Principles of Biochemical Toxicology, Third Edition

Author: John Timbrell

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0748407367

Category: Medical

Page: 404

View: 2695

Research into the biochemical basis of toxicology has expanded rapidly over recent years, amidst concerns over the adverse effects of drugs, environmental pollution and occupational hazards. Following on from the acclaimed first two editions of Principles of Biochemical Toxicology, John Timbrell has expanded the text to include: summary sections questions and model answers thoroughly revised artwork These features, plus the new easy-to-read format will make biochemical toxicology more accessible to undergraduates and postgraduates coming across the subject for the first time, particularly when undertaking self-directed study. This comprehensive textbook provides a thorough explanation of dose-response relationships; disposition and metabolism; toxic responses to foreign compounds, and detailed examples to illustrate mechanisms of toxicity. There is also an expanded and updated bibliography, directing the reader to further reading if required. Students and lecturers will find the clear and concise approach, which established this book as the leading textbook in its field, an essential aid to learning and teaching.

Molecular and Biochemical Toxicology

Author: Robert C. Smart,Ernest Hodgson

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118679725

Category: Science

Page: 944

View: 8746

An essential resource for graduate students, academic and industrial toxicologists, and environmental health scientists and professionals Over the course of thirty years and three editions, Introduction to Biochemical Toxicology has been an important source for coverage of the ongoing quest to define the biochemical, cellular, and molecular events induced by toxicants at the cellular and organismic levels. Now, as the principles and methods of molecular and cellular biology as well as genomic sciences play an ever increasing role in mechanistic toxicology, significant changes have been made to the book, resulting in this important new edition-now titled Molecular and Biochemical Toxicology, Fourth Edition. Much more than an introductory text, this crucial new edition has been completely revised to provide timely and thorough coverage of the underlying biochemical, molecular, and cellular mechanisms through which toxicants produce their adverse effects. Toxicological issues are covered from the molecule to the cell to the organ level. Complex methods used in toxicology are also described in a straightforward, easy-to-understand style. Additional features of this new edition include: New chapters that explore the interface between toxicology and genomic sciences, including: bioinformatics, proteomics, metabolomics, and toxicogenomics Increased emphasis on structure, mechanism, and regulation of xenobiotic metabolizing enzymes, toxicogenetics, and xenobiotic transporters Additional new chapters on: molecular epidemiology and genetic susceptibility, DNA damage and mutagenesis, DNA repair, mechanisms of cell death, mitochondrial dysfunction, metals, reproductive toxicology, developmental toxicology, and reactive oxygen/metabolites and toxicity Molecular and Biochemical Toxicology, Fourth Edition guides graduate students, toxicologists, and environmental health professionals through the principles of molecular and biochemical toxicology and the complex mechanisms of toxicity. Whether it's used in the classroom or in industry, research, or academia, this book is essential for anyone interested in understanding the molecular mechanisms through which toxicants produce adverse effects.

