Presidents and Civil Liberties from Wilson to Obama

A Story of Poor Custodians

Author: Samuel Walker

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107016606

Category: History

Page: 546

View: 3829

This book is a history of the civil liberties records of American presidents from Woodrow Wilson to Barack Obama. It examines the full range of civil liberties issues: First Amendment rights of freedom of speech, press, and assembly; due process; equal protection, including racial justice, women's rights, and lesbian and gay rights; privacy rights, including reproductive freedom; and national security issues. The book argues that presidents have not protected or advanced civil liberties, and that several have perpetrated some of worst violations. Some Democratic presidents (Wilson and Roosevelt), moreover, have violated civil liberties as badly as some Republican presidents (Nixon and Bush). This is the first book to examine the full civil liberties records of each president (thus, placing a president's record on civil rights with his record on national security issues), and also to compare the performance on particular issues of all the presidents covered.

The New World of Police Accountability

Author: Samuel E. Walker

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1452239193

Category: Social Science

Page: 256

View: 5926

The New World of Police Accountability is the first book to provide an original and comprehensive analysis of some of the most important developments in policing over the past ten years. Esteemed author Samuel Walker synthesizes the major developments in the area of police accountability and argues that these developments represent a new period in the history of police reform that promises to address the historic problems of police abuse. This text assesses both the achievements and limitations of police accountability and reshapes the conventional wisdom on this topic. The book covers such issues as federal law suits against the police, consent decrees, citizen oversight of the police, and early intervention systems.

The New World of Police Accountability

Author: Samuel Walker

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1412909449

Category: Social Science

Page: 243

View: 8037

This book examines coverage of current police controversies; discusses important new mechanisms of accountability, such as comprehensive use of force reporting, citizen complaint procedures, early intervention systems, and police auditors; provides extensive coverage of racial profiling; includes a helpful list of Web sites for further research on the topics covered in the book. It is designed as a supplementary textbook for undergraduate and graduate policing courses in the departments of criminal justice and criminology. The book will also be of interest to scholars, police officials, citizen oversight officials, and community activists.

The Politically Incorrect Guide to the Presidents

From Wilson to Obama

Author: Steven F. Hayward

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 1596987790

Category: Political Science

Page: 272

View: 3403

Larry Schweikart, a retired history professor, is ready to set the record straight on the American presidents. He goes through each of the first 26 presidents from Washington to Taft and debunks myths, lies, and fake news made fact by the uninformed. Discover why George Washington favored American isolationism; James Madison supported states' rights; what Lincoln promised to Southerners about fugitive slaves; and why nineteenth-century presidents were the last to understand the true role of government. So what made these presidents so much better than the ones America has now? Schweikart argues that recent commanders-in-chief have welcomed crises to advance their own partisan agenda, defied the separation of powers the Founders carefully constructed to preserve the Republic, and given us every reason to doubt they take the country’s interests to heart.

We were eight years in power

Eine amerikanische Tragödie

Author: Ta-Nehisi Coates

Publisher: Hanser Berlin

ISBN: 3446259805

Category: Political Science

Page: 416

View: 1181

Mit Barack Obama sollte die amerikanische Gesellschaft ihren jahrhundertealten Rassismus überwinden. Am Ende seiner Amtszeit zerschlugen sich die Reste dieser Hoffnung mit der Machtübernahme Donald Trumps, den Ta-Nehisi Coates als "Amerikas ersten weißen Präsidenten" bezeichnet: ein Mann, dessen politische Existenz in der Abgrenzung zu Obama besteht. Coates zeichnet ein bestechend kluges und leidenschaftliches Porträt der Obama-Ära und ihres Vermächtnisses – ein essenzielles Werk zum Verständnis der Vergangenheit, Gegenwart und Zukunft der USA, von einem Autor, dessen eigene Geschichte jener acht Jahre von einem Arbeitsamt in Harlem bis ins Oval Office führte, wo er den Präsidenten interviewte.

