats, economists, lawyers, think tanks, and business leaders interested in the governance and regulation of foreign investment, economic policy reforms, and the development of new types of investment agreements.
Sustainability, Regionalization, and Arbitration
Author: Julien Chaisse,Tomoko Ishikawa,Sufian Jusoh
Grundthese des Buches ist, dass ein Paradigmenwechsel stattgefunden hat, der den Menschen zum primaren Volkerrechtssubjekt macht. Diese These wird vor dem Hintergrund der Ideengeschichte und Dogmatik der Volkerrechtspersonlichkeit des Menschen entfaltet und auf die Rechtspraxis in zahlreichen Teilrechtsgebieten, angefangen vom Recht der internationalen Verantwortung uber das Recht des bewaffneten Konflikts, das Recht der Katastrophenhilfe, das internationale Strafrecht, das internationale Umweltrecht, das Konsularrecht und das Recht des diplomatischen Schutzes, das internationale Arbeitsrecht, das Fluchtlingsrecht bis hin zum internationalen Investitionsschutzrecht gestutzt. Der neue Volkerrechtsstatus des Menschen wird mit dem Begriff des subjektiven internationalen Rechts auf den Punkt gebracht.
Die Rechtsstellung des Individuums im Völkerrecht
Author: Anne Peters
Publisher: Mohr Siebeck
Globalisation and technological innovation have changed the way people, goods, and information move through and about cities. To remain, or become, economically and environmentally sustainable, cities and their regions must adapt to these changes by creating cutting-edge infrastructures that integrate advanced technologies, communications, and multiple modes of transportation. The book defines cutting-edge infrastructures, details their importance to cities and their regions, and addresses the obstacles to creating those infrastructures.
The Cutting-Edge Infrastructures of Networked Cities
Author: Richard Hanley
Die wirtschaftlichen Folgen des Vertrags von Versailles
Author: John Maynard Keynes
This book presents the first comprehensive analysis of the human rights of refugees as set by the UN Refugee Convention. In an era where States are increasingly challenging the logic of simply assimilating refugees to their own citizens, questions are now being raised about whether refugees should be allowed to enjoy freedom of movement, to work, to access public welfare programs, or to be reunited with family members. Doubts have been expressed about the propriety of exempting refugees from visa and other immigration rules, and whether there is a duty to admit refugees at all. Hathaway links the standards of the UN Refugee Convention to key norms of international human rights law, and applies his analysis to the world's most difficult protection challenges. This is a critical resource for advocates, judges, and policymakers. It will also be a pioneering scholarly work for graduate students of international and human rights law.
Author: James C. Hathaway
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Category: Political Science
Author: Gavin Boyd,Gerald W. Hopple
Publisher: Burns & Oates
Category: Foreign relations - Political aspects
One of 8 vols. each covering a different area of the world.
Author: PRS Group Incorporated, The
Category: Political stability
Rapid social, economic, and political change is endemic to the Middle East and is often more revolutionary than evolutionary in nature. In many ways, the entire political landscape of the Middle East has been transformed in the past decade in the realm of both international relations and domestic politics: The collapse of the Soviet Union, the end of the cold war, and the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait have all had a profound effect on relations among states within the region and between those states and countries outside the region.In this revised edition, Long and Reich provide comprehensive and up-to-date analyses of many critical contemporary events and issues. The contributors explain how Desert Storm isolated Iraq and brought Syria back into the mainstream of Arab politics, contributing to the revival of the Arab-Israeli peace process. They also show how the return of a Labor government in Israel has allowed the peace process to go forward. Evaluating the economic costs of the Kuwait war and the continuing oil glut, the authors find that resulting changes in the domestic economies of the oil-producing states have created additional pressures for social and political change. The most profound change in government and politics, however, is the rise of Islam as the idiom of political discourse among moderates as well as extremists.
Author: David E. Long,Bernard Reich
Publisher: Westview Press
Category: Political Science
Mit dem Beginn des 21. Jahrhunderts stehen weitere dramatische Umwälzungen in Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft an der Tagesordnung. Der Bericht untersucht Chancen und Risiken wirtschaftlicher, gesellschaftlicher und technologischer Natur.
Publisher: OECD Publishing
The number of international investment agreements (IIAs) continues to grow as the use of foreign direct investment (FDI) flows has become a key part of our globalised economy, with for example, almost two bilateral investment treaties added every week during 2004. This publication is the first of a three volume compilation of papers to aid negotiators and policy-makers, in particular from developing countries, with issues arising in discussions of IIAs. This volume contains 12 chapters which cover a range of issues including: an overview of key trends; scope and definition; admission and establishment; most-favoured nation treatment; fair and equitable treatment; taking of property; transfer of funds; transparency; and dispute settlement.
Author: United Nations Conference on Trade and Development
Publisher: New York : United Nations
Category: Petroleum industry and trade
Hearings Before the Subcommittee on Science, Technology, and Space of the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation, United States Senate, Ninety-sixth Congress, Second Session, on Agreement Governing the Activities of States on the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies, July 29 and 31, 1980
Author: United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation. Subcommittee on Science, Technology, and Space
Category: Agreement Governing the Activities of States on the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies
National Environmental Action Plan
Category: Environmental policy