Probability

An Introduction

Author: Geoffrey Grimmett,Dominic Welsh,D. J. A. Welsh

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198532644

Category: Science

Page: 211

View: 805

This new undergraduate text offers a concise introduction to probability and random processes. Exercises and problems range from simple to difficult, and the overall treatment, though elementary, includes rigorous mathematical arguments. Chapters contain core material for a beginning course in probability, a treatment of joint distributions leading to accounts of moment-generating functions, the law of large numbers and the central limit theorem, and basic random processes.

Probability: An Introduction

An Introduction

Author: David A. Santos

Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Publishers

ISBN: 1449666132

Category: Mathematics

Page: 406

View: 7619

Probability: An Introduction provides the fundamentals, requiring minimal algebraic skills from the student. It begins with an introduction to sets and set operations, progresses to counting techniques, and then presents probability in an axiomatic way, never losing sight of elucidating the subject through concrete examples. The book contains numerous examples and solved exercises taken from various fields, and includes computer explorations using Maple.

Probability , An Introduction with Statistical Applications

Author: CTI Reviews

Publisher: Cram101 Textbook Reviews

ISBN: 1497045215

Category: Education

Page: 40

View: 8328

Facts101 is your complete guide to Probability , An Introduction with Statistical Applications. In this book, you will learn topics such as Continuous Random Variables and Probability Distributions, Functions of Random Variables; Generating Functions; Statistical Appli ..., Bivariate Probability Distributions, and Recursions and Markov Chains plus much more. With key features such as key terms, people and places, Facts101 gives you all the information you need to prepare for your next exam. Our practice tests are specific to the textbook and we have designed tools to make the most of your limited study time.

Probability

An Introduction

Author: Samuel Goldberg

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486318540

Category: Mathematics

Page: 352

View: 8240

Excellent basic text covers set theory, probability theory for finite sample spaces, binomial theorem, probability distributions, means, standard deviations, probability function of binomial distribution, more. Includes 360 problems with answers for half.

High-Dimensional Probability

An Introduction with Applications in Data Science

Author: Roman Vershynin

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1108244548

Category: Mathematics

Page: N.A

View: 1227

High-dimensional probability offers insight into the behavior of random vectors, random matrices, random subspaces, and objects used to quantify uncertainty in high dimensions. Drawing on ideas from probability, analysis, and geometry, it lends itself to applications in mathematics, statistics, theoretical computer science, signal processing, optimization, and more. It is the first to integrate theory, key tools, and modern applications of high-dimensional probability. Concentration inequalities form the core, and it covers both classical results such as Hoeffding's and Chernoff's inequalities and modern developments such as the matrix Bernstein's inequality. It then introduces the powerful methods based on stochastic processes, including such tools as Slepian's, Sudakov's, and Dudley's inequalities, as well as generic chaining and bounds based on VC dimension. A broad range of illustrations is embedded throughout, including classical and modern results for covariance estimation, clustering, networks, semidefinite programming, coding, dimension reduction, matrix completion, machine learning, compressed sensing, and sparse regression.

Probability

An Introduction with Statistical Applications

Author: John J. Kinney

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 111894710X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 480

View: 5284

Praise for the First Edition "This is a well-written and impressively presentedintroduction to probability and statistics. The text throughout ishighly readable, and the author makes liberal use of graphs anddiagrams to clarify the theory." - The Statistician Thoroughly updated, Probability: An Introduction withStatistical Applications, Second Edition features acomprehensive exploration of statistical data analysis as anapplication of probability. The new edition provides anintroduction to statistics with accessible coverage of reliability,acceptance sampling, confidence intervals, hypothesis testing, andsimple linear regression. Encouraging readers to develop a deeperintuitive understanding of probability, the author presentsillustrative geometrical presentations and arguments without theneed for rigorous mathematical proofs. The Second Edition features interesting and practicalexamples from a variety of engineering and scientific fields, aswell as: Over 880 problems at varying degrees of difficulty allowingreaders to take on more challenging problems as their skill levelsincrease Chapter-by-chapter projects that aid in the visualization ofprobability distributions New coverage of statistical quality control and qualityproduction An appendix dedicated to the use ofMathematica® and a companion website containing thereferenced data sets Featuring a practical and real-world approach, this textbook isideal for a first course in probability for students majoring instatistics, engineering, business, psychology, operations research,and mathematics. Probability: An Introduction with StatisticalApplications, Second Edition is also an excellent reference forresearchers and professionals in any discipline who need to makedecisions based on data as well as readers interested in learninghow to accomplish effective decision making from data.

Numerical Probability

An Introduction with Applications to Finance

Author: Gilles Pagès

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319902768

Category: Mathematics

Page: 579

View: 2145

This textbook provides a self-contained introduction to numerical methods in probability with a focus on applications to finance. Topics covered include the Monte Carlo simulation (including simulation of random variables, variance reduction, quasi-Monte Carlo simulation, and more recent developments such as the multilevel paradigm), stochastic optimization and approximation, discretization schemes of stochastic differential equations, as well as optimal quantization methods. The author further presents detailed applications to numerical aspects of pricing and hedging of financial derivatives, risk measures (such as value-at-risk and conditional value-at-risk), implicitation of parameters, and calibration. Aimed at graduate students and advanced undergraduate students, this book contains useful examples and over 150 exercises, making it suitable for self-study.

