Public Space

Author: Stephen Carr

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521359603

Category: Political Science

Page: 400

View: 3331

This book reveals the social basis for public space use, design and management. The authors - an architect/environmental designer, a landscape architect, an environmental psychologist, and an open space administrator - offer a well-integrated perspective of how to integrate public space and public life. They contend that three critical human dimensions should guide the process of design and management of public space: the users' essential needs, their spatial rights, and the meanings they seek. To develop and explain these three dimensions, the authors draw on the history of public life and public space, evidence from recent social research, and a series of original case studies, all amply illustrated. Public Space offers an innovative approach for adapting the dimensions to the unique social and environmental context of each project.

Public Space

The Management Dimension

Author: Matthew Carmona,Claudio de Magalhães,Leo Hammond

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113416663X

Category: Architecture

Page: 240

View: 6054

In both the UK and the US there is a sense of dissatisfaction and pessimism about the state of urban environments, particularly with the quality of everyday public spaces. Explanations for this have emphasized the poor quality of design that characterizes many new public spaces; spaces that are dominated by parking, roads infrastructure, introspective buildings, a lack of enclosure and a poor sense of place, and which in different ways for different groups are too often exclusionary. Yet many well designed public spaces have also experienced decline and neglect, as the services and activities upon which the continuing quality of those spaces have been subject to the same constraints and pressures for change as public services in general. These issues touch upon the daily management of public space, that is, the coordination of the many different activities that constantly define and redefine the characteristics and quality of public space. This book draws on three empirical projects to examine the questions of public space management on an international stage. They are set within a context of theoretical debates about public space, its history, contemporary patterns of use and changing nature in western society, and about the new management approaches that are increasingly being adopted.

The Politics of Public Space

Author: Setha Low,Neil Smith

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136081305

Category: Political Science

Page: 200

View: 2549

Why is public space disappearing? Why is this disappearance important to democratic politics and how has it become an international phenomenon? Public spaces are no longer democratic spaces, but instead centres of private commerce and consumption, and even surveillance and police control. "The Politics of Public Space" extends the focus of current work on public space to include a consideration of the transnational - in the sense of moving people and transformations in the nation or state - to expand our definition of the 'public' and public space. Ultimately, public spaces are one of the last democratic forums for public dissent in a civil society. Without these significant central public spaces, individuals cannot directly participate in conflict resolution. "The Politics of Public Space" assembles a superb list of contributors to explore the important political dimensions of public space as a place where conflicts over cultural and political objectives become concrete.

Public Space

Design, Use and Management

Author: Beng Huat Chua,Norman Edwards,National University of Singapore. Centre for Advanced Studies

Publisher: NUS Press

ISBN: 9789971691646

Category: Social Science

Page: 177

View: 2488

This collection of essays addresses the important issue of public space in terms of its design, use and management and value as a social, economic and cultural resource, with special reference to Singapore. Multi-disciplinary in perspective, it represents the first concerted attempt by academics and practitioners involved in the physical design and planning of Singapore to closely analyse a much neglected aspect of the Singapore's rapid industrialisation and provide suggestions for the country's future development. The book should interest ecologists, sociologists, botanists, geographers, urban planners, engineers, architects and other building professionals as well as the general public.

Public Places - Urban Spaces

Author: Matthew Carmona,Tim Heath,Taner Oc,Steve Tiesdell

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136020497

Category: Architecture

Page: 320

View: 4792

Public Places - Urban Spaces is a holistic guide to the many complex and interacting dimensions of urban design. The discussion moves systematically through ideas, theories, research and the practice of urban design from an unrivalled range of sources. It aids the reader by gradually building the concepts one upon the other towards a total view of the subject. The author team explain the catalysts of change and renewal, and explore the global and local contexts and processes within which urban design operates. The book presents six key dimensions of urban design theory and practice - the social, visual, functional, temporal, morphological and perceptual - allowing it to be dipped into for specific information, or read from cover to cover. This is a clear and accessible text that provides a comprehensive discussion of this complex subject.

Privately Owned Public Space

The New York City Experience

Author: Jerold S. Kayden,New York (N.Y.). Dept. of City Planning,Municipal Art Society of New York

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780471362579

Category: Architecture

Page: 349

View: 388

Until now, comprehensive, systematic knowledge about this vast collection of public spaces has not existed, either for experts or members of the public. Through words, photographs, scaled site plans, maps, and analysis of newly assembled data, the book examines the history, law, design, and use of the city's privately owned public spaces. Each of the more than 500 spaces is individually discussed to provide far-reaching comparative information about this unique category of public space.

Brave New Neighborhoods

The Privatization of Public Space

Author: Margaret Kohn

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415944632

Category: Political Science

Page: 232

View: 6925

Fighting for First Amendment rights is as popular a pastime as ever, but just because you can get on your soapbox doesn't mean anyone will be there to listen. Town squares have emptied out as shoppers decamp for the megamalls; gated communities keep pesky signature gathering activists away; even most internet chatrooms are run by the major media companies. Brave New Neighborhood sconsiders what can be done to protect and revitalize our public spaces.