An Introduction to Environmental Toxicology Second Edition

Author: Michael H. Dong

Publisher: Createspace Independent Pub

ISBN: 9781477666487

Category: Medical

Page: 500

View: 5319

An Introduction to Environmental Toxicology Second Edition, like the first (student) edition, provides a general introductory text on the basic concepts of and general principles for environmental toxicology. To this end, the book is organized into 23 chapters in four parts:I. Toxicologic Concepts and Environmental Concerns (Chapters 1 – 5);II. Bioaccumulation and Biodisposition of Toxicants (Chapters 6 – 10);III. Nature and Effects of Environmental Toxicants (Chapters 11 – 17); andIV. General Considerations and Special Foci (Chapters 18 – 23).The book is an introduction to the basic principles, concepts, and issues for and of environmental toxicology intended for undergraduates majoring in environmental toxicology, environmental sciences, or a related field, as well as for graduate students taking a course in environmental toxicology as an elective. The book is also intended as a supplementary reading material for students whose instructor prefers to use her/his own lecture notes as text materials for their course. Students using this book are expected to have already completed a course in general biology and a course in general chemistry.The book is written as a primer covering lecture materials for a course of 3 to 6 semester units. The 23 chapters, totaling more than 450 pages, are arranged in a way that the reader is provided with the best flow and mode of comprehension, with each chapter including a set of review questions. Listed below are the chapter titles: 1. Scope and Principles for Environmental Toxicology 2. Environmental Changes and Environmental Health 3. Environmental Pollution and Regulatory Agencies 4. Occurrence and Types of Environmental Toxicants 5. Fate and Transport of Toxicants in the Environment 6. Bioaccumulation of Persistent Environmental Toxicants 7. Uptake and Distribution of Toxicants 8. Metabolism/Biotransformation of Xenobiotics 9. Adverse Action/Toxic Response10. Factors and Conditions Affecting Toxicity11. Air Pollutants – I. Inorganic Gases12. Air Pollutants – II. Particulate Matter13. Volatile Organic Compounds14. Toxic and Radioactive Metals15. Pesticides and Pesticide Residues16. Persistent Toxic Substances17. Biological and Physical Toxic Agents18. Environmental Mutagenesis/Carcinogenesis19. Reproductive Toxicity and Endocrine Disruption20. Industrial Chemicals/Occupational Toxicology21. Food Toxicants/Toxic Household Substances22. Human Health Aspects of Ecotoxicology23. Environmental Health Risk Assessment

Biochemical Ecotoxicology

Principles and Methods

Author: Francois Gagne

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 012411623X

Category: Medical

Page: 282

View: 9586

Biochemical Ecotoxicology: Principles and Methods presents practical approaches to biochemical ecotoxicology experiments for environmental protection and conservation. With its methodical, stepped approach this essential reference introduces readers to current techniques for toxicity endpoint testing, suitable for laboratories of any size and budget. Each chapter presents a state-of-the-art principle, a quick and inexpensive procedure (including appropriate reagents), case studies, and demonstrations on how to analyze your results. Generic techniques are covered, suitable for a variety of organisms, as well as high-throughput techniques like quantitative polymerase chain reactions and enzyme-linked immunoassays. Cutting-edge approaches, including gPCR arrays and lipidomic techniques, are also included, making this is an essential reference for anyone who needs to assess environmental toxicity. Practical, cost-effective approaches to assess environmental toxicity endpoints for all types of organism Presents theory, methods, case studies and information on how to analyze results State-of-the-art techniques, such as ‘omics’ approaches to toxicology

Introduction to Toxicology, Third Edition

Author: John Timbrell

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780415247634

Category: Medical

Page: 215

View: 1409

Since the publication of the first edition of Introduction to Toxicology , toxicology has become a more mature science, the number of undergraduate and postgraduate courses has increased and thus the need for a regularly updated introductory text has become more pressing. This third edition caters for this need in a clear and easy-to-read style, featuring: * Up-to-the-minute information * Relevant toxicological examples that reinforce principles * End-of-chapter essay questions * New and redrawn illustrations * Glossary of terms * Extensively revised bibliography The fundamental principles of absorption, distribution, metabolism and excretion are described in the introductory chapters, as are the types of exposure and response. In subsequent chapters these are clarified with the use of carefully chosen examples. Among the topics considered are the potential adverse effects of drugs, pesticides, food additives and industrial chemicals.

