Principles of electrochemistry

Author: Jiří Koryta,Jiří Dvořák,Ladislav Kavan

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Inc

ISBN: 9780471937135

Category: Science

Page: 486

View: 5287

Presents electron transfer & double-layer theories in an understandable manner while keeping mathematics to a minimum. Revised & expanded, this edition features a number of new sections which deal with electrochemical materials science, photoelectrochemistry, stochastic processes, novel aspects of ion transfer across biological membranes, biosensors & more.

Principles and Applications of Electrochemistry, 4th Edition

Author: D.R. Crow

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351422081

Category: Science

Page: 282

View: 4430

This introduction to the principles and application of electrochemistry is presented in a manner designed for undergraduates in chemistry and related fields. The author covers the essential aspects of the subject and points the way to further study, his concern being with the overall shape of electrochemistry, its coherence and its wider application. This edition differs from its predecessors in having principles and applications separated, and greater prominence is given to areas such as electrochemical sensors and electroanalytical techniques, of which a number of modern methods were not included in previous editions. A range of numerical problems and outline solutions is provided for each chapter to cover most situations that a student might encounter.

Handbook of Electrochemistry

Author: Cynthia G. Zoski

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0444519580

Category: Science

Page: 892

View: 3342

Electrochemistry plays a key role in a broad range of research and applied areas including the exploration of new inorganic and organic compounds, biochemical and biological systems, corrosion, energy applications involving fuel cells and solar cells, and nanoscale investigations. The Handbook of Electrochemistry serves as a source of electrochemical information, providing details of experimental considerations, representative calculations, and illustrations of the possibilities available in electrochemical experimentation. The book is divided into five parts: Fundamentals, Laboratory Practical, Techniques, Applications, and Data. The first section covers the fundamentals of electrochemistry which are essential for everyone working in the field, presenting an overview of electrochemical conventions, terminology, fundamental equations, and electrochemical cells, experiments, literature, textbooks, and specialized books. Part 2 focuses on the different laboratory aspects of electrochemistry which is followed by a review of the various electrochemical techniques ranging from classical experiments to scanning electrochemical microscopy, electrogenerated chemiluminesence and spectroelectrochemistry. Applications of electrochemistry include electrode kinetic determinations, unique aspects of metal deposition, and electrochemistry in small places and at novel interfaces and these are detailed in Part 4. The remaining three chapters provide useful electrochemical data and information involving electrode potentials, diffusion coefficients, and methods used in measuring liquid junction potentials. * serves as a source of electrochemical information * includes useful electrochemical data and information involving electrode potentials, diffusion coefficients, and methods used in measuring liquid junction potentials * reviews electrochemical techniques (incl. scanning electrochemical microscopy, electrogenerated chemiluminesence and spectroelectrochemistry)

Broadening Electrochemical Horizons

Principles and Illustration of Voltammetric and Related Techniques

Author: Alan Maxwell Bond

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780198504771

Category: Science

Page: 513

View: 6829

Electrochemistry is a well established discipline that has encompassed both applied and fundamental aspects of chemistry courses for nearly a century. In recent years, however, it has become obvious that even broader applications of this valuable technique are now available to advance knowledge and solve problems in organic, inorganic and biological chemistry. In this book, it is shown how a range of limitations that historically have restricted the use of voltammetric and related electrochemical techniques have been removed or minimised so that it is now possible to work in the gas and solid phases as well as the traditional liquid phase. Significant advances in theory, instrumentation and electrode design have also made the technique more user-friendly. The initial chapters of this book describe the basic theory and philosophy behind the modern, widespread use of voltammetric techniques. The later chapters provide examples of new areas of application and predict future possibilities for this exciting area.

Analytical Electrochemistry

Author: Joseph Wang

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 047179029X

Category: Science

Page: 272

View: 9868

Third Edition covers the latest advances in methodologies, sensors,detectors, and mIcrochips The greatly expanded Third Edition of this internationallyrespected text continues to provide readers with a completepanorama of electroanalytical techniques and devices, offering abalancebetween voltammetric and potentiometric techniques.Emphasizing electroanalysis rather than physical electrochemistry,readers gain a deep understanding of the fundamentals ofelectrodereactions and electrochemical methods. Moreover, readerslearn to apply their newfoundknowledge and skills to solvereal-world analytical problems. The text consists of six expertly crafted chapters: * Chapter 1 introduces fundamental aspects of electrode reactionsand the structure of the interfacial region * Chapter 2 studies electrode reactions and high-resolution surfacecharacterization, using techniques ranging from cyclic voltammetryto scanning probe microscopies * Chapter 3 features an overview of modern finite-currentcontrolled potential techniques * Chapter 4 presents electrochemical instrumentation and electrodematerials, including modified electrodes andultramicroelectrodes * Chapter 5 details the principles of potentiometric measurementsand various classes of ion selective electrodes * Chapter 6 explores the growing field of chemical sensors,including biosensors, gas sensors, microchip devices, and sensorarrays Among the new topics covered, readers discover DNA biosensors,impedance spectroscopy, detection of capillary electrophoresis,diamond electrodes, carbon-nanotube and nanoparticle-based arraysand devices, large-amplitude AC voltammetry, solid-stateion-selective electrodes, ion selective electrodes for traceanalysis, and lab-on-a-chip devices. New figures, worked examples,and end-of-chapter questions have also been added to thisedition. Given the rapid pace of discovery and growth of new applications inthe field, this text is essential for an up-to-date presentation ofthe latest advances in methodologies, sensors, detectors, andmicrochips. It is recommended for graduate-level courses inelectroanalytical chemistry and as a supplement for upper-levelundergraduate courses in instrumental analysis. The text also meetsthe reference needs for any industry, government, or academiclaboratory engaged in electroanalysis and biosensors.

