Principles of electrochemistry

Author: Jiří Koryta,Jiří Dvořák,Ladislav Kavan

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Inc

ISBN: 9780471937135

Category: Science

Page: 486

View: 1444

Presents electron transfer & double-layer theories in an understandable manner while keeping mathematics to a minimum. Revised & expanded, this edition features a number of new sections which deal with electrochemical materials science, photoelectrochemistry, stochastic processes, novel aspects of ion transfer across biological membranes, biosensors & more.

Principles and Applications of Electrochemistry, 4th Edition

Author: D.R. Crow

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351422081

Category: Science

Page: 282

View: 7075

This introduction to the principles and application of electrochemistry is presented in a manner designed for undergraduates in chemistry and related fields. The author covers the essential aspects of the subject and points the way to further study, his concern being with the overall shape of electrochemistry, its coherence and its wider application. This edition differs from its predecessors in having principles and applications separated, and greater prominence is given to areas such as electrochemical sensors and electroanalytical techniques, of which a number of modern methods were not included in previous editions. A range of numerical problems and outline solutions is provided for each chapter to cover most situations that a student might encounter.

Handbook of Electrochemistry

Author: Cynthia G. Zoski

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0444519580

Category: Science

Page: 892

View: 7827

Electrochemistry plays a key role in a broad range of research and applied areas including the exploration of new inorganic and organic compounds, biochemical and biological systems, corrosion, energy applications involving fuel cells and solar cells, and nanoscale investigations. The Handbook of Electrochemistry serves as a source of electrochemical information, providing details of experimental considerations, representative calculations, and illustrations of the possibilities available in electrochemical experimentation. The book is divided into five parts: Fundamentals, Laboratory Practical, Techniques, Applications, and Data. The first section covers the fundamentals of electrochemistry which are essential for everyone working in the field, presenting an overview of electrochemical conventions, terminology, fundamental equations, and electrochemical cells, experiments, literature, textbooks, and specialized books. Part 2 focuses on the different laboratory aspects of electrochemistry which is followed by a review of the various electrochemical techniques ranging from classical experiments to scanning electrochemical microscopy, electrogenerated chemiluminesence and spectroelectrochemistry. Applications of electrochemistry include electrode kinetic determinations, unique aspects of metal deposition, and electrochemistry in small places and at novel interfaces and these are detailed in Part 4. The remaining three chapters provide useful electrochemical data and information involving electrode potentials, diffusion coefficients, and methods used in measuring liquid junction potentials. * serves as a source of electrochemical information * includes useful electrochemical data and information involving electrode potentials, diffusion coefficients, and methods used in measuring liquid junction potentials * reviews electrochemical techniques (incl. scanning electrochemical microscopy, electrogenerated chemiluminesence and spectroelectrochemistry)

Analytical Electrochemistry

Author: Joseph Wang

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 047179029X

Category: Science

Page: 272

View: 7528

Third Edition covers the latest advances in methodologies, sensors,detectors, and mIcrochips The greatly expanded Third Edition of this internationallyrespected text continues to provide readers with a completepanorama of electroanalytical techniques and devices, offering abalancebetween voltammetric and potentiometric techniques.Emphasizing electroanalysis rather than physical electrochemistry,readers gain a deep understanding of the fundamentals ofelectrodereactions and electrochemical methods. Moreover, readerslearn to apply their newfoundknowledge and skills to solvereal-world analytical problems. The text consists of six expertly crafted chapters: * Chapter 1 introduces fundamental aspects of electrode reactionsand the structure of the interfacial region * Chapter 2 studies electrode reactions and high-resolution surfacecharacterization, using techniques ranging from cyclic voltammetryto scanning probe microscopies * Chapter 3 features an overview of modern finite-currentcontrolled potential techniques * Chapter 4 presents electrochemical instrumentation and electrodematerials, including modified electrodes andultramicroelectrodes * Chapter 5 details the principles of potentiometric measurementsand various classes of ion selective electrodes * Chapter 6 explores the growing field of chemical sensors,including biosensors, gas sensors, microchip devices, and sensorarrays Among the new topics covered, readers discover DNA biosensors,impedance spectroscopy, detection of capillary electrophoresis,diamond electrodes, carbon-nanotube and nanoparticle-based arraysand devices, large-amplitude AC voltammetry, solid-stateion-selective electrodes, ion selective electrodes for traceanalysis, and lab-on-a-chip devices. New figures, worked examples,and end-of-chapter questions have also been added to thisedition. Given the rapid pace of discovery and growth of new applications inthe field, this text is essential for an up-to-date presentation ofthe latest advances in methodologies, sensors, detectors, andmicrochips. It is recommended for graduate-level courses inelectroanalytical chemistry and as a supplement for upper-levelundergraduate courses in instrumental analysis. The text also meetsthe reference needs for any industry, government, or academiclaboratory engaged in electroanalysis and biosensors.

