Intellectual Foundations of the Nicaraguan Revolution

Author: Donald C. Hodges

Publisher: University of Texas Press

ISBN: 0292777280

Category: Political Science

Page: 396

View: 4164

In this critical study of the thought of Augusto Cesar Sandino and his followers, Donald C. Hodges has discovered a coherent ideological thread and political program, which he succeeds in tracing to Mexican and Spanish sources. Sandino's strong religious inclination in combination with his anarchosyndicalist political ideology established him as a religious seer and moral reformer as well as a political thinker and is the prototype of the curious blend of Marxism and Christianity of the late twentieth-century Nicaraguan government, the Frente Sandinista de Liberación Nacional.

Blackshirts and Reds

Rational Fascism and the Overthrow of Communism

Author: Michael Parenti

Publisher: City Lights Books

ISBN: 9780872863293

Category: History

Page: 165

View: 9615

Blackshirts & Reds explores some of the big issues of our time: fascism, capitalism, communism, revolution, democracy, and ecology-terms often bandied about but seldom explored in the original and exciting way that has become Michael Parenti's trademark. Parenti shows how "rational fascism" renders service to capitalism, how corporate power undermines democracy, and how revolutions are a mass empowerment against the forces of exploitative privilege. He also maps out the external and internal forces that destroyed communism, and the disastrous impact of the "free-market" victory on eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union. He affirms the relevance of taboo ideologies like Marxism, demonstrating the importance of class analysis in understanding political realities and dealing with the ongoing collision between ecology and global corporatism. Written with lucid and compelling style, this book goes beyond truncated modes of thought, inviting us to entertain iconoclastic views, and to ask why things are as they are. It is a bold and entertaining exploration of the epic struggles of yesterday and today. Michael Parenti is one of the nation's leading progressive thinkers. He lectures widely around the country and is the author of Dirty Truths, Against Empire, Democracy for the Few, Land of Idols: Political Mythology in America, and many other books. He lives in Berkeley, California.

China’s Market Communism

Challenges, Dilemmas, Solutions

Author: Steven Rosefielde,Jonathan Leightner

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351402315

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 118

View: 1409

China’s Market Communism guides readers step by step up the ladder of China’s reforms and transformational possibilities to a full understanding of Beijing’s communist and post-communist options by investigating the lessons that Xi can learn from Mao, Adam Smith and inclusive economic theory. The book sharply distinguishes what can be immediately accomplished from the road that must be traversed to better futures.

The Divine Imperative

A Study in Christian Ethics

Author: Emil Brunner,Olive Wyon

Publisher: James Clarke & Co.

ISBN: 9780718890452

Category: Religion

Page: 732

View: 6804

One of the major works of the great German theologian Emil Brunner, The Divine Imperative deals with what we ought to do. People are unconvinced that there is an inviolable moral obligation governing human life because they do not believe that the 'good' can be precisely and clearly known. Haven't some generations called bad what others have called good' Aren't moral standards relative' Doesn't religion lack uniform and practical moral guidance' Brunner discusses the moral confusion we face. He analyses the nature of the Good, showing why the Christian faith as understood by the Protestant Reformers provides the only true approach and answer to the ethical problem. Philosophical ethics, whether ancient or modern, cannot correctly define the Good, because the Good is regarded either as too abstract and absolute or as too concrete and relative. Christianity, by contrast, sees the moral problem as one of responsibility between humans who are created so as to respond to God. He created men for responsive fellowship with Him, establishing orderly ways of acting in the world. Correct understanding of the nature of society, family, state, economic life, is needed to discern one's duty. Because Brunner's analysis is at once fundamental and comprehensive, this book remains a fresh and compelling treatment of the moral problem. It offers a provocative discussion and solution of a perennial human problem.

Psychoanalysis

Its Image and Its Public

Author: Serge Moscovici

Publisher: Polity

ISBN: 0745632696

Category: Psychology

Page: 384

View: 5367

This book lays the foundation to the author's widely acclaimed theory of social representations, a theory that re-defines the field of social psychology, its problems, concepts and their symbolic and communicative functions, and that formulates a profoundly interactive study of complex social phenomena.

