Pioneering Women in American Mathematics

The Pre-1940 PhD's

Author: Judy Green,Jeanne LaDuke

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 0821843761

Category: Mathematics

Page: 349

View: 7903

More than 14 percent of the PhD's awarded in the United States during the first four decades of the twentieth century went to women, a proportion not achieved again until the 1980s. This book is the result of a study in which the authors identified all of the American women who earned PhD's in mathematics before 1940, and collected extensive biographical and bibliographical information about each of them. By reconstructing as complete a picture as possible of this group of women, Green and LaDuke reveal insights into the larger scientific and cultural communities in which they lived and worked. The book contains an extended introductory essay, as well as biographical entries for each of the 228 women in the study. The authors examine family backgrounds, education, careers, and other professional activities. They show that there were many more women earning PhD's in mathematics before 1940 than is commonly thought. Extended biographies and bibliographical information are available from the companion website for the book: www.ams.org/bookpages/hmath-34. The material will be of interest to researchers, teachers, and students in mathematics, history of mathematics, history of science, women's studies, and sociology. The data presented about each of the 228 individual members of the group will support additional study and analysis by scholars in a large number of disciplines.

Women in Mathematics

Celebrating the Centennial of the Mathematical Association of America

Author: Janet L. Beery,Sarah J. Greenwald,Jacqueline A. Jensen-Vallin,Maura B. Mast

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319666940

Category: Mathematics

Page: 405

View: 5355

This collection of refereed papers celebrates the contributions, achievements, and progress of female mathematicians, mostly in the 20th and 21st centuries. Emerging from the themed paper session “The Contributions of Women to Mathematics: 100 Years and Counting” at MAA's 2015 MathFest, this volume contains a diverse mix of current scholarship and exposition on women and mathematics, including biographies, histories, and cultural discussions. The multiplicity of authors also ensures a wide variety of perspectives. In inspiring and informative chapters, the authors featured in this volume reflect on the accomplishments of women in mathematics, showcasing the changes in mathematical culture that resulted as more women obtained tenure-track and tenured academic positions, received prestigious awards and honors, served in leadership roles in professional societies, and became more visibly active in the mathematical community. Readers will find discussions of mathematical excellence at Girton College, Cambridge, in the late 19th and early 20th centuries; of perseverance by Polish women in mathematics during and after World War II and by Black women in mathematics in the United States from the 1880s onward; and of the impact of outreach programs ranging from EDGE's promotion of graduate education to the Daughters of Hypatia dance performances. The volume also provides informative biographies of a variety of women from mathematics and statistics, many of them well-known and others less well-known, including Charlotte Angas Scott, Emmy Noether, Mina Rees, Gertrude Cox, Euphemia Lofton Haynes, Norma Hernandez, Deborah Tepper Haimo, and Teri Perl. These essays provide compelling reading for a wide audience, including mathematicians, historians of science, teachers of mathematics, and students at the high school, college, and graduate levels. Anyone interested in attracting more girls and women as students, faculty, and/or employees will also find this volume engaging and enlightening.

Advancing Women in Science

An International Perspective

Author: Willie Pearson, Jr.,Lisa M. Frehill,Connie L. McNeely

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319086294

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 344

View: 7006

Many countries have implemented policies to increase the number and quality of scientific researchers as a means to foster innovation and spur economic development and progress. To that end, grounded in a view of women as a rich, yet underutilized knowledge and labor resource, a great deal of recent attention has focused on encouraging women to pursue education and careers in science — even in countries with longstanding dominant patriarchal regimes. Yet, overall, science remains an area in which girls and women are persistently disadvantaged. This book addresses that situation. It bridges the gap between individual- and societal-level perspectives on women in science in a search for systematic solutions to the challenge of building an inclusive and productive scientific workforce capable of creating the innovation needed for economic growth and societal wellbeing. This book examines both the role of gender as an organizing principle of social life and the relative position of women scientists within national and international labor markets. Weaving together and engaging research on globalization, the social organization of science, and gendered societal relations as key social forces, this book addresses critical issues affecting women’s contributions and participation in science. Also, while considering women’s representation in science as a whole, examinations of women in the chemical sciences, computing, mathematics and statistics are offered as examples to provide insights into how differing disciplinary cultures, functional tasks and socio-historical conditions can affect the advancement of women in science relative to important variations in educational and occupational realities. Edited by three social scientists recognized for their expertise in science and technology policy, education, workforce participation, and stratification, this book includes contributions from an intellectually diverse group of international scholars and analysts and features compelling cases and initiatives from around the world, with implications for research, industry practice, education and policy development.