Principles of Chemical Sensors

Author: Jiri Janata

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387699317

Category: Science

Page: 373

View: 4150

Do not learn the tricks of the trade, learn the trade I started teachinggraduate coursesin chemical sensors in early 1980s, ?rst as a o- quarter (30 h) class then as a semester course and also as several intensive, 4–5-day courses. Later I organized my lecture notes into the ?rst edition of this book, which was published by Plenum in 1989 under the title Principles of Chemical Sensors. I started working on the second edition in 2006. The new edition of Principles of Chemical Sensors is a teaching book, not a textbook. Let me explain the difference. Textbooks usually cover some more or less narrow subject in maximum depth. Such an approach is not possible here. The subject of chemical sensors is much too broad, spanning many aspects of physical and analytical chemistry, biochemistry, materials science, solid-state physics, optics, device fabrication, electrical engine- ing, statistical analysis, and so on. The challengefor me has been to present uniform logical coverage of such a large area. In spite of its relatively shallow depth, it is intended as a graduate course. At its present state the amount of material is more thancan be coveredin a one-semestercourse (45h). Two one-quartercourseswould be more appropriate. Because of the breadth of the material, the sensor course has a somewhat unexpected but, it is hoped, bene?cial effect.

Principles of Physical Chemistry

Author: Hans Kuhn,Horst-Dieter Försterling,David H. Waldeck

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470089644

Category: Science

Page: 1032

View: 5304

Principles of Physical Chemistry presents a novel approach to physical chemistry that emphasizes the use of a few fundamental principles to quantitatively describe the nature of molecules and their assemblies. It begins with atoms and molecules, using the electron-in-a-box model to illustrate the essential features of quantum mechanics and why atoms and molecules exist. Thermodynamics is not introduced in the classical manner, considering the first and second law as postulates, but approached by studying assemblies of molecules statistically. The authors proceed to molecular assemblies of increasing complexity, evolving from ideal gases to real gases and solutions, then to macromolecules and supramolecular machines, and ending with the search for the logical conditions and chemical requirements for physicochemical processes leading to life's origin, the emergence of matter that carries information. This text is ideal for both undergraduate and graduate courses in physical chemistry, providing a basis for understanding the nature of chemical processes in biology, chemistry, and engineering.

Electrochemistry for the Environment

Author: Christos Comninellis,Guohua Chen

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387683188

Category: Science

Page: 563

View: 7263

Wastewater treatment technology is undergoing a profound transformation due to the fundamental changes in regulations governing the discharge and disposal of h- ardous pollutants. Established design procedures and criteria, which have served the industry well for decades, can no longer meet the ever-increasing demand. Toxicity reduction requirements dictate in the development of new technologies for the treatment of these toxic pollutants in a safe and cost-effective manner. Fo- most among these technologies are electrochemical processes. While electrochemical technologies have been known and utilized for the tre- ment of wastewater containing heavy metal cations, the application of these p- cesses is only just a beginning to be developed for the oxidation of recalcitrant organic pollutants. In fact, only recently the electrochemical oxidation process has been rec- nized as an advanced oxidation process (AOP). This is due to the development of boron-doped diamond (BDD) anodes on which the oxidation of organic pollutants is mediated via the formation of active hydroxyl radicals.

Electrochemistry

A Reformulation of the Basic Principles

Author: H. G. Hertz

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642865348

Category: Science

Page: 257

View: 1837

In this book a presentation of a phenomenological theory of elec trochemistry is given. More precisely, it should be stated that only one part of the whole field of electrochemistry is developed. It is the purpose of this treatment to describe the interconnection between the electric current in a composite thermodynamic system and the rate of production of a certain substance on the one side, the rate of deple tion of another substance on the other side, and the work per unit time which has to be delivered to or is supplied by the system. The last part of this programme leads to the computation of the electric potential or the electromotive force of a typical arrangement called a galvanic cell. It will only be the electric current~ which is considered, not the change of the electric current per unit time, i.e. d~/P{t • The vari ation of Jz with time would have to be the subject of the second part of this new treatment of electrochemistry.

