Physics and Chemistry of Interfaces

Author: Hans-Jürgen Butt,Karlheinz Graf,Michael Kappl

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527606408

Category: Science

Page: 373

View: 982

Serving as a general introduction to surface and interface science, this book focuses on basic concepts rather than specific details, and on intuitive understanding rather than merely learning facts. The text reflects the fact that the physics and chemistry of surfaces is a diverse area of research that involves classical scientific and engineering disciplines. As such, it discusses fundamental subjects, such as thermodynamics of interfaces, as well as applied topics including wetting, friction, and lubrication. Following an introduction to the most important techniques and methods, readers will be able to apply simple models to their own scientific problems. Furthermore, manifold high end technological applications are shown together with the basic scientific treatment, for example AFM, surface technology, biotechnology, microelectronics, and biomaterials. The book is written with advanced students of chemistry, physics, materials science, chemical engineering and related subjects who have a basic knowledge of natural sciences and mathematics in mind. In addition, scientists and engineers who are not yet specialists in surface science but want to learn more about this important subject will equally benefit.

Physics and Chemistry of III-V Compound Semiconductor Interfaces

Author: Carl Wilmsen

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1468448358

Category: Science

Page: 465

View: 8047

The application of the 111-V compound semiconductors to device fabrica tion has grown considerably in the last few years. This process has been stimulated, in part, by the advancement in the understanding of the interface physics and chemistry of the III-V's. The literature on this subject is spread over the last 15 years and appears in many journals and conference proceedings. Understanding this literature requires consider able effort by the seasoned researcher, and even more for those starting out in the field or by engineers and scientists who wish to apply this knowledge to the fabrication of devices. The purpose of this book is to bring together much of the fundamental and practical knowledge on the physics and chemistry of the 111-V compounds with metals and dielectrics. The authors of this book have endeavored to provide concise overviews of these areas with many tahles ancI grarhs whic. h c. omr>are and summarize the literature. In this way, the book serves as both an insightful treatise on III-V interfaces and a handy reference to the literature. The selection of authors was mandated by the desire to include both fundamental and practical approaches, covering device and material aspects of the interfaces. All of the authors are recognized experts on III-V interfaces and each has worked for many years in his subject area. This experience is projected in the breadth of understanding in each chapter.

Research Methodology in Physics and Chemistry of Surfaces and Interfaces

Author: Nekane Guarrotxena

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1482240971

Category: Science

Page: 306

View: 3973

This book covers a selection of recent research studies and new developments in physics and chemistry in micro and nanoscale materials. It brings together research contributions from eminent experts in the field from both academic and industry, providing the latest developments in advanced materials chemical domains.

The Physics and Chemistry of SiO2 and the Si-SiO2 Interface 2

Author: B.E. Deal,C.R. Helms

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1489915885

Category: Science

Page: 503

View: 629

The first international symposium on the subject "The Physics and Chemistry of Si02 and the Si-Si02 Interface," organized in association with the Electrochemical Society, Inc. , was held in Atlanta, Georgia on May 15- 20, 1988. This symposium contained sixty papers and was so successful that the sponsoring divisions decided to schedule it on a regular basis every four years. Thus, the second symposium on "The Physics and Chemistry of Si02 and the Si02 Interface was held May 18-21, 1992 in St. Louis, Missouri, again sponsored by the Electronics and Dielectrics Science and Technology Divisions of The Electrochemical Society. This volume contains manuscripts of most of the fifty nine papers presented at the 1992 symposium, and is divided into eight chapters - approximating the organization of the symposium. Each chapter is preceded with an introduction by the session organizers. It is appropriate to provide a general assessment of the current status and understanding of the physics and chemistry of Si02 and the Si02 interface before proceeding with a brief overview of the individual chapters. Semiconductor devices have continued to scale down in both horizontal and vertical dimensions. This has resulted in thinner gate and field oxides as well as much closer spacing of individual device features. As a result, surface condition, native oxide composition, and cleaning and impurity effects now provide a much more significant contribution to the properties of oxides and their interfaces.