The First Civil Right

How Liberals Built Prison America

Author: Naomi Murakawa

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199380724

Category: Political Science

Page: 304

View: 1779

The explosive rise in the U.S. incarceration rate in the second half of the twentieth century, and the racial transformation of the prison population from mostly white at mid-century to sixty-five percent black and Latino in the present day, is a trend that cannot easily be ignored. Many believe that this shift began with the "tough on crime" policies advocated by Republicans and southern Democrats beginning in the late 1960s, which sought longer prison sentences, more frequent use of the death penalty, and the explicit or implicit targeting of politically marginalized people. In The First Civil Right, Naomi Murakawa inverts the conventional wisdom by arguing that the expansion of the federal carceral state-a system that disproportionately imprisons blacks and Latinos-was, in fact, rooted in the civil-rights liberalism of the 1940s and early 1960s, not in the period after. Murakawa traces the development of the modern American prison system through several presidencies, both Republican and Democrat. Responding to calls to end the lawlessness and violence against blacks at the state and local levels, the Truman administration expanded the scope of what was previously a weak federal system. Later administrations from Johnson to Clinton expanded the federal presence even more. Ironically, these steps laid the groundwork for the creation of the vast penal archipelago that now exists in the United States. What began as a liberal initiative to curb the mob violence and police brutality that had deprived racial minorities of their 'first civil right-physical safety-eventually evolved into the federal correctional system that now deprives them, in unjustly large numbers, of another important right: freedom. The First Civil Right is a groundbreaking analysis of root of the conflicts that lie at the intersection of race and the legal system in America.

Hoffnung wagen

Gedanken zur Rückbesinnung auf den American Dream

Author: Barack Obama

Publisher: Goldmann Verlag

ISBN: 3641224241

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 480

View: 5237

Persönlich, glaubwürdig, visionär – Ansichten und Standpunkte des politischen Hoffnungsträgers der USA vor seiner Wahl 2008 Wie US-Senator Barack Obama im Wahljahr 2008 Millionen Menschen für sich gewann, ist Legende. Zu seinem schnell aufsteigenden Stern in hohem Maße beigetragen hat sein zuvor erschienenes Buch »Hoffnung wagen« (»The Audacity of Hope«). Hier präsentierte Obama sich als Mann der Integration, als Liberaler im positiven Sinn mit klaren Positionen. Uns allen machte er Hoffnung auf eine Renaissance des »besseren Amerika«. Nicht wenige wünschen sich Barack Obama heute sehnsüchtig zurück ins Weiße Haus.

New Directions in the American Presidency

Author: Lori Cox Han

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136994599

Category: Political Science

Page: 240

View: 9536

The study of the American presidency, both as a political institution and the men who have held the office, is one of the most fascinating and dynamic fields of study within American government. New Directions in the American Presidency takes a current look at the various issues facing the presidency and provides a "state of the art" overview of current trends in the field of presidency research. This edited volume covers all of the standard topics necessary for use in an undergraduate-level presidency course or a graduate-level seminar while also bringing together key disciplinary debates and treatment of important current real-world developments. Each chapter is written with students in mind so that it remains accessible, interesting, and engaging and does not inundate readers with pedantic or jargonistic terms. This will undoubtedly become a key resource to engage students in the exciting debates over scholarship on presidential politics.

Taking Liberties

The War on Terror and the Erosion of American Democracy

Author: Susan N. Herman

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199911983

Category: Political Science

Page: 296

View: 3439

In this eye-opening work, the president of the ACLU takes a hard look at the human and social costs of the War on Terror. Over a decade after 9/11, it is far from clear that the government's hastily adopted antiterrorist tactics--such as the Patriot Act--are keeping us safe, but it is increasingly clear that these emergency measures in fact have the potential to ravage our lives--and have already done just that to countless Americans. From the Oregon lawyer falsely suspected of involvement with terrorism in Spain to the former University of Idaho football player arrested on the pretext that he was needed as a "material witness" (though he was never called to testify), this book is filled with unsettling stories of ordinary people caught in the government's dragnet. These are not just isolated mistakes in an otherwise sound program, but demonstrations of what can happen when our constitutional protections against government abuse are abandoned. Whether it's running a chat room, contributing to a charity, or even urging a terrorist group to forego its violent tactics, activities that should be protected by the First Amendment can now lead to prosecution. Blacklists and watchlists keep people grounded at airports and strand American citizens abroad, although these lists are rife with errors--errors that cannot be challenged. National Security Letters allow the FBI to demand records about innocent people from libraries, financial institutions, and internet service providers without ever going to court. Government databanks now brim with information about every aspect of our private lives, while efforts to mount legal challenges to these measures have been stymied. Barack Obama, like George W. Bush, relies on secrecy and exaggerated claims of presidential prerogative to keep the courts and Congress from fully examining whether these laws and policies are constitutional, effective, or even counterproductive. Democracy itself is undermined. This book is a wake-up call for all Americans, who remain largely unaware of the post-9/11 surveillance regime's insidious and continuing growth.