Principles of Chemical Sensors

Author: Jiri Janata

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387699317

Category: Science

Page: 373

View: 1928

Do not learn the tricks of the trade, learn the trade I started teachinggraduate coursesin chemical sensors in early 1980s, ?rst as a o- quarter (30 h) class then as a semester course and also as several intensive, 4–5-day courses. Later I organized my lecture notes into the ?rst edition of this book, which was published by Plenum in 1989 under the title Principles of Chemical Sensors. I started working on the second edition in 2006. The new edition of Principles of Chemical Sensors is a teaching book, not a textbook. Let me explain the difference. Textbooks usually cover some more or less narrow subject in maximum depth. Such an approach is not possible here. The subject of chemical sensors is much too broad, spanning many aspects of physical and analytical chemistry, biochemistry, materials science, solid-state physics, optics, device fabrication, electrical engine- ing, statistical analysis, and so on. The challengefor me has been to present uniform logical coverage of such a large area. In spite of its relatively shallow depth, it is intended as a graduate course. At its present state the amount of material is more thancan be coveredin a one-semestercourse (45h). Two one-quartercourseswould be more appropriate. Because of the breadth of the material, the sensor course has a somewhat unexpected but, it is hoped, bene?cial effect.

Electrochemistry for the Environment

Author: Christos Comninellis,Guohua Chen

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387683188

Category: Science

Page: 563

View: 1036

Wastewater treatment technology is undergoing a profound transformation due to the fundamental changes in regulations governing the discharge and disposal of h- ardous pollutants. Established design procedures and criteria, which have served the industry well for decades, can no longer meet the ever-increasing demand. Toxicity reduction requirements dictate in the development of new technologies for the treatment of these toxic pollutants in a safe and cost-effective manner. Fo- most among these technologies are electrochemical processes. While electrochemical technologies have been known and utilized for the tre- ment of wastewater containing heavy metal cations, the application of these p- cesses is only just a beginning to be developed for the oxidation of recalcitrant organic pollutants. In fact, only recently the electrochemical oxidation process has been rec- nized as an advanced oxidation process (AOP). This is due to the development of boron-doped diamond (BDD) anodes on which the oxidation of organic pollutants is mediated via the formation of active hydroxyl radicals.

Electrochemistry and Corrosion Science

Author: Nestor Perez

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402078609

Category: Science

Page: 362

View: 8318

Electrochemistry and Corrosion Science is a graduate level text/professional reference that describes the types of corrosion on metallic materials. The focus will be on modeling and engineering approximation schemes that describe the thermodynamics and kinetics of electrochemical systems. The principles of corrosion behavior and metal recovery are succinctly described with the aid of pictures, figures, graphs and schematic models, followed by derivation of equations to quantify relevant parameters. Example problems are included to illustrate the application of electrochemical concepts and mathematics for solving complex corrosion problems. This book differs from others in that the subject matter is organized around the modeling and predicating approaches that are used to determine detrimental and beneficial electrochemical events. Thus, this book will take a more practical approach and make it especially useful as a basic text and reference for professional engineers.

Electrochemistry of Metal Chalcogenides

Author: Mirtat Bouroushian

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642039676

Category: Science

Page: 358

View: 5745

The author provides a unified account of the electrochemical material science of metal chalcogenide (MCh) compounds and alloys with regard to their synthesis, processing and applications. Starting with the chemical fundamentals of the chalcogens and their major compounds, the initial part of the book includes a systematic description of the MCh solids on the basis of the Periodic Table in terms of their structures and key properties. This is followed by a general discussion on the electrochemistry of chalcogen species, and the principles underlying the electrochemical formation of inorganic compounds/alloys. The core of the book offers an insight into available experimental results and inferences regarding the electrochemical preparation and microstructural control of conventional and novel MCh structures. It also aims to survey their photoelectrochemistry, both from a material-oriented point of view and as connected to specific processes such as photocatalysis and solar energy conversion. Finally, the book illustrates the relevance of MCh materials to various applications of electrochemical interest such as (electro)catalysis in fuel cells, energy storage with intercalation electrodes, and ion sensing.