The Physics and Chemistry of SiO2 and the Si-SiO2 Interface

Author: B.E. Deal,C.R. Helms

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1489907742

Category: Science

Page: 556

View: 2712

The properties of Si02 and the Si-Si02 interface provide the key foundation onto which the majority of semiconductor device technology has been built Their study has consumed countless hours of many hundreds of investigators over the years, not only in the field of semiconductor devices but also in ceramics, materials science, metallurgy, geology, and mineralogy, to name a few. These groups seldom have contact with each other even though they often investigate quite similar aspects of the Si02 system. Desiring to facilitate an interaction between these groups we set out to organize a symposium on the Physics and Chemistry of Si()z and the Si-Si()z Interface under the auspices of The Electrochemical Society, which represents a number of the appropriate groups. This symposium was held at the 173rd Meeting of The Electrochemical Society in Atlanta, Georgia, May 15-20, 1988. These dates nearly coincided with the ten year anniversary of the "International Topical Conference on the Physics of Si02 and its Interfaces" held at mM in 1978. We have modeled the present symposium after the 1978 conference as well as its follow on at North Carolina State in 1980. Of course, much progress has been made in that ten years and the symposium has given us the opportunity to take a multidisciplinary look at that progress.

Polymer Surfaces and Interfaces

Characterization, Modification and Applications

Author: Manfred Stamm

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540738657

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 324

View: 4895

In what is an extremely practical and applicable new work, experts provide concise explanations, with examples and illustrations, of the key techniques in this important field. In each case, after basic principles have been reviewed, applications of the experimental techniques are discussed and illustrated with specific examples. Scientists and engineers in research and development will benefit from an application-oriented book that helps them to find solutions to both fundamental and applied problems. They will know that the surfaces and interfaces of polymers play an important role in most of the application areas of polymers, from moulds, foils, and composites, to biomaterials and applications in micro- and nanotechnology.

Organische Molekulare Festkörper

Einführung in die Physik von pi-Systemen

Author: Markus Schwoerer,Hans Christoph Wolf

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527662359

Category: Science

Page: 411

View: 3839

Die Untersuchung der physikalischen Eigenschaften Organischer Festkörper, insbesondere solcher, deren Bausteine konjugierte p-Elektronen-Systeme enthalten, ist in den letzten Jahrzehnten zu einem aktiven und attraktiven Teilgebiet der Festkörperphysik geworden. Hierfür gibt es mehrere Gründe. Zum einen ist es die Vielfalt von Eigenschaften, die sie von den anorganischen Festkörpern unterscheiden. Dazu gehört zum Beispiel die Energieleitung durch Excitonen, also ohne Transport von Ladungen, über größere Distanzen. Mit Hilfe der Chemie lassen sich diese Eigenschaften in weiten Grenzen variieren. Weiter verspricht man sich neue Anwendungsmöglichkeiten, etwa als Organische Leuchtdioden oder in einer neuartigen molekularen Elektronik, welche die auf anorganischen Halbleitern beruhende Elektronik erweitert und ergänzt. Schließlich sind Organische Festkörper ein Bindeglied zwischen Physik und Biologischer Physik. So hat etwa die Organische Festkörperphysik wichtige Beiträge zur Aufklärung der Elementarprozesse der Photosynthese geleistet. Das Buch ist für Studenten im Wahl- oder Spezial-Vorlesungsbereich geschrieben und für solche, die sich selber forschend in diesem Gebiet betätigen wollen. Darüber hinaus wendet es sich an alle Physiker, Physikochemiker und Chemiker, die ihre Kenntnisse über Festkörper erweitern wollen. Das Buch bietet eine Einführung in die Grundlagen mit Verweisen auf ausführlichere Literatur bis hin zu Problemen der aktuellen Forschung