Ein amerikanischer Traum

Die Geschichte meiner Familie

Author: Barack Obama

Publisher: Carl Hanser Verlag GmbH Co KG

ISBN: 3446233679

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 448

View: 4586

Seit Barack Obama für das Amt des US-Präsidenten kandidiert hat, begeistert er die Menschen: Er verkörpert die weltweite Sehnsucht nach einer Politik des Friedens und der Menschlichkeit. Aufgewachsen unter ärmlichen Verhältnissen in Hawaii und Indonesien, musste Barack nach seiner Rückkehr in die USA erleben, wie er wegen seiner Hautfarbe diskriminiert wurde. Dies weckte seinen Ehrgeiz, der ihm zunächst eine glänzende juristische Laufbahn eröffnete und dann seinen furiosen Aufstieg als Politiker der Demokraten begründete. Wer nun seine Familiengeschichte liest, spürt, dass in ihm auch ein begnadeter Erzähler steckt.

Im Weißen Haus

Die Jahre mit Barack Obama

Author: Ben Rhodes

Publisher: C.H.Beck

ISBN: 3406735088

Category: History

Page: 576

View: 4662

Acht Jahre lang sah Ben Rhodes fast alles, was im Herzen von Barack Obamas Präsidentschaft passierte. In seinem rasant geschriebenen, aufrichtigen, klugen Buch berichtet er, was hinter den Kulissen wirklich geschah. Es ist die Erzählung von einem Ausnahmepolitiker, dessen Idealismus die Welt im Sturm eroberte, auf die Härten der Realität stieß, sich anpassen musste - und trotzdem überlebte. Mit 29 Jahren und einem Sack voll Hoffnung stößt Ben Rhodes 2007 zum Team von Barack Obama und wird zu einem seiner engsten Vertrauten. Er ist mittendrin, als das Atomabkommen mit dem Iran ausgehandelt wird, als die Annäherung an Kuba eingeleitet wird, als die Entscheidung fällt, in Syrien nicht zu intervenieren, und als die Wahl von Donald Trump das Projekt Obama jäh beendet. Ben Rhodes schildert grandios die Dramen dieser Präsidentschaft, die Konflikte, in die Obama geriet, und die Grenzen des Machbaren, auf die er traf - selten hat man einen so intimen, luziden Einblick in die inneren Gesetze der Politik bekommen. Wir sehen Barack Obama aus nächster Nähe, mit seiner großen Persönlichkeit, seinem scharfen Verstand, seinen Träumen und Zweifeln, seinem Charisma und Charme. Ein einzigartiges Zeitdokument und ein Lehrstück darüber, was in der Politik möglich ist.

American Government: Brief Version

Author: James Q. Wilson,John J. DiIulio, Jr.,Meena Bose

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 1285624718

Category: Political Science

Page: 464

View: 4253

This popular brief edition text maintains the framework of the Wilson, DiIulio, and Bose complete text, emphasizing the historical development of the American political system, who governs, and to what ends. Completely up to date, AMERICAN GOVERNMENT: BRIEF VERSION, Eleventh Edition offers new coverage of such key and emerging issues as the 2012 campaigns and elections; leadership of President Obama and the 112th Congress; the economic downturn and ensuing policies; healthcare reform; foreign relations with North Korea and Iran; the war in Afghanistan; and more. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Talking with the President

The Pragmatics of Presidential Language

Author: John Wilson

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190266856

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 288

View: 9014

This book provides a pragmatic analysis of presidential language. Pragmatics is concerned with "meaning in context," or the relationship between what we say and what we mean. John Wilson explores the various ways in which U.S. Presidents have used language within specific social contexts to achieve specific objectives. This includes obfuscation, misdirection, the use of metaphor or ambiguity, or in some cases simply lying. He focuses on six presidents: John F. Kennedy, Richard M. Nixon, Ronald W. Reagan, William F. Clinton, George W. Bush, and Barack H. Obama. These presidents cover most of the last half of the twentieth century, and the first decade of the twenty first century, and each has been associated with a specific linguistic quality. John F. Kennedy was famed for his quality of oratory, Nixon for his manipulative use of language, Reagan for his gift of telling stories, Clinton for his ability to engage the public and to linguistically turn arguments and descriptions in particular directions. Bush, on the other hand, was famed for his inability to use language appropriately, and Obama returns us to the rhetorical flourishes of early Kennedy. In the case of each president, a range of specific examples are explored in order to highlight the ways in which a pragmatic analysis may provide an insight into presidential language. In many cases, what the president says is not necessarily what the president means.

The Presidential Difference

Leadership Style from FDR to Barack Obama

Author: Fred I. Greenstein

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 0691143838

Category: History

Page: 329

View: 940

Compares thirteen presidential roles from Franklin Roosevelt to William Clinton, and focuses on their political skill, communication style, organizational ability, and much more.