Handbuch Interdisziplinäre Geschlechterforschung

Author: Beate Kortendiek,Birgit Riegraf,Katja Sabisch

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3658124962

Category: Social Science

Page: 1566

View: 2369

Das Handbuch bietet einen systematischen Überblick über den Stand der Geschlechterforschung. Disziplinäre und interdisziplinäre Zugänge werden verknüpft und vielfältige Sichtweisen auf das Forschungsfeld eröffnet. Die Beiträge der Geschlechterforscher_innen aus unterschiedlichen Fachdisziplinen spannen die Breite des Forschungs- und Wissenschaftsfeldes auf. Hierdurch werden die Debatten, Analysen und Entwicklungen der deutschsprachigen und internationalen Geschlechterforschung deutlich. Das Handbuch Interdisziplinäre Geschlechterforschung ist in sieben Schwerpunkte gegliedert und besonders in Lehre und Forschung einsetzbar.

Emmy Noether, die Noether-Schule und die moderne Algebra

Zur Geschichte einer kulturellen Bewegung

Author: Mechthild Koreuber

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3662441500

Category: Science

Page: 368

View: 895

Emmy Noether und die Mitglieder der Noether-Schule gestalteten wesentlich die kulturelle Bewegung der modernen Algebra, die in den 1920er Jahren die Vorstellungen über Mathematik veränderte und zu einem neuen Verständnis der Mathematik als Strukturwissenschaft führte. In interdisziplinär angelegten Studien verbindet die Autorin biografische Forschungen zu Noether und den Mitgliedern der Noether-Schule mit wissenschaftstheoretischen Untersuchungen mathematischer Texte sowie einer aus dem Konzept der dichten Beschreibung abgeleiteten Analyse wissenschaftlicher Schulenbildung: Die Entstehung mathematischen Wissens als soziokultureller Prozess wird sichtbar und auch einer mathematisch nicht ausgebildeten Leserschaft zugänglich. Zahlreiche Details zum Ringen von Wissenschaftlerinnen um berufliche Anerkennung, zur Entstehung mathematischer Begriffe und Disziplinen sowie zum Leben und Wirken von Mathematiker/inne/n vermitteln ein Bild der Mathematik im ersten Drittel des 20. Jahrhunderts.

Hidden Figures - Unerkannte Heldinnen

Author: Margot Lee Shetterly

Publisher: HarperCollins

ISBN: 3959676433

Category: History

Page: 416

View: 7394

1943 stellt das Langley Memorial Aeronautical Laboratory der NACA,die später zur NASA wird, erstmalig afroamerikanische Frauen ein. "Menschliche Rechner" - unter ihnen Dorothy Vaughan, die 1953 Vorgesetzte der brillanten afroamerikanischen Mathematikerin Katherine Johnson wird. Trotz Diskriminierung und Vorurteilen, treiben sie die Forschungen der NASA voran und Katherine Johnsons Berechnungen werden maßgeblich für den Erfolg der Apollo-Missionen. Dies ist ihre Geschichte. "Mit dieser unglaublich mitreißenden und vielschichtigen Erzählung zeigt Shetterly ihr Können. Die Geschichte begeistert in allen Aspekten." Booklist

"Morgen möchte ich wieder 100 herrliche Sachen ausrechnen"

Iris Runge bei Osram und Telefunken

Author: Renate Tobies

Publisher: Franz Steiner Verlag Wiesbaden gmbh

ISBN: N.A

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 396

View: 7300

English summary: Iris Runge (1888-1966) compared computing in an industrial laboratory with a joyous feeling of childhood: "It's like when you woke up early on Christmas Day with the prospect of being able to play all day with your new things." This book demonstrates how this outstanding technology and business mathematician led to the development of German companies such as Osram and Telefunken, and shows the links between mathematics, experimental research, technology, education, and politics from the empire to the end of World War II. The researcher and later professor of theoretical physics, originally stemming from Huguenot tradition, christened her boat after the Chinese goddess Kuan Yin, who had compassion for the poor and in combination with a dragon also symbolized wisdom, strength and thereby her two worlds: Applied mathematics and advocacy for a just world. German text. German description: Iris Runge (1888-1966) verglich das Rechnen im Industrielabor mit einem beglueckenden Kindheitsgefuehl: aEs ist, wie wenn man frueher Weihnachten aufwachte mit der Aussicht, nun den ganzen Tag mit seinen Sachen zu spielen. Die Beschaftigung mit dieser fruehen, herausragenden Techno- und Wirtschaftsmathematikerin fuehrt in die Entwicklung deutscher Unternehmen wie Osram und Telefunken ein und zeigt die Verflechtungen von Mathematik, Experimentalforschung, Technik, Bildung und Politik vom Kaiserreich bis zum Ende des Zweiten Weltkriegs. Die aus hugenottischer Tradition stammende Forscherin, spatere Professorin fuer theoretische Physik, taufte ihr Boot auf den Namen der chinesischen Gottin Kuan Yin, die Mitgefuehl fuer die Armen und in Kombination mit einem Drachen auch Klugheit, Starke und damit ihre zwei Welten symbolisiert: Angewandte Mathematik und Eintreten fuer eine gerechte Welt.