Electrochemistry for Materials Science

Author: Walfried Plieth

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080556253

Category: Science

Page: 420

View: 6437

This book introduces the principles of electrochemistry with a special emphasis on materials science. This book is clearly organized around the main topic areas comprising electrolytes, electrodes, development of the potential differences in combining electrolytes with electrodes, the electrochemical double layer, mass transport, and charge transfer, making the subject matter more accessible. In the second part, several important areas for materials science are described in more detail. These chapters bridge the gap between the introductory textbooks and the more specialized literature. They feature the electrodeposition of metals and alloys, electrochemistry of oxides and semiconductors, intrinsically conducting polymers, and aspects of nanotechnology with an emphasis on the codeposition of nanoparticles. This book provides a good introduction into electrochemistry for the graduate student. For the research student as well as for the advanced reader there is sufficient information on the basic problems in special chapters. The book is suitable for students and researchers in chemistry, physics, engineering, as well as materials science. - Introduction into electrochemistry - Metal and alloy electrodeposition - Oxides and semiconductors, corrosion - Intrinsically conducting polymers - Codeposition of nanoparticles, multilayers

Principles of Physical Chemistry

Author: Hans Kuhn,Horst-Dieter Försterling,David H. Waldeck

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470089644

Category: Science

Page: 1032

View: 4892

Principles of Physical Chemistry presents a novel approach to physical chemistry that emphasizes the use of a few fundamental principles to quantitatively describe the nature of molecules and their assemblies. It begins with atoms and molecules, using the electron-in-a-box model to illustrate the essential features of quantum mechanics and why atoms and molecules exist. Thermodynamics is not introduced in the classical manner, considering the first and second law as postulates, but approached by studying assemblies of molecules statistically. The authors proceed to molecular assemblies of increasing complexity, evolving from ideal gases to real gases and solutions, then to macromolecules and supramolecular machines, and ending with the search for the logical conditions and chemical requirements for physicochemical processes leading to life's origin, the emergence of matter that carries information. This text is ideal for both undergraduate and graduate courses in physical chemistry, providing a basis for understanding the nature of chemical processes in biology, chemistry, and engineering.

Industrial Electrochemistry

Author: D. Pletcher,F.C. Walsh

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401121540

Category: Science

Page: 672

View: 1261

The objective of this second edition remains the discussion of the many diverse roles of electrochemical technology in industry. Throughout the book, the intention is to emphasize that the applications, though extremely diverse, all are on the same principles of electrochemistry and electrochemical engineer based ing. Those familiar with the first edition will note a significant increase in the number of pages. The most obvious addition is the separate chapter on electrochemical sensors but, in fact, all chapters have been reviewed thoroughly and many have been altered substantially. These changes to the book partly reflect the different view of a second author as well as comments from students and friends. Also, they arise inevitably from the vitality and strength of electrochemical technology; in addition to important improvements in tech nology, new electrolytic processes and electrochemical devices continue to be reported. In the preface to the first edition it was stated: . . . the future for electrochemical technology is bright and there is a general expectation that new applications of electrochemistry will become economic as the world responds to the challenge of more expensive energy, of the need to develop new materials and to exploit different chemical feedstocks and of the necessity to protect the environment. The preparation of this second edition, seven years after these words were written, provided an occasion to review the progress of industrial electro chemistry.

Self-Organization in Electrochemical Systems I

General Principles of Self-organization. Temporal Instabilities

Author: Marek Orlik

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642276733

Category: Science

Page: 528

View: 6153

This is the first of two volumes offering the very first comprehensive treatise of self-organization and non-linear dynamics in electrochemical systems. The second volume covers spatiotemporal patterns and the control of chaos. The content of both volumes is organized so that each description of a particular electrochemical system is preceded by an introduction to basic concepts of nonlinear dynamics, in order to help the reader unfamiliar with this discipline to understand at least fundamental concepts and the methods of stability analysis. The presentation of the systems is not limited to laboratory models but stretches out to real-life objects and processes, including systems of biological importance, such as neurons in living matter. Marek Orlik presents a comprehensive and consistent survey of the field.

Electrochemical Techniques in Corrosion Science and Engineering

Author: Robert G. Kelly,John R. Scully,David Shoesmith,Rudolph G. Buchheit

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0824743229

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 440

View: 6518

This book describes the origin, use, and limitations of electrochemical phase diagrams, testing schemes for active, passive, and localized corrosion, the development and electrochemical characterization of passivity, and methods in process alteration, failure prediction, and materials selection. It offers useful guidelines for assessing the efficacy of corrosion inhibitors and coatings for metals and alloys, developing effective corrosion prediction models, calculating the corrosion rates of various materials, determining the resistance of alloys to pitting and crevice corrosion, and considering current and potential distribution effects on corrosion.