No Man's Land

Leben an der mexikanischen Grenze

Author: Francisco Cantú

Publisher: Carl Hanser Verlag GmbH Co KG

ISBN: 3446261419

Category: Political Science

Page: 240

View: 2109

Was Francisco Cantú an der amerikanisch-mexikanischen Grenze erlebt, bringt ihn fast um den Verstand. Cantú hat Politik studiert und wollte am eigenen Leib erfahren, was an der Grenze wirklich geschieht. Als Mitglied der United States Border Patrol rettet er Verdurstende aus der Wüste, deportiert aber auch illegale Einwanderer oder erlebt, wie Familien auseinandergerissen werden. In seiner persönlichen Reportage zeigt er, was Grenzen für die Menschen wirklich bedeuten. No Man’s Land mutet wie eine Tragödie an und bildet doch die Realität wahrheitsgetreu ab, unverzerrt, grausam und zutiefst berührend.

Inaugural Addresses of the Presidents of the United States

Grover Cleveland (1885) to Barack H. Obama (2009)

Author: Applewood Books

Publisher: Applewood Books

ISBN: 142909088X

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 191

View: 8429

This updated second volume of Inaugural Addresses of the Presidents of the United States now includes the January 20, 2009 address of President Barack Obama. Volume Two contains the speeches of Presidents Grover Cleveland, William McKinley, Theodore Roosevelt, William Howard Taft, Woodrow Wilson, Warren G. Harding, Calvin Coolidge, Herbert Hoover, Franklin D. Roosevelt, Harry S Truman, Dwight D. Eisenhower, John F. Kennedy, Lyndon Baines Johnson, Richard Milhous Nixon, Jimmy Carter, Ronald Reagan, George Bush, William Jefferson Clinton, George W. Bush, and, now, Barack Hussein Obama.

Theodore and Woodrow

How Two American Presidents Destroyed Constitutional Freedom

Author: Andrew P. Napolitano

Publisher: Thomas Nelson

ISBN: 1595554211

Category: Political Science

Page: 320

View: 8197

“Either the Constitution means what it says, or it doesn’t.” America’s founding fathers saw freedom as a part of our nature to be protected—not to be usurped by the federal government—and so enshrined separation of powers and guarantees of freedom in the Constitution and the Bill of Rights. But a little over a hundred years after America’s founding, those God-given rights were laid siege by two presidents caring more about the advancement of progressive, redistributionist ideology than the principles on which America was founded. Theodore and Woodrow is Judge Andrew P. Napolitano’s shocking historical account of how a Republican and a Democratic president oversaw the greatest shift in power in American history, from a land built on the belief that authority should be left to the individuals and the states to a bloated, far-reaching federal bureaucracy, continuing to grow and consume power each day. With lessons rooted in history, Judge Napolitano shows the intellectually arrogant, anti-personal freedom, even racist progressive philosophy driving these men to poison the American system of government. And Americans still pay for their legacy—in the federal income, in state-prescribed compulsory education, in the Federal Reserve, in perpetual wars, and in the constant encroachment of a government that coddles special interests and discourages true competition in the marketplace. With his attention to detail, deep constitutional knowledge, and unwavering adherence to truth telling, Judge Napolitano moves through the history of these men and their times in office to show how American values and the Constitution were sadly set aside, leaving personal freedom as a shadow of its former self, in the grip of an insidious, Nanny state, progressive ideology.

Fremd in ihrem Land

Eine Reise ins Herz der amerikanischen Rechten

Author: Arlie Russell Hochschild

Publisher: Campus Verlag

ISBN: 3593507668

Category: Political Science

Page: 429

View: 9945

In vielen westlichen Ländern sind rechte, nationalistische Bewegungen auf dem Vormarsch. Wie ist es dazu gekommen? Arlie Russell Hochschild reiste ins Herz der amerikanischen Rechten, nach Louisiana, und suchte fünf Jahre lang das Gespräch mit ihren Landsleuten. Sie traf auf frustrierte Menschen, deren "Amerikanischer Traum" geplatzt ist; Menschen, die sich abgehängt fühlen, den Staat hassen und sich der rechtspopulistischen Tea-Party-Bewegung angeschlossen haben. Hochschild zeigt eine beunruhigende Entwicklung auf, die auch in Europa längst begonnen hat. Hochschilds Reportage ist nicht nur eine erhellende Deutung einer gespaltenen Gesellschaft, sondern auch ein bewegendes Stück Literatur. "Jeder, der das moderne Amerika verstehen möchte, sollte dieses faszinierende Buch lesen." Robert Reich "Ein kluges, respektvolles und fesselndes Buch." New York Times Book Review "Eine anrührende, warmherzige und souverän geschriebene, ungemein gut lesbare teilnehmende Beobachtung. ... Wer ihr Buch liest, versteht die Wähler Trumps, weil sie auf Augenhöhe mit ihnen und nicht über sie spricht." FAZ