Handbook on the Toxicology of Metals

Author: Monica Nordberg,Gunnar F. Nordberg,Bruce A. Fowler,Lars Friberg

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080546100

Category: Science

Page: 1024

View: 5434

Handbook of the Toxicology of Metals is the standard reference work for physicians, toxicologists and engineers in the field of environmental and occupational health. This new edition is a comprehensive review of the effects on biological systems from metallic elements and their compounds. An entirely new structure and illustrations represent the vast array of advancements made since the last edition. Special emphasis has been placed on the toxic effects in humans with chapters on the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of metal poisoning. This up-to-date reference provides easy access to a broad range of basic toxicological data and also gives a general introduction to the toxicology of metallic compounds. * Covers up-to-date toxicological information on 31 metallic elements and their compounds, each in a separate chapter * New chapters on general chemistry, biological monitoring and biomarkers, essential metals, principles for prevention of the toxic effects of metals, and more

Principles of Ecotoxicology, Fourth Edition

Author: C.H. Walker,R.M. Sibly,S.P. Hopkin,D.B. Peakall

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1466502606

Category: Science

Page: 386

View: 7701

Cutting across traditional subject boundaries, Principles of Ecotoxicology, Fourth Edition gives readers an integrated view of ecotoxicology, from molecules to ecosystems. This new edition of a bestselling textbook continues to emphasize principles rather than practice, providing the interdisciplinary perspective and grounding required for research. Organized into three sections, the book first describes the molecular structures, properties, and environmental fate of pollutants. It then deals with the effects of pollutants on living organisms at the molecular, cellular, and individual levels. Moving into population biology and population genetics, the third part of the book addresses a question of great interest to ecologists: What effects do pollutants have at the levels of population, community, and the whole ecosystem? The book also looks at how ecotoxicology is used in the biomonitoring of environmental pollution, the investigation of pollution problems, the conducting of field trials, the study of the development of resistance, and the growing area of environmental risk assessments. Throughout, examples and case studies illustrate the principles. This updated fourth edition includes new material on nanoparticle pollution, bioaccumulation, biomarkers, and chemical warfare in nature, as well as a new chapter on the future directions of ecotoxicology. A concise textbook that will also appeal to practicing ecotoxicologists, it provides a solid basis for understanding what happens to chemicals in the real world, where they go, how they ultimately degrade, and how they affect the individuals and populations that encounter them. What’s New in This Edition Revised and updated material throughout A chapter on future directions of ecotoxicology New material on nanoparticle pollution and chemical warfare in nature Expanded coverage of bioaccumulation, biomarkers, and risk assessment for affected populations More case studies, many from the United States Discussion of neurotoxic and behavioral effects of pollutants Recent research on the decline of vultures and effects of neonicotinoids on bees Organic Pollutants: An Ecotoxicological Perspective, Second Edition (CRC Press, 2008), a companion volume to this book, covers the mechanistic aspects of ecotoxicology in more depth.

Information Resources in Toxicology

Author: Philip Wexler

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0127447709

Category: Medical

Page: 921

View: 1658

Information Resources in Toxicology, Third Edition is a sourcebook for anyone who needs to know where to find toxicology information. It provides an up-to-date selective guide to a large variety of sources--books, journals, organizations, audiovisuals, internet and electronic sources, and more. For the Third Edition, the editors have selected, organized, and updated the most relevant information available. New information on grants and other funding opportunities, physical hazards, patent literature, and technical reports have also been added. This comprehensive, time-saving tool is ideal for toxicologists, pharmacologists, drug companies, testing labs, libraries, poison control centers, physicians, legal and regulatory professionals, and chemists. Key Features * Serves as an all-in-one resource for toxicology information * New edition includes information on publishers, grants and other funding opportunities, physical hazards, patent literature, and technical reports * Updated to include the latest internet and electronic sources, e-mail addresses, etc. * Provides valuable data about the new fields that have emerged within toxicological research; namely, the biochemical, cellular, molecular, and genetic aspects

The Poison Paradox

Chemicals as Friends and Foes

Author: John Timbrell

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0192804952

Category: Science

Page: 348

View: 8272

Using reported disasters and everyday examples, this book examines both natural and man-made chemicals that we are exposed to. Illuminating the world of toxicology, it explains how they are toxic and the different reactions that individuals have to them. It also aims to debunk the popular belief that 'Natural is good, Man-made is bad'.

