Power Realignments in Asia

China, India and the United States

Author: Alyssa Ayres,C Raja Mohan

Publisher: SAGE Publications India

ISBN: 8132104285

Category: Political Science

Page: 356

View: 5957

China's emergence as a great power is transforming the world, affecting its security, economy and physical environment. Power Realignments in Asia: China, India and the United States explores the impact of China's rise on relations among China, India and the United States. The topics covered in the collection span traditional security issues-political-military affairs and military modernization-to new challenges posed by rapid and deep economic integration, to global issues like energy security and environmental degradation accompanying rapid economic growth. Each of these issues affects the triangular dynamic among China, India and the United States. A special feature of this volume is that it is an informed assessment of an under-researched theme-China's complex role in simultaneously promoting and inhibiting Indo-U.S. engagement. It examines the many shades of strategic ambiguity, reflected most recently in China's response to the historic Indo-U.S. civil nuclear initiative. This work will be an important resource for all those interested in Asia's security politics, the American response to the rise of China and India and the changing dynamic of Asian balance of power.

The Economic and Strategic Rise of China and India

Asian Realignments after the 1997 Financial Crisis

Author: D. Denoon

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230606865

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 210

View: 9882

This book demonstrates the connection between economic and strategic developments in Asia with several, interrelated arguments. The author asserts that there is no single explanation for the 1997 financial crisis in the Pacific Rim states, nor for the slow recovery afterwards. The author also points out that China is not the only major power rising in Asia; India is close behind, and warns that while many observers are proceeding as if current U.S. treaties will continue indefinitely, Asia is already preparing for changing patrons.

Shifting Power in Asia-Pacific?

The Rise of China, Sino-US Competition and Regional Middle Power Allegiance

Author: Enrico Fels

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 331945689X

Category: Political Science

Page: 768

View: 7938

This book investigates whether a power shift has taken place in the Asia-Pacific region since the end of the Cold War. By systematically examining the development of power dynamics in Asia-Pacific, it challenges the notion that a wealthier and militarily more powerful China is automatically turning the regional tides in its favour. With a special emphasis on Sino-US competition, the book explores the alleged linkage between the regional distribution of relevant material and immaterial capabilities, national power and the much-cited regional power shift. The book presents a novel concept for measuring power in international relations by outlining a composite index on aggregated power (CIAP) that includes 55 variables for 44 regional countries and covers a period of twenty years. Moreover, it develops a middle power theory that outlines the significance of middle powers in times of major power shifts. By addressing political, military and economic cooperation via a structured-focused comparison and by applying a comparative-historical analysis, the book analyses in depth the bilateral relations of six regional middle powers to Washington and Beijing.

Our Time Has Come

How India is Making Its Place in the World

Author: Alyssa Ayres

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190494522

Category: India

Page: 256

View: 7994

Over the last 25 years, India's explosive economic growth has vaulted it into the ranks of the world's emerging major powers. Long plagued by endemic poverty, until the 1990s the Indian economy was also hamstrung by a burdensome regulatory regime that limited its ability to compete on a global scale. Since then, however, the Indian government has gradually opened up the economy and the results have been stunning. India's middle class has grown by leaps and bounds, and the country's sheer scale-its huge population and $2 trillion economy-means its actions will have a major global impact. From world trade to climate change to democratization, India now matters. While it is clearly on the path to becoming a great power, India has not abandoned all of its past policies: its economy remains relatively protectionist, and it still struggles with the legacy of its longstanding foreign policy doctrine of non-alignment. India's vibrant democracy encompasses a vast array of parties who champion dizzyingly disparate policies. And India isn't easily swayed by foreign influence; the country carefully guards its autonomy, in part because of its colonial past. For all of these reasons, India tends to move cautiously and deliberately in the international sphere. In Our Time Has Come Alyssa Ayres looks at how the tension between India's inward-focused past and its ongoing integration into the global economy will shape its trajectory. Today, Indian leaders increasingly want to see their country feature in the ranks of the world's great powers-in fact, as a "leading power," to use the words of Prime Minister Narendra Modi. Ayres considers the role India is likely to play as its prominence grows, taking stock of the implications and opportunities for the US and other nations as the world's largest democracy defines its place in the world. As she shows, India breaks the mold of the typical "ally," and its vastness, history, and diversity render it incomparable to any other major democratic power. By focusing on how India's unique perspective shapes its approach to global affairs, Our Time Has Come will help the world make sense of India's rise.