Public Spaces, Private Lives

Democracy Beyond 9/11

Author: Henry A. Giroux

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780742525269

Category: Psychology

Page: 204

View: 5868

While many of the essays in this book were written before 9/11, they point to a number of important issues such as the commercialization of public life, the stepped up militarization, racial profiling, and the threat to basic civil liberties that have been resurrected since the terrorist attacks. Public Spaces, Private Lives serves to legitimate the claim that there is much in America that has not changed since 9/11. Rather than a dramatic change, what we are witnessing is an intensification and acceleration of the contradictions that threatened American democracy before the tragic events of 9/11. Hence, Public Spaces, Private Lives offers a context for both understanding and critically engaging the combined threats posed by the increase in domestic militarization and a neoliberal ideology that substitutes market values for those democratic values that are crucial to rethinking what a vibrant democracy would look like in the aftermath of September 11th.

Whose Public Space?

International Case Studies in Urban Design and Development

Author: Ali Madanipour

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135173346

Category: Architecture

Page: 288

View: 2127

Public spaces mirror the complexities of urban societies: as historic social bonds have weakened and cities have become collections of individuals public open spaces have also changed from being embedded in the social fabric of the city to being a part of more impersonal and fragmented urban environments. Can making public spaces help overcome this fragmentation, where accessible spaces are created through inclusive processes? This book offers some answers to this question through analysing the process of urban design and development in international case studies, in which the changing character, level of accessibility, and the tensions of making public spaces are explored. The book uses a coherent theoretical outlook to investigate a series of case studies, crossing the cultural divides to examine the similarities and differences of public space in different urban contexts, and its critical analysis of the process of development, management and use of public space, with all its tensions and conflicts. While each case study investigates the specificities of a particular city, the book outlines some general themes in global urban processes. It shows how public spaces are a key theme in urban design and development everywhere, how they are appreciated and used by the people of these cities, but also being contested by and under pressure from different stakeholders.

Public Places and Spaces

Author: Irwin Altman,Erwin H. Zube

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1468456016

Category: Psychology

Page: 334

View: 4695

This tenth volume in the series addresses an important topic of research, de sign, and policy in the environment and behavior field. Public places and spaces include a sweeping array of settings, including urban streets, plazas and squares, malls, parks, and other locales, and natural settings such as aquatic environments, national parks and forests, and wilderness areas. The impor tance of public settings is highlighted by difficult questions of access, control, and management; unique needs and problems of different users (including women, the handicapped, and various ethnic groups); and the dramatic re shaping of our public environments that has occurred and will continue to occur in the foreseeable future. The wide-ranging scope of the topic of public places and spaces demands the attention of many disciplines and researchers, designers, managers, and policymakers. As in previous volumes in the series, the authors in the present volume come from a variety of disciplinary backgrounds, research and design orientations, and affiliations. They have backgrounds in or are affiliated with such fields as architecture, geography, landscape architecture, natural re sources, psychology, sociology, and urban design. Many more disciplines ob viously contribute to our understanding and design of public places and spaces, so that the contributors to this volume reflect only a sample of the possibilities and present state of knowledge about public settings.

Privatisation of Public Space

Author: Susanne Grolle

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 3640353811

Category:

Page: 28

View: 3232

Essay from the year 2008 in the subject Geography / Earth Science - Demographics, Urban Management, Planning, grade: 1.5, University of Westminster, language: English, abstract: In recent years the privatisation of public space has become the subject of much discussion and debate among critics of today's urban development. In the United Kingdom and throughout the world, the appearance of our cities is being transformed by public space privatisation. In other parts of Europe this topic is becoming a very contemporary and controversial issue as well. As one of the biggest cities in Germany, Hamburg shows processes of privatisation of public space. Its current HafenCity project reveals one of the biggest regeneration projects managed from and financed by private and public sources. What do we mean by the privatisation process and what are its benefits and disadvantages toward the quality of urban living? Privatisation describes the process of change within the management and ownership of open spaces. It is perceived as a part of Post-modernism and the post-modern city, where the "city provides the context for the social, economic and cultural changes brought about by the globalised new economy" (Minton, A. (2006) p. 5). Corporate governance in shopping malls, business parks, entertainment complexes and business improvement districts can be seen as part of this progression. The trend towards community or joint private ownership of assets such as community centres and parks is an element of the progressive privatisation of public spaces which reduces the pool of openly shared public spaces in towns and cities. Membership passes and fees can be used to regulate who uses the facility and how the spaces are utilised. Traditionally we differentiate public spaces in terms of the rules of access, the source and nature of control over entry and rules of use. Therefore a place is public when anyone can enter it and no restrictions, other than Common Law and public safety to b