Women in Psychology

A Bio-bibliographic Sourcebook

Author: Agnes N. O'Connell,Nancy Felipe Russo

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780313260919

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 441

View: 7386

These insightful essays, remarkably free of the jargon endemic to the social sciences, will enrich academic libraries' psychology reference collections. Wilson Library Bulletin Women in Psychology is unique in that it is the first bio-bibliographic sourcebook on historical and contemporary women in psychology. It documents, preserves, and makes visible the diversity and excellence of women's contributions to the discipline. Separate chapters evaluate and provide a critical lens through which to view the contributions of 36 women, to the evolution of psychology. Women in Psychology is an especially rich bibliographic resource not only through references at the end of each chapter but through a separate five-part bibliographic chapter that identifies the most important books and other sources of information on women in psychology and references to autobiographical and biographic information on 185 women contributors. The book contains an overview chapter describing the rigorous selection process employed, a chapter on award-winning contributions of women as recognized by the American Psychological Association and the American Psychological Foundation, and appendicies on birth years, place of birth, and major fields. This volume will be useful to historians of psychology, to scholars of women's history and the psychology of women, and to all psychologists and students of psychology. It will also be well received by public and private libraries.

Emmy Noether

Author: A. Dick

Publisher: Birkhäuser

ISBN: 9783764305192

Category: Science

Page: 72

View: 8435


Women in Chemistry

Their Changing Roles from Alchemical Times to the Mid-twentieth Century

Author: Marelene F. Rayner-Canham,Marelene Rayner-Canham,Geoffrey Rayner-Canham

Publisher: Chemical Heritage Foundation

ISBN: 9780941901277

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 284

View: 9175

Discusses the lives and scientific contributions of more than fifty women chemists from antiquity through the present day.

The Biographical Dictionary of Women in Science

Pioneering Lives From Ancient Times to the Mid-20th Century

Author: Marilyn Ogilvie,Joy Harvey

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135963436

Category: Reference

Page: 1500

View: 8334

Edited by two of the most respected scholars in the field, this milestone reference combines "facts-fronted" fast access to biographical details with highly readable accounts and analyses of nearly 3000 scientists' lives, works, and accomplishments. For all academic and public libraries' science and women's studies collections.

Towards Gender Equity in Mathematics Education

An ICMI Study

Author: Gila Hanna

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0306472058

Category: Education

Page: 305

View: 1538

THE REAL WORLD OF MATHEMATICS, SCIENCE, AND TECHNOLOGY EDUCATION In this Preface, I would like to focus on what I mean by “education” and speak about the models and metaphors that are used when people talk, write, and act in the domain of education. We need to look at the assu- tions and processes that the models and metaphors implicitly and explicitly contain. I feel we should explore whether there is a specific thrust to mat- matics education in the here and now, and be very practical about it. For me education is the enhancement of knowledge and understanding, and there is a strong and unbreakable link between the two. There seems l- tle point in acquiring knowledge without understanding its meaning. Nor is it enough to gain a deep understanding of problems without gaining the appropriate knowledge to work for their solution. Thus knowledge and understanding are each necessary conditions for the process of education, but only when they are linked will the process bear fruit. Only in the b- anced interplay of knowledge and understanding can we expect to achieve genuine education.