Maritime Governance And South Asia: Trade, Security And Sustainable Development In The Indian Ocean

Author: Schottli Jivanta

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9813238240

Category: Political Science

Page: 272

View: 4825

Five out of the eight South Asian countries have direct access to the Indian ocean, yet research tends to focus instead on the region's landmass. Much less attention is paid to the extensive maritime space that links South Asian countries, provides their populations with vital access to resources, connects their economies to global trade networks and perhaps most importantly, contributes to law and order at sea. At a time when the Indian Ocean has gained great interest and relevance for many global actors, the role and location of South Asia will have critical implications for strategic calculation and alignment. Furthermore, if trade imbalances are to be tackled and economic globalization to regain steam, enhancing South Asia's ability to export and import through the oceans is essential. Finally, climate change is projected to impact South Asia massively. Coping with humanitarian crises and natural disasters will need critical investments in maritime capacities and cooperation. This edited volume brings together multiple perspectives on contemporary maritime governance in South Asia, from practitioners, policy-makers and academics around the world. They examine India's role as South Asia's leading naval and economic power and the capacity of key actors to shape maritime order in the Indian Ocean. Contents: Foreword (Tommy Koh) Preface and Acknowledgements List of Contributors Editorial Introduction (Jivanta Schoettli) Order: Security in the Indian Ocean (Shivshankar Menon) Sri Lanka's Role in the Indian Ocean and the Changing Global Dynamics (Harsha de Silva) Resolution of Maritime Boundary Disputes among Bangladesh, Myanmar and India in the Bay of Bengal (Md Khurshed Alam) Maritime Safety and Security and Development of the Blue Economy in the Indian Ocean Rim Association (IORA) (K V Bhagirath) oes India Use Trade Effectively? (Frank Lavin) Leadership: India as a Net Security Provider in the Indian Ocean Region: The Strategic Approach of a Responsible Stakeholder (Abhay Kumar Singh) Does South Asia Use Trade Effectively? (Frank Lavin) Indonesia's Maritime Vision in the Indian Ocean: Negotiating National Interest and Regional Commitment (Adriana Elisabeth) The United States and the Indian Ocean: Power Shifts and Uncertain Leadership (Deepa M Ollapally) Institutions: New Maritime Governance and Cooperation Arrangements in the Eastern Indian Ocean: Challenges and Prospects (David Brewster) Organized Against Organized Maritime Crimes — The National Maritime Single Point of Contact(Martin A Sebastian RMN (R)) IORA, The Blue Economy and Ocean Governance (V N Attri) The Jakarta IORA Summit: A Way Ahead for a Stable Indian Ocean Maritime Order? (Yogendra Kumar) Prospects and Perspectives: The Indian Ocean and China's Expanding Influence: Prospects for Cooperation among the Key Asian Energy Importers (Christopher Len) Governing the Ocean: Perspectives from Tanzania (Hoseana Bohela Lunogelo) Governing the Ocean: An EU Perspective (Marianne Péron-Doise) Postscript: The Blue Economy Beckons (James Alix Michel) Readership: Undergraduate students of maritime studies, international relations and South Asian politics, and general readers interested in the South Asian region. Keywords: Indian Ocean;Maritime Governance;South Asia;India;Sri Lanka;Boundary;Blue Economy;IORA;Trade;Indonesia;Cooperation;Maritime Crime;ChinaRev

Eurasia’s Ascent in Energy and Geopolitics

Rivalry or Partnership for China, Russia, and Central Asia?

