Over seven million Americans are either incarcerated, on probation, or on parole, with their criminal records often following them for life and affecting access to higher education, jobs, and housing. Court-ordered monetary sanctions that compel criminal defendants to pay fines, fees, surcharges, and restitution further inhibit their ability to reenter society. In A Pound of Flesh, sociologist Alexes Harris analyzes the rise of monetary sanctions in the criminal justice system and shows how they permanently penalize and marginalize the poor. She exposes the damaging effects of a little-understood component of criminal sentencing and shows how it further perpetuates racial and economic inequality. Harris draws from extensive sentencing data, legal documents, observations of court hearings, and interviews with defendants, judges, prosecutors, and other court officials. She documents how low-income defendants are affected by monetary sanctions, which include fees for public defenders and a variety of processing charges. Until these debts are paid in full, individuals remain under judicial supervision, subject to court summons, warrants, and jail stays. As a result of interest and surcharges that accumulate on unpaid financial penalties, these monetary sanctions often become insurmountable legal debts which many offenders carry for the remainder of their lives. Harris finds that such fiscal sentences, which are imposed disproportionately on low-income minorities, help create a permanent economic underclass and deepen social stratification. A Pound of Flesh delves into the court practices of five counties in Washington State to illustrate the ways in which subjective sentencing shapes the practice of monetary sanctions. Judges and court clerks hold a considerable degree of discretion in the sentencing and monitoring of monetary sanctions and rely on individual values—such as personal responsibility, meritocracy, and paternalism—to determine how much and when offenders should pay. Harris shows that monetary sanctions are imposed at different rates across jurisdictions, with little or no state government oversight. Local officials’ reliance on their own values and beliefs can also push offenders further into debt—for example, when judges charge defendants who lack the means to pay their fines with contempt of court and penalize them with additional fines or jail time. A Pound of Flesh provides a timely examination of how monetary sanctions permanently bind poor offenders to the judicial system. Harris concludes that in letting monetary sanctions go unchecked, we have created a two-tiered legal system that imposes additional burdens on already-marginalized groups.
Monetary Sanctions as Punishment for the Poor
Author: Alexes Harris
Publisher: Russell Sage Foundation
Category: Social Science
"Groundbreaking look at slaves as commodities through every phase of life, from birth to death and beyond, in early America The Price for Their Pound of Flesh is the first book to explore the economic value of enslaved people through every phase of their lives--including from before birth to after death--in the American domestic slave trades. Covering the full "life cycle" (including preconception, infancy, childhood, adolescence, adulthood, the senior years, and death), historian Daina Berry shows the lengths to which slaveholders would go to maximize profits. She draws from over ten years of research to explore how enslaved people responded to being appraised, bartered, and sold. By illuminating their lives, Berry ensures that the individuals she studies are regarded as people, not merely commodities. Analyzing the depth of this monetization of human property will change the way we think about slavery, reparations, capitalism, and nineteenth-century medical education"--
The Value of the Enslaved, from Womb to Grave, in the Building of a Nation
Author: Daina Ramey Berry
Publisher: Beacon Press
Category: SOCIAL SCIENCE
The author, a Hollywood producer, describes how movies are made, sharing his experiences working with Robert De Niro, Brian De Palma, Sean Penn, and Sean Connery
Perilous Tales of How to Produce Movies in Hollywood
Author: Art Linson
Publisher: Grove Press
Category: Performing Arts
Committed to fulfilling her murdered father's dying wish to help those in need, Kat becomes a prison tutor and develops a strong attraction to her dangerously sexy student, but his role on the night her father died may force them apart forever.
Author: Sophie Jackson
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
Recent research into the implications of low birth weight may be plagued by unobserved variable bias. It is unclear whether the later-life consequences found to be associated with low birth weight are a true effect of poundage' at birth, or whether this association results from underlying factors related to birth weight such as genetics, gestational age, pregnancy-related behavior, or prenatal environment. In this study, we employ twin comparisons to rule out such unobserved factors and to isolate more precise effects of birth weight on infant mortality. Using data from the 1995-1997 Matched Multiple Birth Database and deducing zygosity based on the sex ratio of twin births, we examine the effects of birth weight for both fraternal and identical twins on both neonatal and post-neonatal mortality. Results suggest that in the neonatal period, low birth weight may partially be acting as a proxy for underlying genetic conditions, but in the post-neonatal period birth weight per se increases the risk of mortality. Thus, it appears that after an initial weeding-out' period in which the more severe ailments associated with genetics may be behind birth weight effects, poundage' itself has a significant impact on life chances net of genes and other pregnancy-specific health or social conditions
Using Twin Differences to Estimate the Effect of Birth Weight on Life Chances
Author: Dalton Conley,Kate Strully,Neil G. Bennett
Category: Birth weight
While she has never felt the need to change her figure, Mrs Pargeter is happy enough to accompany her friend Kim to a health farm. Until, in the night, she sees a body being wheeled out. What Mrs Pargeter doesn’t realise is that this suspicious death will set her on a trail of detection which will bring her into direct conflict with her late husband’s business associates.
