Power Politics

how China and Russia reshape the world

Author: Rob de Wijk

Publisher: Amsterdam University Press

ISBN: 9048529905

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 8285

We tend to think of ourselves as living in a time when nations, for the most part, obey the rule of law - and where they certainly don't engage in the violent grabs for territory that have characterised so much of human history. But as Rob de Wijk shows in this book, power politics very much remains a force on the international scene. Offering analyses of such actions as Putin's annexation of the Crimea and China's attempts to claim large parts of the South China Sea, de Wijk explains why power politics never truly went away-and why, as the West's position weakens, it's likely to play a bigger and bigger role on the global stage in the coming years.

Die Demokratie und ihre Feinde

Wer gestaltet die neue Weltordnung?

Author: Robert Kagan

Publisher: Siedler Verlag

ISBN: 3641033713

Category: Social Science

Page: N.A

View: 3473

Plädoyer für eine demokratische Weltordnung Robert Kagan bringt die weltpolitische Situation seit dem Ende des Kalten Krieges auf den Punkt. Den demokratischen Staaten steht mit Russland, China und Iran eine wachsende Zahl nach Macht und Einfluss strebender autokratischer Regime gegenüber. Gleichzeitig werden die Werte des Westens vom Herrschaftsanspruch radikaler Islamisten bedroht. Leidenschaftlich und pointiert stellt uns Kagan vor die Alternative, entweder die Welt im Sinne unserer freiheitlich-demokratischen Vorstellungen zu formen oder uns in einer neuen Weltordnung einzurichten, die andere gestaltet haben. Nach dem Ende des Kalten Krieges keimte die Hoffnung, das Ende der Geschichte sei gekommen, eine friedvolle Zukunft liege vor uns. Diese Hoffnung war trügerisch. Die Jugoslawienkriege, der Kosovo-Konflikt und der 11. September zeigten auf brutale Weise, dass Nationalismen, ethnische Zugehörigkeiten und Religion die Völker nach wie vor trennen und in blutige Konflikte stürzen. Auch Großmachtansprüche gehören keineswegs der Vergangenheit an. Russland, China und Iran lassen ihre Muskeln spielen. Eindringlich ruft Robert Kagan die demokratischen Staaten dazu auf, sich zusammenzuschließen und gemeinsam für Demokratie und liberale Werte einzustehen. Die Geschichte ist zurückgekehrt, die hochfliegenden optimistischen Träume, die man nach dem Mauerfall und dem Zusammenbruch des Ostblocks gehegt hatte, sind ausgeträumt. Die Demokraten dürfen die Welt nicht den Despoten und Autokraten überlassen, sondern müssen aktiv an der Gestaltung einer neuen Weltordnung mitwirken. Kagan ist einer der scharfsinnigsten politischen Denker in den USA.

At the Crossroads of Post-Communist Modernisation

Russia and China in Comparative Perspective

Author: C. Pursiainen

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137284137

Category: Political Science

Page: 236

View: 1427

This volume takes a comparative approach to understand general tendencies in post-Communist transition in Russia and China. Bringing together perspectives from Political Science, Sociology and IR, it analyses three arenas of social change: socio-economic systems, political systems, and foreign policies.

The International Politics of the Asia Pacific

Third and Revised Edition

Author: Michael Yahuda

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136826149

Category: History

Page: 384

View: 7636

This fully revised third edition of Michael Yahuda's extremely successful textbook brings the region fully up-to-date, introducing students to the international politics of the Asia-Pacific region since 1945. As well as assessing the post-Cold War uncertainties that challenged the balance and power within the region, Yahuda also examines the first decade of the new millennium which includes no let up on the 'war on terror', new political administrations in all the key player-states and increased cooperative security between some nations, polarized by volatile relationships between others. Analyzing politics in terms of global, regional and local trends, this new edition features: In-depth discussion of the Bush administration's legacy and where the Obama administration's vision takes their policy Analysis of post-Koizumi/post-Abe Japan Examination of the continued rise of China in terms of politics, security and economic dominance Ongoing debates concerning the 'war on terror' and how this shifts, forms and reforms relationships Asia-Pacific security issues This new third edition will continue to be a core text for students of Asian politics, international relations and Cold War history.