Electrochemical Techniques in Corrosion Science and Engineering

Author: Robert G. Kelly,John R. Scully,David Shoesmith,Rudolph G. Buchheit

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0824743229

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 440

View: 9632

This book describes the origin, use, and limitations of electrochemical phase diagrams, testing schemes for active, passive, and localized corrosion, the development and electrochemical characterization of passivity, and methods in process alteration, failure prediction, and materials selection. It offers useful guidelines for assessing the efficacy of corrosion inhibitors and coatings for metals and alloys, developing effective corrosion prediction models, calculating the corrosion rates of various materials, determining the resistance of alloys to pitting and crevice corrosion, and considering current and potential distribution effects on corrosion.

Industrial Electrochemistry

Author: D. Pletcher,F.C. Walsh

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401121540

Category: Science

Page: 672

View: 6462

The objective of this second edition remains the discussion of the many diverse roles of electrochemical technology in industry. Throughout the book, the intention is to emphasize that the applications, though extremely diverse, all are on the same principles of electrochemistry and electrochemical engineer based ing. Those familiar with the first edition will note a significant increase in the number of pages. The most obvious addition is the separate chapter on electrochemical sensors but, in fact, all chapters have been reviewed thoroughly and many have been altered substantially. These changes to the book partly reflect the different view of a second author as well as comments from students and friends. Also, they arise inevitably from the vitality and strength of electrochemical technology; in addition to important improvements in tech nology, new electrolytic processes and electrochemical devices continue to be reported. In the preface to the first edition it was stated: . . . the future for electrochemical technology is bright and there is a general expectation that new applications of electrochemistry will become economic as the world responds to the challenge of more expensive energy, of the need to develop new materials and to exploit different chemical feedstocks and of the necessity to protect the environment. The preparation of this second edition, seven years after these words were written, provided an occasion to review the progress of industrial electro chemistry.

Semiconductor Electrochemistry

Author: Rüdiger Memming

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527688714

Category: Science

Page: 484

View: 3930

Providing both an introduction and an up-to-date survey of the entire field, this text captivates the reader with its clear style and inspiring, yet solid presentation. The significantly expanded second edition of this milestone work is supplemented by a completely new chapter on the hot topic of nanoparticles and includes the latest insights into the deposition of dye layers on semiconductor electrodes. In his monograph, the acknowledged expert Professor Memming primarily addresses physical and electrochemists, but materials scientists, physicists, and engineers dealing with semiconductor technology and its applications will also benefit greatly from the contents.

Interfacial Electrochemistry

Theory: Experiment, and Applications

Author: Andrzej Wieckowski

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780824760007

Category: Science

Page: 992

View: 7408

This text probes topics and reviews progress in interfacial electrochemistry. It supplies chapter abstracts to give readers a concise overview of individual subjects and there are more than 1500 drawings, photographs, micrographs, tables and equations. The 118 contributors are international scholars who present theory, experimentation and applications.

The Basics of Chemistry

Author: Richard Myers

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780313316647

Category: Science

Page: 373

View: 7290

Written for students beginning a formal study of chemistry, this volume encompasses many different topics in and approaches to introductory chemistry. Chapters are devoted to topics such as the atom, elements and the periodic table, bonding, equilibrium and kinetics, solutions, acids and bases, and chemical reactions. Several chapters discuss broad areas of chemistry including organic chemistry, biochemistry, environmental chemistry, and industrial chemistry. Illustrations and diagrams help the student understand chemical structures and reactions, and numerous tables present a wealth of reference information. The historical developments of chemical concepts are traced, and biographical information is provided on key individuals responsible for the development of modern chemistry. Appendices include an extensive bibliography, a glossary of over 400 chemical terms, an overview of Nobel laureates in chemistry, and an element reference table. This book will be of use not only to students, but also to anyone seeking an overview of the field. Teachers of all grades can use Basics of Chemistry as a practical general reference.

Comprehensive Treatise of Electrochemistry

Volume 10 Bioelectrochemistry

Author: Peter Horsman,Brian E. Conway,E. Yeager

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780306415418

Category: Science

Page: 564

View: 2379

1.1. Definition of Terms-Thrombosis, Thromboembolic Disease, Atherosclerosis, and Blood Clotting The terms heart attack or myocardial infarction are more commonly used than thrombosis. The infarct-muscle destruction is simply the end result and thrombosis is the real cause of the heart attack. Thrombosis may be defined as the process of formation of a coalescent or agglutinated solid mass of blood components in the blood stream. Thrombi formed in either arteries or veins often cause occlusion in the vascular system and prevent blood flow. Obstruc to the blood vessel usually occurs at the site where the thrombi deposit. tion Furthermore, thrombi may break loose, travel through the circulating blood stream, and cause obstruction at some distal point of narrowing elsewhere. The mass or thrombus that moves is referred to as an "embolus." The two phenomena are lumped together under the term thromboembolic disease. Thrombosis that reduces blood supply to the heart is the primary factor in heart attacks.