The Cause That Failed: Communism in American Political Life

Author: Guenter Lewy

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199878987

Category: History

Page: 384

View: 7904

From a height of almost 100,000 members during the Depression, when politicians, workers, and intellectuals were drawn into its orbit, the American Communist Party has descended into irrelevance and isolation, failing even to run a presidential candidate in 1988. Indeed, as Guenter Lewy writes in this critical account of American Communism, despite decades of feverish activity and ferocious discipline, it was a cause doomed to fail from the very beginning. In The Cause that Failed, Lewy offers an incisive narrative of the American Communist Party from the days of John Reed to the advent of glasnost. He traces its origins and development, underscoring how its devotion to Moscow and inflexible Marxist ideology isolated it from the American scene--in fact, most of its first members were Eastern European immigrants. During the left wing tide of the Depression the Communist Party reached the peak of its influence, as it joined labor unions and progressive organizations in a "Popular Front." But Lewy reveals the deceptive, antidemocratic, self-defeating tactics the Communists pursued even then, as they manipulated front organizations, seized control of political parties, peace groups, and labor unions, and enforced political conformity among members and sympathizers. He follows the Party through its inexorable decline in the succeeding decades, up to its current position as one of the last Stalinist parties left in a world of glasnost and perestroika. Lewy also provides a sharply critical discussion of the encounter between Communism and liberal and mainstream America. He examines such groups as the ACLU and SANE, arguing that the years when these organizations were tolerant toward Communists were also the times when they neglected their original purpose in favor of partisan causes. He shows how Communists have manipulated well-meaning citizens in the peace movement and in Wallace's 1948 Progressive Party presidential campaign. One of the great ills Americans suffer, he writes, is an overreaction to McCarthyism--an atmosphere of anti-anticommunism--which blinds them to the wrongs wrought by international Communism and makes them ignore the deceptive role played by the American Communist Party, which even today still keeps eighty percent of its membership secret. The Cause that Failed presents an intensively researched and trenchantly argued historical analysis of Communism in America. Guenter Lewy's provocative account provides a new understanding of Communism's machinations in U.S. politics, and how Americans from across the political spectrum have responded to its challenge.

Secondhand-Zeit

Leben auf den Trümmern des Sozialismus

Author: Swetlana Alexijewitsch

Publisher: Carl Hanser Verlag GmbH Co KG

ISBN: 3446244123

Category: History

Page: 592

View: 5382

Der Kalte Krieg ist seit über zwanzig Jahren vorbei, doch das postsowjetische Russland sucht noch immer nach einer neuen Identität. Während man im Westen nach wie vor von der Gorbatschow-Zeit schwärmt, will man sie in Russland am liebsten vergessen. Inzwischen gilt Stalin dort vielen, auch unter den Jüngeren, wieder als großer Staatsmann, wie überhaupt die sozialistische Vergangenheit immer öfter nostalgisch verklärt wird. Für Swetlana Alexijewitsch leben die Russen gleichsam in einer Zeit des "secondhand", der gebrauchten Ideen und Worte. Wie ein vielstimmiger Chor erzählen die Menschen in ihrem neuen Buch von der radikalen gesellschaftlichen Umwälzung in den zurückliegenden Jahren.

Identities, Nations and Politics after Communism

Author: Roger E. Kanet

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317968662

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 182

View: 1033

This book focuses on questions of identity that have confronted the countries of Central and Eastern Europe after the collapse of the communist system that had previously provided them with an identity. This development both facilitated and necessitated a reassessment of the now independent nations’ history, orientation, symbols and identity. In some cases, new states were created without a clear national identity, while in others the nation was regaining statehood, but not always within borders that had an historical association with the nation concerned. The multiethnic character of the space of the former Soviet Union and its erstwhile "satellites," and the long historical legacy of complex relations, boundary changes, population migration, and economic and social changes presented different challenges to the various nations and states concerned. The essays in this volume attempt to elucidate and understand the issues of ethnic and national identity and their relationship to the emerging statehood in various regions of the post-communist world. This study makes clear that some nation-states were far better prepared to handle these issues than others, and that the longer-term impact of the communist experience has varied. This book was previously published as a special issue of Nationalities Papers

Hermeneutic Communism

From Heidegger to Marx

Author: Gianni Vattimo,Santiago Zabala

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231158025

Category: Philosophy

Page: 256

View: 3398

Having lost much of its political clout and theoretical power, communism no longer represents an appealing alternative to capitalism. In its original Marxist formulation, communism promised an ideal of development, but only through a logic of war, and while a number of reformist governments still promote this ideology, their legitimacy has steadily declined since the fall of the Berlin wall. Separating communism from its metaphysical foundations, which include an abiding faith in the immutable laws of history and an almost holy conception of the proletariat, Gianni Vattimo and Santiago Zabala recast Marx's theories at a time when capitalism's metaphysical moorings -- in technology, empire, and industrialization -- are buckling. While Michael Hardt and Antonio Negri call for a return of the revolutionary left, Vattimo and Zabala fear this would lead only to more violence and failed political policy. Instead, they adopt an antifoundationalist stance drawn from the hermeneutic thought of Martin Heidegger, Jacques Derrida, and Richard Rorty. Hermeneutic communism leaves aside the ideal of development and the general call for revolution; it relies on interpretation rather than truth and proves more flexible in different contexts. Hermeneutic communism motivates a resistance to capitalism's inequalities yet intervenes against violence and authoritarianism by emphasizing the interpretative nature of truth. Paralleling Vattimo and Zabala's well-known work on the weakening of religion, Hermeneutic Communism realizes the fully transformational, politically effective potential of Marxist thought.