Emerging Powers in a Comparative Perspective

The Political and Economic Rise of the BRIC Countries

Author: Vidya Nadkarni,Norma C. Noonan

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 1623561426

Category: Political Science

Page: 256

View: 3683

The book examines the rising influence of emerging powers in global politics, with a special focus on the BRIC countries (Brazil, Russia, India, China). Chapters contributed by international scholars first look at the changing status of the US in the 21st century and at the EU as both an emerging and innovative power. China's rising power status, India's regional and global influence, Russia's re-emergence, and Brazil's growing regional and international role are then analyzed comparatively to explain how the BRIC states are poised to become vital players not only in politics and economy, but also in key international concerns such as terrorism, globalization, and climate change. The book provides a detailed analysis of political, economic, security, and foreign policy trends in the BRIC countries to address such questions as to whether they will seek to revise the international order or work within it and how they will deal with transnational global problems. Using a unique comparative approach, the text will appeal to undergraduate students in world politics, international relations, and foreign policy.

China's Emergent Political Economy

Capitalism in the Dragon's Lair

Author: Christopher A. McNally

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134093977

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 288

View: 2761

This edited volume represents the first collaborative effort to explicitly view China’s rapid international ascent as associated with the same process that catapulted Great Britain, the United States, Germany, and Japan to international prominence – the emergence of a capitalist political economy. Each chapter therefore applies the capitalist lens to analyze aspects of China’s monumental social, economic, and political transition. Topics addressed range from examinations of China’s industrial capitalism and its new multinational corporations to studies of China’s changing polity, state-media relations, and foreign policy. With contributors writing from highly varied backgrounds each chapter approaches the subject from a slightly different perspective, but the underlying findings show considerable common ground. China is developing a unique form of capitalism by combining elements rooted in Chinese history, such as the prevalence of networked forms of capital and the continued dominance of the state, with the growing influence of global capital, including the rapid adaptation of recent organizational and technological innovations. Concluding chapters draw out what capitalism in the dragon’s lair implies for our 21st century world, cautioning that China’s rise is likely to challenge the present world order along both political and economic dimensions.

American Force

Dangers, Delusions, and Dilemmas in National Security

Author: Richard K. Betts

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 023152188X

Category: Political Science

Page: 384

View: 2189

While American national security policy has grown more interventionist since the Cold War, Washington has also hoped to shape the world on the cheap. Misled by the stunning success against Iraq in 1991, administrations of both parties have pursued ambitious aims with limited force, committing the country's military frequently yet often hesitantly, with inconsistent justification. These ventures have produced strategic confusion, unplanned entanglements, and indecisive results. This collection of essays by Richard K. Betts, a leading international politics scholar, investigates the use of American force since the end of the Cold War, suggesting guidelines for making it more selective and successful. Betts brings his extensive knowledge of twentieth century American diplomatic and military history to bear on the full range of theory and practice in national security, surveying the Cold War roots of recent initiatives and arguing that U.S. policy has always been more unilateral than liberal theorists claim. He exposes mistakes made by humanitarian interventions and peace operations; reviews the issues raised by terrorism and the use of modern nuclear, biological, and cyber weapons; evaluates the case for preventive war, which almost always proves wrong; weighs the lessons learned from campaigns in Iraq, Afghanistan, and Vietnam; assesses the rise of China and the resurgence of Russia; quells concerns about civil-military relations; exposes anomalies within recent defense budgets; and confronts the practical barriers to effective strategy. Betts ultimately argues for greater caution and restraint, while encouraging more decisive action when force is required, and he recommends a more dispassionate assessment of national security interests, even in the face of global instability and unfamiliar threats.

Weltordnung

Author: Henry A. Kissinger

Publisher: C. Bertelsmann Verlag

ISBN: 3641155487

Category: Political Science

Page: 480

View: 4952

Henry Kissinger über die größte Herausforderung des 21. Jahrhunderts Hat das westlich geprägte Wertesystem im 21. Jahrhundert angesichts aufstrebender Mächte mit gänzlich anderem Menschenbild und Gesellschaftskonzept als Basis einer Frieden stiftenden Weltordnung ausgedient? Henry Kissinger, über Jahrzehnte zentrale Figur der US-Außenpolitik und Autorität für Fragen der internationalen Beziehungen, sieht unsere Epoche vor existenziellen Herausforderungen angesichts zunehmender Spannungen. In der heutigen global eng vernetzten Welt wäre eine Ordnung vonnöten, die von Menschen unterschiedlicher Kultur, Geschichte und Tradition akzeptiert wird und auf einem Regelwerk beruht, das in der Lage ist, regionale wie globale Kriege einzudämmen. Der Autor analysiert die Entstehung der unterschiedlichen Ordnungssysteme etwa in China, den islamischen Ländern oder im Westen und unternimmt den Versuch, das Trennende zwischen ihnen zusammenzuführen und den Grundstein für eine zukünftige friedliche Weltordnung zu legen.

Societies, Networks, and Transitions

Author: Craig Lockard

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 143908534X

Category: History

Page: 416

View: 3514

SOCIETIES, NETWORKS, AND TRANSITIONS connects the different regions of the world between chapters, and explores broader global themes in part-ending essays. This innovative structure combines the accessibility of a regional approach with the rigor of comparative scholarship to show students world history in a truly global framework. The tree, tree, tree, forest organization assures that students stay engaged and sure of when and where they are in their study of world history. The text also features a strong focus on culture and religion. Author and veteran teacher Craig Lockard engages students with a unique approach to cultural artifacts; such as, music and art. A range of pedagogical features--including focus questions, section summaries, and web-based study aids--support students and instructors as they explore the interconnectedness of different people, places, and periods in the global past. The Second Edition features all new maps--beautiful to look at and learn with--and an open, student-friendly design. Additionally, the text has been extensively revised to sharpen the narrative. Available in the following split options: SOCIETIES, NETWORKS, AND TRANSITIONS, Second Edition (Chapters 1-31), ISBN: 978-1-439-08520-2; Volume I: To 1500 (Chapters 1-14), ISBN 978-1-439-08535-6; Volume II: Since 1450 (Chapters 15-31), ISBN 978-1-439-08536-3; Volume A: To 600 (Chapters 1-9), ISBN: 978-1-439-08533-2; Volume B: From 600 to 1750 (Chapters 10-18), ISBN: 978-1-439-08540-0; Volume C: Since 1750 (Chapters 19-31), ISBN: 978-1-439-08534-9. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Societies, Networks, and Transitions, Volume 2: Since 1450

Author: Craig Lockard

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 1439085366

Category: History

Page: 608

View: 1115

SOCIETIES, NETWORKS, AND TRANSITIONS connects the different regions of the world between chapters, and explores broader global themes in part-ending essays. This innovative structure combines the accessibility of a regional approach with the rigor of comparative scholarship to show students world history in a truly global framework. The tree, tree, tree, forest organization assures that students stay engaged and sure of when and where they are in their study of world history. The text also features a strong focus on culture and religion. Author and veteran teacher Craig Lockard engages students with a unique approach to cultural artifacts; such as, music and art. A range of pedagogical features--including focus questions, section summaries, and web-based study aids--support students and instructors as they explore the interconnectedness of different people, places, and periods in the global past. The Second Edition features all new maps--beautiful to look at and learn with--and an open, student-friendly design. Additionally, the text has been extensively revised to sharpen the narrative. Available in the following split options: SOCIETIES, NETWORKS, AND TRANSITIONS, Second Edition (Chapters 1-31), ISBN: 978-1-439-08520-2; Volume I: To 1500 (Chapters 1-14), ISBN 978-1-439-08535-6; Volume II: Since 1450 (Chapters 15-31), ISBN 978-1-439-08536-3; Volume A: To 600 (Chapters 1-9), ISBN: 978-1-439-08533-2; Volume B: From 600 to 1750 (Chapters 10-18), ISBN: 978-1-439-08540-0; Volume C: Since 1750 (Chapters 19-31), ISBN: 978-1-439-08534-9. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