Clarke's Analytical Forensic Toxicology

Author: Gail Cooper,Adam Negrusz

Publisher: Pharmaceutical Press

ISBN: 0857110543

Category: Medical

Page: 656

View: 3198

Clarke's Analytical Forensic Toxicology offers a fresh perspective on the drugs and poisons that are most likely to be encountered in forensic toxicology. It focuses on collection, extraction and analysis. This second edition is fully updated to reflect advances in analytical and forensic toxicology. New and extended chapters include: sampling, storage and stability; in-utero exposure to drugs of abuse; drug-facilitated sexual assault; extraction. Additional features are included from the fourth edition of Clarke's Analysis of Drugs and Poisons.

Introduction to toxicology

Author: John A. Timbrell

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780850664263

Category: Medical

Page: 155

View: 5347

Since the publication of the first edition of Introduction to Toxicology, toxicology has become a more mature science, the number of undergraduate and postgraduate courses has increased and thus the need for a regularly updated introductory text has become more pressing. This third edition caters for this need in a clear and easy-to-read style, featuring: * Up-to-the-minute information* Relevant toxicological examples that reinforce principles* End-of-chapter essay questions* New and redrawn illustrations* Glossary of terms* Extensively revised bibliography The fundamental principles of absorption, distribution, metabolism and excretion are described in the introductory chapters, as are the types of exposure and response. In subsequent chapters these are clarified with the use of carefully chosen examples. Among the topics considered are the potential adverse effects of drugs, pesticides, food additives and industrial chemicals.

A Textbook of Modern Toxicology

Author: Ernest Hodgson

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118211294

Category: Science

Page: 672

View: 9239

A Textbook of Modern Toxicology is a unique resource that provides both students and practitioners with a wide-ranging, accessible overview of the discipline. Suitable for courses in environmental, pharmacological, medical, and veterinary toxicology, this essential text features chapters written by experts who address a range of key topics. The Fourth Edition includes additional chapters on new approaches to toxicology - molecular methods (-omics: toxicogenomics, proteomics, and metabolomics), bioinformatics, and systems biology – and continues the legacy of its predecessors to provide up-to-date insights into acute toxicity and chemical carcinogenesis, organ toxicity, in vitro and in vivo toxicity testing, ecological risk assessment, and many other areas of toxicology that help foster a solid comprehension of the field. Also featured in the Fourth Edition are end-of-chapter questions and a Solutions Manual available separately for academic adopters.

The Practice of Medicinal Chemistry

Author: Camille Georges Wermuth,David Aldous,Pierre Raboisson,Didier Rognan

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 012417213X

Category: Science

Page: 902

View: 5979

The Practice of Medicinal Chemistry, Fourth Edition provides a practical and comprehensive overview of the daily issues facing pharmaceutical researchers and chemists. In addition to its thorough treatment of basic medicinal chemistry principles, this updated edition has been revised to provide new and expanded coverage of the latest technologies and approaches in drug discovery. With topics like high content screening, scoring, docking, binding free energy calculations, polypharmacology, QSAR, chemical collections and databases, and much more, this book is the go-to reference for all academic and pharmaceutical researchers who need a complete understanding of medicinal chemistry and its application to drug discovery and development. Includes updated and expanded material on systems biology, chemogenomics, computer-aided drug design, and other important recent advances in the field Incorporates extensive color figures, case studies, and practical examples to help users gain a further understanding of key concepts Provides high-quality content in a comprehensive manner, including contributions from international chapter authors to illustrate the global nature of medicinal chemistry and drug development research An image bank is available for instructors at www.textbooks.elsevier.com