Alger Hiss, Whittaker Chambers and the Case That Ignited McCarthyism

Author: Lewis Hartshorn

Publisher: McFarland

ISBN: 0786474424

Category: History

Page: 228

View: 6569

"History of Alger Hiss-Whittaker Chambers controversy of 1948-50 in which Chambers claimed Hiss passed him documents in 1937 and 1938 for Soviet Union. Jury records unsealed in 1999 lead to the conclusion that stories Whittaker Chambers told the authorities about himself and Alger Hiss as confederates in the Communist underground of the 1930s are fraudulent"--

On Political Culture, Cultural Policy, Art and Politics

Author: Klaus Beyme

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3319015591

Category: Law

Page: 159

View: 4574

Klaus von Beyme is a distinguished German political scientist and recipient of the Mattei Dogan Award of Political Science (2012). In honour of his 80th birthday this book addresses political culture, cultural policy, art and politics. The first part on transformation theory analyses: “Historical Memories in Political Theories”, “Historical Memory in Nation-Building and the Building of Ethnic Subsystems”, “The Concept of Totalitarianism – A Reassessment After the Breakdown of Soviet Rule”, “Political Culture – A Concept from Ideological Refutation to Acceptance in the Soviet Social Sciences”, “Institutions and Political Culture in Post-Soviet Russia” and “Political and Economic Consolidation in Eastern Europe. Evidence from Empirical Data”. The second part on cultural policies addresses “Why is There No Political Science of the Arts?”, “Historical Memory and the Arts in the Era of the Avantgardes: Archaisme and Passéisme as a ‘passéisme of the future’”, and “Capital-building in Post-war Germany”.

Beyond Post-communist Studies

Political Science and the New Democracies of Europe

Author: Terry Dee Clark

Publisher: M.E. Sharpe

ISBN: 9780765609809

Category: Political Science

Page: 178

View: 5081

This book makes the case that several East Central European countries have emerged as fully consolidated democracies. As such, they may be integrated into the mainstream of political science research, and not consigned forever to a transitional category encompassing countries that are now fully democracies as well as some that are not democratic at all. The author outlines the steps of another transition -- from post-communist studies to political science research. He demonstrates, for example, how institutionalist, or rational choice, theories can be applied to the analysis of political processes in the successfully democratized countries, and proposes a new research agenda for political scientists studying the region. The results of this work can enrich political science as well as our understanding of both democracy and the polities of contemporary Eastern Europe.

The Alphabet Versus the Goddess

The Conflict Between Word and Image

Author: Leonard Shlain

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 1101573910

Category: Social Science

Page: 496

View: 618

This groundbreaking book proposes that the rise of alphabetic literacy reconfigured the human brain and brought about profound changes in history, religion, and gender relations. Making remarkable connections across brain function, myth, and anthropology, Dr. Shlain shows why pre-literate cultures were principally informed by holistic, right-brain modes that venerated the Goddess, images, and feminine values. Writing drove cultures toward linear left-brain thinking and this shift upset the balance between men and women, initiating the decline of the feminine and ushering in patriarchal rule. Examining the cultures of the Israelites, Greeks, Christians, and Muslims, Shlain reinterprets ancient myths and parables in light of his theory. Provocative and inspiring, this book is a paradigm-shattering work that will transform your view of history and the mind.

The Wiley-Blackwell Companion to Political Sociology

Author: Edwin Amenta,Kate Nash,Alan Scott

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1444355074

Category: Social Science

Page: 576

View: 6814

The Wiley-Blackwell Companion to Political Sociology is a complete reference guide, reflecting the scope and quality of the discipline, and highlighting emerging topics in the field. Global in focus, offering up-to-date topics from an interdisciplinary, international set of scholars addressing key issues concerning globalization, social movements, and citizenship The majority of chapters are new, including those on environmental politics, international terrorism, security, corruption, and human rights Revises and updates all previously published chapters to include new themes and topics in political sociology Provides an overview of scholarship in the field, with chapters working independently and collectively to examine the full range of contributions to political sociology Offers a challenging yet accessible and complete reference guide for students and scholars