Electrified Interfaces in Physics, Chemistry and Biology

Author: R Guidelli

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 940112566X

Category: Science

Page: 600

View: 8238

Electrified interfaces span from metaVsemiconductor and metaVelectrolyte interfaces to disperse systems and biological membranes, and are notably important in so many physical, chemical and biological systems that their study has been tackled by researchers with different scientific backgrounds using different methodological approaches. The various electrified interfaces have several common features. The equilibrium distribution of positive and negative ions in an electrolytic solution is governed by the same Poisson-Boltzmann equation independent of whether the solution comes into contact with a metal, a colloidal particle or a biomembrane, and the same is true for the equilibrium distribution of free electrons and holes of a semiconductor in contact with a different conducting phase. Evaluation of electric potential differences across biomembranes is based on the same identity of electrochemical potentials which holds for a glass electrode and which yields the Nernst equation when applied to a metal/solution interface. The theory of thermally activated electron tunneling, which was developed by Marcus, Levich, Dogonadze and others to account for electron transfer across metaVelectrolyte interfaces, is also applied to light induced charge separation and proton translocation reactions across intercellular membranes. From an experimental viewpoint, the same electrochemical and in situ spectroscopic techniques can equally well be employed for the study of apparently quite different electrified interfaces.

Dielectric Polymer Nanocomposites

Author: J. Keith Nelson

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781441915917

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 368

View: 9199

Dielectric Polymer Nanocomposites provides the first in-depth discussion of nano-dielectrics, an emerging and fast moving topic in electrical insulation. The text begins with an overview of the background, principles and promise of nanodielectrics, followed by a discussion of the processing of nanocomposites and then proceeds with special considerations of clay based processes, mechanical, thermal and electric properties and surface properties as well as erosion resistance. Carbon nanotubes are discussed as a means of creation of non linear conductivity, the text concludes with a industrial applications perspective.

Handbook of Surfaces and Interfaces of Materials, Five-Volume Set

Author: Hari Singh Nalwa

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0080533825

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 2911

View: 1770

This handbook brings together, under a single cover, all aspects of the chemistry, physics, and engineering of surfaces and interfaces of materials currently studied in academic and industrial research. It covers different experimental and theoretical aspects of surfaces and interfaces, their physical properties, and spectroscopic techniques that have been applied to a wide class of inorganic, organic, polymer, and biological materials. The diversified technological areas of surface science reflect the explosion of scientific information on surfaces and interfaces of materials and their spectroscopic characterization. The large volume of experimental data on chemistry, physics, and engineering aspects of materials surfaces and interfaces remains scattered in so many different periodicals, therefore this handbook compilation is needed. The information presented in this multivolume reference draws on two decades of pioneering research on the surfaces and interfaces of materials to offer a complete perspective on the topic. These five volumes-Surface and Interface Phenomena; Surface Characterization and Properties; Nanostructures, Micelles, and Colloids; Thin Films and Layers; Biointerfaces and Applications-provide multidisciplinary review chapters and summarize the current status of the field covering important scientific and technological developments made over past decades in surfaces and interfaces of materials and spectroscopic techniques with contributions from internationally recognized experts from all over the world. Fully cross-referenced, this book has clear, precise, and wide appeal as an essential reference source long due for the scientific community. The complete reference on the topic of surfaces and interfaces of materials The information presented in this multivolume reference draws on two decades of pioneering research Provides multidisciplinary review chapters and summarizes the current status of the field Covers important scientific and technological developments made over past decades in surfaces and interfaces of materials and spectroscopic techniques Contributions from internationally recognized experts from all over the world

Liquid interfaces in chemistry and biology

Author: Alexander George Volkov

Publisher: Wiley-Interscience

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 551

View: 4055

This text is intended for use as an introduction to both the theory of surface science and its applications in modern biology and chemistry. The book attempts to explain the physical and chemical fundamentals of interfacial phenomena, and readers will find virtually all definitions and concepts needed to understand the role of interfaces in chemistry and biology.

Unimolecular and Supramolecular Electronics II

Chemistry and Physics Meet at Metal-Molecule Interfaces

Author: Robert M. Metzger

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642273971

Category: Science

Page: 272

View: 3171

G. C. Solomon C. Herrmann M. A. Ratner Molecular Electronic Junction Transport: Some Pathways and Some Ideas R. M. Metzger D. L. Mattern Unimolecular Electronic Devices B. Branchi F. C. Simeone M. A. Rampi Active and Non-Active Large-Area Metal–Molecules–Metal Junctions C. Li A. Mishchenko T. Wandlowski Charge Transport in Single Molecular Junctions at the Solid/Liquid Interface K. W. Hipps Tunneling Spectroscopy of Organic Monolayers and Single Molecules N. Renaud M. Hliwa C. Joachim Single Molecule Logical Devices