Blattgeflüster

Die wunderbare Welt der Pflanzen. Aus dem Leben einer leidenschaftlichen Forscherin

Author: Hope Jahren

Publisher: Ludwig

ISBN: 3641114381

Category: Science

Page: 416

View: 2223

Eine hinreißende Geschichte über Pflanzen, Liebe und die Wissenschaft Hope Jahren hat das, wovon viele Menschen träumen: einen Beruf, der ihr Herz und ihr Leben erfüllt. Seit sie denken kann, ist die Geo-Biologin fasziniert von der Natur – von Pflanzen, Bäumen, Blättern, Samenkörnern und den unglaublichen Geschichten, die sie uns erzählen, sogar noch in fossiler Form. Wie ist es beispielsweise möglich, dass ein Kirschkern hundert Jahre lang geduldig warten kann, bis er sich auf einmal dazu entscheidet zu keimen? Hope Jahrens Werdegang von der kindlichen Forscherin zur angesehenen Wissenschaftlerin, die sich trotz zahlreicher Hindernisse in einer Männerwelt behauptet, ist eine inspirierende und mitreißende Geschichte voller Leidenschaft, Durchhaltevermögen und ewiger Neugierde. Ein wunderbares Gleichnis über die Kraft der Natur und die Freude des Entdeckens, das einen ganz neuen Blick auf die Pflanzenwelt eröffnet. Seite für Seite. Blatt für Blatt. Für die New York Times ist Hope Jahrens »Blattgeflüster« eines der 100 besten Bücher des Jahres 2016.

Science and Its Times

Understanding the Social Significance of Scientific Discovery

Author: Neil Schlager,Josh Lauer

Publisher: Gale / Cengage Learning

ISBN: 9780787639389

Category: Science

Page: 672

View: 3835

"This series discusses how the major fields of science developed during specific time periods. Each volume focuses on a range of years and includes developments in exploration, life sciences, mathematics, physical sciences, and technology. When the series is completed, the seven volumes will cover 2000 B.C. to the present."--"Outstanding Reference Sources," American Libraries, May 2001.

Steve Jobs. Think different – die Welt anders denken

Author: Karen Blumenthal

Publisher: ebook Berlin Verlag

ISBN: 3827075920

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 288

View: 2686

Ein kompliziertes Genie, das die Einfachheit liebte: Steve Jobs - Querdenker, Visionär und Gründer von Apple. Wie konnte dieser Mann, der weder Ingenieur noch Computerfreak war, unsere digitale Welt so beeinflussen, dass wir uns nach jedem seiner Produkte verzehren? Kompakt und anschaulich erzählt Karen Blumenthal das außergewöhnliche Leben eines begnadeten Erfinders, der mit seinem mitreißenden und kompromisslosen Führungsstil Apple an die Spitze gebracht und gleichzeitig das Produktdesign einer ganzen Epoche geprägt hat. Blumenthals reich illustriertes Buch ist die faszinierende Biographie eines modernen Technik-Pioniers und zugleich ein überraschender Blick hinter die Kulissen der Computerindustrie. Ein Lesevergnügen ersten Ranges - nicht nur für Apple-Enthusiasten.

Women Scientists in America

Struggles and Strategies to 1940

Author: Margaret W. Rossiter

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 9780801825095

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 439

View: 8630

Looks at the role of women astronomers, chemists, and anthropologists in colleges, government or industrial positions, and in professional associations, and examines how they gained acceptance

Julia Robinson and Hilbert's Tenth Problem (DVD)

Author: George Csicsery

Publisher: A K Peters Limited

ISBN: 9781568814285

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: N.A

View: 7086

A one-hour biographical documentary, Julia Robinson and Hilbert's Tenth Problem tells the story of a pioneer among American women in mathematics.Julia Robinson was the first woman elected to the mathematical section of the National Academy of Sciences, and the first woman to become president of the American Mathematical Society. Julia Robinson's work, and the exciting story of the path that led to the solution of Hilbert's tenth problem in 1970, produced an unusual friendship between Russian and American colleagues at the height of the Cold War.In this film, Robinson's major contribution to the solution of H10 triggers a tour of 20th century mathematics that moves from Paris in 1900, through the United States, to the Soviet Union, and back. Julia Robinson's work hinged on the ideas of key protagonists in the history of mathematics and logic: David Hilbert, Alfred Tarski, Alan Turing, and Kurt Gödel, among others. The film interweaves the personal story of this important figure in American mathematics and the ideas that dominated her passionate pursuit of the field. Three of the four mathematicians involved in solving H10 are in the film—Yuri Matiyasevich, Martin Davis and Hilary Putnam. Fortunately, Julia Robinson's place in the film is filled by her biographer and sister, Constance Reid, who also wrote highly acclaimed biographies of David Hilbert and of other modern mathematicians, including E. T. Bell.