Life Between Buildings

Using Public Space

Author: Jan Gehl

Publisher: Island Press

ISBN: 1610910230

Category: Architecture

Page: 216

View: 2353

Life Between Buildings is Jan Gehl’s classic text on the importance of designing urban public space with the fundamental desires of people as guiding principles. The book describes essential elements that contribute to people’s enjoyment of spaces in the public realm. These elements remain remarkably constant even as architectural styles go in and out of fashion and the character of the ‘life between buildings’ changes. The enduring relevance of Life Between Buildings, originally published in Danish over forty years ago and subsequently translated into fifteen languages, is a testament to Jan’s straightforward approach. This book provides both inspiration and information for those who wish to elevate the livability of cities and towns around the world. “. . .thoughtful, beautiful, and enlightening...” —Jane Jacobs “This book will have a lasting influence on the future quality of public open spaces. By helping us better understand the larger public life of cities, Life between Buildings can only move us toward more lively and healthy public places. Buy this book, find a comfortable place to sit in a public park or plaza, begin reading, look around. You will be surprised at how you will start to see (and design) the world differently.” —Landscape Architecture

Convivial Urban Spaces

Creating Effective Public Places

Author: Henry Shaftoe

Publisher: Earthscan

ISBN: 1849770875

Category: Architecture

Page: 161

View: 2997

Despite developments in urban design during the last few decades, architects, urban planners and designers often continue to produce areas of bland, commercially led urban fabric that deliver the basic functional requirements of shelter, work and leisure but are socially unsustainable and likely generators of future problems. Convivial Urban Spacesdemonstrates that successful urban public spaces are an essential part of a sustainable built environment. Without them we are likely to drift into an increasingly private and polarized society, with all the problems that would imply. Taking a multidisciplinary approach, this book draws on research, and the literature and theory of environmental psychology and urban design, to advance our understanding of what makes effective public spaces. Practical guidance is illustrated with case studies from the UK, Spain, Germany and Italy. The result is a practical and clearly presented guide to urban public space for planners, architects and students of the urban environment.

Designing Public Spaces in Hospitals

Author: Nicoletta Setola,Sabrina Borgianni

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317514203

Category: Architecture

Page: 304

View: 5087

Designing Public Spaces in Hospitals illustrates that in addition to their aesthetic function, public spaces in hospitals play a fundamental role concerning people’s satisfaction and experience of health care. The book highlights how spatial properties, such as accessibility, visibility, proximity, and intelligibility affect people’s behavior and interactions in hospital public spaces. Based on the authors’ research, the book includes detailed analysis of three hospitals and criteria that can support the design in circulation areas, arrival and entrance, first point of welcome, reception, and the interface between city and hospital. Illustrated with 150 black and white images.

Public Spaces, Private Gardens

A History of Designed Landscapes in New Orleans

Author: Lake Douglas

Publisher: LSU Press

ISBN: 080713838X

Category: Gardening

Page: 320

View: 3936

Landscape architect Lake Douglas employs written accounts, archival data, historic photographs, lithographs, maps, and city planning documents -- many of which have never before been published -- to explore public and private outdoor spaces in New Orleans and those who shaped them. The result offers the first in-depth examination of the city's landscape history. Douglas presents this "beautiful and imposing" city as a work of art crafted by numerous influences. His survey from the colonial period to the twentieth century finds that geography, climate, and, above all, the multicultural character of its residents have made New Orleans unique in American landscape design history. French and Spanish settlers, Africans and Native Americans, as well as immigrants from Germany, Ireland, Italy, and other parts of the world all participated in creating this community's unique public and private landscapes. Places such as Congo Square, Audubon Park, the river levees, and "neutral grounds" -- local residents' own term for medians -- together with ordinary residential gardens are all testaments to the city's international imprint. Douglas identifies five types of public and private designed landscapes in New Orleans: squares, linear open spaces, urban parks, commercial pleasure gardens, and domestic gardens. Discussing their design, function, and content, he shows how specific examples of each contribute to the city's unique character and also fit within the larger context of American landscape design history. Each type has its own complexion and reflects the influence of those who occupied it. Though New Orleanians lived in strata according to language, cultural identity, economics, and race, they found common ground, literally, in their community's landscapes. Douglas's sweeping study, illustrated with over 90 color and black-and-white images, includes an exploration of archival horticultural books, almanacs, and periodicals; information about laborers who actually built landscapes; details of horticultural commerce, services, and marketing materials; and an exhaustive inventory of plants grown in New Orleans for agricultural, medicinal, and ornamental uses. Public Spaces, Private Gardens provides an informative look at two hundred years of the designed landscapes and horticulture of New Orleans and a fresh perspective on one of America's most interesting and historic cities.

Watch this Space

Designing, Defending and Sharing Public Spaces

Author: Hadley Dyer,Marc Ngui

Publisher: Kids Can Press Ltd

ISBN: 1554532930

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 80

View: 8644

Examines a variety of subjects concerning public space and helps young readers identify public space in their communities, how it is used, and why it is important, alerting them to the need to create, preserve, and protect it.