Ramsey Theory for Discrete Structures

Author: Hans Jürgen Prömel

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3319013157

Category: Mathematics

Page: 232

View: 8615

This monograph covers some of the most important developments in Ramsey theory from its beginnings in the early 20th century via its many breakthroughs to recent important developments in the early 21st century. The book first presents a detailed discussion of the roots of Ramsey theory before offering a thorough discussion of the role of parameter sets. It presents several examples of structures that can be interpreted in terms of parameter sets and features the most fundamental Ramsey-type results for parameter sets: Hales-Jewett's theorem and Graham-Rothschild1s Ramsey theorem as well as their canonical versions and several applications. Next, the book steps back to the most basic structure, to sets. It reviews classic results as well as recent progress on Ramsey numbers and the asymptotic behavior of classical Ramsey functions. In addition, it presents product versions of Ramsey's theorem, a combinatorial proof of the incompleteness of Peano arithmetic, provides a digression to discrepancy theory and examines extensions of Ramsey's theorem to larger cardinals. The next part of the book features an in-depth treatment of the Ramsey problem for graphs and hypergraphs. It gives an account on the existence of sparse and restricted Ramsey theorem's using sophisticated constructions as well as probabilistic methods. Among others it contains a proof of the induced Graham-Rothschild theorem and the random Ramsey theorem. The book closes with a chapter on one of the recent highlights of Ramsey theory: a combinatorial proof of the density Hales-Jewett theorem. This book provides graduate students as well as advanced researchers with a solid introduction and reference to the field.

Ramsey Theory

Author: Ronald L. Graham,Ronald Lewis Graham,Bruce L. Rothschild,Joel H. Spencer

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780471500469

Category: Mathematics

Page: 196

View: 3847

"Discrete mathematics, the study of finite structures, is one of the fastest-growing areas in mathematics. The wide applicability of its evolving techniques points to the rapidity with which the field is moving from its beginnings to its maturity, and reflects the ever-increasing interaction between discrete mathematics and computer science. This Series provides broad coverage of discrete mathematics and optimization, ranging over such fields as combinatorics, graph theory, enumeration, and the analysis of algorithms." -- Book cover.

Mathematics of Ramsey theory

Author: Jaroslav Nes̆etřil,Vojtĕch Rödl

Publisher: Springer Verlag

ISBN: N.A

Category: Mathematics

Page: 269

View: 3366

One of the important areas of contemporary combinatorics is Ramsey theory. Ramsey theory is basically the study of structure preserved under partitions. The general philosophy is reflected by its interdisciplinary character. The ideas of Ramsey theory are shared by logicians, set theorists and combinatorists, and have been successfully applied in other branches of mathematics. The whole subject is quickly developing and has some new and unexpected applications in areas as remote as functional analysis and theoretical computer science. This book is a homogeneous collection of research and survey articles by leading specialists. It surveys recent activity in this diverse subject and brings the reader up to the boundary of present knowledge. It covers virtually all main approaches to the subject and suggests various problems for individual research.

Ramsey Theory

Yesterday, Today, and Tomorrow

Author: Alexander Soifer

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780817680923

Category: Mathematics

Page: 190

View: 8655

This book explores the theory’s history, recent developments, and some promising future directions through invited surveys written by prominent researchers in the field. The first three surveys provide historical background on the subject; the last three address Euclidean Ramsey theory and related coloring problems. In addition, open problems posed throughout the volume and in the concluding open problem chapter will appeal to graduate students and mathematicians alike.

Mathematics of Ramsey Theory

Author: Jaroslav Nesetril,Vojtech Rödl

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642729053

Category: Mathematics

Page: 269

View: 2794

One of the important areas of contemporary combinatorics is Ramsey theory. Ramsey theory is basically the study of structure preserved under partitions. The general philosophy is reflected by its interdisciplinary character. The ideas of Ramsey theory are shared by logicians, set theorists and combinatorists, and have been successfully applied in other branches of mathematics. The whole subject is quickly developing and has some new and unexpected applications in areas as remote as functional analysis and theoretical computer science. This book is a homogeneous collection of research and survey articles by leading specialists. It surveys recent activity in this diverse subject and brings the reader up to the boundary of present knowledge. It covers virtually all main approaches to the subject and suggests various problems for individual research.

Discrete Mathematics with Proof

Author: Eric Gossett

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470457937

Category: Mathematics

Page: 904

View: 5872

"Discrete mathematics has become increasingly popular in recent years due to its growing applications in the field of computer science. - Discrete Mathematics with Proof, Second Edition continues to facilitate an up-to-date understanding of this important topic, exposing readers to a wide range of modern and technological applications. Assuming only a basic background in calculus, Discrete Mathematics with Proof, Second Edition is an excellent book for mathematics and computer science courses at the undergraduate level. - It is also a valuable resource for professionals in various technical fields who would like an introduction to discrete mathematics."--Jacket.

Connections in Discrete Mathematics

A Celebration of the Work of Ron Graham

Author: Steve Butler,Joshua Cooper,Glenn Hurlbert

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107153980

Category: Mathematics

Page: 432

View: 1800

Many of the best researchers and writers in discrete mathematics come together in a volume inspired by Ron Graham.

Contemporary Trends in Discrete Mathematics

From DIMACS and DIMATIA to the Future : DIMATIA-DIMACS Conference, May 19-25, 1997, Štiřín Castle, Czech Republic

Author: Ronald L. Graham

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 9780821885819

Category: Mathematics

Page: 389

View: 4619

Discrete mathematics stands among the leading disciplines of mathematics and theoretical computer science. This is due primarily to its increasing role in university curriculae and its growing importance in applications ranging from optimization to molecular biology. An inaugural conference was held cooperatively by DIMATIA and DIMACS to focus on the versatility, width, and depth of current progress in the subject area. This volume offers a well-balanced blend of research and survey papers reflecting the exciting, attractive topics in contemporary discrete mathematics. Discussed in the book are topics such as graph theory, partially ordered sets, geometrical Ramsey theory, computational complexity issues and applications.

Differentialgeometrie

Kurven - Flächen - Mannigfaltigkeiten

Author: Wolfgang Kühnel

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3658006153

Category: Mathematics

Page: 284

View: 7370

Dieses Buch ist eine Einführung in die Differentialgeometrie und ein passender Begleiter zum Differentialgeometrie-Modul (ein- und zweisemestrig). Zunächst geht es um die klassischen Aspekte wie die Geometrie von Kurven und Flächen, bevor dann höherdimensionale Flächen sowie abstrakte Mannigfaltigkeiten betrachtet werden. Die Nahtstelle ist dabei das zentrale Kapitel "Die innere Geometrie von Flächen". Dieses führt den Leser bis hin zu dem berühmten Satz von Gauß-Bonnet, der ein entscheidendes Bindeglied zwischen lokaler und globaler Geometrie darstellt. Die zweite Hälfte des Buches ist der Riemannschen Geometrie gewidmet. Den Abschluss bildet ein Kapitel über "Einstein-Räume", die eine große Bedeutung sowohl in der "Reinen Mathematik" als auch in der Allgemeinen Relativitätstheorie von A. Einstein haben. Es wird großer Wert auf Anschaulichkeit gelegt, was durch zahlreiche Abbildungen unterstützt wird. Bei der Neuauflage wurden einige zusätzliche Lösungen zu den Übungsaufgaben ergänzt.

Das BUCH der Beweise

Author: Martin Aigner,Günter M. Ziegler

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3662577674

Category: Mathematics

Page: 360

View: 2486

Diese fünfte deutsche Auflage enthält ein ganz neues Kapitel über van der Waerdens Permanenten-Vermutung, sowie weitere neue, originelle und elegante Beweise in anderen Kapiteln. Aus den Rezensionen: “... es ist fast unmöglich, ein Mathematikbuch zu schreiben, das von jedermann gelesen und genossen werden kann, aber Aigner und Ziegler gelingt diese Meisterleistung in virtuosem Stil. [...] Dieses Buch erweist der Mathematik einen unschätzbaren Dienst, indem es Nicht-Mathematikern vorführt, was Mathematiker meinen, wenn sie über Schönheit sprechen.” Aus der Laudatio für den “Steele Prize for Mathematical Exposition” 2018 "Was hier vorliegt ist eine Sammlung von Beweisen, die in das von Paul Erdös immer wieder zitierte BUCH gehören, das vom lieben (?) Gott verwahrt wird und das die perfekten Beweise aller mathematischen Sätze enthält. Manchmal lässt der Herrgott auch einige von uns Sterblichen in das BUCH blicken, und die so resultierenden Geistesblitze erhellen den Mathematikeralltag mit eleganten Argumenten, überraschenden Zusammenhängen und unerwarteten Volten." www.mathematik.de, Mai 2002 "Eine einzigartige Sammlung eleganter mathematischer Beweise nach der Idee von Paul Erdös, verständlich geschrieben von exzellenten Mathematikern. Dieses Buch gibt anregende Lösungen mit Aha-Effekt, auch für Nicht-Mathematiker." www.vismath.de "Ein prächtiges, äußerst sorgfältig und liebevoll gestaltetes Buch! Erdös hatte die Idee DES BUCHES, in dem Gott die perfekten Beweise mathematischer Sätze eingeschrieben hat. Das hier gedruckte Buch will eine "very modest approximation" an dieses BUCH sein.... Das Buch von Aigner und Ziegler ist gelungen ..." Mathematische Semesterberichte, November 1999 "Wer (wie ich) bislang vergeblich versucht hat, einen Blick ins BUCH zu werfen, wird begierig in Aigners und Zieglers BUCH der Beweise schmökern." www.mathematik.de, Mai 2002