Cytochrome P450

Structure, Mechanism, and Biochemistry

Author: Paul R. Ortiz de Montellano

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1475723911

Category: Medical

Page: 652

View: 7595

In the ten years that have elapsed since the first edition of this book went to press, the cytochrome P450 field has completed the transition to a discipline in which structure and mechanism, even regulation and biological function, are dealt with in molecular terms. The twin forces that have propelled this remarkable progress have been the widespread adoption of molecular biological approaches and the successful application of modem structural techniques. Only a few P450 primary sequences were available in 1985, whereas hundreds of P450 sequences are now available. Site-specific mutagenesis was then mostly a proverbial gleam in the eye of the P450 community, but it is now a standard technique in the research repertoire. The first crystal structure of a cytochrome P450 enzyme had just been solved in 1985 and appeared on the cover of the first edition. Today, the high-reso lution crystal structures of four soluble bacterial P450 enzymes are available and the race is on to develop approaches that will permit us to determine the structures of the membrane-bound forms of the enzyme. The past ten years has seen phenomenal progress let us hope that the next ten will prove equally exciting. The book is informally divided into four sections. In order to hold the book close to the advancing front of research, some of the chapter topics from the first edition have been dropped to make room for new or expanded topics.

Cytochromes P450

Role in the Metabolism and Toxicity of Drugs and other Xenobiotics

Author: Costas Ioannides

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 1847558429

Category: Science

Page: 544

View: 5278

During half a century, cytochrome P450 in its original uniqueness as an optically "wrong" cytochrome has attracted many investigators, who have contributed to the unveiling of a bewildering multiplicity of biologically important functions of the, by now very large, superfamily of cytochrome P 450 enzymes. With its discovery in 1958 and with the advent of more refined spectroscopic methodologies, through the double wavelength spectrophotometry, the mysterious enzyme system began to reveal its secrets in a swift stream of investigative successes. As one of the most extensively studied enzyme systems worldwide the interest in cytochromes P450 very much reflects its importance in the elimination of drugs and other chemicals from the body and its role in chemical toxicity and in the aetiology of diseases such as cancer. There has been significant progress in research in this area in recent years and current books on this subject are now out of date. This much needed, new, fully up-to-date publication fills this gap and emphasises the new relevant topics that have emerged during the last decade in an easily accessible manner. The enzyme system, cytochromes P450, comprises a number of families/subfamilies, and the focus of the book is to deal with each individually, furnishing information directly relevant to scientists involved in the development of chemicals, in particular in the evaluation of their safety. The book has contributions from internationally respected scientists who are research-active in the relevant areas. The authors have made extensive use of figures and tables so that the reader can access the necessary information without always having to read the text. In addition, a very extensive, user-friendly index is a unique hallmark of the book. Part A of this monograph introduces the reader to the current knowledge of the evolutionary development of cytochrome P450 structure and function. Furthermore, it deals with the role of this enzyme in the formation of reactive intermediates. The shrewd and extensive utilisation of the molecular biology methodology very rapidly led to a vast body of enzymes calling for a classification of the plethora of different cytochromes P450 (the superfamily) into families and subfamilies. This is aptly exemplified by the ten chapters in Part B of this book, dealing with ten subfamilies and two families of cytochrome P450. Part C offers an insight into another aspect of cytochrome P450 research, namely its regulation through receptor-mediated stimuli - as opposed to enzyme induction or inhibition. The final chapter translates the current data on one of several drug metabolising systems into clinical application and highlights the role of cytochromes P450 in the treatment of neoplastic growth. The book deals extensively with each family/subfamily of the cytochromes P450 that contribute to the metabolism of xenobiotics. Essential and invaluable information is provided for the industrial research scientist working with fine chemicals, and especially those in the pharmaceutical industry, dealing with the safety evaluation of chemicals or being involved in the study of their metabolism, pharmacokinetics and toxicological properties. It should also prove of interest to Regulators concerned with the safety evaluation of chemicals, research pharmacologists and toxicologists, and postgraduate students studying drug metabolism and toxicology at an advanced level.