The Political History of Ghana (1950-2013)

The Experience of a Non-Conformist

Author: Dr. Obed Yao Asamoah

Publisher: AuthorHouse

ISBN: 149698563X

Category: History

Page: 774

View: 2734

This book is an instructive historical record of the First Republic of Ghana and the triumphs and tribulations of successive governments since 1950. It reminds us of the struggle between Osagyefo Dr. Kwame Nkrumah and his political opponents in the period preceding the achievement of political independence for Ghana, the events leading to his overthrow, and its impact on the course of Ghanas history. It is perhaps the most comprehensive history to date of the Rawlings era, the establishment of the Fourth Republic, and the formation of the National Democratic Congress (NDC). The NDC came to eclipse the Convention Peoples Party (CPP) as the rival of the DanquahBusia tradition manifested in the United Gold Coast Convention (UGCC), the countrys oldest national political movement originally formed to pioneer the independence struggle but later eclipsed by the breakaway CPP. The UGCC has undergone several transformations since and today is represented by the New Patriotic Party (NPP). The book well documents the challenges facing independent Ghana, including those related to the growth of democracy nationwide and within political parties. The African liberation struggle, the drama of the Congo crisis of the 1960s, and the Liberian crisis of the 1990s are graphically re-enacted to highlight Ghanas significant role in the events. It is perhaps the best account of the sacrifices Ghana and other ECOWAS countries, particularly Nigeria, made in returning peace to Liberia after a bitter civil war through the successful peacekeeping and peace-enforcement efforts of ECOWAS Monitoring Group (ECOMOG). The book sheds light on Dr. Obed Yao Asamoahs evolution into a politician of no mean achievement during the creation of the Fourth Republic and as the longest serving Foreign Minister and Attorney-General and Minister of Justice Ghana has ever known, offices he held simultaneously between 1993 and 1997.

Great Powers and the Quest for Hegemony

The World Order Since 1500

Author: Jeremy Black

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134157053

Category: History

Page: 288

View: 4865

This timely book provides a general overview of Great Power politics and world order from 1500 to the present. Jeremy Black provides several historical case-studies, each of which throws light on both the power in question and the international system of the period, and how it had developed from the preceding period. The point of departure for this book is Paul Kennedy’s 1988 masterpiece, The Rise and Fall of the Great Powers. That iconic book, with its enviable mastery of the sources and its skilful integration of political, military and economic history, was a great success when it appeared and has justifiably remained important since. Written during the Cold War, however, Kennedy’s study was very much of its time in its consideration of the great powers in ‘Western’ terms, and its emphasis on economics. This book brings together strategic studies, international relations, military history and geopolitics to answer some of the contemporary questions left open by Professor Kennedy's great work, and also looks to the future of great power relations and of US hegemony. Great Powers and the Quest for Hegemony will be of great interest to students of international relations, strategic studies and international history.

Internationale Sicherheit im 21. Jahrhundert

Deutschlands internationale Verantwortung

Author: James Bindenagel,Matthias Herdegen,Karl Kaiser

Publisher: V&R unipress GmbH

ISBN: 3847106171

Category: Political Science

Page: 256

View: 4627

Wissenschaft und Politik müssen sich heute vielfachen, oft neuen Herausforderungen stellen: Zerfallende Staaten, Verteilungskonflikte, Terrorismus und Flüchtlingsströme sind nur einige Beispiele. Im vorliegenden Band zeichnen renommierte Experten und Expertinnen aus dem In- und Ausland ein Panorama der internationalen Sicherheitsherausforderungen des 21. Jahrhunderts. Unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der Rolle Deutschlands zeigen sie dabei strategische Ansätze auf, wie diese Herausforderungen effektiv und sinnvoll bewältigt werden können und liefern so neue Impulse für die sicherheitspolitische Debatte in Deutschland.