Author: Simon Brett
Publisher: Severn House Publishers Ltd
Scotland Yard Detective Superintendent Blanche Hampton investigates the murder of a government minister's daughter and that of another woman, killed in exactly the same manner. 15,000 first printing.
Author: Trevor Barnes
Publisher: William Morrow & Company
A Pound of Flesh, Book 4 in the Surviving the Zombie Apocalypse series, picks up the day after "In Harm's Way: Surviving the Zombie Apocalypse" left off. Outbreak - Day1 Like a fragile house of cards in a hurricane, Presidents, Premiers, entire governments and their ruling bodies disappeared instantly. Some had ensconced themselves in deep underground bunkers or remained holed up in fortified strongholds, but history would tell that most had been swallowed up by the dead - never to be heard from again. WARNING - SPOILERS AHEAD Outbreak - Day 9 Reeling from a surprise attack, and with two fires burning out of control, Schriever AFB goes on high alert. Former CDC Scientist Sylvester Fuentes, the apparent target, is killed along with his assistant Jessica Hanson, Brook's brother Carl and a handful of others. Destroyed in the conflagration was the Omega antiserum Fuentes had been working to perfect, and just hours prior had tested successfully on one of the newly infected. Meanwhile, returning prematurely from a mission to set off two nukes in the path of an advancing horde of living dead numbering several hundred thousand strong, and with his Delta Force commander Mike Desantos infected and dying from the Omega virus, Cade Grayson was forced to do something no friend should have to. Then, shortly after taking Desantos's life, and while still cradling the hard charging operator's corpse, the low rumble of the two nuclear detonations signaling the mission's likely success rolled over Schriever. Immediately, Delta Force Captain Cade Grayson begins to formulate a plan that will send him hurtling on a collision course with the parties responsible for the terrorist attack. Six hundred miles away in Eden, Utah, Duncan Winters, Vietnam-era aviator, hopes to recuperate and ride out the apocalypse in his survivalist/ Doomsday prepper brother Logan's compound. In Jackson Hole, Wyoming, the New American capitol and fiefdom of Robert Christian, well-connected billionaire and self-appointed President, Daymon Bush, former BLM firefighter, bides his time with one burning desire: to find his girlfriend Heidi even if it ultimately kills him. Will Cade successfully lobby President Clay and embark on a new mission in order to extract a pound of flesh for Carl and Mike Desantos? Will Brook Grayson and her eleven-year-old daughter Raven continue to temper themselves against the new dangers inside and outside the wire at Schriever? Will Daymon accomplish his goal and survive Jackson Hole? Can the much older Duncan find a way to fit in with his younger brother Logan's prepper friends? Will newly promoted General Ronnie Gaines fit in with the late Commander's fractured Delta team? Can the human race find a way to survive the legions of migrating zombies?
Surviving the Zombie Apocalypse
Author: Shawn Chesser
Terror feeds them. Rage drives them. Only fury lasts forever... A ghost town, isolated from civilization by miles of scorching desert, has become a killing ground. Blood taints the sand and the stench of rot hovers on the humid air. It's a small patch of hell that Aleksandr Sokolovsky was born into. The son of the world's most prolific serial killers, he yearns for a freedom he'll never have. He comforts himself with the knowledge that death eventually comes for everyone. But he had never considered the Furies. Summoned by years of pain and rage, the three demonic sisters have descended upon the ghost town. The creatures of Greek legend are real. Consumed by their desire for blood and vengeance, they rain down a reckoning. They delight in ripping their victims' minds and bodies to shreds before offering a merciful death. For most of his life, Aleksandr has been ready to die. But he'll fight to his last breath to spare his younger brother and sister the same fate. Unable to battle the hellish creatures alone, Aleksandr is forced into an uneasy truce with Evelyn Figueroa, the woman his parents chose to be his first female victim. Together they face an ancient rage that can't be reasoned with or destroyed. Burning with an inferno of hatred, the Furies won't stop until they've collected their debt in full. A pound of flesh for every sin.
Author: Sara Clancy
Publisher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform
My name is Roy Morgan, and I'm not your average Atlanta cop. For one, most of them don't have to kill people to stay alive. I do. It's a half-demon thing. Yep, that's right, half-demon. It's awesome, especially since I'm half-warlock too, and those two sides don't much get along. Still, that and a buck will get you a candy bar. So it's all good. Or at least it was. See, I had this dumb idea to stop a robbery in progress and have myself a snack. Turns out these weren't your run of the mill robbers. No, these were demonic slavers, there to capture the district attorney and sell her off to the highest bidding demon in Hell. Now if I want to stop them, I'm going to have to fight my way through a city full of hellfire-flinging, gun-toting, spell-weaving demons. My name is Roy Morgan, and I think I'll have seconds.
An Urban Fantasy Novel
Author: J. Cipriano,Conner Kressley
Publisher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform