Quantitative Methods in Derivatives Pricing

An Introduction to Computational Finance

Author: Domingo Tavella

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780471274797

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 304

View: 4097

This book presents a cogent description of the main methodologiesused in derivatives pricing. Starting with a summary of theelements of Stochastic Calculus, Quantitative Methods inDerivatives Pricing develops the fundamental tools of financialengineering, such as scenario generation, simulation for Europeaninstruments, simulation for American instruments, and finitedifferences in an intuitive and practical manner, with an abundanceof practical examples and case studies. Intended primarily as anintroductory graduate textbook in computational finance, this bookwill also serve as a reference for practitioners seeking basicinformation on alternative pricing methodologies. Domingo Tavella is President of Octanti Associates, aconsulting firm in risk management and financial systems design. Heis the founder and chief editor of the Journal of ComputationalFinance and has pioneered the application of advanced numericaltechniques in pricing and risk analysis in the financial andinsurance industries. Tavella coauthored Pricing FinancialInstruments: The Finite Difference Method. He holds a PhD inaeronautical engineering from Stanford University and an MBA infinance from the University of California at Berkeley.

Computational Methods in Finance

Author: Ali Hirsa

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1466576049

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 444

View: 5404

As today’s financial products have become more complex, quantitative analysts, financial engineers, and others in the financial industry now require robust techniques for numerical analysis. Covering advanced quantitative techniques, Computational Methods in Finance explains how to solve complex functional equations through numerical methods. The first part of the book describes pricing methods for numerous derivatives under a variety of models. The book reviews common processes for modeling assets in different markets. It then examines many computational approaches for pricing derivatives. These include transform techniques, such as the fast Fourier transform, the fractional fast Fourier transform, the Fourier-cosine method, and saddlepoint method; the finite difference method for solving PDEs in the diffusion framework and PIDEs in the pure jump framework; and Monte Carlo simulation. The next part focuses on essential steps in real-world derivative pricing. The author discusses how to calibrate model parameters so that model prices are compatible with market prices. He also covers various filtering techniques and their implementations and gives examples of filtering and parameter estimation. Developed from the author’s courses at Columbia University and the Courant Institute of New York University, this self-contained text is designed for graduate students in financial engineering and mathematical finance as well as practitioners in the financial industry. It will help readers accurately price a vast array of derivatives.

Quantitative Methods in Finance

Author: Terry J. Watsham,Keith Parramore

Publisher: Cengage Learning EMEA

ISBN: 9781861523679

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 395

View: 2207

This text explains in an intuitive yet rigorous way the mathematical and statistical applications relevant to modern financial instruments and risk management techniques. It progresses at a pace that is comfortable for those with less mathematical expertise yet reaches a level of analysis that will reward even the most experienced. The strong applied emphasis makes this book ideal for anyone who is seriously interested in mastering the quantitative techniques underpinning modern financial decision making.

Computational Methods for Quantitative Finance

Finite Element Methods for Derivative Pricing

Author: Norbert Hilber,Oleg Reichmann,Christoph Schwab,Christoph Winter

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642354017

Category: Mathematics

Page: 299

View: 5778

Many mathematical assumptions on which classical derivative pricing methods are based have come under scrutiny in recent years. The present volume offers an introduction to deterministic algorithms for the fast and accurate pricing of derivative contracts in modern finance. This unified, non-Monte-Carlo computational pricing methodology is capable of handling rather general classes of stochastic market models with jumps, including, in particular, all currently used Lévy and stochastic volatility models. It allows us e.g. to quantify model risk in computed prices on plain vanilla, as well as on various types of exotic contracts. The algorithms are developed in classical Black-Scholes markets, and then extended to market models based on multiscale stochastic volatility, to Lévy, additive and certain classes of Feller processes. This book is intended for graduate students and researchers, as well as for practitioners in the fields of quantitative finance and applied and computational mathematics with a solid background in mathematics, statistics or economics.​

Market Risk Analysis, Quantitative Methods in Finance

Author: Carol Alexander

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 047077102X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 318

View: 2185

Written by leading market risk academic, Professor Carol Alexander, Quantitative Methods in Finance forms part one of the Market Risk Analysis four volume set. Starting from the basics, this book helps readers to take the first step towards becoming a properly qualified financial risk manager and asset manager, roles that are currently in huge demand. Accessible to intelligent readers with a moderate understanding of mathematics at high school level or to anyone with a university degree in mathematics, physics or engineering, no prior knowledge of finance is necessary. Instead the emphasis is on understanding ideas rather than on mathematical rigour, meaning that this book offers a fast-track introduction to financial analysis for readers with some quantitative background, highlighting those areas of mathematics that are particularly relevant to solving problems in financial risk management and asset management. Unique to this book is a focus on both continuous and discrete time finance so that Quantitative Methods in Finance is not only about the application of mathematics to finance; it also explains, in very pedagogical terms, how the continuous time and discrete time finance disciplines meet, providing a comprehensive, highly accessible guide which will provide readers with the tools to start applying their knowledge immediately. All together, the Market Risk Analysis four volume set illustrates virtually every concept or formula with a practical, numerical example or a longer, empirical case study. Across all four volumes there are approximately 300 numerical and empirical examples, 400 graphs and figures and 30 case studies many of which are contained in interactive Excel spreadsheets available from the accompanying CD-ROM . Empirical examples and case studies specific to this volume include: Principal component analysis of European equity indices; Calibration of Student t distribution by maximum likelihood; Orthogonal regression and estimation of equity factor models; Simulations of geometric Brownian motion, and of correlated Student t variables; Pricing European and American options with binomial trees, and European options with the Black-Scholes-Merton formula; Cubic spline fitting of yields curves and implied volatilities; Solution of Markowitz problem with no short sales and other constraints; Calculation of risk adjusted performance metrics including generalised Sharpe ratio, omega and kappa indices.

Change of Time Methods in Quantitative Finance

Author: Anatoliy Swishchuk

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 331932408X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 128

View: 5123

This book is devoted to the history of Change of Time Methods (CTM), the connections of CTM to stochastic volatilities and finance, fundamental aspects of the theory of CTM, basic concepts, and its properties. An emphasis is given on many applications of CTM in financial and energy markets, and the presented numerical examples are based on real data. The change of time method is applied to derive the well-known Black-Scholes formula for European call options, and to derive an explicit option pricing formula for a European call option for a mean-reverting model for commodity prices. Explicit formulas are also derived for variance and volatility swaps for financial markets with a stochastic volatility following a classical and delayed Heston model. The CTM is applied to price financial and energy derivatives for one-factor and multi-factor alpha-stable Levy-based models. Readers should have a basic knowledge of probability and statistics, and some familiarity with stochastic processes, such as Brownian motion, Levy process and martingale.

Derivatives and Equity Portfolio Management

Author: Bruce M. Collins,Frank J. Fabozzi, CFA

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781883249601

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 230

View: 3744

Frank Fabozzi and Bruce Collins fully outline the ins and outs of the derivatives process for equity investors in Derivatives and Equity Portfolio Management. A significant investment tool of growing interest, derivatives offer investors options for managing risk in a diversified portfolio. This in-depth guide integrates the derivatives process into portfolio management and is replete with applications from authors with extensive Wall Street experience. Whether you're and individual investor or portfolio manager seeking to improve investment returns, you'll quickly learn about listed equity contracts, using listed options in equity portfolio management, risk management with stock index futures, OTC equity derivatives-and profit from your new found knowledge.

Quantitative Energy Finance

Modeling, Pricing, and Hedging in Energy and Commodity Markets

Author: Fred Espen Benth,Valery A. Kholodnyi,Peter Laurence

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461472482

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 308

View: 8415

Finance and energy markets have been an active scientific field for some time, even though the development and applications of sophisticated quantitative methods in these areas are relatively new—and referred to in a broader context as energy finance. Energy finance is often viewed as a branch of mathematical finance, yet this area continues to provide a rich source of issues that are fuelling new and exciting research developments. Based on a special thematic year at the Wolfgang Pauli Institute (WPI) in Vienna, Austria, this edited collection features cutting-edge research from leading scientists in the fields of energy and commodity finance. Topics discussed include modeling and analysis of energy and commodity markets, derivatives hedging and pricing, and optimal investment strategies and modeling of emerging markets, such as power and emissions. The book also confronts the challenges one faces in energy markets from a quantitative point of view, as well as the recent advances in solving these problems using advanced mathematical, statistical and numerical methods. By addressing the emerging area of quantitative energy finance, this volume will serve as a valuable resource for graduate-level students and researchers studying financial mathematics, risk management, or energy finance.

Quantitative Finance For Dummies

Author: Steve Bell

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118769430

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 408

View: 2701

An accessible, thorough introduction to quantitative finance Does the complex world of quantitative finance make you quiver?You're not alone! It's a tough subject for even high-levelfinancial gurus to grasp, but Quantitative Finance ForDummies offers plain-English guidance on making sense ofapplying mathematics to investing decisions. With this completeguide, you'll gain a solid understanding of futures, options andrisk, and get up-to-speed on the most popular equations, methods,formulas and models (such as the Black-Scholes model) that areapplied in quantitative finance. Also known as mathematical finance, quantitative finance is thefield of mathematics applied to financial markets. It's a highlytechnical discipline—but almost all investment companies andhedge funds use quantitative methods. This fun and friendly guidebreaks the subject of quantitative finance down to easilydigestible parts, making it approachable for personal investors andfinance students alike. With the help of Quantitative FinanceFor Dummies, you'll learn the mathematical skills necessary forsuccess with quantitative finance, the most up-to-date portfolioand risk management applications and everything you need to knowabout basic derivatives pricing. Covers the core models, formulas and methods used inquantitative finance Includes examples and brief exercises to help augment yourunderstanding of QF Provides an easy-to-follow introduction to the complex world ofquantitative finance Explains how QF methods are used to define the current marketvalue of a derivative security Whether you're an aspiring quant or a top-tier personalinvestor, Quantitative Finance For Dummies is your go-toguide for coming to grips with QF/risk management.

Frequently Asked Questions in Quantitative Finance

Author: Paul Wilmott

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470972963

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 428

View: 3498

Paul Wilmott writes, "Quantitative finance is the most fascinating and rewarding real-world application of mathematics. It is fascinating because of the speed at which the subject develops, the new products and the new models which we have to understand. And it is rewarding because anyone can make a fundamental breakthrough. "Having worked in this field for many years, I have come to appreciate the importance of getting the right balance between mathematics and intuition. Too little maths and you won't be able to make much progress, too much maths and you'll be held back by technicalities. I imagine, but expect I will never know for certain, that getting the right level of maths is like having the right equipment to climb Mount Everest; too little and you won't make the first base camp, too much and you'll collapse in a heap before the top. "Whenever I write about or teach this subject I also aim to get the right mix of theory and practice. Finance is not a hard science like physics, so you have to accept the limitations of the models. But nor is it a very soft science, so without those models you would be at a disadvantage compared with those better equipped. I believe this adds to the fascination of the subject. "This FAQs book looks at some of the most important aspects of financial engineering, and considers them from both theoretical and practical points of view. I hope that you will see that finance is just as much fun in practice as in theory, and if you are reading this book to help you with your job interviews, good luck! Let me know how you get on!"

Implementing Models in Quantitative Finance: Methods and Cases

Author: Gianluca Fusai,Andrea Roncoroni

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540499596

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 607

View: 5051

This book puts numerical methods in action for the purpose of solving practical problems in quantitative finance. The first part develops a toolkit in numerical methods for finance. The second part proposes twenty self-contained cases covering model simulation, asset pricing and hedging, risk management, statistical estimation and model calibration. Each case develops a detailed solution to a concrete problem arising in applied financial management and guides the user towards a computer implementation. The appendices contain "crash courses" in VBA and Matlab programming languages.

Topics in Numerical Methods for Finance

Author: Mark Cummins,Finbarr Murphy,John J.H. Miller

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461434335

Category: Mathematics

Page: 204

View: 1090

Presenting state-of-the-art methods in the area, the book begins with a presentation of weak discrete time approximations of jump-diffusion stochastic differential equations for derivatives pricing and risk measurement. Using a moving least squares reconstruction, a numerical approach is then developed that allows for the construction of arbitrage-free surfaces. Free boundary problems are considered next, with particular focus on stochastic impulse control problems that arise when the cost of control includes a fixed cost, common in financial applications. The text proceeds with the development of a fear index based on equity option surfaces, allowing for the measurement of overall fear levels in the market. The problem of American option pricing is considered next, applying simulation methods combined with regression techniques and discussing convergence properties. Changing focus to integral transform methods, a variety of option pricing problems are considered. The COS method is practically applied for the pricing of options under uncertain volatility, a method developed by the authors that relies on the dynamic programming principle and Fourier cosine series expansions. Efficient approximation methods are next developed for the application of the fast Fourier transform for option pricing under multifactor affine models with stochastic volatility and jumps. Following this, fast and accurate pricing techniques are showcased for the pricing of credit derivative contracts with discrete monitoring based on the Wiener-Hopf factorisation. With an energy theme, a recombining pentanomial lattice is developed for the pricing of gas swing contracts under regime switching dynamics. The book concludes with a linear and nonlinear review of the arbitrage-free parity theory for the CDS and bond markets.

Quantitative Methods for Electricity Trading and Risk Management

Advanced Mathematical and Statistical Methods for Energy Finance

Author: S. Fiorenzani

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 023059834X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 181

View: 3331

This book presents practical Risk Management and Trading applications for the Electricity Markets. Various methodologies developed over the last few years are considered and current literature is reviewed. The book emphasizes the relationship between trading, hedging and generation asset management.

Introduction to Quantitative Methods for Financial Markets

Author: Hansjoerg Albrecher,Andreas Binder,Volkmar Lautscham,Philipp Mayer

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3034805195

Category: Mathematics

Page: 191

View: 6861

Swaps, futures, options, structured instruments - a wide range of derivative products is traded in today's financial markets. Analyzing, pricing and managing such products often requires fairly sophisticated quantitative tools and methods. This book serves as an introduction to financial mathematics with special emphasis on aspects relevant in practice. In addition to numerous illustrative examples, algorithmic implementations are demonstrated using "Mathematica" and the software package "UnRisk" (available for both students and teachers). The content is organized in 15 chapters that can be treated as independent modules. In particular, the exposition is tailored for classroom use in a Bachelor or Master program course, as well as for practitioners who wish to further strengthen their quantitative background.

PDE and Martingale Methods in Option Pricing

Author: Andrea Pascucci

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9788847017818

Category: Mathematics

Page: 721

View: 3279

This book offers an introduction to the mathematical, probabilistic and numerical methods used in the modern theory of option pricing. The text is designed for readers with a basic mathematical background. The first part contains a presentation of the arbitrage theory in discrete time. In the second part, the theories of stochastic calculus and parabolic PDEs are developed in detail and the classical arbitrage theory is analyzed in a Markovian setting by means of of PDEs techniques. After the martingale representation theorems and the Girsanov theory have been presented, arbitrage pricing is revisited in the martingale theory optics. General tools from PDE and martingale theories are also used in the analysis of volatility modeling. The book also contains an Introduction to Lévy processes and Malliavin calculus. The last part is devoted to the description of the numerical methods used in option pricing: Monte Carlo, binomial trees, finite differences and Fourier transform.

Finite Difference Methods in Financial Engineering

A Partial Differential Equation Approach

Author: Daniel J. Duffy

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118856481

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 464

View: 4258

The world of quantitative finance (QF) is one of the fastest growing areas of research and its practical applications to derivatives pricing problem. Since the discovery of the famous Black-Scholes equation in the 1970's we have seen a surge in the number of models for a wide range of products such as plain and exotic options, interest rate derivatives, real options and many others. Gone are the days when it was possible to price these derivatives analytically. For most problems we must resort to some kind of approximate method. In this book we employ partial differential equations (PDE) to describe a range of one-factor and multi-factor derivatives products such as plain European and American options, multi-asset options, Asian options, interest rate options and real options. PDE techniques allow us to create a framework for modeling complex and interesting derivatives products. Having defined the PDE problem we then approximate it using the Finite Difference Method (FDM). This method has been used for many application areas such as fluid dynamics, heat transfer, semiconductor simulation and astrophysics, to name just a few. In this book we apply the same techniques to pricing real-life derivative products. We use both traditional (or well-known) methods as well as a number of advanced schemes that are making their way into the QF literature: Crank-Nicolson, exponentially fitted and higher-order schemes for one-factor and multi-factor options Early exercise features and approximation using front-fixing, penalty and variational methods Modelling stochastic volatility models using Splitting methods Critique of ADI and Crank-Nicolson schemes; when they work and when they don't work Modelling jumps using Partial Integro Differential Equations (PIDE) Free and moving boundary value problems in QF Included with the book is a CD containing information on how to set up FDM algorithms, how to map these algorithms to C++ as well as several working programs for one-factor and two-factor models. We also provide source code so that you can customize the applications to suit your own needs.

Saddlepoint Approximation Methods in Financial Engineering

Author: Yue Kuen Kwok,Wendong Zheng

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319741012

Category: Mathematics

Page: 128

View: 3701

This book summarizes recent advances in applying saddlepoint approximation methods to financial engineering. It addresses pricing exotic financial derivatives and calculating risk contributions to Value-at-Risk and Expected Shortfall in credit portfolios under various default correlation models. These standard problems involve the computation of tail probabilities and tail expectations of the corresponding underlying state variables. The text offers in a single source most of the saddlepoint approximation results in financial engineering, with different sets of ready-to-use approximation formulas. Much of this material may otherwise only be found in original research publications. The exposition and style are made rigorous by providing formal proofs of most of the results. Starting with a presentation of the derivation of a variety of saddlepoint approximation formulas in different contexts, this book will help new researchers to learn the fine technicalities of the topic. It will also be valuable to quantitative analysts in financial institutions who strive for effective valuation of prices of exotic financial derivatives and risk positions of portfolios of risky instruments.

Mathematical Models of Financial Derivatives

Author: Yue-Kuen Kwok

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540686880

Category: Mathematics

Page: 530

View: 4181

This second edition, now featuring new material, focuses on the valuation principles that are common to most derivative securities. A wide range of financial derivatives commonly traded in the equity and fixed income markets are analysed, emphasising aspects of pricing, hedging and practical usage. This second edition features additional emphasis on the discussion of Ito calculus and Girsanovs Theorem, and the risk-neutral measure and equivalent martingale pricing approach. A new chapter on credit risk models and pricing of credit derivatives has been added. Up-to-date research results are provided by many useful exercises.