Interfacial Electrokinetics and Electrophoresis

Author: Angel V. Delgado

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780824706036

Category: Science

Page: 1016

View: 3892

Interfacial Electtrokinetics and Electrophoresis presents theoretical models and experimental procedures for the analysis of electrokinetic phenomena. It discusses the physics and chemistry of solid/liquid, liquid/liquid, and gas/liquid interfaces, and offers applications for the printing, environmental, pharmaceutical and biomedical industries.

Biophysical Chemistry of Biointerfaces

Author: Hiroyuki Ohshima

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118057858

Category: Science

Page: 568

View: 761

The first book on the innovative study of biointerfaces using biophysical chemistry The biophysical phenomena that occur on biointerfaces, or biological surfaces, hold a prominent place in the study of biology and medicine, and are crucial for research relating to implants, biosensors, drug delivery, proteomics, and many other important areas. Biophysical Chemistry of Biointerfaces takes the unique approach of studying biological systems in terms of the principles and methods of physics and chemistry, drawing its knowledge and experimental techniques from a wide variety of disciplines to offer new tools to better understand the intricate interactions of biointerfaces. Biophysical Chemistry of Biointerfaces: Provides a detailed description of the thermodynamics and electrostatics of soft particles Fully describes the biophysical chemistry of soft interfaces and surfaces (polymer-coated interfaces and surfaces) as a model for biointerfaces Delivers many approximate analytic formulas which can be used to describe various interfacial phenomena and analyze experimental data Offers detailed descriptions of cutting-edge topics such as the biophysical and interfacial chemistries of lipid membranes and gel surfaces, which serves as good model for biointerfaces in microbiology, hematology, and biotechnology Biophysical Chemistry of Biointerfaces pairs sound methodology with fresh insight on an emerging science to serve as an information-rich reference for professional chemists as well as a source of inspiration for graduate and postdoctoral students looking to distinguish themselves in this challenging field.

Colloids and Interfaces in Life Sciences and Bionanotechnology, Second Edition

Author: Willem Norde

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439873038

Category: Medical

Page: 495

View: 9105

Colloidal systems occur everywhere—in soils, seawater, foodstuff, pharmaceuticals, paints, blood, biological cells, and microorganisms. Colloids and Interfaces in Life Sciences and Bionanotechnology, Second Edition, gives a concise treatment of physicochemical principles determining interrelated colloidal and interfacial phenomena. New in the Second Edition: New topics, including phase separations in polymer systems, electrokinetics of charged permeable surface coatings, and polymer brush coatings to control adsorption and adhesion of particles Emphasis on inter-particle interactions and surface phenomena in (bio)nanotechnology Full solutions to over 100 updated and additional exercises are presented in the Appendix Focusing on physicochemical concepts that form the basis of understanding colloidal and interfacial phenomena—rather than on experimental methods and techniques—this book is an excellent primer for students and scientists interested in colloidal and interfacial phenomena, their mutual relations and connections, and the fascinating role they play in natural and man-made systems.

Handbook of Wafer Bonding

Author: Peter Ramm,James Jian-Qiang Lu,Maaike M. V. Taklo

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527644237

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 425

View: 7287

The focus behind this book on wafer bonding is the fast paced changes in the research and development in three-dimensional (3D) integration, temporary bonding and micro-electro-mechanical systems (MEMS) with new functional layers. Written by authors and edited by a team from microsystems companies and industry-near research organizations, this handbook and reference presents dependable, first-hand information on bonding technologies. Part I sorts the wafer bonding technologies into four categories: Adhesive and Anodic Bonding; Direct Wafer Bonding; Metal Bonding; and Hybrid Metal/Dielectric Bonding. Part II summarizes the key wafer bonding applications developed recently, that is, 3D integration, MEMS, and temporary bonding, to give readers a taste of the significant applications of wafer bonding technologies. This book is aimed at materials scientists, semiconductor physicists, the semiconductor industry, IT engineers, electrical engineers, and libraries.