Author: Robert Bedeski,Niklas Swanström

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136306404

Category: Political Science

Page: 264

View: 2836

The Sino-Russian relationship has experienced several permutations in recent decades as both states have undergone radical domestic changes, including the end of Soviet communism and the abandonment of Maoism. This volume brings together scholars to address the current status of Sino-Russian relations in the political, military, energy and trade sectors. In this comprehensive new volume, authors offer a detailed account on the both the historical context and current status of relations between Russia and China and the geo-political realignments in Eurasia. This analysis of the evolving relationship addresses global strategy, energy politics, national security, human security, and Central Asian links. Individual chapters examine key issues such as China’s economic ascendancy, military relations, the geostrategic position of Mongolia, Japan’s views and historical background. With authors representing a broad range of current active experts and researchers working in Europe, the US, Central Asia, China and Japan, this book offers a long-term and in-depth analysis of the relations and potential developments in both bilateral and international relations. This work will be of great interest to scholars of international relations, Asian security, and the Eurasian region.

Taiwan's Political Re-Alignment and Diplomatic Challenges

Author: Wei-chin Lee

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319771256

Category: Political Science

Page: 330

View: 4731

This edited volume investigates and evaluates the context, causes, and consequences of various essential issues in Taiwanese domestic politics and external relations before and after the regime change in 2016. It offers theoretical interpretation and temporal delineation of recent electoral shifts, party realignment, identity reformulation, and subsequent foreign policy adaptation in the 2010s. Contributors address these issues in three sections—“Democracy and New Political Landscape,” “The China Factor and Cross-Strait Dilemma,” and “Taiwan’s International Way-out”—to advance conclusions about Taiwan’s political transformation from both comparative and international perspectives.

China, India and the United States

Competition for Energy Resources

Author: Emirates Center for Strategic Studies and Research

Publisher: Emirates Center for Strategic Studies and Research

ISBN: 9789948009290

Category: Political Science

Page: 612

View: 9543

The world is witnessing a triangular race between the USA, China and India to secure their future energy supplies, as global energy needs rise inexorably and petroleum production struggles to keep pace. China is aggressively seeking new supplies to fuel its phenomenal growth and may soon overtake the USA as the world’s largest energy consumer and oil importer. Meanwhile, India’s dramatic economic development is underscoring its own heavy dependence on energy imports. What are the international implications of this triangular race for energy supplies? How will oil geopolitics and energy security considerations shape the foreign policies of these three global players? How can the Gulf countries respond to the energy needs of while performing a delicate balancing act in this critical supply scenario? This volume offers global, regional and country perspectives from energy experts on the international race for energy resources and its wider economic and political ramifications.

Easternization

Asia's Rise and America's Decline from Obama to Trump and Beyond

Author: Gideon Rachman

Publisher: Other Press, LLC

ISBN: 1590518519

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 307

View: 3672

**NAMED NPR "BEST BOOKS OF 2017""** From the winner of the 2016 Orwell Prize and the European Press Prize for Commentator of the Year, a provocative analysis of how a new era of global instability has begun, as the flow of wealth and power turns from West to East. Easternization is the defining trend of our age -- the growing wealth of Asian nations is transforming the international balance of power. This shift to the East is shaping the lives of people all over the world, the fate of nations, and the great questions of war and peace. A troubled but rising China is now challenging America's supremacy, and the ambitions of other Asian powers -- including Japan, North Korea, India, and Pakistan -- have the potential to shake the whole world. Meanwhile the West is struggling with economic malaise and political populism, the Arab world is in turmoil, and Russia longs to reclaim its status as a great power. As it becomes clear that the West's historic power and influence is receding, Gideon Rachman offers a road map to the turbulent process that will define the international politics of the twenty-first century.

Twenty-First Century World Order and the Asia Pacific

Globalization and Fragmentation

Author: J. Hsiung

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230107176

Category: Social Science

Page: 390

View: 3676

After examining the global system's political volatility at the dawn of the new millenium, the book looks at how some of the identifiable system-wide trends (e.g., globalization, democratization, fragmentation, etc.) may find repercussions in the Asia Pacific. The book also addresses the question of 'comprehensive security', in comparison with other regions, in a wide range of areas subsuming economic security (geoeconomics), environmental security (ecopolitics), and human security. In addition, the book recognizes the idiosyncrasies of the region, such as the defensiveness of most Asian governments toward the protection of their financial markets against external forces following the regional financial crisis of the late 1990s.

India Briefing

Takeoff at Last?

Author: Alyssa Ayres,Philip Oldenburg

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1315289717

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 304

View: 3598

Since 2001, India has gained new attention as an emerging world power with a rapidly growing economy, a world-class science and technology sector, and a huge English-speaking labor pool. After a period of escalating tension with neighbor Pakistan, wide-ranging peace talks are underway. Within India, there is an unprecedented mood of optimism about the future. At the same time, the nation wrestles with difficult questions about the place of secularism in society, the role it sees for itself globally and within Asia, and the reality that millions of Indians still live at the subsistence level. This volume of India Briefing examines India's changing fortunes through chapters that cover the economy; the twists and turns of domestic politics; labor in the large informal sector; the cultural roots of Hindu nationalism; the foreign relations rollercoaster; the business of Bollywood; and a special chapter on the range of new resources about India available on the web.

China, The United States, and the Future of Central Asia

U.S.-China Relations

Author: David B.H. Denoon

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 147981086X

Category: Political Science

Page: 464

View: 5983

The first of a three-volume series on the interaction of the US and China in different regions of the world, China, the United States, and the Future of Central Asia explores the delicate balance of competing foreign interests in this resource-rich and politically tumultuous region. Editor David Denoon and his internationally renowned set of contributors assess the different objectives and strategies the U.S. and China deploy in the region and examine how the two world powers are indirectly competitive with one another for influence in Central Asia. While the US is focused on maintaining and supporting its military forces in neighboring states, China has its sights on procuring natural resources for its fast-growing economy and preventing the expansion of fundamentalist Islam inside its borders. This book covers important issues such as the creation of international gas pipelines, the challenges of building crucial transcontinental roadways that must pass through countries facing insurgencies, the efforts of the US and China to encourage and provide better security in the region, and how the Central Asian countries themselves view their role in international politics and the global economy. The book also covers key outside powers with influence in the region; Russia, with its historical ties to the many Central Asian countries that used to belong to the USSR, is perhaps the biggest international presence in the area, and other countries on the region’s periphery like Iran, Turkey, Pakistan, and India have a stake in the fortunes and future of Central Asia as well. A comprehensive, original, and up-to-date collection, this book is a wide-ranging look from noted scholars at a vital part of the world which is likely to receive more attention and face greater instability as NATO forces withdraw from Afghanistan.

Speaking Like a State

Language and Nationalism in Pakistan

Author: Alyssa Ayres

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521519314

Category: History

Page: 217

View: 4639

Examines language and culture's importance to political legitimacy using the example of Pakistan, and comparison with India and Indonesia.

Law, Capitalism and Power in Asia

The Rule of Law and Legal Institutions

Author: Kanishka Jayasuriya

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134738250

Category: Social Science

Page: 360

View: 8423

A challenging and provocative book that contests the liberal assumption that the rule of law will go hand in hand with a transition to market-based economies and even democracy in East Asia. Using case studies from Hong Kong, China, Indonesia, Malaysia, Taiwan, Japan and Vietnam, the authors argue that the rule of law is in fact more likely to provide political elites with the means closely to control civil society. It is essential, therefore, to locate conceptions of judicial independence and the rule of law more generally within the ideological vocabulary of the state.

China, The United States, and the Future of Southeast Asia

U.S.-China Relations

Author: David B.H. Denoon

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 1479810207

Category: Political Science

Page: 512

View: 6630

Distinguished experts explain the economic trends and varied political goals at work in Southeast Asia. With China’s emergence as a powerful entity in Southeast Asia, the region has become an unlikely site of conflict between two of the world’s great powers. The United States, historically regarded as the protector of Pacific Southeast Asia—consisting of nations such as Vietnam, the Philippines, Myanmar, and Malaysia—is now called upon to respond to what many would consider bullying on the part of the Chinese. These and other countries have become the economic and political engine of China. While certainly inclined to help the country’s former allies, the United States has grown undeniably closer to China in the recent decades of global interconnected economic growth. China, the United States, and the Future of Southeast Asia uncovers and delves into the complicated dynamics of this situation. Covering topics such as the controversial response to human rights violations, the effects of global economic interconnectedness, and contested sovereignty over resource-rich islands, this volume provides a modern and nuanced perspective on the state of the region. For anyone interested in understanding the evolving global balance of power, China, the United States, and the Future of Southeast Asia illuminates how countries as different as Thailand and Indonesia see the growing competition between Beijing and Washington.

Power and Resistance

US Imperialism in Latin America

Author: James Petras,Henry Veltmeyer

Publisher: Brill

ISBN: 9004307427

Category: Social Science

Page: 232

View: 7711

This book focuses on US imperialism today in Latin America. It concerns the projection of state power as a means of advancing the economic interests of the US capitalist class and maintaining its hegemony over the world capitalist system.

China's Struggle for Status

The Realignment of International Relations

Author: Yong Deng

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139471031

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 5324

At the end of the Cold War the People's Republic of China found itself in an international crisis, facing severe problems in both domestic politics and foreign policy. Nearly two decades later, Yong Deng provides an original account of China's remarkable rise from the periphery to the center stage of the post-Cold War world. Deng examines how the once beleaguered country has adapted to, and proactively realigned, the international hierarchy, great-power politics, and its regional and global environment in order to carve out an international path within the globalized world. Creatively engaging with mainstream international relations theories and drawing extensively from original Chinese material, this is a well-grounded assessment of the promises and challenges of China's struggle to manage the interlacing of its domestic and international transitions and the interactive process between its rise and evolving world politics.

Power Shift

China and Asia's New Dynamics

Author: David L. Shambaugh

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520245709

Category: History

Page: 383

View: 7903

Proceedings from the conference "China and Asia: Towards a New Regional Order," convened in December 2003 at The George Washington University"--Acknowledgments.

The End of the Asian Century

War, Stagnation, and the Risks to the World's Most Dynamic Region

Author: Michael R. Auslin

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 030022446X

Category: History

Page: 256

View: 2512

An urgently needed “risk map” of the many dangers that could derail Asia’s growth and stability Since Marco Polo, the West has waited for the “Asian Century.” Today, the world believes that Century has arrived. Yet from China’s slumping economy to war clouds over the South China Sea and from environmental devastation to demographic crisis, Asia’s future is increasingly uncertain. Historian and geopolitical expert Michael Auslin argues that far from being a cohesive powerhouse, Asia is a fractured region threatened by stagnation and instability. Here, he provides a comprehensive account of the economic, military, political, and demographic risks that bedevil half of our world, arguing that Asia, working with the United States, has a unique opportunity to avert catastrophe – but only if it acts boldly. Bringing together firsthand observations and decades of research, Auslin’s provocative reassessment of Asia’s future will be a must-read for industry and investors, as well as politicians and scholars, for years to come.

Political Parties, Party Systems and Democratisation in East Asia

Author: Liang Fook Lye,Wilhelm Hofmeister

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9814327948

Category: Political Science

Page: 331

View: 2647

Some fledging democracies in the world have encountered setbacks due to political parties trying to grapple with the expectations of sophisticated electorates and introducing gradual political reforms over the years.This book describes how democracy is evolving in East Asia and how it assumes different forms in different countries, with political parties adapting and evolving alongside. It has a two-fold intent. First, it contends that the existing variety of party systems in East Asia will endure and may even flourish, rather than converge as liberal democracies. Second, it highlights the seeming political durability of one party systems ? unlike two-part or multi-party systems in the US and Europe ? and their enduring predominance in countries such as Cambodia, China, Singapore and Vietnam.