Understanding Statistics and Probability

An Introduction to Methods, Techniques and Computer Applications

Author: Daniel Roesch

Publisher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform

ISBN: 9781540622594

Category:

Page: 660

View: 8889

A book on statistical theory and applications for undergraduate and graduate students in business, management, economics, social sciences, psychology, medicine, biostatistics and alike, as well as for practitioners. It is a hands-on guide, using computer software and real-world examples as well as Monte-Carlo simulation in order to understand statistical methods and toolboxes. Covers: - Descriptive and Exploratory Statistics and Data Analysis - Probability Theory and Random Variables (Univariate and Multivariate) - Inferential Statistics (Estimation and Hypothesis Testing) - Regression and Applied Statistics (Regression Analysis, ANOVA, Generalized Linear Models) - Copulas - Bayesian Statistics - Statistical Fallacies + Webpage, Lecture Slides and Data on www.statprob.net

An Introduction to Probability and Mathematical Statistics

Author: Howard G. Tucker

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 1483225143

Category: Mathematics

Page: 240

View: 9840

An Introduction to Probability and Mathematical Statistics provides information pertinent to the fundamental aspects of probability and mathematical statistics. This book covers a variety of topics, including random variables, probability distributions, discrete distributions, and point estimation. Organized into 13 chapters, this book begins with an overview of the definition of function. This text then examines the notion of conditional or relative probability. Other chapters consider Cochran's theorem, which is of extreme importance in that part of statistical inference known as analysis of variance. This book discusses as well the fundamental principles of testing statistical hypotheses by providing the reader with an idea of the basic problem and its relation to practice. The final chapter deals with the problem of estimation and the Neyman theory of confidence intervals. This book is a valuable resource for undergraduate university students who are majoring in mathematics. Students who are majoring in physics and who are inclined toward abstract mathematics will also find this book useful.

Wahrscheinlichkeitsrechnung für Dummies

Author: Deborah J. Rumsey

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527805494

Category: Mathematics

Page: 374

View: 7677

Die Wahrscheinlichkeitsrechnung wird in der Schule oft nur beiläufig behandelt, dabei handelt es sich um ein besonders spannendes und alltagstaugliches Teilgebiet der Mathematik. Für alle, die über dieses Thema noch etwas mehr erfahren wollen oder müssen, erklärt Deborah Rumsey verständlich und mit Humor, was sie unbedingt wissen sollten. Egal ob Kontingenztabelle, zentraler Grenzwertsatz, Stichproben-, Binomial- oder Poissonverteilung, in diesem Buch lernen Sie, was es ist und wie Sie es anwenden. Zu jedem Kapitel finden Sie online eine Übungsaufgabe samt Lösung, um das Gelernte zu festigen. Auch Tipps zu praktischen Anwendungen - ob bei der Arbeit oder am Pokertisch - kommen nicht zu kurz. So finden Sie in diesem Buch alles, was Sie über Wahrscheinlichkeitsrechnung unbedingt wissen sollten.

An Introduction to Information Theory

Author: Fazlollah M. Reza

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486158446

Category: Mathematics

Page: 528

View: 619

Graduate-level study for engineering students presents elements of modern probability theory, information theory, coding theory, more. Emphasis on sample space, random variables, capacity, etc. Many reference tables and extensive bibliography. 1961 edition.

The Architecture of Chance

An Introduction to the Logic and Arithmetic of Probability

Author: Richard Lowry

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780195056082

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 175

View: 2983

Undergraduate textbooks for statistics courses in the behavioral, biological, and social sciences must devote so much space to the nuts-and-bolts details of statistical methods that they have little left over for the larger conceptual framework of probability theory. This brief, lucid book fills the gap with its intelligible and in-depth explanation of probability, laid out step-by-step in a clear and congenial fashion. Even the student with little background in mathematics will find it readable and accessible.

An Introduction to Probability and Statistical Inference

Author: George G. Roussas

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0128004371

Category: Mathematics

Page: 624

View: 8863

An Introduction to Probability and Statistical Inference, Second Edition, guides you through probability models and statistical methods and helps you to think critically about various concepts. Written by award-winning author George Roussas, this book introduces readers with no prior knowledge in probability or statistics to a thinking process to help them obtain the best solution to a posed question or situation. It provides a plethora of examples for each topic discussed, giving the reader more experience in applying statistical methods to different situations. This text contains an enhanced number of exercises and graphical illustrations where appropriate to motivate the reader and demonstrate the applicability of probability and statistical inference in a great variety of human activities. Reorganized material is included in the statistical portion of the book to ensure continuity and enhance understanding. Each section includes relevant proofs where appropriate, followed by exercises with useful clues to their solutions. Furthermore, there are brief answers to even-numbered exercises at the back of the book and detailed solutions to all exercises are available to instructors in an Answers Manual. This text will appeal to advanced undergraduate and graduate students, as well as researchers and practitioners in engineering, business, social sciences or agriculture. Content, examples, an enhanced number of exercises, and graphical illustrations where appropriate to motivate the reader and demonstrate the applicability of probability and statistical inference in a great variety of human activities Reorganized material in the statistical portion of the book to ensure continuity and enhance understanding A relatively rigorous, yet accessible and always within the prescribed prerequisites, mathematical discussion of probability theory and statistical inference important to students in a broad variety of disciplines Relevant proofs where appropriate in each section, followed by exercises with useful clues to their solutions Brief answers to even-numbered exercises at the back of the book and detailed solutions to all exercises available to instructors in an Answers Manual