China and International Institutions

Alternate Paths to Global Power

Author: Marc Lanteigne

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134214030

Category: History

Page: 240

View: 3427

China has shifted its foreign policy from one that avoided engagement in international organizations to one that is now embracing them. These moves present a new challenge to international relations theory. How will the global community be affected by the engagement of this massive global power with international institutions? This new study explores why China has chosen to abandon its previous doctrine of institutional isolation and details how it is currently unable to balance American power unilaterally and details an indirect path to greater power. In addition, it includes the first major analysis of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization, comprising China, Russia and most of Central Asia. In contrast to many works on the "rise of China" question, which place an emphasis on her material goods and powers, this book delivers a new approach. It shows how the unique barriers Beijing is facing are preventing the country from taking the traditional paths of territorial expansion and political-economic domination in order to develop as a great power. One of these barriers is the United States and its inherent military and economic strength. The other is the existence of nuclear weapons, which makes direct great power conflict unacceptably costly. China has therefore opted for a new path, using institutions as stepping stones to great power status. This book will be of great interest to students and scholars of international relations, world politics, world history and Asia.

The Eagle and the Peacock

U.S. Foreign Policy Toward India Since Independence

Author: M. Srinivas Chary

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780313276026

Category: History

Page: 194

View: 5933

A diplomatic history of American foreign policy toward India since 1947 that analyzes the forces of the Cold War in setting policy both between and within the two nations.

The Rise of Korean Leadership

Emerging Powers and Liberal International Order

Author: G. Ikenberry,J. Mo,Mo Jongryn

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137351128

Category: Political Science

Page: 211

View: 6949

South Korea has emerged as a new middle power playing a significant role in a wide range of important global issue areas and supporting liberal international order with its leadership diplomacy. The growing role played by new powers like Korea calls into question the prevailing view that global governance is polarized with emerging powers challenging the liberal international order established by the United States and its European allies after World War II. As the case of Korea shows, large developing countries like the BRICS are not the only emerging powers active in global governance. Newly developed or high income developing countries like South Korea, Turkey and Mexico are also active emerging powers, taking new initiatives, setting agendas and mediating conflicts between rival groups on the global stage. Because these high income developing countries have advanced under and benefited from the liberal international order, they see a great stake in its stability and show a willingness to protect it. "Liberal internationalist" developing countries are joining the expanding list of middle powers who contribute to the maintenance of liberal international order as niche players and system supporters.

World History in Documents

A Comparative Reader

Author: Peter N. Stearns

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 0814741010

Category: History

Page: 640

View: 2542

While world history materials date back to prehistoric times, the field itself is relatively young. Indeed, when the first edition of Peter Stearns’s best-selling World History in Documents was published in 1998, world history was poised for explosive growth, with the College Board approving the AP world history curriculum in 2000, and the exam shortly thereafter. At the university level, survey world history courses are increasingly required for history majors, and graduate programs in world history are multiplying in the U.S. and overseas. World events have changed as rapidly as the field of world history itself, making the long-awaited second edition of World History in Documents especially timely. In addition to including a new preface, focusing on current trends in the field, Stearns has updated forty percent of the textbook, paying particular attention to global processes throughout history. The book also covers key events that have altered world history since the publication of the first edition, including terrorism, global consumerism, and environmental issues.

Worldviews of Aspiring Powers

Domestic Foreign Policy Debates in China, India, Iran, Japan, and Russia

Author: Henry R. Nau,Deepa M. Ollapally

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199985995

Category: Political Science

Page: 256

View: 8860

Worldviews of Aspiring Powers provides a serious study of the domestic foreign policy debates in five world powers who have gained more influence as the US's has waned: China, Japan, India, Russia and Iran. Featuring a leading regional scholar for each essay, each essay identifies the most important domestic schools of thought--nationalists, realists, globalists, idealists/exceptionalists--and connects them to the historical and institutional sources that fuel each nation's foreign policy experience. While scholars have applied this approach to US foreign policy, this book is the first to track the competing schools of foreign policy thought within five of the world's most important rising powers. Concise and systematic, Worldviews of Aspiring Powers will serve as both an essential resource for foreign policy scholars trying to understand international power transitions and as a text for courses that focus on the same.