Pearls of Discrete Mathematics

Author: Martin Erickson

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439816174

Category: Computers

Page: 280

View: 5557

Methods Used to Solve Discrete Math Problems Interesting examples highlight the interdisciplinary nature of this area Pearls of Discrete Mathematics presents methods for solving counting problems and other types of problems that involve discrete structures. Through intriguing examples, problems, theorems, and proofs, the book illustrates the relationship of these structures to algebra, geometry, number theory, and combinatorics. Each chapter begins with a mathematical teaser to engage readers and includes a particularly surprising, stunning, elegant, or unusual result. The author covers the upward extension of Pascal’s triangle, a recurrence relation for powers of Fibonacci numbers, ways to make change for a million dollars, integer triangles, the period of Alcuin’s sequence, and Rook and Queen paths and the equivalent Nim and Wythoff’s Nim games. He also examines the probability of a perfect bridge hand, random tournaments, a Fibonacci-like sequence of composite numbers, Shannon’s theorems of information theory, higher-dimensional tic-tac-toe, animal achievement and avoidance games, and an algorithm for solving Sudoku puzzles and polycube packing problems. Exercises ranging from easy to challenging are found in each chapter while hints and solutions are provided in an appendix. With over twenty-five years of teaching experience, the author takes an organic approach that explores concrete problems, introduces theory, and adds generalizations as needed. He delivers an absorbing treatment of the basic principles of discrete mathematics.

A Beginner's Guide to Graph Theory

Author: W.D. Wallis

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780817644840

Category: Mathematics

Page: 260

View: 9006

Concisely written, gentle introduction to graph theory suitable as a textbook or for self-study Graph-theoretic applications from diverse fields (computer science, engineering, chemistry, management science) 2nd ed. includes new chapters on labeling and communications networks and small worlds, as well as expanded beginner's material Many additional changes, improvements, and corrections resulting from classroom use

Discrete Mathematics for Computer Scientists

Author: J. K. Truss

Publisher: Addison Wesley Publishing Company

ISBN: N.A

Category: Mathematics

Page: 585

View: 8039

This is a new edition of a successful introduction to discrete mathematics for computer scientists, updated and reorganised to be more appropriate for the modern day undergraduate audience. Discrete mathematics forms the theoretical basis for computer science and this text combines a rigorous approach to mathematical concepts with strong motivation of these techniques via practical examples. Key Features Thorough coverage of all area of discrete mathematics, including logic, natural numbers, coding theory, combinatorics, sets, algebraic functions, partially ordered structures, graphs, formal machines & complexity theory Special emphasis on the central role of propositional & predicate logic Full chapters on algorithm analysis & complexity theory Introductory coverage of formal machines & coding theory Over 700 exercises Flexible structure so that the material can be easily adapted for different teaching styles. New to this Edition Improved treatment of induction Coverage of more 'basic' algebra List of symbols including page references for definition/explantion Modern text design and new exercises to aid student comprehension 0201360616B04062001

Horizons of Combinatorics

Author: Ervin Gyori,Gyula O.H. Katona,László Lovász

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540772006

Category: Mathematics

Page: 280

View: 2949

Hungarian mathematics has always been known for discrete mathematics, including combinatorial number theory, set theory and recently random structures, and combinatorial geometry. The recent volume contains high level surveys on these topics with authors mostly being invited speakers for the conference "Horizons of Combinatorics" held in Balatonalmadi, Hungary in 2006. The collection gives an overview of recent trends and results in a large part of combinatorics and related topics.

A Journey Through Discrete Mathematics

A Tribute to Jiří Matoušek

Author: Martin Loebl,Jaroslav Nešetřil,Robin Thomas

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319444794

Category: Computers

Page: 810

View: 3099

This collection of high-quality articles in the field of combinatorics, geometry, algebraic topology and theoretical computer science is a tribute to Jiří Matoušek, who passed away prematurely in March 2015. It is a collaborative effort by his colleagues and friends, who have paid particular attention to clarity of exposition – something Jirka would have approved of. The original research articles, surveys and expository articles, written by leading experts in their respective fields, map Jiří Matoušek’s numerous areas of mathematical interest.