Fundamentals of Ecotoxicology, Second Edition

Author: Michael C. Newman,Michael A. Unger

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781566705981

Category: Science

Page: 480

View: 9663

Completely revised and updated, Fundamentals of Ecotoxicology, Second Edition presents a treatment of ecotoxicology ranging from molecular to global perspectives. The authors focus first on lower levels of organization and then extend their discussion to include landscape, regional, and biospheric topics, imparting a perspective as broad as the the problems facing practicing professionals. See what's new in this edition: A comprehensive chapter on the nature, transport, and fate of major classes of contaminants in terrestrial, freshwater, and marine systems Side bars containing vignettes by leaders in the field let you benefit from the experience of diverse practitioners in the field An appendix covering European environmental regulations The authors detail key contaminants of concern, explore their fate and cycling in the biosphere, and discuss bioaccumulation and the effects of contaminants at increasing levels of ecological organization. They cover regulatory aspects of the field in separate chapters that address the technical issues of risk assessment and discuss key U.S. and European legislation in the appendices. Complete with study questions, a detailed glossary, and vignettes by various experts exploring special topics in ecotoxicology, Fundamentals of Ecotoxicology, Second Edition is an ideal introductory textbook for both undergraduate- and graduate-level courses, as well as a valuable reference for professionals.

Principles of Drug Action

The Basis of Pharmacology

Author: William B. Pratt,Palmer Taylor

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Medical

Page: 836

View: 9403

This new edition of Principles of Drug Action is a complete revision of a very-successful graduate-level pharmacology text previously authored by Avram Goldstein, Lewis Aronow and Sumner Kalman. Features: * Thorough survey of the many advances since the previous edition, plus a substantially expanded review of immunopharmacology * Covers basic principles of how drugs affect biological organisms * Explains the principles which govern drug action, absorption, metabolism, and distribution * Provides a solid grounding in modern biochemistry, molecular biology and genetics * Organized around systematic principles rather than drug families or drug effects

Textbook of Biochemistry with Clinical Correlations

Author: Thomas M. Devlin

Publisher: Wiley Global Education

ISBN: 1119108306

Category: Science

Page: 1240

View: 3540

A comprehensive and fully updated edition filled with over 250 clinical correlations This book presents a clear and precise discussion of the biochemistry of eukaryotic cells, particularly those of mammalian tissues, relates biochemical events at a cellular level to the subsequent physiological processes in the whole animal, and cites examples of abnormal biochemical processes in human disease. The organization and content are tied together to provide students with the complete picture of biochemistry and how it relates to human diseases. Loaded with new material and chapters and brimming with detailed, full-color illustrations that clearly explain associated concepts, this seventh edition is an indispensable tool for students and professionals in the medical or health sciences.

Principles and Methods of Toxicology, Fifth Edition

Author: A. Wallace Hayes

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1420005421

Category: Medical

Page: 2296

View: 2258

Founded on the paradox that all things are poisons and the difference between poison and remedy is quantity, the determination of safe dosage forms the base and focus of modern toxicology. In order to make a sound determination there must be a working knowledge of the biologic mechanisms involved and of the methods employed to define these mechanisms. While the vastness of the field and the rapid accumulation of data may preclude the possibility of absorbing and retaining more than a fraction of the available information, a solid understanding of the underlying principles is essential. Extensively revised and updated with four new chapters and an expanded glossary, this fifth edition of the classic text, Principles and Methods of Toxicology provides comprehensive coverage in a manageable and accessible format. New topics include 'toxicopanomics', plant and animal poisons, information resources, and non-animal testing alternatives. Emphasizing the cornerstones of toxicology-people differ, dose matters, and things change, the book begins with a review of the history of toxicology and followed by an explanation of basic toxicological principles, agents that cause toxicity, target organ toxicity, and toxicological testing methods including many of the test protocols required to meet regulatory needs worldwide. The book examines each method or procedure from the standpoint of technique and interpretation of data and discusses problems and pitfalls that may be associated with each. The addition of several new authors allow for a broader and more diverse treatment of the ever-changing and expanding field of toxicology. Maintaining the high-quality information and organizational framework that made the previous editions so successful, Principles and Methods of Toxicology, Fifth Edition continues to be a valuable resource for the advanced practitioner as well as the new disciple of toxicology.