An Introduction to Lebesgue Integration and Fourier Series

Author: Howard J. Wilcox,David L. Myers

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 9780486682938

Category: Mathematics

Page: 159

View: 8689

This book arose out of the authors' desire to present Lebesgue integration and Fourier series on an undergraduate level, since most undergraduate texts do not cover this material or do so in a cursory way. The result is a clear, concise, well-organized introduction to such topics as the Riemann integral, measurable sets, properties of measurable sets, measurable functions, the Lebesgue integral, convergence and the Lebesgue integral, pointwise convergence of Fourier series and other subjects. The authors not only cover these topics in a useful and thorough way, they have taken pains to motivate the student by keeping the goals of the theory always in sight, justifying each step of the development in terms of those goals. In addition, whenever possible, new concepts are related to concepts already in the student's repertoire. Finally, to enable readers to test their grasp of the material, the text is supplemented by numerous examples and exercises. Mathematics students as well as students of engineering and science will find here a superb treatment, carefully thought out and well presented , that is ideal for a one semester course. The only prerequisite is a basic knowledge of advanced calculus, including the notions of compactness, continuity, uniform convergence and Riemann integration.

Einführung in die Wahrscheinlichkeitstheorie und Statistik

Author: Herold Dehling,Beate Haupt

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3540351175

Category: Mathematics

Page: 306

View: 7271

Dieses Buch gibt eine systematische Einführung in die grundlegenden Ideen und Konzepte der Wahrscheinlichkeitsrechnung. Die Darstellung ist elementar, d.h. ohne maßtheoretische Hilfsmittel und unter Verzicht auf größtmögliche Allgemeinheit. Der Weckung eines intuitiven Verständnisses wird im Zweifelsfall der Vorzug vor mathematischer Strenge gegeben. Die wesentlichen Begriffe und Resultate werden zunächst für diskrete Experimente eingeführt, und dabei stets an Beispielen illustriert. Im zweiten Teil des Buches stehen dichte-verteilte Zufallsvariablen im Mittelpunkt. Dabei werden u.a. die wichtigsten Verteilungen der parametrischen Statistik eingeführt und die wesentlichen Rechentechniken behandelt. Für die zweite Auflage wurde ein Kapitel über die Grundbegriffe der Testtheorie hinzugefügt.

An Introduction to Fuzzy Sets

Analysis and Design

Author: Witold Pedrycz,Fernando Gomide

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262161718

Category: Computers

Page: 465

View: 5121

"The Pedrycz and Gomide text is superb in all respects. Its exposition of fuzzy-neural networks and fuzzy-genetic systems adds much to its value as a textbook" -- Lotfi A. Zadeh, University of California, Berkeley. The concept of fuzzy sets is one of the most fundamental and influential tools in computational intelligence. Fuzzy sets can provide solutions to a broad range of problems of control, pattern classification, reasoning, planning, and computer vision. This book bridges the gap that has developed between theory and practice. The authors explain what fuzzy sets are, why they work, when they should be used (and when they shouldn't), and how to design systems using them. The authors take an unusual top-down approach to the design of detailed algorithms. They begin with illustrative examples, explain the fundamental theory and design methodologies, and then present more advanced case studies dealing with practical tasks. While they use mathematics to introduce concepts, they ground them in examples of real-world problems that can be solved through fuzzy set technology. The only mathematics prerequisites are a basic knowledge of introductory calculus and linear algebra.

Observing Interaction

An Introduction to Sequential Analysis

Author: Roger Bakeman,John M. Gottman

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521574273

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 207

View: 8199

Mothers and infants exchanging gleeful vocalizations, married couples discussing their problems, children playing, birds courting, and monkeys fighting all have this in common: their interactions unfold over time. Almost anyone who is interested can observe and describe such phenomena. However, scientists usually demand more than a desription--they want observations that are replicable and amenable to scientific analysis, while still faithful to the dynamics of the phenomena studied. This book provides a straightforward introduction to scientific methods for observing social behavior. The second edition clarifies and extends material from the first edition, especially with respect to data analysis. A common standard for sequential data is introduced and sequential analysis is placed on firmer, log-linear statistical footing. The second edition is designed to work as a companion volume to Analyzing Interaction (1995). Because of the importance of time in the dynamics of social interaction, sequential approaches to analyzing and understanding social behavior are emphasized. An advanced knowledge of statistical analysis is not required. Instead, the authors present fundamental concepts and offer practical advice.